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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 255263 matches for " Sousa Maria da Luz Rosário de "
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Dental caries and tooth loss in adults in a Brazilian southeastern state
Rihs, Lilian Berta;Silva, Débora Dias da;Sousa, Maria da Luz Rosário de;
Journal of Applied Oral Science , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-77572009000500008
Abstract: objective: the purpose of this study was to analyze dental caries experience of adults living in the southeastern state of s?o paulo, brazil, according to some socio-demographic conditions of this population. material and methods: the sample consisted of 1,159 school teachers and workers (35 to 44 years old) from 29 cities of the state of s?o paulo, brazil. results: 92.3% were dentate and the dmft index (number of decayed, missing and filled teeth) was 21.0 and the mean number of decayed teeth was 1.1, with no significant difference among adults from regions with and without fluoridation. male subjects presented the highest mean values of "d" (decayed teeth) and "m" (missing teeth) components. the percentage of caries-free subjects was higher among white subjects, as well as the mean number of teeth present in the mouth. the mean values of the "f" component (filled teeth) [9.81] and present teeth [19.3] were higher for adults from fluoridated water regions. conclusions: in this study, the worse condition observed was the early tooth loss in all groups. in addition, people with worse socio-demographic conditions had worse oral health conditions. it is expected that oral health programs targeted to this population could be established with the goal of improving the oral health conditions of this population and hence the maintenance of the teeth for a longer period in function.
Dental caries in an elderly population in Brazil
Rihs, Lilian Berta;Silva, Débora Dias da;Sousa, Maria da Luz Rosário de;
Journal of Applied Oral Science , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-77572009000100003
Abstract: this study evaluated dental caries according to the presence of natural teeth and sociodemographic conditions of an elderly population in the state of s?o paulo, brazil. examinations were performed according to the world health organization's guidelines. the sample of 1,192 elderly individuals aged 65 to 74 years was stratified according to the presence of teeth and the following variables: gender, race, age, city size and human development index (hdi). the mann whitney and kruskal wallis tests were applied at a confidence level of 95% for analysis of results. in the total sample, 68.9% (n=822) were edentulous; the mean of present teeth was 3.5 and the dmft was 30.2, being 28.5 of missing teeth. among dentate individuals (n=370), the mean of present teeth was 11.3, the dmft was 26.2 and the missing component accounted for 20.7 teeth. the differences observed in the evaluated conditions should be highlighted: the mean number of present teeth was higher among younger individuals (from 65 to 69 years) [12.1] and among those living in cities with high hdi [12.9]; the dmft was lower among men [24.9] and non-caucasians [25.1]. based on these findings, it may be concluded that specific dental programs should be established, with emphasis on oral health promotion and dental caries control, as well as public health policies that may enhance the access to the services provided.
Fatores associados à presen?a de dentes em adultos de S?o Paulo, Brasil
Silva, Débora Dias da;Rihs, Lílian Berta;Sousa, Maria da Luz Rosário de;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2009001100011
Abstract: this cross-sectional study investigated the association between the presence of 20 or more teeth and sociodemographic and economic variables, use of dental care, and self-perceived oral health in adults. the sample consisted of 1,612 individuals aged 35 to 44 years, representative of the state of s?o paulo, brazil. in addition to the dental examination, subjects answered a questionnaire. analysis in this study was limited to dentate individuals, divided into two groups (1 to 19 versus 20 or more teeth). the chi-square test and logistic regression were used (p < 0.05). most individuals (72.1%) had more than 20 teeth. less schooling was heavily associated with tooth loss, as were female gender, older age, rural residence, 5 or more people in the same household, low income, seeking treatment in the public health system, and seeking care due to toothache.
Fatores associados à necessidade subjetiva de tratamento odontológico em idosos brasileiros
Moreira, Rafael da Silveira;Nico, Lucélia Silva;Sousa, Maria da Luz Rosário de;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2009001200013
Abstract: the demographic transition in brazil in recent years had reproduced a phenomenon known worldwide as population aging. the objective of this study was thus to identify the factors related to self-perceived need for dental treatment among elderly brazilians. an in-depth analysis was performed with data from the 2003 national oral health survey, with a sample of 5,349 elderly individuals. poisson regression models were used to identify the individual variables involved in self-perceived need for dental treatment. the variables associated with subjective need for dental treatment were different for edentulous and non-edentulous elders. these findings are important for planning the supply of dental services to the population, providing estimates of the main problems reported by these individuals and the number requiring treatment.
