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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 185 matches for " Smrutigandha Kamble "
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Mucoadhesive: As Oral Controlled Gastroretentive Drug Delivery System
Nikalje Anna Pratima,Shailee Tiwari,Smrutigandha Kamble
International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Science , 2012,
Abstract: Mucoadhesion is a field of current interest in the design of drug delivery systems. Mucoadhesive drugdelivery system prolong the residence time of the dosage form at the site of application or absorptionand facilitate an intimate contact of the dosage form with the underline absorption surface and thuscontribute to improved and / or better therapeutic performance of the drug. In recent years many suchmucoadhesive drug delivery systems have been developed for oral, buccal, nasal, rectal and vaginalroutes for both systemic and local effects. In this paper main prominence on gastrointestinal dosageforms along with concepts, mechanism of mucoadhesion, factors affecting mucoadhesion, permeationenhancers and evaluation methods and also some review regarding research work already been carried.An overview of the last decade’s discoveries on mucoadhesion and applications of mucoadhesive asdrug carriers is given. Mucoadhesive drug delivery systems with its various advantages have a lot ofpotential in formulating dosage forms for various chronic diseases.
Software Agent Structure for Performance Index Improvement of Cellular Network  [PDF]
Megha Kamble, Roopam Gupta
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2014.79035

Efficient reuse of limited radio spectrum is vital issue to support increasing number of mobile terminals and heterogeneous traffic scenarios. Dynamic channel allocation (DCA) technique is suitable to solve the problem. The drawback of dynamic channel allocation is it may upgrade performance of one cluster and degrade performance of other cluster in large scale cellular network. To balance performance of clusters and increase carried traffic in network, there is need of enhancement of DCA techniques. To introduce improvement in the dynamic channel approach, the paper suggested Multi Agent System (MAS) of physical agents ported at base stations working on the principle of cooperative negotiation to improve the QoS of the network. We formulated an integrated framework which includes fundamental mechanism of call admission control and resource management using hybrid channel allocation (HCA). To balance performance index of various clusters of network, agent negotiation is executed. Our simulation results show that it is possible to significantly enhance performance index of network due to MAS-HCA approach when compared with ES based and ILP based HCA schemes proposed in literature.

Voltage Sag Characterization in a Distribution Systems: A Case Study  [PDF]
Suresh Kamble, Chandrashekhar Thorat
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2014.24074
Abstract: Voltage sags caused by the short-circuit faults in transmission and distribution lines have become one of the most important power quality problems facing industrial customers and utilities. Voltage sags are normally described by characteristics of both magnitude and duration, but phaseangle jump should be taken into account in identifying sag phenomena and finding their solutions. In this paper, voltage sags due to power system faults such as single phase-to-ground, phase-tophase, and two-phase-to-ground faults are characterized by using symmetrical component analysis and their effect on the magnitude variation and phase-angle jumps for each phase are examined. A simple and practical method is proposed for voltage sag detection, by calculating RMS voltage over a window of one-half cycle. The industrial distribution system at Bajaj hospital is taken as a case study. Simulation studies have been performed by using MATLAB/SIMULINK and the results are presented at various magnitudes, duration and phase-angle jumps.
Geostatistical Analyst for Deciding Optimal Interpolation Strategies for Delineating Compact Zones  [PDF]
Kalpana Harishwar Kamble, Pramila Aggrawal
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2011.24061
Abstract: Variability maps of Hydraulic conductivity (K) were generated by using geo statistical analyst extension of ARC GIS for delineating compact zones in a farm. In the initial exploratory spatial data analysis, K data for 0 - 15 and 15 - 30 cm soil layers showed spatial dependence, anisotropy, normality on log transformation and linear trend. Outliers present in both layers were also removed. In the next step, cross validation statistics of different combinations of kriging (Ordinary, simple and universal), data transformations (none and logarithmic) and trends (none and linear) were compared. Combination of no data transformation and linear trend removal was the best choice as it resulted in more accurate and unbiased prediction. It thus, confirmed that for generating prediction maps by kriging, data need not be normal. Ordinary kriging is appropriate when trend is linear. Among various available anisotropic semivariogram models, spherical model for 0 - 15 cm and tetra spherical model for 15 - 30 cm were found to be the best with major and minor ranges between 273 - 410 m and 98 - 213 m. The kriging was superior to other interpolation techniques as the slope of the best fit line of scatter plot of predicted vs. measured data points was more (0.76) in kriging than in inverse distance weighted interpolation (0.61) and global polynomial interpolation (0.56). In the generated prediction maps, areas where K was <12 cm?day–1 were delineated as compact zone. Hence, it can be concluded that geostatistical analyst is a complete package for preprocessing of data and for choosing the optimal interpolation strategies.
