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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 249 matches for " Slavkovi? Nemanja "
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Factors influencing the development of avascular necrosis in non-operative treatment of the acute slipped capital femoral epiphysis
SlavkoviNemanja,Vuka?inovi? Zoran,Slavkovi? Slobodan
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2007, DOI: 10.2298/sarh0702054s
Abstract: Introduction: The acute slipped capital femoral epiphysis can result in development of avascular necrosis of the femoral head which is very difficult condition to treat. Orthopedic surgeon can influence the development of avascular necrosis. Objective The main objective in our study was to identify factors influencing the development of avascular necrosis in nonoperative treated patients for the acute slipped capital femoral epiphysis. Method A total of 53 patients and 59 hips treated for the acute slipped capital femoral epiphysis at the Institute for Orthopedic Surgery "Banjica" between 1968-2004 were studied. Necessary data were obtained from the accurate medical records. Results Avascular necrosis of the femoral head was diagnosed in 8 patients (13.56%). Six of them (75%) were treated by manipulative reduction in general anesthesia and spica cast immobilization. Fischer test, used for statistical data processing, found significant difference between two non-operative methods of treatment (p=0.0008). Conclusion Higher-degree epihyseal displacement as well as complete separation of the physis and metaphysis were found to be the risk factors of avascular necrosis. Every manipulation with the affected hip was also associated with higher percentage of avascular necrosis of the femoral head.
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis: A modern treatment protocol
SlavkoviNemanja,Vuka?inovi? Zoran
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/sarh0910562s
Abstract: The treatment of a patient with slipped capital femoral epiphysis begins with an early diagnosis and accurate classification. On the basis of symptom duration, clinical findings and radiographs, slipped capital femoral epiphysis is classified as pre-slip, acute, acute-on-chronic and chronic. The long-term outcome of slipped capital femoral epiphysis is directly related to severity and the presence or absence of avascular necrosis and/or chondrolysis. Therefore, the first priority in the treatment of slipped capital femoral epiphysis is to avoid complications while securing the epiphysis from further slippage. Medical treatment of patients with acute and acute-on-chronic slipped capital femoral epiphysis, as well as those presented in pre-slip stage, is the safest, although time-consuming. Manipulations, especially forced and repeated, are not recommended due to higher avascular necrosis risk. The use of intraoperative fluoroscopy to assist in the placement of internal fixation devices has markedly increased the success of surgical treatment. Controversy remains as to whether the proximal femoral epiphysis in severe, chronic slipped capital femoral epiphysis should be realigned by extracapsular osteotomies or just fixed in situ. The management protocol for slipped capital femoral epiphysis depends on the experience of the surgeon, motivation of the patient and technical facilities.
Diagnosis and treatment of chondroblastoma: Our experience
Slavkovi? Slobodan,Vuka?inovi? Zoran,SlavkoviNemanja,Spasovski Du?ko
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/sarh0612526s
Abstract: The paper presented the results of diagnostics and treatment of patients with diagnosis of chondroblastoma, treated at the Institute of Orthopedic Surgery "Banjica", Belgrade. A total of 30 patients were analyzed, involving the period from 1975-2004. All important data were obtained using the complete medical documentation, physical examination, radiographic findings and available additional diagnostic procedures. The proximal part of tibia, the proximal part of humerus and the distal part of femur were the most common sites of tumor, accounting for 63% of cases. Higher incidence of chondroblastoma was found in male patients, especially in the second decade of life. Pathohistological tumor verification was done in all patients. The patients were then treated by different surgical procedures, both on account of primary lesion and recurrence. Curettage and osteoplasty using the auto- and homograft were carried out in 21 patients, wide resection in nine cases, and amputation was performed in three cases. One patient had radiotherapy due to recurrence of lesion, nevertheless malignant transformation of chondroblastoma occurred in time. Seven patients manifested local recurrence, and one of them even had relapse on two occasions and malignant transformation of chondroblastoma. Malignant lesions were found in three cases (10% of patients); one lesion was diagnosed as primary while other two malignancies were detected only after recurrence, and the treatment was completed by lower leg amputation.
Spinal localization of Paget disease: Case report
Vuka?inovi? Zoran,SlavkoviNemanja,Spasovski Du?ko,Slavkovi? Slobodan
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2008, DOI: 10.2298/sarh0808419v
Abstract: INTRODUCTION Paget disease, localized on thoracal vertebrae, presents a significant challenge in diagnostics and treatment. Presenting with progressive neurological symptoms, it has a broad differential diagnostic spectrum and requires additional radiological, neurological and endocrinological evaluation. Besides drug therapy, an operative decompression of nerve elements is performed when indicated. CASE OUTLINE We present a case of an older male patient complaining of chronic progressive pain localized at fourth and fifth thoracal vertebrae, with slight but progressive hypertonus and hyperreflection of leg muscles, including no plantar response. Vertebral biopsy indicated parathyreoid disturbance, excluded by further endocrinological analyses. At that point a corporectomy of fourth and fifth vertebrae and titanium cage spondylodesis of adjacent levels was performed, with pathological findings suggesting Paget disease. Postoperatively, there was initial significant neurological improvement; unfortunately, 2.5 years after the operation a relapse of the disease developed with gibbus deformity. Further treatment was surgical in two stages (first by decompression, and later by broad laminectomy), resulting in partial neurological recovery. CONCLUSION Spinal localization of Paget disease as a monoostotic form must be considered in all cases of progressive neurological impairment accompanied by biochemical disturbances in blood and urine, and with radiologically evident deformity, pathological fracture or neoplastic destruction of vertebra. A combination of medicamentous and surgical treatment should significantly improve neurological condition.
