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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 34955 matches for " Social Security in Brazil "
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Youth and Social Security Coverage in Brazil  [PDF]
Paulo Tafner, Carolina Botelho
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.21014
Abstract: Brazil is still a young country, just starting the process of aging, but Brazils spending on social security is similar to those countries whose population aging has already occurred. Some studies explain the high cost of the Brazilian Social Security System due to the assumption that there is a positive relationship between social security and poverty alleviation. In fact, the effectiveness of this instrument as reducing poverty was high until 2002, but stopped growing and fell slightly thereafter. Brazilian law provides that wives and children or stepchildren under age 21, or under 25, since they are college students, are welfare beneficiaries. In other words they are protected by Brazilian Social Security System. However, data reveals that in Brazil, children and young people have a very low social security direct coverage, which increases with age and reaches high levels for individuals aged 60 or older. Children and young people are the groups most affected by poverty and extreme poverty in Brazil. In this sense, the assumption according to which Social Security helps combat family poverty is flawed. Considering these issues, this article aims to contribute to the debate on the need to rethink the Brazilian Social Security System and the need of construction of specific policies for children and young people in Brazil.
Disponibilidad de alimentos como factor determinante de la Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional y sus representaciones en Brasil
Pedraza, Dixis Figueroa;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732005000100012
Abstract: to discuss the availability of food in brazil, based on, and associating to data from scientific literature. this is the first of six articles, discussing the determining factors and the resulting ones of food and nutritional security, and brazil's conditions related to them. the same pattern is observed in all articles, considering: (i): the concept/factor to be studied, (ii): the form to measure that factor; (iii): a brazilian characterization on the subject; (iv): global and interrelated conclusions; (v): final considerations, leading to the factor's implications in important strategies that should be formulated. brazil is a country in which food availability does not constitute a limiting factor of its food and nutritional security. in spite of this, the sustainability of food availability and the inequality are factors that are jeopardizing the national nutritional system.
Avalia??o da eqüidade da Previdência no meio rural do Brasil
Kreter, Ana Cecília;Bacha, Carlos José Caetano;
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-20032006000300006
Abstract: this paper evaluates the equality of the brazilian system of pensions paid in rural areas during the 1990s. the equality implies equal access to the social security benefits, regardless ethnic, sex and education differences among retired persons. basing on 1988 federal constitution, laws 8,212 and 8,213, both from 1991, have instituted the old age pension equal to one minimum wage for men (60 years or older) and for women (55 years or older) if they can prove they were rural workers. these old citizens can retire without any contribution to the social security system. the new norms were important in rural areas because they guarantee equal rights among men and women and increased the value of pensions. using 1992, 1996 and 1999 pnad microdatas organized in tables, this paper pointed out that the social security system contributed for the per capita income growth of elderly retired people who lives in rural areas, without enlarging the income distribution inequality. pnad microdatas organized in tables also indicate that males, white people, and those with higher formal education had an easier access to pension than females, black people and those with lower formal education. these results were confirmed by the probit model estimated. the paper finishes with some suggestions to improve the equality of pensions paid in rural areas.
Fran?a e Brasil: realidades distintas da prote??o social, entrela?adas no fluxo da história
Behring, Elaine Rossetti;
Servi?o Social & Sociedade , 2013, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-66282013000100002
Abstract: this article analyzes the allocation of resources of 2010's brazilian and french national budgets, with emphasis on social security, by showing trends in the allocation of public funds, the impact of the dynamics of public debt and the finance of all expenditure. above all, it analyzes the similarities and differences between the different historical experiences and conditions of a peripheral capitalist country and a central one, which are, however, involved in the whole capitalist logic.
Reforma da previdência social e custo de transi o: simulando um Sistema Universal para o Brasil Social Security reform and transition cost: simulating a Universal System for Brazil
