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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 67144 matches for " Soon Ju Yu "
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Effect of a seasonal di use pollution migration on natural organic matter behavior in a stratified dam reservoir

Soon Ju Yu,Jae Yil Lee,Sung Ryong Ha,

环境科学学报(英文版) , 2010,
Abstract: This article aims to describe the influence of di use pollution on the temporal and spatial characteristics of natural organic matter (NOM) in a stratified dam reservoir, the Daecheong Dam, on the basis of intensive observation results and the dynamic water quality simulation using CE-QUAL-W2. Turbidity is regarded as a comprehensive representation of allochothonous organic matter from di use sources in storm season because the turbidity concentration showed reasonable significance in a statistical correlation with the UV absorbance at 254 nm and total phosphorus. CE-QUAL-W2 simulation results showed good consistency with the observed data in terms of dissolved organic matter (DOM) including refractory dissolved organic carbon (RDOC) and labile DOC and also well explained the internal movement of constituents and stratification phenomenon in the reservoir. Instead turbidity and NOM were related well in the upper region of the reservoir according to flow distance, gradually as changing to dissolved form of organic matter, RDOM a ected organic matter concentration of reservoir water quality compared to turbidity. To control the increase of soluble organic matters in the dam reservoir, appropriate dam water discharge gate operation provided e ective measurement. Because of the gate operation let avoid the accumulation of organic matter within a dam reservoir by shorten of turbid regime retention time.
Electrical quadruple hysteresis in Pd-doped vanadium pentoxide nanowires due to water adsorption
Byung Hoon Kim, Soon-Young Oh, Han Young Yu, Won G Hong, Yong Ju Yun, Yark Yeon Kim and Hae Jin Kim
Science and Technology of Advanced Materials , 2010,
Abstract: Humidity-dependent current–voltage (I–V) characteristics of Pd-doped vanadium pentoxide nanowires (Pd-VONs) were investigated. Electrical quadruple hysteresis (QH) was observed and attributed to the large amount of water molecules adsorbed on the nanowires. Using QH in Pd-VONs, the reaction of water with PdO was interpreted as the water molecules are desorbed and then dissociated with increasing bias voltage. Owing to the dissociated H+ and OH ions, PdO is reduced and oxidized. As a result, water molecules recombine as the bias voltage is decreased.
Chinese Americans and Cityhood Movement in Hacienda Heights in 2003  [PDF]
Hung Yu-Ju
Chinese Studies (ChnStd) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/chnstd.2015.44015
Abstract: Cityhood incorporation is a common local issue in the American local history regarding different political, social, and economic factors. However, the creation of municipality becomes more controversial agenda in certain local regions when suburban ethnic communities are rapidly created by post-1965 immigration. It is reflected by the cityhood movement in Hacienda Heights in 2003, when Chinese/Taiwanese immigrants added ethnic elements in these public and civic activities. This study provides further observation and investigation to the impact that Chinese capitalize on their ethnic and non-ethnic social networks to increase their power in the community-based civic matters, while showing various dimensions on the responses from local multiethnic communities.
Historical Narration and Literary Imagination: The Chinese Poems of the Angel Island  [PDF]
Yu-Ju Hung
Advances in Historical Studies (AHS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ahs.2015.45027
Abstract: The debate about the essence of historical narration between investigation of empirical sources and the historical imagination in line with literature genre and poetic act usually challenges classic definition of history and historical methodology. Modified theories try to connect the narrative forms of creative literature and the literary imagination to conventional historical writing, as well as by rethinking the boundary of text and context. In this article, the examination of Angel Island poems in many ways demonstrates varied applications for the historical narrations and provides critical historical resources through multiple representations of historical imaginations with cross-time and cross-space figurativeness and metaphors.
