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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 413163 matches for " Singh M "
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Postpartum Hemorrhage and Maternal Deaths in North East India  [PDF]
K. Pratima Devi, L. Ranjit Singh, L. Bimolchandra Singh, M. Rameshwar Singh, N. Nabakishore Singh
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2015.511089
Abstract: Hemorrhage, usually occur in the postpartum period, is responsible between one quarter and one third of obstetric deaths. According to the world health organization, obstetrics hemorrhage causes 127,000 deaths annually worldwide and is the leading cause of maternal mortality. Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a frequent complication of delivery and its incidence is commonly reported as 2% - 4% after vaginal delivery and 6% after cesarean section with uterine atony being the cause in about 50% cases. The risk of dying from PPH depends not only on the amount and the rate of blood loss but also the health status of the woman. PPH remains the number one killer of mothers and accounts about 28% of all maternal deaths in developing countries. There is an increase risk in the PPH even in developed countries due to number of changes in recent years. In India, Maternal mortality rate (MMR) is 212 but in the state of Manipur (Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, RIMS), situated in the far corner of North East MMR is 91.68 (94 maternal deaths/102525 live births during year 2000-2010). Out of 94 deaths, 53.19% died due to hemorrhage and PPH accounts about 21.27% of total deaths. Again, almost all these PPH died within the first 24 hours of admission. High parity and home delivery brought late due to varied reasons with preexisting anemia are the common problems on analysis of maternal deaths due to PPH in our set up. Whatever the cause, death should be preventable and outcome is largely dependent upon timely interference and efficiency and vigor of medical practitioners. A pregnant woman and her family must understand the risks involved in each pregnancy. Even with different interventions and blood transfusion facility, maternal deaths cannot be brought down to zero. But the best available health care facilities should be made available to all.
Active Deformation Measurements at Mishmi Complex of Eastern Himalayan Syntaxis  [PDF]
M. Devachandra Singh, Arun Kumar
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2013.44068

We focus the geodynamic status of Eastern Himalayan Syntaxis with reference to Tibetan Plateau,Chinaand Burmese Arc using the crustal deformation constraints with GPS observation. We have used the GPS data, surface geomorphic constraints and compared the existing Pn velocity and Anisotropy [1], determined the crustal velocity of Tibetan Block and North andEast Chinablock as 2 - 8 mm/yr and 6 - 11 mm/yr considering the EHS as stable block. The lack of crustal deformation studies in EHS poses a gap in its geodynamic setup. The present attempt is first time in EHS to estimate crustal deformation by GPS. We presented GPS results from 10 stations along with one permanent station covering the EHS 2 - 3 mm/yr with an azimuth of N460. It reveals that the EHS is moving very slow rates, which accommodates the maximum strain (after Great Earthquake of8.7 M, Arunachal China Border 1950). The neotectonic activities are recorded along the major rivers traversing EHS follow the major thrusts and faults.