Hélio Zylberstajn,Luís Eduardo Afonso,Andre Portela Souza
Revista Contabilidade & Finan?as , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/s1519-70772006000500005
Abstract: Este artigo apresenta uma proposta de reforma da previdência social brasileira. O novo sistema está fundamentado nos princípios de justi a atuarial, incentivo à formaliza o, universaliza o e simplifica o da estrutura previdenciária. Foi calculada a alíquota de contribui o necessária a esse sistema. Também é estimado o passivo previdenciário, na situa o atual e no sistema proposto. Finalizando, é calculado o custo de transi o entre os dois sistemas. Os resultados mostram que esse custo é elevado, embora esteja distribuído ao longo do tempo. This article presents a proposal to reform Brazil's pension system. The new system is based on the principles of actuarial fairness, incentive to formalization, universalization and simplification of the social security structure. We calculated the contribution rate needed to balance the system. The social security debt is also estimated in the present situation and in the proposed system. Finally, the transition cost of shifting to the new system is calculated. The results show that, although,distributed over time, this cost is high.
O social sob o "tac?o de ferro" da política econ?mica do período 2003-2006
Marques, Rosa Maria;Mendes, áquilas;
Economia e Sociedade , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-06182009000300006
Abstract: the article discusses the impact of economic policy maintanence in accordance with the new pattern of international capitalist accumulation under financial capital dominance in main social security areas. it analyses the adoption of inflation target system and the achievement of high fiscal primary results; describes the main brazilian economic results and examine the impact of this particular option on social security with a focus on the financial system of the unified health system (sus). in a specific way, it argues that this policy outcome - low economic growth, high interest rates, unstable work market, reduction in social expenditure - compromises an effective application of the sus principles. however, some advances have been pointed out, for instance, the increase of family health program coverage.
Fran a e Brasil: realidades distintas da prote o social, entrela adas no fluxo da história France and Brazil: different social security realities interwoven in the historical flow
Elaine Rossetti Behring
Servi?o Social & Sociedade , 2013,
Abstract: Este artigo analisa a destina o de recursos dos or amentos nacionais do Brasil e da Fran a no ano de 2010, com destaque para a seguridade social, mostrando tendências da aloca o do fundo público, o impacto da dinamica da dívida pública e da financeiriza o no conjunto das despesas e, sobretudo, as semelhan as e diferen as entre as experiências e condi es históricas distintas de um país capitalista periférico e outro central, mas que se entrela am na totalidade. This article analyzes the allocation of resources of 2010's Brazilian and French national budgets, with emphasis on social security, by showing trends in the allocation of public funds, the impact of the dynamics of public debt and the finance of all expenditure. Above all, it analyzes the similarities and differences between the different historical experiences and conditions of a peripheral capitalist country and a central one, which are, however, involved in the whole capitalist logic.
Myths and Realities about Mexico-United States Migration  [PDF]
Luis Arturo Rivas Tovar, Adela Chávez, Juan Enrique Azuara Munguía, Ana Gabriela Benítez Jurado
iBusiness (IB) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2014.62008
Abstract:

This is an article review of state-of-the-art about Mexicans’ migration to the USA, in last 5 years. We analyzed 4 myths: 1). Migration generates negative effects for the receiving country because when migrants arrive. 2). Mexicans’ migration to the USA generates big distortions in the receiving communities and Mexico is the only economic beneficiary. 3). Migrants collapse public health services in USA. 4). Mexican migrants are mistreated by American authorities. The findings will show the lack of empirical evidence of these generalized ideas.

Social Security, Retirement and Economic Growth  [PDF]
Kuo-Ting Hua
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2018.815214
Abstract:

Population aging alters decisions of retirement and intergenerational transfers simultaneously. With the consideration of both decisions, this paper investigates the economic impacts of population aging in an Overlapping-Generation (OLG) model under social security coverage. Results show that the economy grows slower with voluntarily increased elderly labor supply than otherwise. Ignoring the interactions between these decisions may lead to a serious mis-estimation. Results also show that mandatory postponing retirement creates disincentive to saving and hinders the economy. To prevent the economy from slowing down and fertility from falling, mandatory postponing retirement must be accompanied by a lower replacement ratio.

Patronato nacional de la infancia
ELENA HENRIQUEZ
Revista chilena de pediatría , 1940,
Abstract:
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