Antibacterial Activity of Phytochemicals Isolated from Atractylodes japonica against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Seung-Il Jeong,Seon-Young Kim,Sang-Jun Kim,Byung-Soon Hwang,Tae-Ho Kwon,Kang-Yeol Yu,Seung-Ho Hang,Koji Suzuki,Kang-Ju Kim
Molecules , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/molecules15107395
Abstract: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been emerging worldwide as one of the most important problems in communities and hospitals. Therefore, new agents are needed to treat acute oral infections from MRSA. In this study, antibacterial compounds from the roots of Atractylodes japonica (A. japonica) were isolated and characterized. The compounds were isolated from the root extracts using HPLC-piloted activity-guided fractionations. Four A. japonica compounds were isolated and identified as atractylenolide III (1), atractylenolide I (2), diacetylatractylodiol [(6E,12E)-tetradeca-6,12-diene-8,10-diyne-1,3-diol diacetate, TDEYA, 3). and (6E,12E)-tetradecadiene-8,10-diyne-1,3-diol (TDEA, 4), which was obtained by hydrolysis of TDEYA. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) was determined in the setting of clinical MRSA isolates. Compound 4 showed anti-MRSA activity with a MIC value of 4-32 μg/mL. The overall results provide promising baseline information for the potential use of the extract of A. japonica as well as some of the isolated compounds in the treatment of bacterial infections.
Measurement of local two-phase flow parameters of nanofluids using conductivity double-sensor probe
Park Yu sun,Chang Soon
Nanoscale Research Letters , 2011,
Abstract: A two-phase flow experiment using air and water-based γ-Al2O3 nanofluid was conducted to observe the basic hydraulic phenomenon of nanofluids. The local two-phase flow parameters were measured with a conductivity double-sensor two-phase void meter. The void fraction, interfacial velocity, interfacial area concentration, and mean bubble diameter were evaluated, and all of those results using the nanofluid were compared with the corresponding results for pure water. The void fraction distribution was flattened in the nanofluid case more than it was in the pure water case. The higher interfacial area concentration resulted in a smaller mean bubble diameter in the case of the nanofluid. This was the first attempt to measure the local two-phase flow parameters of nanofluids using a conductivity double-sensor two-phase void meter. Throughout this experimental study, the differences in the internal two-phase flow structure of the nanofluid were identified. In addition, the heat transfer enhancement of the nanofluid can be resulted from the increase of the interfacial area concentration which means the available area of the heat and mass transfer.
Anti-Cancer Effects of Cordycepin on Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Proliferation and Apoptosis in Vitro  [PDF]
Ju-Hyon Lee, Soon-Min Hong, Jun-Yong Yun, Hoon Myoung, Myung-Jin Kim
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2011.22029
Abstract: Cordycepin is an active component of parasitic fungus, Cordyceps militaris, and investigated for its pharmacologic efficacy. Increasing evidence supports the anti-tumoral effects of Cordycepin in various types of human solid tumors. We sought to determine the effects of Cordycepin on oral squamous cell carcinoma in vitro and in vivo. Two oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines, KB and HSC3, were used in this study. Cells were treated with Cordycepin or diluent, followed by determinations of proliferation by sulforhodamine method and apoptosis by TUNEL assay in vitro. For in vivo experiments, tumor cells were transplanted into nude mice, followed by treatment with Cordycepin or control diluent. In addition, cells were examined for expression of adenosine receptor isotypes, and tested whether cordycepin-induced effects were mediated through adenosine receptors by combinatorial treatment of cordycepin and antagonists specific to each isotype of adenosine receptors. Two cell lines expressed protein of all types of adenosine receptors stronger than normal oral keratinocytes. Cordycepin showed anti-proliferating effect and apoptotic effect on both cell lines in vitro in a dose dependent manner. However, any adenosine receptors did not reverse the effect of cordycepin. In our in vivo experiments, cordycepin failed to decrease the tumor volume significantly, and failed to induce more apoptosis of tumor cells. Cordycepin has anti-proliferating effect and induces apoptosis not mediated by adenosine receptor on oral squamous cell carcinoma cells in vitro. However, in vivo results suggest that cordycepin in itself has a limited value as a novel chemotherapeutic agent for oral squamous cell carcinoma.
