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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 144404 matches for " Sohrabvand F "
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Frequency and predisposing factors of leg cramps in pregnancy: a prospective clinical trial
Sohrabvand F,Karimi M
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2009,
Abstract: "n Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Background: Leg cramp is the painful contraction of the muscles that often occurs at night. Pregnancy is the most common cause of muscle cramps that usually occur in the second trimester of pregnancy. Although the reasons of the spasms had not been determined, the imbalance between the absorption and elimination of serum electrolytes such as Ca, Mg and potassium and also insufficiency of some vitamins and probably the changes in activities of motor neurons of spinal cord, can be the source of these problems. The aim of this study was the evaluation of frequency and predisposing factors of leg cramps."n"nMethods: In a cross sectional descriptive analytic study, a group of 400 women in the third trimester of pregnancy were asked to record the symptoms of leg cramp. Their education level and job recorded and their total serum level of Ca and Mg was measured in the first visit. Exclusion criteria included systemic medical conditions such as thyroid disease, diabetes, osteoporosis and prenatal disorders such as gestational diabetes mellitus and preeclampsia and patient cooperation."n"nResults: In our study the prevalence of leg cramp was 54.75%. There was a statistically significant relationship between leg cramp and serum level of magnesium (p=0.04). There was no relation between calcium serum level and leg cramp (p=0.294). The women's age, their nutritional habits and individual characteristics were not signify-cantly related to occurrence of leg cramp."n"nConclusion: Leg cramp is a common symptom in pregnancy and in patients with low serum levels of magnesium, a magnesium supplement can be helpful.
The relationship between number of transferred embryos and pregnancy rate in ART cycles
Sohrabvand F,Shariat M,Fotoohi Ghiam N,Hashemi M
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2009,
Abstract: "n Normal 0 false false false EN-GB X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Background: The transfer of multiple embryos during ART procedures (IVF/ICSI) in order to maximize the chance of pregnancy, has resulted in increasing rates of multiple pregnancies with a 20- fold increased risk of twins and 400- fold increased risk of higher order pregnancies with significantly high maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality in comparison with singleton. Since at present there is no limitation in number of embryos being transferred in ART cycles in infertility centers in Iran, in order to evaluate the relationship between number of embryos transferred, pregnancy rates and multiple pregnancy, this study was performed in a referral university center."n"n Methods: In a cross sectional descriptive analytical study a total of 536 ART cycles in infertile patients treated at the Infertility Department of Vali-e-Asr Hospital & Vali-e-Asr Reproductive Health Research Center from October 1999- March 2003 were evaluated using a questionnaire dealing with the parameters affecting ART outcome."n"n Results: There was a total pregnancy rate of 21% with a multiple pregnancy rate of 12%. Increased age had a negative effect on pregnancy rate with a significant difference over 40 years (p<0.05). Pregnancy rate was higher with increased number of transferred embryos but it was only statistically significant when three versus two embryos were transferred (p<0.008). When more than three embryos transferred, although there was an increase in pregnancy rate, the difference was not statistically significant, but there was a significant increase in multiple pregnancy rate."n"n Conclusions: The maximum number of transferred embryos in ART cycles should not precede three embryos especially in age groups less than 40 and also when good quality embryos are available.
Effect of Mentha longifolia on FSH Serum Level in Premature Ovarian Failure  [PDF]
Roshanak Mokaberinejad, Elham Akhtari, Mojgan Tansaz, Soodabeh Bioos, Mohammad Kamalinejad, Nafiseh Zafarghandi, Ali Ghobadi, Farnaz Sohrabvand, Ali Akhbari
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2014.47053
Abstract:

Purpose: Premature ovarian failure (POF) includes cessation of normal ovarian function before age 40, causing amenorrhea, menopausal symptoms and general health problems. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can be administered in order to prevent menopausal symptoms, osteoporosis and vascular complications. Due to the contraindications and side effects of HRT and the increasing demand for alternative therapeutic modalities, we used Mentha longifolia, which is known in the Iranian traditional medicine (ITM), as being able to cause menstrual bleeding in women with early amenorrhea and decreased FSH serum. Methods: In this pilot study, we report twenty seven amenorrheic women with POF who were referred to the Iranian traditional medicine clinic in Tehran and treated by Mentha longifolia. All those patients had high FSH levels and amenorrhea. They were in their fertility age, between 30 to 40 years old. They were asked to take a cup of herbal tea which was steeped with Mentha longifolia tea three times a day for 2 weeks in 3 menstural cycles. If the patients developed menstruation, the FSH serum level was measured immediately; otherwise they had an FSH measurement one month after the beginning of therapy. Results: Mean age of patients was 36.44 ± 1.5 years. Mean FSH level before treatment was 79.13 ± 19.17 mIU/ml, and after treatment was 27.83 ± 16.14 mIU/ml. In four patients who did not have any response, mean range of FSH was 82.37 ± 19.75 mIU/ml before treatment and afterwards it was 81.97 ± 21.52 mIU/ml. After treatment with herbal teas, there was a significant decrease in FSH (79.39 ± 19.17 to 27.83 ± 16.14 mIU/ml, p value < 0.001). All patient except four (14.81%) had mensturation after taking the herbal medicine. Those four patients showed no decrease in FSH level. More of the patients who used medicinal tea achieved regular monthly bleeding when followed for three cycles.