Autopercep??o e condi??es de saúde bucal em uma popula??o de idosos
Silva, Débora Dias da;Sousa, Maria da Luz Rosário de;Wada, Ronaldo Seichi;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2005000400028
Abstract: this study assessed oral health conditions through clinical examination and self-perception. the sample consisted of 112 subjects 60 years of age or older in rio claro, s?o paulo, brazil, divided into two groups: g1, with dental insurance (n = 55) and g2, without dental insurance (n = 57). clinical examinations were conducted according to who guidelines. data on self-perceived oral health were collected using the gohai (geriatric oral health assessment index). dmft was 29.13, higher in g1 (p = 0.0091). mean number of teeth currently present in both groups was 7.63, higher in g2 (p = 0.0131). periodontal conditions showed a high percentage of null sextants (70.3%), where cpi revealed higher prevalence for calculus and pip for pockets up to 3mm. the percentage of edentulous subjects was 45.5%, higher in g1 (p = 0.0142). among edentulous subjects, 69.6% wore complete upper dentures and 42.9% complete lower dentures. mean gohai was 33.61, qualifying self-perceived oral health status as positive, and the only difference was in the physical dimension, where g2 showed higher values (p = 0.0154). self-perceived oral health was considered satisfactory, but this was not confirmed by clinical data from the two groups.
Saúde bucal em adultos e idosos na cidade de Rio Claro, S?o Paulo, Brasil
Silva, Débora Dias da;Sousa, Maria da Luz Rosário de;Wada, Ronaldo Seichi;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2004000200033
Abstract: the aim of this study was to verify the prevalence of dental caries, edentulism, and use of and need for complete dental prostheses in adults and the elderly in rio claro, s?o paulo state, brazil. the total sample included 202 subjects, 101 elderly (64 to 75 year-olds) and 101 adults (35 to 44 year-olds), who were examined by four examiners according to who criteria. edentulism was 74.25% in the elderly and 8.91% in adults, and present teeth rates were 3.19 and 22.10, respectively. in the elderly and adults, dmft was 31.09 and 22.86, respectively. mt was the major component of the dmft index in the elderly group (92.64%), as compared to ft in the adult group (57%), followed by mt (40.54%). complete upper and lower dental prostheses were needed by only 1% of the adults; however, 48.5% of the elderly required complete upper prostheses and 45.5% complete lower prostheses. the data suggest that preventive and educational programs are needed for both the elderly group and adults in order for adults to enjoy good oral health when they reach old age.
Autopercep o e condi es de saúde bucal em uma popula o de idosos
Silva Débora Dias da,Sousa Maria da Luz Rosário de,Wada Ronaldo Seichi
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005,
Abstract: Este estudo avaliou as condi es de saúde bucal clinicamente e através da autopercep o. A amostra foi de 112 indivíduos com mais de 60 anos, residentes em Rio Claro, S o Paulo, Brasil, dividida em G1 - sem acesso a tratamento odontológico conveniado (n = 55) e G2 - com acesso a tratamento odontológico conveniado (n = 57). Os exames clínicos seguiram critérios da Organiza o Mundial da Saúde. A autopercep o foi avaliada usando o índice GOHAI (Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index). O CPO-D foi de 29,13, maior no G1 (p = 0,0091). A média de dentes presentes foi de 7,63, maior no G2 (p = 0,0131). As condi es periodontais avaliadas apresentaram uma grande porcentagem de sextantes nulos (70,3%), sendo que o CPI apontou o cálculo como a maior prevalência, e o PIP, as bolsas até 3mm. A porcentagem de indivíduos edêntulos foi de 45,5%, maior no G1 (p = 0,0142). Dentre os edêntulos, 69,6% usavam próteses totais superiores, e 42,9%, inferiores. A média do GOHAI foi de 33,61, qualificando como positiva a percep o da saúde bucal e houve diferen a apenas na dimens o física, com o maior valor no G2 (p = 0,0154). A autopercep o da saúde bucal foi satisfatória, o que n o p de ser confirmado com os dados clínicos obtidos nos grupos.
