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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 80 matches for " Soghra Nikpour "
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The Effect of an Educational Program Based on the Health Belief Model on Self-Efficacy among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Referred to the Iranian Diabetes Association in 2014  [PDF]
Sheida Vahidi, Sima Esmaeili Shahmirzadi, Davoud Shojaeizadeh, Hamid Haghani, Soghra Nikpour
Journal of Diabetes Mellitus (JDM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jdm.2015.53022
Abstract: Background: Patient self-efficacy is one of the most important factors in treating and overcoming disease. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an educational program based on the health belief model on self-efficacy among patients with type 2 diabetes referred to the Iranian Diabetes Association in 2014. Method: A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted. Eighty patients with type 2 diabetes were selected randomly by the double block sample method. They were then divided into two groups of intervention and control (40 patients in each group) by random allocation. Data were collected by a questionnaire based on the Health Belief Model and self-efficacy. The data were gathered two months after the educational program was held. The educational program was designed on the basis of data collected in the pre-test phase. Then, the educational program was executed for the intervention group in 8 sessions (each 30 minutes) using lectures and an educational booklet. Data analysis was done with Chi-square Test, Pearson’s correlation, Independent samples T-test and paired T-test. The significance level was considered at 0.05. Results: Before intervention, no significant difference was detected between the two groups. However, after intervention all variables were significantly different except for perceived threat. Moreover, there were significant linear relationships between Self-efficacy and all Health Belief Model components after the educational intervention in both groups (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The educational program based on the health belief model increased self-efficacy in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.
Mobile Phone Short Message Service (SMS) for Weight Management in Iranian Overweight and Obese Women: A Pilot Study
Somayeh Faghanipour,Eftekharalsadat Hajikazemi,Soghra Nikpour,Shabnam al-Sadat Shariatpanahi,Agha Fatemeh Hosseini
International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/785654
Abstract: We conducted a text message-based intervention for weight management over three months by two months intervention and one month wash-out period. In a quasi-experimental study with control ( ) and experimental group ( ), 80 overweight and obese employed women were entered. Participants were recruited via announcement. All subjects attended a face-to-face information session and received a booklet that contained food calorie chart and strategies and recommendations for weight management. The experimental group received text messages (SMS) about weight management twice a day for two months, in addition to the information and the booklet which they had received in the information session. Also, the experimental group was instructed to weekly self-weight and to send the data to the principle researcher. All subjects were measured for baseline and secondary weight in a standardized manner by a nurse, and the data were compared between the two groups. Experimental group lost more weight than the control group (1.5?kg difference, ). Text messaging seems to be an effective channel of communication for weight management in Iranian overweight and obese women. The clinical trial registration number is IRCT201204029360N1. 1. Introduction In recent decades, the prevalence of obesity has increased to an alarming degree throughout the world. According to World Health Organization’s (WHO) report, developing countries parallel to developed world are experiencing a growing trend in the incidence of obesity and overweight. They are joining the global pandemic of obesity because of modernization and urbanization [1, 2]. Overweight and obesity are important risk factors for diabetes type II, insulin resistance, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, selected cancers, and premature death [3]. Obesity is closely associated with some psychological disturbances such as poor body image and self-esteem, depression, and anxiety, particularly in women [4, 5]. From 1999 to 2008, the prevalence of overweight Iranian women adults has dramatically increased from 40.6% to 61%. In the same time period, the prevalence of obese Iranian women has risen from 14.17% to 29.5%. [6]. This increase has been more common among Iranian women than Iranian men [7, 8]. Despite the numerous clinical and commercial weight loss programs in Iran, many individuals hardly use such programs because of various limitations including time, cost, transportation, beside, women who work outside the home have more constraints than others. Therefore, evaluation of different approaches is necessary to find an effective,
STUDY OF MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY OF CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARS OF AGE IN BEHBAHAN CITY, IRAN
B. Nikpour
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 1995,
Abstract: In a survey of the Population of Behbahan city, carried out in years 1990-91, the mean age was approximated up to 15.2 and 17.5 in the villages and the city, respectively. Furthermore, about 27.4% and 27.9% of the corresponding populations were under 5 years of age. The birth rate in the urban and rural areas was about 31.2 and 33.3 per thousand live births. Mortality rate related to the immaturity and low-birth weight were two times more in villages than in the city. There is a meaningful relationship between intent’s body weight and IMR in the villages but both in the city.
Neurological Manifestations, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Celiac Disease: A Comprehensive Review
Shahriar Nikpour
Iranian Journal of Neurology , 2012,
Abstract: Celiac disease or gluten sensitivity may initially present asone or more neurological signs and/or symptoms. On the other hand, it may be associated with or complicated by neurological manifestations. Neurological presentations are rare in children but as many as 36% of adult patients present with neurological changes. With severe malnutrition after progression of celiac disease, different vitamin deficiencies may develop. Such problems can in turn overlap with previous neurological abnormalities including ataxia,epilepsy, neuropathy, dementia, and cognitive disorders. Inthis study, we aimed to review the neurological aspects of celiac disease. Early diagnosis and treatment could prevent related disability in patients with celiac disease.
Detection Tool for Unbalanced Bids  [PDF]
Babak Nikpour, Ahmed Senouci, Neil Eldin
Open Journal of Civil Engineering (OJCE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2017.73028
Abstract: Unbalanced bidding is a cash flow management strategy that is recognized as an illegal/disqualifying practice by public owners; and unethical practice by most private owners. This practice provides the awarded bidder with unjustified advantages at the expense of the owner. Unfortunately, limited tools and techniques are currently available to identify and detect unbalanced bids during the evaluation process. This paper presents an innovative detection tool to identify unbalanced bids in unit price contracts during the bid evaluation process. The proposed technique develops BMDI graphs to visualize total markup variation patterns during the project lifetime to detect unbalanced bids. The proposed method also uses Monte Carlo simulation to take in consideration the impact of cost uncertainties and risks. An illustrative example was presented to show the capabilities and features of the proposed method in determining the status of submitted bids during the evaluation process.