Cabergoline versus Coasting in the Prevention of Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome and Assisted Reproductive Technologies Outcome in High Risk Patients
Farnaz Sohrabvand,Soheila Ansaripour,Maryam Bagheri,Mamak Shariat
International Journal of Fertility & Sterility , 2009,
Abstract: Background: Coasting is the most common method used in the prevention of ovarian hyperstimulationsyndrome (OHSS) acting through vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) reduction. However,the pregnancy rate is reported to fall with coasting when it takes more than three days. Recently lowdosecabergoline, a selective D2 dopamine receptor agonist has been proven to selectively reducevascular permeability without affecting angiogenesis and seems to be able to decrease the rate ofOHSS without affecting pregnancy rate.Materials and Methods: This clinical trial was performed on 60 women in assisted reproductivetechnologies (ART) cycles at risk of OHSS, having at least 20 follicles in their ovaries (mostly≤14mm) and a serum estradiol level ≥3000pg/mL. Patients were divided into two equal groups. Ingroup A, oral cabergoline 0.5 mg/day was given for seven days after hCG administration; whilein group B gonadotropin administration was halted until serum estradiol levels reached less than3000pg/mL before hCG administration. The main outcome measurements compared were rates ofpregnancy and severity of OHSS.Results: Total number of oocytes, metaphase II oocytes, fertilization and clinical pregnancy rateswere higher in group A (p<0.05). Severe OHSS was not found in either group. Moderate OHSS wasseen in one subject in the cabergoline group versus seven in the coasting group.Conclusion: Cabergoline seems to be a safe drug for prevention of moderate-severe OHSS.
Comparison of Two Embryo Scoring Systems for Prediction of Outcome in Assisted Reproductive Techniques Cycles
Farnaz Sohrabvand,Mamak Shariat,Navid Fotoohi Ghiam,Mahdi Hashemi
Acta Medica Iranica , 2011,
Abstract: Cumulative embryo score (CES) is one of the many embryo scoring methods which have been developed to help clinicians to transfer high quality embryos and predict pregnancy rate in assisted reproductive techniques (ART) cycles. Regarding the existing difference in CES calculation this study was done to compare two methods in order to determine the more practical and preferable one. In a retrospective, cross sectional descriptive analytical study, a total of 508 ART cycles in infertile patients treated from November 2002 until March 2004, were evaluated using two methods of CES calculation in embryonic scoring to predict ART outcome. According to one method, CES was obtained by adding the individual scores of all transferred embryos. Whereas in the other reference method, CES was calculated by the sum of each embryo score multiplied by its number of blastomeres on the day of transfer. The mean score of transferred embryos (MSTE) was referred to CES divided by the total number of embryos transferred in either method. A total of 109 clinical pregnancies (pregnancy rate 21.5%) including 96 singletons, 10 twins and triplets occurred in the 508 ART cycles. The pregnancy rate was strongly correlated to CES & MSTE. According to one method, CES was 12.6±6.4 in pregnant versus 9.2±5.8 in non-pregnant group (P<0.0001). According to the other one, in the pregnant group CES was 86.7±48 versus 68.7±55 in the non-pregnant group (P<0.002). Both methods showed a significant difference. Regarding MSTE, using the first method, in the pregnant group it was 3±0.6 versus 2.8±0.7 in the non-pregnant group (P<0.011) whereas with the other approach it was 21.3±8.6 in the pregnant group versus 19.9±9.07 in non-pregnant (P<0.152) showing that the first method can also predict pregnancy outcome with MSTE. Considering that both MSTE and CES in the first method can significantly predict outcome in ART cycles, it seems this method is preferable and more useful in practice. Moreover, sometimes due to continuous division, on the third post oocyte retrieval day the blastomere number cannot be counted precisely which can be misleading if taken into account according to the method introduced by Steer.
