Publish in OALib Journal
APC: Only $99
The main objective
of this study was to assess and compare the adaptive behaviour level of children
and adolescents with and without intellectual disability trying to understand
how the differences in this area could be influenced by contents and curricula.
The sample was composed by 589 children and adolescents with and without
intellectual disabilities (both ages 6 to 16, randomly selected from special
and regular schools, respectively). The Portuguese version of Adaptive Behaviour
Scale was used and administered through an interview, to a proxy who knew the
individual being evaluated. Controlling for age, gender, diagnosis, and living
area we found that there were statistical significant differences between both
groups on most of adaptive behaviour domains in all variables. One of the
conclusions is that curricula in special and regular schools differ a lot on
contents and in participation activities within the community and that might be
one of the causes of the non-skills acquisition by the children and adolescents
with intellectual disabilities.
Short Retraction Notice
The paper does not meet the standards of \"Journal of Modern Physics\".
This article has been retracted to straighten the academic record. In making this decision the Editorial Board follows COPE's Retraction Guidelines. Aim is to promote the circulation of scientific research by offering an ideal research publication platform with due consideration of internationally accepted standards on publication ethics. The Editorial Board would like to extend its sincere apologies for any inconvenience this retraction may have caused.
Editor guiding this retraction: Prof. Yang-Hui He (EIC of JMP).？
The full retraction notice in PDF is preceding the original paper, which is marked \"RETRACTED\".
Although the majority of
breast cancers are sporadic, it is estimated that between 5% and 10% of cases are hereditary and
mostly associated with BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 mutations. Women with BRCA 1 or BRCA 2 mutation present up to 95%
increased risk of breast cancer and are advised to take preventive measures.
Surveillance, chemoprevention and prophylactic surgery (mastectomy and
oophorectomy) are risk-reducing strategies. This literature review aims to respond to two major questions: 1) to what extent is the
decision-making for prophylactic mastectomy in women with the BRCA mutation a
more relevant option than other strategies, and 2) what are the major factors
influencing the decision for mastectomy? For this purpose, 27 published
articles were reviewed. Results show: a) the decision for mastectomy is more
frequent in women carrying BRCA 1/2 mutation than in non-carriers; mastectomy being less frequent than oophorectomy; b) the decision-making
is significantly associated with BRCA mutation, parity, age and family history;
c) reasons underlying women decision-making relate to anxiety toward the risk
of cancer, concerns with surgery, body-image and sexuality. It is discussed that, due to the complexity of
the decision-making process, these cases require a careful and meticulous
approach regarding information provided, and in addressing concerns.
In Greece more than 60,000 tn End of Life Tires are stockpiled every year often uncontrollable, causing severe environmental and other socio-economic negative impacts. Studies up to date are focused mainly on mechanical and physical characteristics of rubberized mixtures (based on cement, asphalt or soil) in which tire rubber is used either as alternative to natural aggregates or as additive. However, effect of tire rubber on noise reduction in rubberized bituminous layers, which is the main topic of present paper, has not been widely studied. In particular, this research paper is dealing with a sustainable use of tire rubber in asphalt pavement, leading to its generated noise reduction. An experimental pilot application has been conducted in the frame of a European Research Project, which has been implemented in a heavy traffic road section, cited outside Lamia city of Greece, (Vasilikon Street). The upper surface layer of the pavement has been made of rubberized bituminous mixture, produced by the wet process. Rheological characteristics of rubberized bitumen as well as basic properties of the implemented, rubberized bituminous mixture are presented. Moreover, measurements of noise level, deriving from vehicles’ motion, under operational conditions took place at the road section right after its implementation as well as after 8 months of its operation, while all data are presented in details. Results of the measurements on conventional and modified pavement sections are compared, certifying that rubberized asphalt layers can be not only environmentally friendly—since a category of solid wastes (worn automobile tires) is utilized—but also, addition of tire rubber particles in bituminous binder provides up to 3dB noise reducing bituminous mixtures and pavements, noise reduction that remains even after 8 months of road section’s operation.