DOES BASAL CELL CARCINOMA ARISING IN YOUNGER PATIENTS HAVE A MORE INVASIVE BEHAVIOR THAN THAT ARISING IN OLDER POPULATION?
H. A. Nikpour
Acta Medica Iranica , 2005,
Abstract: There is an impression that basal cell carcinomas (BCC) occurring in younger population may be of more invasive behavior in comparison to those arising in older patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate this hypothesis by comparing the histological types of BCC in a large cohort of young and old patients. A total of 287 histological reports and clinical records were evaluated. A consecutive series of 95 patients less than 45 years old were compared with a consecutive series of 192 patients over 45 years of age. Tumors were classified according to the accepted definition of aggressive (morpheic, infiltrative and micronodular) and less aggressive (nodular and superficial) histological growth patterns. Aggressive growth types were found in 32% of patients over 45 and 29% of patients under 45, a difference which was not significant. There was a higher rate of incomplete excision in younger patients and this was highly significant (17% compared to 5%, P < 0.01). This study found that BCCs arising in young patients are not histologically different from those found in the older population. Clinically observed aggressive behavior of BCC in young patients may result from inadequate surgical excision due to cosmetics and diagnostic doubt.
Comparing the efficacy of intra-amniotic prostaglandin (PG) and oxytocin with rising induction in termination of second trimester pregnancy
Soghra Rabiee,Maryam Saeedpanah
Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: (Received 14 Sep, 2008 ; Accepted 30 Jan, 2009)AbstractBackground and purpose: Termination of pregnancy in fetus with severe anomaly is legal in Iran. This study was done in order to compare the rate of effectiveness and complications of intra-amniotic PG and oxytocin, with rising induction in patient candidates for second trimester abortion, at Fatemieh Hospital, in Hamadan.Materials and methods: In a randomized clinical trial study, 40 pregnant women in their second trimester with fetal CNS anomalies, were divided into two groups (N=20). In the first group, one PG E2 Amp was injected intra-amniotic at first and then, 20 IU oxytocin was infused in 500 ml serum ringer for each patient. The infusion rate was increased up to induced effective concentrations every 15 to 30 minutes. In the second group, 50 IU oxytocin was infused with 1000 ml serum ringer and thereafter, an- other infusion of 50 IU oxytocin was added into the remaining 500 ml of serum. The rate of infusion was regulated on the basis of induced effective concentrations. Finally, both groups were compared for labor duration and probable side effects.Results: The rate of success in both groups was 100%. The mean duration of labor was 19.75 5.9 hours and 30.2 6.49 hours in the group with intra-amniotic PG with oxytocin and rising induction group, respectively. This difference was statistically significant (P<0.00). Diarrhea was seen in only one case with intra-amniotic PG injection. Differences between the frequency of side effects in both groups was not statistically significant.Conclusion: This study showed that the mean duration of laboring intra-amniotic PG with oxytocin method, is less than of rising induction method.J Mazand Univ Med Sci 2009; 19(69): 33-37 (Persian)
Quintessence with Hybrid Potential
Soghra Tayfeh Bagheri
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: I present the numerical solution of equations of the evolution of a universe containing background fluids (radiation, dark matter and baryonic matter), plus a scalar matter field with a hybrid potential that is a combination of exponential potential and power-law potential. The plot of the evolution of density parameters is compatible with our universe; and today's values of density parameters of dark energy, dark matter, baryonic matter, and Hubble parameter, and the age and size of our universe, found from this model, are very close to (and some times the same as) measured values.
One dimensional surface profilometry by analyzing the Fresnel diffraction pattern from a step
Soghra Osanloo,Ahmad Darudi
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: When a coherent quasi-monochromatic light is reflected from a step, a diffraction pattern is formed that can be described by Fresnel-Kirchhoff integral and visibility of the fringes depends on the height of the step. In this paper, it is shown that the Fresnel diffraction from a step can be described by an interference-like formula. A relationship is derived between the visibility of the diffraction pattern from 1D step and the step height. Finally, a novel method is presented for 1D surface testing. The theoretical and experimental results are presented.
Evaluation of the Management of Family Physicians Health Care Services to Diabetic Patients in Rural Areas of Northern Iran  [PDF]
Ghahraman Mahmodi, Melody Omraninava, Bahman Nikpour, Eissa Omidi Qasemabad
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2018.92010
Abstract: Background and Objectives: The ultimate goal of the health system is to improve the health status of people. To achieve this goal and meet the needs and expectations of people in the field of health, different strategies have been designed, one of which is the family physician. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to evaluate management and performance of the family physician in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diabetes in the Counties of Gilan Province. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study, which was carried out descriptively. In this study 320 patients with diabetic records were selected from among 1900 using simple random selection. Results: There is a significant difference between the number of visits, the number of referrals to specialists and the number of tests with the expected rate. In addition, 68.8% of patients were diagnosed by the family physician for the first time. According to comparisons made on the number of referrals, visits and request for blood tests, there was a significant difference between two Counties (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The results of the present study indicate that there is a fundamental weakness in terms of diagnosis, control, care of patients, referral, completion of health records and eventually preventing diabetes complications in the northern villages of Iran. In general, family physician program has relatively good performance in Iran after several years, but has not been able to reach the determined goals and standards.
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