Review of thirty patients with bone chondroblastoma
Slavkovi? Slobodan,Tomi? Slavko,SlavkoviNemanja,Apostolovi? Milan
Vojnosanitetski Pregled , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/vsp0510705s
Abstract: Background/Aim. To analyse the results of the treatment of the patients with the diagnosis of chondroblastoma, to confirm the possible malignancy and to recommend the best and the safest method of the treatment. Methods. We reviewed the cases of 30 patients with chondroblastoma who were treated between 1975 and 2004. Data were obtained using complete medical documentation, physical examinations, radiographic findings, and the available additional diagnostic procedures. Results. We found that the proximal part of the tibia, proximal part of the humerus, and distal part of the femur were the most common sites of the tumor in 63% of the cases. The higher prevalence of chondroblastoma in male patients was found, especially in the second decade of life. The patients were treated with different surgical procedures after histologically confirmed chondroblastoma. In 1 of the patients, radiation therapy was performed because the lesion recurred, after which the malignant transformation of chondroblastoma occurred. We found two more malignant chondroblastomas, one of which had been diagnosed as a primary tumor. Seven patients had a local recurrence, one of them had a second recurrence and the malignant transformation of chondroblastoma. The only solution was a below knee amputation. Conclusion. Chondroblastoma of bone is a rare lesion with the high local recurrence rate. We emphasized the need for an adequate and rapid diagnosis, including histological verification. The treatment was strictly surgical. The basic goal of the treatment was to avoid tumor penetration into articular cavity and/or local soft tissues. Malignant chondroblastoma of bone should be treated with radical surgical resection, avoiding any adjuvant therapy.
Reconstruction of the infected war defects of the tibia: A fragment elongation according to the Ilizarov technique
Tomi? Slavko,Bajin Zoran,SlavkoviNemanja
Vojnosanitetski Pregled , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/vsp0512895t
Abstract: Introduction/Aim. The treatment of tibia defects complicated with chronic osteomyelitis is difficult, often requiring one or more surgical interventions with prolonged periods of functional incapacity. Methods. We treated 20 patients with tibia defects, who had been wounded during the war operations in the former Yugoslavia, complicated with chronic osteomyelitis by applying the Ilizarov apparatus. In 10 patients with the average defect of 4.7 cm, interfragmentary diastasis of 1.5 cm, and 3.1 cm of shortening we applied the bilocal synchronous compressive - distractive method (BSCD). In the remaining 10 patients with average defect of 6.4 cm, interfragmentary diastasis of 5.5 cm, and 1.6 cm of shortening we applied bilocal alternating distractive - compressive osteosynthesis (BADC). Results. The average followup was 93 months. In the group A, the average distraction index was 10.6, maturation index 39.8, and external fixation index 52.5. In the group B, the average distraction index was 11.7, maturation index 47.1, and external fixation index 60.1. The average time from the application to the apparatus removing was in the group A 6.5 months, and in the group B 11.9 months. There were 27 complications: 11 problems, 8 disturbs, and 8 true complications. Pin-track inflammation of the soft tissue was noted most frequently (6 patients). Conclusions. One stage of repairing inflamation and the restitution of defect in lower leg tissue was the advantage of this type of treatment. All of the patients recovered. There was not any bad result, either in osteal or in functional outcome.
