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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 31 matches for " Songsak Chumpawadee "
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Degradation Characteristic of Tomato Pomace, Soybean Hull and Peanut Pod in the Rumen Using Nylon Bag Technique
Songsak Chumpawadee
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2009,
Abstract: Degradation characteristics of three by-product, were studied using the nylon bag technique. Nylon bags technique were conducted in two rumen fistulated Brahman-Thai native crossbred steers. They were offered ad libitum rice straw and received concentrate at 0.5% BW. Nylon bags containing 3.0 g of each by-product were immersed in duplicate at each time point in the ventral rumen of each steer for 3, 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h. The data were fitted to the equation P = a+b (1-e-ct) and effective degradability were calculated using a theoretical rumen out flow rate of k = 0.05/h. The treatments were 1) tomato pomace, 2) soybean hull and 3) peanut pod assigned according to a completely randomize design with four replication. The results indicate that the rapidly soluble fraction (a), potentially degradable fraction (b), degradation rate (c) and potential degradation (a+b) of DM, OM and CP were different among treatments (p<0.01). The effective degradability of DM, OM and CP are the same between soybean hull and peanut pot, but differences with tomato pomace. This data is necessary to screen by-product for nutritive value before using them in ruminant production systems.
Nutrient Enrichment of Cassava Starch Industry By-Product Using Rumen Microorganism as Inoculums Source
Songsak Chumpawadee,Sirilak Soychuta
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2009,
Abstract: The objective of this study was to nutrient enriched of cassava starch industry by-product using fermentation method. The experimental design was 2 x 3 factorial in Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The factor A was kind of cassava starch industry by-product (cassava pulp and cassava peel) and combine with factor B (unfermented, naturally fermented and rumen microorganism fermented). The results revealed that the interaction between cassava starch industry by-product and fermentation method were shown in dry matter and crude fiber content. Crude fiber content was decreased (p<0.01) with naturally fermented and rumen microorganism fermented. Crude protein content was increased (p<0.01) with naturally fermented and rumen microorganism fermented. However, rumen microorganism fermented was highest true protein content and lowest NPN content (p<0.01). Nitrogen free extract was reverse affect by crude protein content. Base on this study nutrient enrichment of cassava starch industry by product can do by fermentation method, especially rumen microorganism fermented. The rumen microorganism fermented cassava starch industry by product is potentially useful feed material for mono gastric feeding.
Effect of Non Forage High Fibrous Feedstuffs as Fiber Sources in Total Mixed Ration on Gas Production Characteristics and in vitro Fermentation
Songsak Chumpawadee,Opart Pimpa
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2008,
Abstract: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of non forage high fibrous feedstuffs as fiber sources in a total mixed ration on gas production characteristics and in vitro fermentation using an in vitro gas production technique. The experiment was designed in CRD with five replicates per treatment. The fiber sources in the total mixed ration were rice straw (rt-TMR), tomato pomace (tp-TMR), palm meal (pm-TMR), dried brewer gain (db-TMR) and soybean hulls (sh-TMR). The results showed that kinetic gas production, in vitro dry matter digestibility and in vitro organic matter digestibility, were significantly different among treatments (p<0.05). The soybean hulls as a fiber source in the total mixed ration gave the highest IVDMD, IVOMD and gas production parameter. In vitro fermentation end-products consisting of NH3-N, TVFA and pH were significantly different among the treatments (p<0.05); however, the pH values were relatively stable at 7.01-7.16. All treatment means were within the normal range. NH3-N concentration was in the optimal range for rumen ecology microbial activity. Future research should investigate the impact of the ability of non forage high fibrous feed to replace forage in intact animal.
Effect of Dietary Phosphorus on Nutrient and Phosphorus Digestibility in Thai-Indigenous x Brahman Crossbred Cattle
Anut Chantiratikul,Songsak Chumpawadee,Piyanete Chantiratikul
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: The effect of dietary Phosphorus (P) on nutrient and P digestibility in Thai-indigenousxBrahman crossbred cattle was studied. The experimental design was a 4x4 Latin square design with 21 days period. Four male crossbred cattle of about 1.5±0.5 years-old and weighing 220±30 kg were randomly received 1 of 4 dietary treatments containing 1.9, 2.4, 3.1 and 4.2 g P kg-1, respectively. The findings revealed that digestibilities of DM, OM, CP, NDF and ADF were not affected (p>0.05) by dietary P. However, P digestibility (818.71, 706.02, 625.25 and 537.90 g P kg-1 diet) decreased (p<0.05), but plasma P (35.36, 40.66, 46.97 and 55.42 mg L-1) increased (p<0.05) with increasing dietary P. The results indicated that dietary P affected (p<0.05) P digestibility and plasma P content in Thai-indigenousxBrahman crossbred cattle. The optimal dietary P for Thai-indigenousx Brahman crossbred cattle ranged from 1.7-3.1 g kg-1 diet.