Saúde bucal em adultos e idosos na cidade de Rio Claro, S o Paulo, Brasil
Silva Débora Dias da,Sousa Maria da Luz Rosário de,Wada Ronaldo Seichi
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2004,
Abstract: O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar prevalência de cárie, edentulismo, uso e necessidade de próteses totais em idosos e adultos no Município de Rio Claro, S o Paulo, Brasil. A amostra foi de 202 indivíduos, sendo 101 idosos (65 a 74 anos) e 101 adultos (35 a 44 anos). Os exames foram realizados por quatro examinadores, calibrados de acordo com critérios da Organiza o Mundial da Saúde. A porcentagem de edêntulos foi de 74,25% para os idosos e 8,91% para os adultos, sendo a média de dentes presentes de 3,19 e 22,10, respectivamente. O CPOD foi de 31,09 e 22,86 para os idosos e adultos, respectivamente. O maior componente do índice CPOD no grupo de idosos foi dentes perdidos (92,64%); para os adultos, foi dentes restaurados (57%), seguido de dentes perdidos (40,54%). Somente 1% dos adultos necessitava de próteses totais superiores e inferiores, já para os idosos estas necessidades foram de 48,5% e 45,5%, respectivamente. Mediante tais resultados, há necessidade de programas preventivos e educativos tanto para idosos como para adultos, a fim de que estes adultos cheguem à terceira idade com uma condi o de saúde bucal melhor que a relatada atualmente.
Root caries in areas with and without fluoridated water at the Southeast region of S?o Paulo State, Brazil
Rihs, Lilian Berta;Sousa, Maria da Luz Rosário de;Wada, Ronaldo Seichi;
Journal of Applied Oral Science , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-77572008000100014
Abstract: this study aimed to investigate root caries prevalence in areas with and without water fluoridation at the southeast region of s?o paulo state, in the adult population, employees of public and private schools, and elderly population. epidemiological surveys were conducted according to the world health organization guidelines (1997), including 1,475 dentate individuals aged 35 to 44 years and 65 to 74 years, living in cities representing the southeast of s?o paulo state, with (n=872) or without (n=603) fluoridated water supply. statistical analysis was performed by mann-whitney and chi-square tests at a significance level of 5%. the prevalence of root caries was 15.6% for the 35-44-year-old age group and 31.8% for the 65-74-year-old age group . there were no statistically significant differences (p>0.05) in the occurrence of root caries according to water fluoridation, although individuals living at non-fluoridated areas presented higher percentage of missing teeth; also, there was higher mean number of intact roots at fluoridated areas (p<0.05). most individuals with gingival recession, both adults and elderly, did not have root caries experience. in this study, root caries prevalence was lower in areas with fluoridated water. due to the reduced prevalence of edentulism and increased number of people keeping their natural teeth for a longer period, a future increase in root caries is expected, highlighting the importance of studies related to water fluoridation and its relationship with the oral health of adults and elderly, especially referring to tooth root.
Prevalência de cárie radicular em adultos e idosos na regi?o sudeste do Estado de S?o Paulo, Brasil
Rihs, Lilian Berta;Sousa, Maria da Luz Rosário de;Wada, Ronaldo Seichi;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2005000100034
Abstract: in recent decades there has been an increase in the occurrence of dental root surface caries, especially among adults and senior citizens. this study aimed to identify root surface caries prevalence in adults and seniors from southeast s?o paulo state, brazil. an epidemiological survey was carried out among 1,475 dentate adults, ages 35 to 44 and 65 to 74, respectively, according to who criteria. root surface caries prevalence was 15.6% and 31.8%, for the 35-44 and 65-74-year groups, respectively. the average rate for decayed and/or filled roots was 0.36 for the middle-aged adult group and higher in males (p < 0.01), as compared to 0.82 for seniors, with no difference by gender. the average rate of decayed roots was 0.18 and 0.53 for middle-aged adults and seniors, respectively; in both groups the levels were higher among men (p < 0.01). further studies on oral health, mainly on root surface conditions, are essential in both middle-aged adults and senior citizens.
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