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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 74 matches for " Sisay Dessie "
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Antihypertension medication adherence and associated factors at Dessie Hospital, North East Ethiopia, Ethiopia
Legese Chelkeba,Sisay Dessie
International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.5455/2320-6012.ijrms20130802
Abstract: Hypertension is an overwhelming global challenge. Despite the development of many effective anti hypertensive drugs, target to reduce morbidity and mortality due to high blood pressures are reached in only a minor of patients in clinical practice. Poor adherence is one of the biggest obstacles in therapeutic control of blood pressures. There are complaints from patients and physicians that the poor result of actual antihypertensive drug therapies. Many people with age indifference are attacked by this silent killer or which results in target organ damage as a complication. The aim of this study was to assess the magnitude of adherence and the factors associated with non-adherence to anti-hypertensive medication. Cross sectional exclusively convenient study was conducted by using structured questionnaires consisting of open and closed-ended questions on patients diagnosed for hypertension and have already been on anti hypertensive medications at least for three months at Dessie Referral hospital from 20/01/2012 to 29/01/2012. A total of hundred hypertensive patients were screened from hundred six cases by the exclusive criteria and the overall incidence of anti-hypertensive medication non adherence was 26%. The study identifies reasons why patients don t adherent with the drug regiments. Among Factors associated with non adherence were health system and health care provider poor interaction with patient and therapy factors like frustration and unwanted effect of the medication in the long run. There was indication of non adherence from the study area. Great emphasis should be placed on intervention strategies such as patient counseling and increasing awareness of the physicians, all other prescribers and health care providers at large about the non adherence of anti hypertensive drugs as well as the complication what comes due to this medication non adherence. [Int J Res Med Sci 2013; 1(3.000): 191-197]
Assessment of Challenges in Export Marketing: The Case of Ethiopian Vegetable and Fruit Commercial Growers  [PDF]
Mohammed Alebachew Sisay
iBusiness (IB) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2018.101001
Abstract: Globalization forces companies to internationalize their operation in the global market. Exporting plays a vital role in economic development of a nation as well as for the development of the particular exporting company. Although, the benefits derived from exporting in an increasingly globalized marketplace are enormous, but for many companies, exporting is constrained by numerous challenges. The purpose of the study was to assess export marketing challenges of Ethiopian vegetable and fruit commercial growers. The study investigated 20 Ethiopian vegetable and fruit commercial growers and 8 stakeholders with questionnaires and interviews. The research utilized a mixed research design and analysis techniques specifically concurrent embedded approach. It is found out that the Ethiopian vegetable and fruit commercial growers export volume and sales lacks consistency and constrained by different challenges. Of the major challenges which were classified as internal barriers and external barriers, macro environmental barriers highly affected the growers. Local investors were highly affected by both the internal and external problems whereas foreign and joint ventures are affected in some extent with those problems. Less experienced growers were highly affected by the export problems than those who are more experienced. Management commitment problem; technological advancement problem; financial; lack of accessible transport system; low awareness of stakeholders; seasonality of Ethiopian supply; shortage of cargo; shortage of infrastructure; government bureaucracy; lack of potential markets; and shortage of inputs were identified as problems for the vegetable and fruit export. Therefore, to minimize these problems creating enabling policy environment; fair and competitive air freight cost; the growers to incorporate challenges in their export marketing strategy; the government to explore new markets, provide technical supports and long-term loans to growers; to create new competitive input suppliers; integration of stakeholders of the sector; and to recruit skilled manpower are forwarded as recommendations.
Declaration of Statehood by Somaliland and the Effects of Non-Recognition under International Law  [PDF]
Temesgen Sisay Beyene
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2019.101012
Abstract: After the downfall of the Socialist and military Siad Barre regime in Somalia, Somaliland took an immediate action of independent declaration of statehood from its failed “parental state”, Somalia. It has been almost twenty five years since Somaliland declared its independence, established its own government, kept the peace, and managed to flourish in a kind of stability. Nevertheless, the international community has not recognized its act. Among the former Somali Republic territories, it is now only Somaliland that secured democratic and stable government and sustainable peace in the region. Somalia, which was part and “heir” of the former Somali Republic, is now unstable and even challenged by the Islamist extremist group, Al-Shabab. Somaliland, once under the colonial power of the British Empire like other African countries, argues it should be recognized as an independent state. This article investigates the legal understandings of statehood, from the Montevideo Convention to the more recent emphasis on self-determination, and then turns to the case of Somaliland, arguing that Somaliland deserves statehood status and other states should recognize it as a state as there is no legal ground under international law that justifies an otherwise position.