Chemical Compositions and Nutritional Evaluation of Energy Feeds For Ruminant Using In vitro Gas Production Technique
Songsak Chumpawadee,Anut Chantiratikul,Piyanate Chantiratikul
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2007,
Abstract: Eleven energy feed sources were evaluated for nutritive value by in vitro gas production technique. The rumen mixed microbe inoculums source was taken from fistulated Brahman-Thai native crossbred steers. The energy feed source were 1) broken rice 2) paddy rice 3) corn meal 4) rice bran 5) rice pollard 6) rice bran oil relate 7) cassava chip 8) mung bean meal 9) tomato pomace 10) soybean hull and 11) peanut hull. The treatments were assigned to randomize completely block design (blocked by source feedstuffs). The results indicated that soluble gas fractions (a), the fermentation of the insoluble fraction (b), rate of gas production (c) and potential of extent of gas production (|a|+b) were significantly different (p<0.01) among energy feed sources. The cumulative gas volume at 24, 48 and 96 h after incubation were highly significant difference (p<0.01) and estimated Metabolizable Energy (ME) were; 6.42, 5.37, 5.91, 6.68, 4.46, 6.59, 7.42, 5.24, 4.89, 6.18 and 4.48 MJ kg-1 DM, respectively. Cassava chip exhibited the greatest gas production characteristics, gas volume and estimated metabolizable energy. These results suggested that because cassava chip is available locally and inexpensive, it is the best potential energy source for beef and dairy cattle.
Effect of Dietary Inclusion of Cassava Yeast as Probiotic Source on Growth Performance and Carcass Percentage in Japanese Quails
Songsak Chumpawadee,Orawan Chinrasri,Suwannee Santaweesuk
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2009,
Abstract: Use of antibiotics as an additive in poultry diets to improve growth has been banned in several country. A popular alternative to the use of antibiotics has been use of probiotics. The study was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary inclusion of cassava yeast as a probiotic source on growth performance and carcass percentage in Japanese quails. Three hundred and twenty Japanese quails (1 day of age), were used. The Japanese quails were randomly allocated to 32 pens containing 10 birds each with 8 replicates and assigned to receive one of four dietary treatments (1.Control, 2. S. cerevisae 1x106 organisms/kg, 3. S. cerevisiae 1x107 organisms/kg, 4. S. cerevisiae 1x108 organisms/kg) in a completely randomized design. The results showed that feed intake, feed conversion ratio, average daily gain and carcass percentage were not significantly different among treatments (p>0.05). However, significant differences were observed in feed intake at weeks 5 and average daily gain at week 2. The results of the present experiment showed that dietary inclusion of cassava yeast as a probiotic to Japanese quail seems to have minimal influence on growth performance and carcass percentage.
Supplementation of Malate Level and Cassava Hay in High-Quality Feed Block on Ruminal Fermentation Efficiency and Digestibility of Nutrients in Lactating Dairy Cows
Sittisak Khampa,Songsak Chumpawadee,Metha Wanapat
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2009,
Abstract: Four, lactating dairy cows were randomly assigned according to a 2x2 Factorial arrangement in a 4x4 Latin square design to study supplementation of malate level at 500 and 1,000 g and cassava hay in high-quality feed block. The treatments were as follows: T1 = supplementation of high-quality feed block without cassava hay + malate at 500 g; T2 = supplementation of high-quality feed block without cassava hay + malate at 1,000 g; T3 = supplementation of high-quality feed block with cassava hay + malate at 500 g; T4 = supplementation of high-quality feed block with cassava hay + malate at 1,000 g, respectively. The cows were offered the treatment concentrate at a ratio to milk yield at 1:2 and urea-treated rice straw was fed ad libitum. The results have revealed that rumen fermentation and blood metabolites were similar for all treatments. The populations of protozoa and fungal zoospores were significantly different as affected by malate level and cassava hay supplementation. In conclusion, the combined use of cassava hay and malate at 1,000 g in high-quality feed block with concentrates containing high levels of cassava chip at 65% DM could highest improved rumen ecology and nutrients digestibility in lactating dairy cows.