Insurance In Rural Sectors
Abhijeet Kamble
Golden Research Thoughts , 2012, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: A large population of India lives in the rural areas. The impact of risks associated with life and health are far more severe on this population as compared to the urban population with higher levels of income. The insurance sector in India has experienced a 360-degree journey over a period of more than a hundred years. Its transition from an open competitive sector to nationalisation and then back to a liberalised market characterises this phenomenon. The insurance sector was brought under the government wrap within ten years of independence. Since then, till the reopening of the sector in the 1990s, the state-owned companies functioned under the deluge of bureaucracy and inefficiency but still had millions of policyholders, as there were no alternatives.
Role Of Libraries In E- Governance With Special Reference To Aurangabad (M.S.)
Veena Kamble
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: The study focus on impact of networks on academic libraries and engineering colleges in Aurangabad city, Maharashtra in India. The study revealed that the status of e- governance in libraries in Aurangabad city; role of libraries; impact of library networks on libraries; Benefits and challenges of the e-governance etc.
Water management in mountainous Jardhar Village, Chamba Block, Uttarakhand, India
RK Kamble
International Journal of Environment , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/ije.v3i1.9946
Abstract: An attempt has been carried out to assess water management practices adopted by Jardhar villagers in Chamba block of Uttrakhand. The rain water during rainy season got collected in chahals (mountainous tanks) on top of mountains. The rain water which got collected in these structures percolates through mountains and forms number of small streams which were perennial in nature. The water from these streams were received in a small metal tank at the end of stream in the mountain and through a steel pipe this collected water was diverted and collected into a cement tank at an elevated location at the entrance of the village. From this elevated water reservoir water was distributed at various locations in the village through public stand posts. The sustainable utilization of water in this mountainous area paved way for availability of water throughout the year and thus can sustain the population in such a topographic region. This traditional water management in Jardhar village has set an example of water management which can be adopted in such terrains throughout the world. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ije.v3i1.9946 International Journal of Environment Vol.3(1) 2014: 93-100
Eccentric observation of total hardness in Lohara Village, Chandrapur District, Central India
RK Kamble
International Journal of Environment , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/ije.v3i1.9950
Abstract: The potability of water is judged by its physical, chemical and biological analysis. While analysing the water quality of Chandrapur district for winter 2012, summer 2013 and post-monsoon 2013 an eccentric observation was observed for total hardness estimation from the groundwater sample of Lohara village. While performing total hardness of groundwater sample by EDTA complexomertirc titration, after addition of buffer and inhibitor solution followed by Eriochrome Black T indicator a blue colour was formed instead of wine red colour. This observation was reported from all three sampling seasons. Perhaps, this may be the first time that such an observation was reported in the scientific literature. However, calcium hardness was found to be 84 ppm as CaCO 3 in all three sampling season. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ije.v3i1.9950 International Journal of Environment Vol.3(1) 2014: 134-140
Mixing height observations over Nagothane Village, Raigad District, Western India
RK Kamble
International Journal of Environment , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/ije.v3i2.10643
Abstract: Mixing height observations were recorded in Nagothane village of Raigad district of Western India by using minisonde technique in winter season (December 2003-February 2004) at an interval of 3 hours so as to have a clear idea of diurnal variation of mixing heights. The results depicts that maximum mixing height from the study area was 903 m above ground level in afternoon (2.30 pm), while diurnal variation indicated ground based inversions up to a height of about 500 m above ground level, that is nil mixing height during late night (11.30 pm and 2.30 am) and early morning (5.30 am) hours. The diurnal variation of mixing height was in accordance with incoming solar radiation, as the day progresses so the mixing height and vice versa. The maximum mixing height of 903 m above ground level indicated the volume available for dilution, dispersion and transportation of air pollutants in the troposphere which are being emitted by anthropogenic and industrial activities, thus reducing the chances of air pollution episodes in the study area. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ije.v3i2.10643 International Journal of the Environment Vol.3(2) 2014: 302-310
Energy Audit of Sardar Patel College, Chandrapur, Central India
Prashik P Kamble,Rahul K Kamble
International Journal of Environment , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/ije.v3i3.11062
Abstract: Energy audit of Sardar Patel College was carried out in 2012-2013. Energy audit of the college revealed that annual electricity consumption was 93,984 units at a total cost of Rs 8,28,248/- (US$ 15059) with an average of Rs 8.66 (US$ 0.15) per unit. The per capita energy expenditure on a student comes out to be Rs 127.42/- (US$ 2.31) per annum, while including teaching and non-teaching faculty members it was Rs 121.80/- (US$ 2.21) per annum. To reduce the electricity consumption in the college various measures were suggested such as use of energy efficient appliances, task lighting, peak shaving and good housekeeping measures. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ije.v3i3.11062 International Journal of Environment Vol.3(3) 2014: 36-49
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