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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4639 matches for " Sonia; "
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Indian Streams Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: A man without education is no more than an animal. The growth and development of a state is primarily dependent upon the quality of education given to the people. In India Right to Education Act (RTE) was passed on 4th August 2009 which provides for free and compulsory education for children between the age of 6 and 14 years. The Act came into force on 1 April 2010. The problems on the path of education of children includes child labour, misery of girl child in India and poor quality of education. Article 51A of constitution also makes its obligatory for parent or guardian as the case may be to provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between the age of six and fourteen years. Although RTE Act is a major landmark in the history of India but there are certain limitations of the Act which if removed then education will reach every child in India which is their right. “There is only one purpose in the whole of Life –Education”.“Otherwise what is the use of me and women, land and wealth”. – Swami Vivekananda“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”.– Nelson Mandela
Bioethical Questions in Brazilian Scientific Research  [PDF]
Sonia Vieira
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.516130

It is considered here that the ethical behavior of the Brazilian scientific community leaves a lot to be desired. Motives for ethical lapses can be summed up by one only: the haste to grow at any price in order to earn prestige and wealth, setting at naught those who don’t have the political support of the institution. With this intent, many researchers publish whatever they can, neglecting the fact that scientific research should serve the interests of the community—not their own.

Early Childhood Education: Difficulties Creating and Changing Daily Practice  [PDF]
Sonia Kramer
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.56048

This paper is based on research carried out with children and adults at early childhood education institutions in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The research goals were to identify interactions between adults and children and to rethink pedagogical practice. The theoretical-methodological framework was based on language and culture studies, the sociology of childhood and anthropology. After studying children and adults in different contexts and early childhood education public policies and practice, the results present challenges of changing and creating early education practices in difficult contexts, especially with regard to the creation and use of spaces intended for children. This is the focus of the text, which is structured in three sections. Section one presents the theoretical and methodological issues. The second section analyzes three case studies developed in public pre-schools situated in different cities in the state of Rio de Janeiro. Section three presents conclusions and priorities for intervention and change concerning children, adults and their interactions.

The Onset of Schizophrenia in Adolescence: Developments from a Structural and Clinical Point of View  [PDF]
Sonia Alberti
Open Journal of Medical Psychology (OJMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2014.32014
Abstract: In 1899, Kraepelin identified schizophrenia as early dementia. The precocity of the onset of schizophrenia may be verified in psychotic episodes in the clinic of adolescence, which this article explores both from the point of view of psychoanalytic theory, and from the point of view of its clinic, in particular regarding the transference of the psychotic adolescent. It departs from the importance of differential diagnosis in relation to neurosis, using the guidelines of Freud about the loss of reality, then studies the contributions of Lacan in relation to that which returns from the real when not included in the symbolic. Finally, it articulates the drive theory to identify the issue of jouissance in transference.
Disease, Not Death, Is the Real Enemy  [PDF]
Sonia Vieira
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2018.85039
Abstract: No matter our age or how healthy we are, anyone can be diagnosed with a severe illness or experience a major trauma. Over the years, experts have proposed many ways to help people understand what they’re going through when they receive a shocking diagnosis. Experts want to help and can help, but they will never experience another person’s feelings. Adversity is always a miserable thing. In this article, it is argued that we don’t find any reason or any justice in a serious chronic illness or severe disability.
Structural Interpretation of Lineaments by Satellite Image Processing (Landsat TM) in the Region of Zahret Medien (Northern Tunisia)  [PDF]
Sonia Gannouni, Hakim Gabtni
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2015.72011
Abstract: There are several techniques that were developed for determining the linear features. Lineament extractionfrom satellite data has been the most widely used applications in geology. In the present study, lineament hasbeen extracted from the digital satellite scene (Landsat 5, TM data), in the region of Zahret Median situated in the north west of Tunisia. The image was enhanced and used for automatic extraction. Several directions of features were mapped. The directions of major invoices are NE-SW and NW-SE oriented. The validation of the obtained results is carried out by comparison with the results geophysics as well as to the studies previous of mapping developed in the sector of study.
Building a Project Memory Using Semantic Design Rationale Process  [PDF]
Sonia Gueraich, Zizette Boufa?da
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2011.46041
Abstract: In the proposal, a construction project memory process based on the semantic annotation is presented. A project Mem-ory concerns the representation and the identification of the experience acquired during projects realization. The main feature of this approach is that the semantic annotation is used to build a continuous semantic design rationale process. We propose in this paper, a semantic traceability in four stages (identifying, structuring, annotating and integrating). The identification and the structuring phases use a model called Extended Marguerite model which fully considers the objectives of the project memory. The annotation phase exploits the results of precedent phase to prepare the final phase. Examples are presented from a case study in an Algerian firm called ENMTP. The architecture supporting the modelling engine is presented. Finally, an evaluation of the degree of the semantic annotation brought by proposed process is given.
Cryptanalysis of the Double-Moduli Cryptosystem  [PDF]
Sonia Mihaela Bogos, Serge Vaudenay
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2012.512088
Abstract: In this article we present a lattice attack done on a NTRU-like scheme introduced by Verkhovsky in [1]. We show how, based on the relation between the public and private key, we can construct an attack which allows any passive adversary to decrypt the encrypted messages. We explain, step by step, how an attacker can construct an equivalent private key and guess what the original plaintext was. Our attack is efficient and provides good experimental results.
Rapid and Sensitive CZE Method for Quality Control Analysis of Pharmaceuticals Containing Pseudoephedrine, Triprolidine and Paracetamol  [PDF]
Sonia Di Berardino, Renata Jasionowska
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2014.59069
Abstract: A rapid and sensitive CZE (Capillary Zone Electrophoresis) method for pharmaceutical analysis was developed and fully validated. The active compounds: Pseudoephedrine hydrochloride (PSE), Triprolidine hydrochloride (TRI) and Paracetamol (PAR) were separated and quantitatively determined using the tris-borate 30 mM buffer at pH = 9.0 as a Background Electrolyte (BGE). The electrophoretic separation was carried out at 25 kV in an unmodified fused silica capillary of I.D. = 50 μm with a “bubble-cell” for UV detection at 210 nm and 25°C. The separation was reached in about 3 min. After calibration the method was applied for analysis of three commercially available pharmaceutical preparations. The repeatability (RSD%) of migration time (tm) was ranging between 0.47% and 0.90% and of peak areas (A) between 0.63% and 3.64%. The Limit of Detection (LOD) values was of 0.19 μg/mL, 0.31 μg/mL and 0.08 μg/mL for respectively PSE, TRI and PAR. The results obtained in this study showed that the proposed method was useful in routinely analysis of pharmaceuticals.
Investigating and Promoting the Decision towards Signing an Organ Donation Card  [PDF]
Gundula Hübner, Sonia Lippke
Open Journal of Medical Psychology (OJMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2014.33021
Abstract: Using the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) as a theoretical backdrop, the aim of this research, which consists of two studies, was to understand the process of goal setting and deciding to sign an organ donor card. In Study 1 (N = 550), we tested the HAPA’s stages in terms of discontinuity patterns in the variables predicting goal setting for organ donation. As expected, multigroup structural equation modeling revealed discontinuity patterns in terms of different prediction patterns. In Study 2 (N = 389), the efficacy of a planning intervention that aimed to foster the translation of goals into behavior was tested: participants who received the intervention were more likely to order a donor card than those who did not. Contrary to the HAPA’s predictions, within the intenders group the planning intervention did not stimulate behavior more frequently than in the control condition. In general, the stage-specific planning intervention is of practical importance, as it shows that brief and relatively inexpensive communication can enhance organ donation behavior.
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