Green chemistry volumetric titration kit for pharmaceutical formulations: Econoburette
M Singh
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia , 2009,
Abstract: Stopcock SC and Spring Sp models of Econoburette (Calibrated, RTC (NR), Ministry of Small Scale Industries, Government of India), developed for semimicro volumetric titration of pharmaceutical formulations are reported. These are economized and risk free titration where pipette is replaced by an inbuilt pipette and conical flask by inbuilt bulb. A step of pipetting of stock solution by mouth is deleted. It is used to allow solution exposure to user’s body. This risk is removed and even volatile and toxic solutions are titrated with full proof safety. Econoburette minimizes use of materials and time by 90 % and prevent discharge of polluting effluent to environment. Few acid and base samples are titrated and an analysis of experimental expenditure is described in the papers.
Amino acids in retinitis pigmentosa
Singh M
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology , 1988,
Abstract: Retinitis pigmentosa may be associated with amino acid′ disorders; whether the association is incidental or consequential is not known. The present investigation on amino acids in retinitis pigmentosa indicates that the level of plasma amino acids does not differ significantly in pa-tients with retinitis pigmentosa compared to that of normal subjects, hence it has no etiological bearing.
Stability Analysis of Cut Slopes Using Continuous Slope Mass Rating and Kinematic Analysis in Rudraprayag District, Uttarakhand  [PDF]
R. K. Umrao, R. Singh, M. Ahmad, T. N. Singh
Geomaterials (GM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/gm.2011.13012
Abstract: In mountain terrains of Himalaya, road and highway networks play a vital role in remote areas for transportation, public network and all kind of socio-economic activities. The stability of rock slopes along the roads and highways is a major concern in these hilly regions. Any kind of slope failure may lead to disruption in traffic, loss of properties and lives/injuries as well as environmental degradation. The unplanned excavations of rock slopes for construction or widening purposes may undermine the stability of the slopes. The present study incorporates the stability analysis of road cut slopes along NH-109 which goes to holy shrine of Kedarnath. Slope failure is not only a phenomenon of rainy season but it has also been encountered even in dry season. The study area experiences high vehicular traffic especially from March to August due to pilgrims since it is the only road to Kedarnath. The distance of about 20 km between Rudraprayag and Agastmuni has been investigated. The continuous slope mass rating (CSMR) technique has been used for slope stability analysis at five different locations. CSMR is modification of original slope mass rating (SMR) proposed by Romana which is based on well established rock mass rating (RMR) technique. Kinematic analysis was also carried out to evaluate these sites for types of failure and its potential failure directions. The potentially vulnerable sites were identified. The results indicate that the CSMR technique may be exploited to assess the stability of rock slopes in the Himalayan territory.
Inequalities for the Polar Derivative of a Polynomial  [PDF]
Gulshan Singh, W. M. Shah, Yash Paul
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2011.12006
Abstract: If is a polynomial of degree , having all its zeros in |z|≤K, K≥1 , then it was proved by Aziz and Rather [2] that for every real or complex number with |a| ≥K, . In this paper, we sharpen above result for the polynomials p(z) of degree n>3
Environmental Assessment of Infrastructure Projects of Water Sector in Baghdad, Iraq  [PDF]
Allaa M. Aenab, S. K. Singh
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2012.31001
Abstract: In 1970s the city of Baghdad had a good infrastructure. Education and healthcare systems were widely regarded as the best in the Middle East. Income per capita rose to over US$3600 in the early 1980s. Since that time, successive wars and a repressive, state-dominated economic system have stifled economic growth and development and debilitated basic infrastructure and social services. At the end of the 2003 war, Baghdad’s infrastructure was seriously degraded. The majority of the population had limited or inadequate access to essential basic services. Currently, there is an ongoing effort by donor countries, such as the United States (US) (through the US Agency for International Development (USAID)), Japan, the European Union (EU), etc., as well as efforts by multilateral agencies such as the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), and Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs), to restore the sector to standards that existed prior to the latest conflict. The present study deals with the evaluation of four projects proposed to improve the deteriorating status of water and wastewater treatment plants. Three methods viz. checklist, strategic environment assessment and cost and benefit analysis are used to evaluate the efficiency of the projects.
Evaluation of Drinking Water Pollution and Health Effects in Baghdad, Iraq  [PDF]
Allaa M. Aenab, S. K. Singh
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2012.36064
Abstract: Contamination of water reserves by biological, chemical, and radiologic agents may affect the health of millions of residents in the Iraq as well as many others throughout the world. Fatal outbreaks of cholera struck several provinces of the country, including Baghdad. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) also says air pollution, resulting from burning oil and aggravated by war, is cause for concern. The study area Baghdad has been divided into two parts: Central Baghdad and Outskirts of Baghdad (included in Baghdad but near the boundaries of Baghdad). The outskirts of Baghdad comprises of 4 cities: Al-Hussaniya located in northern part of Baghdad, Abu-Gurabe located in the western side of Baghdad, Jissr Diyala located in the eastern side of Baghdad and finally Al-Mahmodiya located in the southern side of Baghdad. These cities are in very poor situation in terms of water supply. The quality of water supplied is bad as no attention is given to WTP's in these places, which is also because of the fact that given the insecure war conditions, these areas are inaccessible. The sewage is thrown directly into the river because these areas do not have sewage treatment plants. In case of central Baghdad the water supply and sewerage network are broken in some places. Due to this there is mixing of water between the two networks. For this study we taking water supply samples and collect all the samples from WTPs and water supply network (houses, shops and different places). We made the analysis to parts first bacteriologies, second chlorine and after analysis these samples in lab we will give in our study numbers of fail samples, type of diseases and how many case during year 2007 in Baghdad City. Also in this study we will give Estimated Deaths from Water-Related Diseases 2010 to 2035.
Influence of Treatment of Jatropha curcas L. Leachates and Potassium on Growth and Phytochemical Constituents of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)  [PDF]
Nisha Singh Tomar, R. M. Agarwal
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2013.45140

Jatropha curcas L. commonly known as physic nut is an exotic species that shows invasive characters. Plantation of Jatropha species is being undertaken at a large scale for biodiesel production. The plants defoliate their leaves twice a year and have been shown to possess certain antinutritional factors. Seeds of Jatropha are removed from mature dried fruits for oil extraction and ovary walls are discarded. For the present experiments leachates from sun dried leaves and ovary walls of Jatropha curcas L. were used for analyzing their possible allelopathic effects on the growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cultivar, MP-4010). Leachate treatments result in slight decrease in growth in terms of plant height, leaf area, biomass, spike length and 100 seed weight of wheat and increase in total phenols, tannins, phytic acid and free amino acids. Results suggest that the leachates of leaf and ovary wall of Jatropha curcas are slightly inhibitory, however the impact does not last long. Nevertheless, continuous plantation may lead to accumulation of damaging constituents which reflects the need for further analysis and experimentation.

Geochemistry of Palaeoproterozoic Rocks of Aravalli Supergroup: Implications for Weathering History and Depositional Sequence  [PDF]
Pavanesh K. Singh, M. Shamim Khan
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2017.810074
The Paleoproterozoic Aravalli Supregroup of rocks, hosted in Aravalli Craton of NW shield, is deposited in shallow and deep water conditions. The major lithologies are phyllites and quartzites with significant components of greywacks and dolomite. Geochemical indices in particular, CIA (Chemical Index of Alteration) values (avg. phyllites: 51.6 - 81.5, avg. quartzites: 57.4 - 95.5) calculated from the data of clastic rocks of ASG suggest minimum to highly intense weathering in the source region. Other indices including PIA, CIW and ICV along with plot patterns on the A-CN-K diagram also nearly endorse CIA based interpretation. These rocks possess relatively high Th/U ratios compared to that found in fresh igneous rocks or their high grade metamorphic equivalents. This high Th/U ratio is neither a source inheritance nor a result of oxidation state rather a manifestation of Th hosting mineral accumulation through sorting. Viewed in the context of present stratigraphic succession, the weathering history adduced from geochemistry does not seem compatible but matches well with earlier classification scheme wherein the evolution of Aravalli Supergroup was considered episodic.
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