Effect of Dietary Inclusion of Cassava Yeast as Probiotic Source on Egg Production and Egg Quality of Laying Hens
Songsak Chumpawadee,Anut Chantiratikul,Suwannee Sataweesuk
International Journal of Poultry Science , 2009,
Abstract: The study was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary inclusion of cassava yeast as a probiotic source on laying hens performance and egg quality. Two hundred and sixteen Roman breed laying hens (26 week of age), were used. The laying hens were randomly allocated to 24 pens containing 9 laying hens each with 6 replicates and assigned to receive one of 4 dietary treatments (1. Control, 2. S. cerevisae 1x106 organisms/kg, 3. S. cerevisiae 1x107 organisms/kg, 4. S. cerevisiae 1x108 organisms/kg) in a completely randomized design. The results showed that feed intake, feed conversion efficiency, albumin weight, yolk weight and haugh unit were not significantly different among treatments (p>0.05). Significant differences were observed in egg production, egg weigh and shell thickness. Cassava yeast as probiotic source had positive effect on egg weigh and shell thickness, but has negative effect on egg production. The results of the present experiment showed that dietary inclusion of cassava yeast as a probiotic to laying hens seems to have minimal influence on laying hens performance.
Effect of Dietary Protein on Nutrient Digestibility and Nitrogen Metabolism in Thai-Indigenous Heifers
Anut Chantiratikul,Songsak Chumpawadee,Wanna Kanchanamayoon,Piyanete Chantiratikul
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: Four Thai-indigenous heifers, average 132±11.71 kg of body weight, were used to determine effect of dietary protein levels on nutrient digestibility and nitrogen utilization using a 4x4 Latin square design with 21d period. Heifers were fed diet containing 6, 9, 12 and 15% of CP. The findings revealed that dietary protein levels did not significantly alter (p>0.05) DM, NDF and ADF digestibilities in heifers. However, CP digestibility of heifers markedly increased (p<0.05) with increasing dietary protein levels. N intake, N fecal and urinary N excretion, N digestion and N retention significantly increased (p<0.05) when dietary protein levels increased. N retentions of heifers fed diet containing 6, 9, 12 and 15% CP were 11.53, 18.64, 24.20 and 31.08 g day-1, respectively. Based on the results, it could be concluded that dietary protein influenced significantly (p<0.05) CP digestibility and N utilization in Thai-indigenous heifers. Furthermore, the results demonstrated that protein requirement for maintenance of Thai-indigenous heifers was lower than 6% of dietary CP.
Effects of Dietary Crude Protein Levels on Nutrient Digestibility, Ruminal Fermentation and Growth Rate in Thai-Indigenous Yearling Heifers
Songsak Chumpawadee,Anut Chantiratikul,Vitee Rattanaphun,Chatchawan Prasert,Kitti Koobkaew
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: The objective of this research was to determine the effect of dietary crude protein levels on nutrient digestibility, ruminal fermentation and growth rate in Thai-indigenous yearling heifers. Sixteen Thai-indigenous yearling heifers, with an average initial body weight of 118±15.39 kg were assigned to one of 4 treatments according to a completely randomized design. Dietary treatments contained 4 levels of crude protein (6, 8, 10 and 12%). Diets were fed at the rate of 3% BW. The findings revealed that dietary crude protein levels did not significantly alter (p>0.05) DM and OM digestibility in yearling heifers. However, CP, NDF and ADF digestibility of heifers increased (p<0.01) with increasing dietary crude protein levels. Ammonia nitrogen, blood urea nitrogen and average daily gain linearly increased (p<0.01) with increasing dietary protein. Base on the results, it can be concluded that increases dietary crude protein level did improve nutrient digestibility, ruminal fermentation and growth rate of Thai-indigenous yearling heifers. Additionally, it has been suggested that level of dietary crude protein should be higher than 12% during accelerated Thai-indigenous yearling heifer growth periods.
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