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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 10438 matches for " So-Young Nam "
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The associations between socioeconomic status and obesity in Korean children from 1998 to 2009  [PDF]
So-Young Nam, Soo-Kyung Lee
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.511256

Increasing interests have been shown in associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and obesity in relation to health inequality. The research objectives were 1) to examine associations between SES and child obesity (including overweight) in Korea over 10 years and 2) to explore possible underlying mechanisms of relationships between SES and obesity. This study used the nationally representative data (KNHA-NES) from 1998, 2005, to 2009. Children (10-18 year-old) were grouped by household income (low, middle-low, middle-high and high) adjusted for the number of family members. Z-scores of height, weight, and BMI for each child were calculated from measured anthropometric data using the 2007 Korean national growth charts. No statistically significant associations were found, however, changes in association patterns were noted. The lower SES group showed shorter height as well as lighter weight among Korean children. More research should be conducted to understand the effects of socioeconomic status on child obesity.


Membrane Fusion Proteins of Type I Secretion System and Tripartite Efflux Pumps Share a Binding Motif for TolC in Gram-Negative Bacteria
Minho Lee, So-Young Jun, Bo-Young Yoon, Saemee Song, Kangseok Lee, Nam-Chul Ha
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0040460
Abstract: The Hly translocator complex of Escherichia coli catalyzes type I secretion of the toxin hemolysin A (HlyA). In this complex, HlyB is an inner membrane ABC (ATP Binding Cassette)-type transporter, TolC is an outer membrane channel protein, and HlyD is a periplasmic adaptor anchored in the inner membrane that bridges HlyB to TolC. This tripartite organization is reminiscent of that of drug efflux systems such as AcrA-AcrB-TolC and MacA-MacB-TolC of E. coli. We have previously shown the crucial role of conserved residues located at the hairpin tip region of AcrA and MacA adaptors during assembly of their cognate systems. In this study, we investigated the role of the putative tip region of HlyD using HlyD mutants with single amino acid substitutions at the conserved positions. In vivo and in vitro data show that all mutations abolished HlyD binding to TolC and resulted in the absence of HlyA secretion. Together, our results suggest that, similarly to AcrA and MacA, HlyD interacts with TolC in a tip-to-tip manner. A general model in which these conserved interactions induce opening of TolC during drug efflux and type I secretion is discussed.
Antidiabetic Effect of Morinda citrifolia (Noni) Fermented by Cheonggukjang in KK-Ay Diabetic Mice
So-Young Lee,So-Lim Park,Jin-Taek Hwang,Sung-Hun Yi,Young-Do Nam,Seong-Il Lim
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/163280
Abstract: Antidiabetic effects of Morinda citrifolia (aka Noni) fermented by Cheonggukjang (fast-fermented soybean paste) were evaluated using a T2DM (type 2 diabetes mellitus) murine model. Six-week-old KK-Ay/TaJcl mice were randomly divided into four groups: (1) the diabetic control (DC) group, provided with a normal mouse diet; (2) the positive control (PC) group, provided with a functional health food diet; (3) the M. citrifolia (MC) group, provided with an MC-based diet; (4) the fermented M. citrifolia (FMC) group, provided with an FMC-based diet. Over a testing period of 90 days, food and water intake decreased significantly in the FMC and PC groups compared with the DC group. Blood glucose levels in the FMC group were 211.60–252.20 mg/dL after 90 days, while those in the control group were over 400 mg/dL after 20 days. In addition, FMC supplementation reduced glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels, enhanced insulin sensitivity, and significantly decreased serum triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. Furthermore, a fermented M. citrifolia 70% ethanolic extract (FMCE) activated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-(PPAR-) γ and stimulated glucose uptake via stimulation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in cultured C2C12 cells. These results suggest that FMC can be employed as a functional health food for T2DM management.
Entanglement Entropy of Nontrivial States
Eric Benedict,So-Young Pi
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1006/aphy.1996.0007
Abstract: We study the entanglement entropy arising from coherent states and one--particle states. We show that it is possible to define a finite entanglement entropy by subtracting the vacuum entropy from that of the considered states, when the unobserved region is the same.
Finite and Infinite Symmetries in (2+1)-Dimensional Field Theory
Roman Jackiw,So-Young Pi
Physics , 1992, DOI: 10.1016/0920-5632(93)90375-G
Abstract: These days, Franco Iachello is {\it the\/} eminent practitioner applying classical and finite groups to physics. In this he is following a tradition at Yale, established by the late Feza Gursey, and succeeding Gursey in the Gibbs chair; Gursey in turn, had Pauli as a mentor. Iachello's striking achievement has been to find an actual realization of arcane supersymmetry within mundane adjacent even-odd nuclei. Thus far this is the only {\it physical\/} use of supersymmetry, and its fans surely must be surprised at the venue. Here we describe the role of $SO(2,1)$ conformal symmetry in non-relativistic Chern--Simons theory: how it acts, how it controls the nature of solutions, how it expands to an infinite group on the manifold of static solutions thereby rendering the static problem completely integrable. Since Iachello has also used the $SO(2,1)$ group in various contexts, this essay is presented to him on the occasion of his fiftieth birthday.