Effects of Different Doses of Hyaloronan on Human Sperm Motility, Vitality and Morphology
Mohammadi Roushandeh Amaneh,Sohrabvand Farnaz,Amanpour Saeid,Pasbakhsh Parichehr
Acta Medica Iranica , 2009,
Abstract: Important aspect of sperm function such as motility and capacitation appear to be mediated at least partially though hyaloronic acid (HA). Present study investigated effects of different doses of HA on sperm motility and vitality in human. Sperm was obtained from 20 male from IVF clinic in Imam Khomeini Hospital. Sperm motility and vitality in human semen was analyzed according to WHO criteria before and 4 hours after treatment with different doses of HA (0.750, 1000 and 1250 μg/ml). The results showed that in 1000 μg/ml the percent of stage 3 and 4 increased compare to control group. Percent of stage 1 and 2 decreased in group with 1000 μg/ml HA, there was an increase in the percentage of stage 3 and 4 and decrease in percentage of stage 1 and 2 compare to control. In the group treated with 1250 μg/ml stage 1 and 2 increased while stage 3 and 4 decreased. Vitality in all groups decreased except of the group treated with 1000 μg/ml HA. The group with 1250 μg/ml showed significantly decrease in vitality compare to fresh group (P < 0.05). The present study showed that the effects of HA on sperm motility and vitality is dose dependant and 1000 μg/ml HA had the effective role on sperm parameters.
Evaluating the Relationship between the Banking System Stability and the Internal Capital Adequacy Assessment Process: Evidence from the Egyptian Banking Sector  [PDF]
Karim F. F. Mohamed
Journal of Financial Risk Management (JFRM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jfrm.2018.74020
Abstract: In the repercussions of the latest financial crisis that have occurred on the years 2008-2009, to fortify the stability of the banking systems, policy makers, and the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision—BCBS, together with national regulators have built up a few safety measures, and structures to guarantee that banks establishments keep up adequate capital levels through using risk management tools, in specific the Internal Capital Adequacy Assessment Processes (ICAAP). They all have called for thorough evaluations and assessments for the structure and components of risk management frameworks, tools, and practices whether by banks, regulators, analysts and risk management experts consistently, to ascertain the adequacy of the banking systems, policies, arrangements and techniques for overseeing risks, and guaranteeing the sufficiency of holding appropriate capital levels for confronting normal, as well as adverse and unexpected situations or emergencies. The main objectives of this research study are to shed the light on the ICAAP as one of the main keys of risk management programs, a process by which banks can use to ensure that they operate with an appropriate level of capital, forward looking processes for capital planning covering a broad range of risks across banks, activities beyond simple capital management, and bring together risk and capital management activities in a form that can be used to support business decisions. The research study shall evaluate the significant relationship between the Banking System Stability (dependent variable) and the Internal Capital Adequacy Assessment Process (ICAAP—independent variable) with evidence from the Egyptian Banking Sector.
Creation and Analysis of Earth’s Surface Roughness Maps from Airborne LiDAR Measurements in Downtown Urban Landscape  [PDF]
Fahmy F. F. Asal
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2019.112015
Abstract: The Earth’s surface roughness constitutes an important parameter in terrain analysis for studying different environmental and engineering problems. Authors gave different definitions and measures for the earth’s surface roughness that usually depend on exploitation of digital elevation data for its reliable determination. This research aimed at exploring the different approaches for defining and extraction of the Earth’s surface roughness from Airborne LiDAR Measurements. It also aimed at evaluating the effects of the window size of the standard deviation filter on the created roughness maps in downtown landscapes using three known approaches namely; standard deviation filtering of the Digital Elevation Model (DEM), standard deviation filtering of the slope gradient model and standard deviation filtering of the profile curvature model. In this context, different roughness maps have been created from Airborne LiDAR measurements of the City of Toronto, Canada using the three filtering approaches with varying window sizes. Visual analysis has shown color tones of small roughness values with smooth textures dominate the roughness maps from small window sizes of the standard deviation filter, however, increasing the window sizes has produced wider variations of the color tones and rougher texture roughness maps. The standard deviations and ranges of the roughness maps from LiDAR DEM have increased due to increasing the filter window size while the skewness and kurtosis have decreased due to increasing the window size, indicating that the roughness maps from larger window sizes are statistically more symmetrical and more consistent. Thus, kurtosis has decreased by 53% and 82% due to increasing the window size to 7 × 7 and 15 × 15 respectively. The standard deviations of the roughness maps from the slope gradient model have increased due to increasing the window size till 15 × 15 while they have decreased with more increases. However, skewness has decreased due to increasing the window size till 15 × 15 and the kurtosis has decreased with higher rate till window size of 11 × 11. In the roughness maps from the profile curvature model, the ranges and skewness have decreased by 93.6% and 82.6% respectively due to increasing the window size to 15 × 15 while, kurtosis has decreased by 58.6%, 76.3% and 93.76% due to increases in the filter window size to 5 × 5, 7 × 7 and 15 × 15 respectively.
Kroniek
- F.
Nieuwe West-Indische Gids , 1949,
Abstract:
Kroniek
- F.
Nieuwe West-Indische Gids , 1949,
Abstract:
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