Triple pelvic osteotomy in the treatment of hip dysplasia
Vuka?inovi? Zoran,Spasovski Du?ko,?ivkovi? Zorica,SlavkoviNemanja
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/sarh0906239v
Abstract: Introduction. Insufficient femoral head coverage is found in a variety of diseases, with acetabular dysplasia as the most frequent disorder and triple pelvic osteotomy as the most recently introduced surgical treatment. Objective. This study analyses pre- and postoperative pathoanatomic characteristics of triple in comparison to Salter and Chiari osteotomies, with a logistic regression analysis of outcome predictor and effect explanator factors in relation to the chosen type of operation. Methods. The study involved 136 adolescents treated with Salter and Chiari osteotomies or a triple pelvic osteotomy at the Institute of Orthopaedic Surgery 'Banjica' in Belgrade. The patients were between 10-20 years old at the time of operation. We collected and analyzed data from all the patients: illness history, operative parameters, preoperative and postoperative pathoanatomic data. The data was statistically processed using the statistical software SPSS, defining standard descriptive values, and by using the appropriate tests of analytic statistics: t-test for dependent and independent variables, χ2-test, Fisher's exact test, Wilcoxon's test, parameter correlation, one-way ANOVA, multi-factorial ANOVA and logistic regression, according to the type of the analyzed data and the conditions under which the statistical methods were applied. Results. The average CE angle after triple pelvic osteotomy was 43.5°, more improved than after the Salter osteotomy (33.0°) and Chiari osteotomy (31.4°) (F=16.822; p<0.01). Postoperative spherical congruence was also more frequent after the triple osteotomy than after the other two types of operations, and with a high significance. Preoperative painful discomfort was found to be a valid predictor of indications for the triple osteotomy over both Chiari and Salter osteotomies. The valid explanators of effect for the triple osteotomy are: postoperative joint congruence (compared to the Chiari osteotomy) and increase in joint coverage (compared to Salter osteotomy). Conclusion. Triple pelvic osteotomy is the method of choice in the management of acetabular dysplasia and other disturbances of hip joint containment in adolescent age.
Total hip arthroplasty
SlavkoviNemanja,Vuka?inovi? Zoran,Ba??arevi? Zoran,Vukomanovi? Boris
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/sarh1206379s
Abstract: Total hip arthroplasty is most common reconstructive hip procedure in adults. In this surgery we replace some parts of the upper femur and acetabulum with biocompatible materials. The main goal of this surgery is to eliminate pain and regain full extent of joint motion, maintaining hip stability. Surgical technique, biomaterials, design of the prosthesis and fixation techniques have evolved with time adjusting to each other. After total hip arthroplasty patients’ quality of life should be improved. There are many various postoperative complications. Some of them are fatal, and some are minor, which may become manifested years after surgery. Each next surgical procedure following previous hip surgery is associated with considerably lower chances to be successful. Therefore, in primary total hip arthroplasty, preoperative evaluation and preparation of patients are essential. Every orthopaedic surgeon needs to improve already adopted surgical skills applying them with precision and without compromise, with the main goal to achieve long-term durability of the selected implant. The number of total hip arthroplasties will also increase in future, and newer and higher quality materials will be used.
Treatment of missed Monteggia lesion in children: Case report
Vuka?inovi? Zoran,Jovanovi? Vesna,Mitrovi? Desanka,SlavkoviNemanja
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/sarh1102099v
Abstract: Introduction. A Monteggia lesion is a dislocation of the radial head associated with a fracture with the proximal third of the ulna. It is rare in children and the dislocation of the radial head is often missed at the time of injury. There are a lot of described treatment methods: open reduction of the radial head and reconstruction of the annular ligament combined with ulnar osteotomy, the same method without reconstruction of the annular ligament, gradual lengthening and angulation of the ulna by Ilizarov method without the opening of radiocapitelar joint. Case Outline. A 14-year-old boy had been diagnosed with Monteggia lesion type Bado II three years before the admission to hospital. Previously nonoperatively treated, the missed radial head dislocation Bi-phase treatment had been done. Firstly, the distraction Ilizarov device was placed on the forearm, corticotomy of the ulna was done, distraction lasted fifteen days. Secondly, after achieving 1.5 cm of new bone and good level of the radial head, a reduction mechanism was incorporated into the Ilizarov device. The radiocapitelar joint was not opened, the reconstruction of the annular ligament was not done. After the radial head reduction and new bone maturation (1.5 months), the Ilizarov device was taken off. Conclusion. The described method of treatment has several important advantages: radial head reduction may be done without the joint opening, the recovery is very fast and easy after that; the elbow and forearm appear cosmetically very well after the operation; the treatment process is short, the arm is in use all the time, the absence from school is not needed, the achieved result is permanent.
Foot examination in the period of development
SlavkoviNemanja S.,Vuka?inovi? Zoran S.,Ba??arevi? Zoran Lj.
Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/aci1103091s
Abstract: Feet are maybe the key part of our musculoskeletal system that establishes upright position and movement. Their role is multiple - they maintain the balance of the body, push the body forward when walking and absorb mechanical pressure created in contact with the surface. Therefore, correct anatomic and functional development of foot is of vital importance. The most frequent reasons for examination of foot in the period of development are pain, deformity and incorrect walk. Our task is to detect the cause of the problem with clinical examination in the shortest possible period of time or to assess which additional diagnostic procedure would be the most suitable. A clinical examination of foot in the period of development involves inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation, examination of joint mobility, examination of sensory-motor function and conducting specific tests. In some cases detailed and properly conducted clinical examination can prove to be sufficient to establish a complete and accurate diagnosis. Patients of this specific age may be insufficiently cooperative, mistrustful, shy or even afraid. Our approach and manipulations during the clinical examination need to be adapted completely to such patients and their characteristics.
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