Conceptual Modeling of Contaminated Solute Transport Based on Stream Tube Model  [PDF]
Seung-Gun Chung, Soon-Jae Lee, Dong-Ju Kim, Sang-Hyup Lee, Jae-Woo Choi
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science (ACES) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/aces.2012.24059
Abstract: In this study, we performed a conceptual modeling on solute transport based on theoretical stream tube model (STM) with various travel time distributions assuming a pure convective flow through each tube in order to investigate how the lengths and distributions of solute travel time through STM affect the breakthrough curves at the end mixing surface. The conceptual modeling revealed that 1) the shape of breakthrough curve (BTC) at the mixing surface was determined by not only input travel time distributions but also solute injection mode such as sampling time and pulse lengths; 2) the increase of pulse length resulted in the linear increase of the first time moment (mean travel time) and quadratic increase of the second time moment (variance of travel time) leading to more spreading of solute, however, the second time moment was not affected by travel time distributions and 3) for a given input distributions the increase in travel distance resulted in more dispersion with the quadratic increase of travel time variance. This indicates that stream tube model obeying strictly pure convective flow follows the concept of convective-lognormal transport (CLT) model regardless the input travel time distributions.
Vegetation of mono-layer landfill cover made of coal bottom ash and soil by compost application  [PDF]
Seul Bi Lee, Sang Yoon Kim, Chan Yu, Soon-Oh Kim, Pil Joo Kim
Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment (JACEN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jacen.2013.23008
Abstract: Monolayer barriers called evapotranspiration (ET) covers were developed as alternative final cover systems in waste landfills but high-quality soil remains a limiting factor in these cover systems. Coal bottom ash was evaluated to be a very good alternative to soil in previous tests and a combination of soil (65% wt.wt-1) and coal bottom ash (35% wt.wt-1) was evaluated to be the most feasible materials for ET cover systems. In our pot test, selected manure compost as soil amendment for the composite ET cover system, which was made of soil and bottom ash at ca. 40 Mg.ha-1 application level was very effective to promote vegetation growth of three plants; namely, garden cosmos (Cosmosbipinnatus), Chinese bushclover (Lespedezacuneata), and leafy lespedeza (Lespedeza cyrtobotrya). To evaluate the effect of compost application on plant growth in an ET vegetative cover system, two couples of lysimeters, packed with soil and a mixture of soil and bottom ash, were installed in a pilot landfill cover system in 2007. Manure composts were applied at the rates of 0 and  40 Mg.ha-11before sowing the five plant species, i.e.indigo-bush (Amorphafruticosa), Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps, Arundinella hirta, Lespedezacuneata, and Lespedezacyrtobotrya). Unseeded native plant (green foxtail,Setaria viridis) was dominant in all treatments in the 1st year after installation while the growth of the sown plants significantly improved over the years. Total biomass productivity significantly increased with manure compost application, and more significantly increased in the composite ET cover made of soil and bottom ash treatment compared to the single soil ET cover, mainly due to more improved soil nutrient levels promoting vegetation growth and maintaining the vegetation system. The use of bottom ash as a mixing material in ET cover systems has a strong potential as an alternative to fine-grained soils, and manure compost addition can effectively enhance vegetative propagation in ET cover systems.
Interannual Variation of the Onset of Yunnan’s Rainy Season and Its Relationships with the Arctic Oscillation of the Preceding Winter  [PDF]
Yan Chen, Shichang Guo, Yu Liu, Jianhua Ju, Juzhang Ren
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences (ACS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/acs.2017.72015
Abstract: Based on an analysis of the circulation in May associated with the interannual variation of the onset of Yunnan’s rainy season, this study examined the rela-tionship between Arctic Oscillation (AO) and the onset timing of the rainy sea-son by using the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis and observational precipitation data for 1961-2010. The results indicated that, on an interannual time scale, intense Asian summer monsoon and an active EU-pattern wave train circulation in its positive phase, associated with a cold cyclonic cell covering the western part of the East Asian subtropical westerly jet (EASWJ), jointly contributed to the onset of the rainy season in May. Otherwise, the onset might be suppressed. The cold cyclonic cell over East Asia likely led to the southward shift and enhancement of EASWJ as well as its secondary circulation around the jet entrance, which could provide a favorable dynamic and thermal condition for rainfalls in Yunnan as was revealed in previous studies on 10 - 30-day time scale. Further examination showed that the preceding wintertime AO played a significant role in the timing of the onset of the rainy season before the mid-1980s’ by mostly modulating the wave-train-like circulation over East Asia in May. During that time period, when the AO index of the previous winter was positive (negative), Yunnan’s rainy season tended to begin earlier (later) than normal. Correspond-ingly, the precipitation in May was also closely linked to wintertime AO.
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