Acceptance of referral for partners by clients testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus
Netsanet F, Dessie A
HIV/AIDS - Research and Palliative Care , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/HIV.S39250
Abstract: cceptance of referral for partners by clients testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus Original Research (860) Total Article Views Authors: Netsanet F, Dessie A Published Date January 2013 Volume 2013:5 Pages 19 - 28 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/HIV.S39250 Received: 16 October 2012 Accepted: 15 November 2012 Published: 24 January 2013 Fetene Netsanet,1 Ayalew Dessie2 1IMA World Health SuddHealth Multi Donor Trust Fund-Basic Package of Health Services Project, Juba, South Sudan; 2United States Agency for International Development, Private Health Sector Program, Abt Associates Inc, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive individuals who do not disclose their HIV status to their partners are more likely to present late for HIV and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) care than those who have disclosed their HIV status to their partners. A major area of challenge with regards to HIV counseling for clients is disclosure of their HIV status to their partners. The main methods of partner notification are patient referral, provider referral, contract referral, and outreach assistance. The emphasis on a plausible and comprehensive partner referral strategy for widespread positive case detection in resource-limited countries needs to be thought out and developed. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted among newly HIV-positive clients to identify partners for notification and acceptance of referral by their partners. Health service providers working in HIV testing and counseling clinics were also provided with semistructured questionnaires in order to assess their view towards partner notification strategies for clients testing positive for HIV. Results: Fifteen newly diagnosed HIV-positive clients were counseled to provide referral slips to their partners. All clients agreed and took the referral card. However, only eight were willing and actually provided the card to their partners. Five of the eight partners of clients who tested HIV-positive and who were provided with referral cards responded to the referral and were tested for HIV. Three were positive and two were negative. Nine of 11 counselors did not agree to requesting partner locator information from HIV-positive clients for contractual referral and/or outreach assistance. The findings from the study were categorized by nine themes. A comprehensive and integrated approach of partner notification and a referral framework with active counselor involvement was developed. Conclusion: Partner notification and referral can be improved by an integrated and comprehensive framework, with active involvement of HIV counselors in the disclosure process.
Acceptance of referral for partners by clients testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus
Netsanet F,Dessie A
HIV/AIDS - Research and Palliative Care , 2013,
Abstract: Fetene Netsanet,1 Ayalew Dessie21IMA World Health SuddHealth Multi Donor Trust Fund-Basic Package of Health Services Project, Juba, South Sudan; 2United States Agency for International Development, Private Health Sector Program, Abt Associates Inc, Addis Ababa, EthiopiaBackground: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive individuals who do not disclose their HIV status to their partners are more likely to present late for HIV and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) care than those who have disclosed their HIV status to their partners. A major area of challenge with regards to HIV counseling for clients is disclosure of their HIV status to their partners. The main methods of partner notification are patient referral, provider referral, contract referral, and outreach assistance. The emphasis on a plausible and comprehensive partner referral strategy for widespread positive case detection in resource-limited countries needs to be thought out and developed.Methods: A qualitative study was conducted among newly HIV-positive clients to identify partners for notification and acceptance of referral by their partners. Health service providers working in HIV testing and counseling clinics were also provided with semistructured questionnaires in order to assess their view towards partner notification strategies for clients testing positive for HIV.Results: Fifteen newly diagnosed HIV-positive clients were counseled to provide referral slips to their partners. All clients agreed and took the referral card. However, only eight were willing and actually provided the card to their partners. Five of the eight partners of clients who tested HIV-positive and who were provided with referral cards responded to the referral and were tested for HIV. Three were positive and two were negative. Nine of 11 counselors did not agree to requesting partner locator information from HIV-positive clients for contractual referral and/or outreach assistance. The findings from the study were categorized by nine themes. A comprehensive and integrated approach of partner notification and a referral framework with active counselor involvement was developed.Conclusion: Partner notification and referral can be improved by an integrated and comprehensive framework, with active involvement of HIV counselors in the disclosure process.Keywords: human immunodeficiency virus, partner notification and referral, partner locator information
Zirconium selenite and thorium tellurite cation exchangers: Separation of some metal ions
Negussie Retta, Tezera Sisay
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia , 1994,
Abstract: Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 1994, 8(1) 1-8.
TRITERPENE COMPOUNDS FROM THE LATEX OF FICUS SUR I.
Sisay Feleke*, Abeba Brehane
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia , 2005,
Abstract: Two pentacyclic triterpenoids of oleanane and ursene structures have been isolated from the latex of the Ficus sur. The compounds isolated from the latex are naturally acetylated in the 3-position and their structures have been elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic studies. KEY WORDS: Latex, Ficus sur, Moraceae, Triterpenoids Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2005, 19(2), 307-310.
