It is considered
here that the ethical behavior of the Brazilian scientific community leaves a
lot to be desired. Motives for ethical lapses can be summed up by one only: the
haste to grow at any price in order to earn prestige and wealth, setting at
naught those who don’t have the political support of the institution. With this
intent, many researchers publish whatever they can, neglecting the fact that
scientific research should serve the interests of the community—not their own.
This paper is based
on research carried out with children and adults at early childhood education
institutions in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The research goals were to identify
interactions between adults and children and to rethink pedagogical practice.
The theoretical-methodological framework was based on language and culture
studies, the sociology of childhood and anthropology. After studying children
and adults in different contexts and early childhood education public policies
and practice, the results present challenges of changing and creating early
education practices in difficult contexts, especially with regard to the
creation and use of spaces intended for children. This is the focus of the text,
which is structured in three sections. Section one presents the theoretical and
methodological issues. The second section analyzes three case studies developed
in public pre-schools situated in different cities in the state of Rio de
Janeiro. Section three presents conclusions and priorities for intervention and
change concerning children, adults and their interactions.