Epilepsy and non-epileptic attack disorder (NEAD) share a vast
number of clinical features, however the aetiology and management are very
different. Video-EEG is the gold standard diagnostic tool and relies on the
occurrence of seizure activity during assessment to make a diagnosis. Added
complexity arises from the co-existence of epilepsy and NEAD, occurring in a
significant proportion of patients. Comprehensive assessment and
investigation is therefore required to prevent gross mistreatment in this
diagnostically difficult subgroup. We present a case of NEAD with co-existing
epilepsy and the challenges that this may present in clinical practice.
Several works on film theory and screenwriting practice take up the question of repetition within narrative. However, few if any, have articulated theories about the relationship between the repetition of the words that comprise the screenplay itself and repetition of the themes that lend coherence to the narrative. In this study we address this gap in the screenwriting and film literature. Specifically, we analyze repetition of words and themes in the screenplay of Sunshine Cleaning, a critically-acclaimed independent film. Based on our survey of the literature, we expect and we find several varieties of repetition among words associated with the major themes in Sunshine Cleaning. This repetition includes but is not limited to polyptoton (words formed by inflections, declensions, and conjugations of a common stem), homonymy, paregmenon (words sharing a common derivation), and compounding (words formed by combining two or more words). We further expect and find that the repetition of words linked to themes is extensive and found in the large majority of the scenes of the screenplay. Finally, we expect and find that words associated with the themes are repeated far more frequently than in a random sample of screenplays contained within the Corpus of Contemporary American English. We conclude the paper with a discussion of our study’s implications for the art and craft of screenwriting.
In this analysis, natural systems are posed to subsystemize in a manner
facilitating both structured information/energy sharing and an entropy
maximization process projecting a three-dimensional, spatial outcome. Numerical
simulations were first carried out to determine whether n × n input-output
matrices could, once entropy-maximized, project a three-dimensional Euclidean
metric. Only 4 × 4 matrices could; a small proportion passed the test. Larger
proportions passed when grouped random patterns on and within two- and three-dimensional
forms were tested. The pattern of structural zonation within the earth was then
tested in analogous fashion using spatial autocorrelation measures, and for three time
periods: current, 95 million years b.p. and 200 million years b.p. All expected
results were obtained; not only do the geometries of zonation project a
three-dimensional structure as anticipated, but also do secondary statistical
measures reveal levels of equilibrium among the zones in all three cases that are
nearly total, distinguishing them from simulations that do not incorporate a
varying-surface zone-width element.
A novel yet simple, rapid and robust thermometric endpoint titration (TET)
method for the determination of sodium in various foodstuffs is described. Sodium
reacts exothermically with aluminium in the presence of an excess of potassium and fluoride ions to form NaK2AlF6 (“elpasolite”).
This reaction forms the basis of a ro- bust, reliable analytical procedure
suitable for routine process control. The reaction of calcium under similar conditions
(to form KCaAlF6) suggests that potentially, calcium may interfere
in the determination of sodium in some foodstuffs. Results of an investigation
suggest that at molar ratios [Ca]/[Na] < 0.85, an error of <1% of the
measured value of sodium is incurred.
presents a case of propriospinal myoclonus (PSM) in a previously fit and well
female patient who presented with truncal jerking movements when relaxed. Propriospinal
myoclonus is a rare condition, of which 80% of the aetiology is idiopathic. It
is characterised by involuntary jerking movements of the trunk due to spreading
activity via intrinsic propriospinal pathways along the spinal cord.
Polymyography is mandatory in the diagnosis of priopriospinal myoclonus however
in discerning the differential diagnoses it is inferior to magnetic resonance
diffusion tensor imaging. The management of propriospinal myoclonus is
dependent on aetiology. Clonazepam has been shown to be effective in the
treatment of idiopathic PSM for symptomatic relief.