Photoelectrochemical solar energy conversion based on blend of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and 1-(3-methoxycarbonyl) propyl-1-phenyl [6,6]C61 (PCBM)
Sisay Tadesse, Teketel Yohannes
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia , 2012,
Abstract: A solid-state photoelectrochemical solar energy conversion device based on blend of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and 1-(3-methoxycarbonyl)propyl-1-phenyl[6,6]C61 (PCBM), and an amorphous poly(ethylene oxide) complexed with I3-/I- redox couple has been constructed and characterized. The photoelectrochemical performance parameters of the device were compared with pure P3HT and P3HT:C60 blend solid-state photoelectrochemical cell. The current density-voltage characteristics in the dark and under white light illumination and photocurrent spectra for front and backside illuminations have been studied. An open-circuit voltage of 140 mV and a short-circuit current density of 28.4 μA/cm2 at light intensity of 100 mW/cm2; IPCE% of 1.52% for front side illumination (ITO|PEDOT) and IPCE% of 0.17% for backside illumination (ITO|P3HT:PCBM) at a wavelength of 510 nm were obtained. The dependence of the short-circuit current density and an open-circuit voltage on the light intensity and time have also been studied. KEY WORDS: Poly(3-hexylthiophene), PCBM, Amorphous poly(ethylene oxide), I3-/I- redox couple, Solid-state photoelectrochemical cell Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2012, 26(2), 287-298. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v26i2.12
ASSESSMENT OF PRESCRIBERS ADHERENCE TO THE BASIC STANDARDS OF PRESCRIPTION ORDER WRITING IN SERBO AND ASSENDABO HEALTH CENTERS, JIMMA ZONE, SOUTH WEST ETHIOPIA
Amare Sisay et al
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Since prescribing is the first and foremost component in the process of using drugs, it is a vital element in rational drug use. The concept of rational prescribing requires that the prescriber follows correct and complete prescription writing.Objective: To assess prescribers adherence to the basic standards of prescription order writing in Serbo and Assendao health centers.Methodology: In this retrospective study, a total of 424 prescriptions were selected as a sample from the two health centers using systematic random sampling technique and data was collected using pre-tested format from January 3 to 28,2007.Result: In 3.3%, 4.7%, 70.8%, and 4.7%, 18.9%, 82.1% of the prescriptions, respectively, Age, Sex and card no of patients were not recorded. In 24.5%, 33% and 55.2%, 93.9% of the prescriptions date and signature of the prescriber were omitted, respectively. In 85% of the prescriptions, address of the patient was omitted in Serbo health center, but none of the prescriptions contained address of the patient in Assendabo health center. Out of the prescribed drugs, 43.4%, 39.8%, 14.3% and 33%, 47.8%, 10.3% of the drugs respectively, didn’t indicate the strength, dosage form and doses. In 20.7%, 38.6%, 4.8%and 15.6%, 32.7%, 5.3% of the prescribed drugs, frequency of administration, route of administration, and total quantity of drugs or length of treatment course were omitted, respectively. Out of the prescribed drugs 64.3% and 61.2% were written in Generic names.8% and 3.8% of the prescriptions were found to be illegible, and in both health centers, no prescription had special advice or warning.Conclusion: The finding of this study showed that, in General, there is poor adherence to the basic standards of prescription order writing in both health centers. In order to improve adherence, various educational, managerial and regulatory interventions should be designed and implemented by the concerned technical and administrative bodies.
EVALUATION OF SOME POTENTIAL BOTANICALS TO CONTROL POTATO TUBER MOTH, (PHTHORIMAEA OPERCULELLA) UNDER STORAGE CONDITION AT BAKO, WESTERN ETHIOPIA
Aschalew Sisay,Ahmed Ibrahim
ESci Journal of Plant Pathology , 2012,
Abstract: Lantana camara, Eucalyptus globulus, Tagetus minuta, Pyrethrum flowers and Azaddiractha indica, were evaluated against potato tuber moth damage with two checks (Diazinon 60% EC and untreated check) at Bako Agricultural Research Center in 2007/2008 and 2008/2009 cropping seasons. A total of 21 huts (cottages) were constructed from locally available materials. Inside each cottage (hut), 1m 2 bed was constructed 65 cm above the ground. Six hundred fifty (650) potato tubers were stored on the bed of each hut in two layers one over the other. The treatments were arranged in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. Plants powder and Diazinon 60% EC were applied respectively, at the rate of 50 gm / bed and 3.5ml / bed at two months’ interval. The treatments that showed promising effects were further advanced on a large bed (2m x3m). Three thousand nine hundred (3900) potato tubers were stored on large beds and 150gm powders were used for each bed. Evaluations were made at the interval of 15 days for 7 consecutive months. Analysis of variance showed that number of potatoes infested and damaged by potato tuber moth was significantly (P<0.05) lower in the Lantana camara, Eucalyptus globulus and Pyrethrum flowers than the other treatments, which are similar to standard check. From the study it can be concluded that Lantana camara, E. globulus andPyrethrum flowers can be used to protect seed potatoes from potato tuber moth damage in storage.
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