Threshhold Singularities and the Magnetic Mass in Hot QCD
R. Jackiw,So-Young Pi
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(95)01509-4
Abstract: We discuss the recently devised one-loop gap equation for the magnetic mass of hot QCD. An alternative, and one would hope equivalent, gap equation is presented, which however shows no mass generation at the one-loop level.
Dimensionally Reduced Chern-Simons Terms and their Solitons
R. Jackiw,So-Young Pi
Physics , 1998,
Abstract: We consider models in which nonrelativistic matter fields interact with gauge fields whose dynamics are governed by the Chern-Simons term. The relevant equations of motion are derived and reduced dimensionally in time or in space. Interesting solitonic equations emerge and their solutions are described. Finally, we consider a Chern-Simons term in three-dimensional Euclidean space, reduced by spherical symmetry, and we discuss its effect on monopole and instanton solutions.
Creation and evolution of magnetic helicity
R. Jackiw,So-Young Pi
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.61.105015
Abstract: Projecting a non-Abelian SU(2) vacuum gauge field - a pure gauge constructed from the group element U - onto a fixed (electromagnetic) direction in isospace gives rise to a nontrivial magnetic field, with nonvanishing magnetic helicity, which coincides with the winding number of U. Although the helicity is not conserved under Maxwell (vacuum) evolution, it retains one-half its initial value at infinite time.
The Construction of Inference Engine for Meaningful Context and Prediction Based on USN Environment
So-Young Im,Ryum-Duck Oh
International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/836362
Abstract: Currently, with gradually increasing movement to live with nature, artificial wetlands are increasing as well. All these change blows at rivers and streams thereby need for wetland management systems to increase. To measure environmental situations on the wetlands, people should go outside and check with measurement tools regularly. However, with these tools only it is difficult to know the exact situations on that wetland. Thus, we attached various sensors on the wetland and made sensor network environment. We used sensing data from sensor network to assume the situation of the wetland. This paper proposes a design for this through application of context inference of USN (Ubiquitous Sensor Network) and inference production rules for context inference engine of wetland management system by using JESS. In this study, we made rules using actual eutrophication criteria as a standard of water quality. The produced rules in this paper can decide the grade of eutrophication on wetland environment then predict the status of the wetland based on facts collected from sensor networks. Sensors sense data such as DO, BOD, SS, PH. And production rules divided the grades of each fact and then final rules can decide the eutrophication grades which mean water quality grades.
Arabidopsis brassinosteroid biosynthetic mutant dwarf7-1 exhibits slower rates of cell division and shoot induction
Jinyeong Cheon, So-Young Park, Burkhard Schulz, Sunghwa Choe
BMC Plant Biology , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2229-10-270
Abstract: Here, we report results emphasizing the importance of BRs in cell division. An Arabidopsis BR biosynthetic mutant, dwarf7-1, displayed various characteristics attributable to slower cell division rates. We found that the DWARF4 gene which encodes for an enzyme catalyzing a rate-determining step in the BR biosynthetic pathways, is highly expressed in the actively dividing callus, suggesting that BR biosynthesis is necessary for dividing cells. Furthermore, dwf7-1 showed noticeably slower rates of callus growth and shoot induction relative to wild-type control. Flow cytometric analyses of the nuclei derived from either calli or intact roots revealed that the cell division index, which was represented as the ratio of cells at the G2/M vs. G1 phases, was smaller in dwf7-1 plants. Finally, we found that the expression levels of the genes involved in cell division and shoot induction, such as PROLIFERATING CELL NUCLEAR ANTIGEN2 (PCNA2) and ENHANCER OF SHOOT REGENERATION2 (ESR2), were also lower in dwf7-1 as compared with wild type.Taken together, results of callus induction, shoot regeneration, flow cytometry, and semi-quantitative RT-PCR analysis suggest that BRs play important roles in both cell division and cell differentiation in Arabidopsis.Plant steroidal hormones, brassinosteroids (BRs), are central to supporting the proper growth and development of plants. As a result, BR biosynthetic and response mutants exhibit phenotypes characterized by severe growth deficiencies. Mutants of various species, including Arabidopsis, pea, tomato, rice, barley, and morning glory, have been found and shown to display similar phenotypes of growth deficiency [1-5].Brassinolide (BL), the most active BR and an end product of the BR biosynthetic pathway in Arabidopsis, is synthesized from sterols, including campesterol or cholesterol [6]. Of the enzymes involved in BR biosynthesis, the C22-α-hydroxylase DWARF4 (DWF4) mediates a rate-determining step [7,8]. After going through this step,
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