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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 524 matches for " Sinan Altan Kocaman "
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Asymmetric dimethylarginine, NO and collateral growth
Sinan Altan Kocaman
Anadolu Kardiyoloji Dergisi , 2009,
Abstract: Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease, which selectively involves the arteries in the vascular system. Atherosclerosis develops because of reactions occurring in vessel wall beginning with response to endothelial injury. Endothelial dysfunction is characterized with impairment and loss of monolayer cells covering the inside of the vessels, which is endothelium. Endothelial dysfunction is the first stage in atherosclerosis. Coronary angiogenesis and collateral growth are chronic adaptations to myocardial ischemia to restore coronary blood flow and salvage myocardium in the ischemic region. Nitric oxide (NO) which represents the status of endothelial health plays a major role in collateral vessel development. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) which is endogenous inhibitor of NO synthesis may impair the effective coronary collateral vessel development. Increased plasma ADMA levels are related with poor coronary collateral development. ADMA may be responsible for the difference in coronary collateral vessel development among similar patients with coronary artery disease. Nitric oxide inhibitors have a determinative relation with endothelial cell functions which may be integral prerequisite in all steps of collateral development. The aim of this review is to evaluate the interrelations between ADMA and collateral growth.
The degree of premature hair graying as an independent risk marker for coronary artery disease: a predictor of biological age rather than chronological age
Sinan Altan Kocaman,Mustafa ?etin,Murtaza Emre Durako?lugil,Turan Erdo?an
Anadolu Kardiyoloji Dergisi , 2012,
Abstract: Objective: Age is the most important and uncorrectable coronary risk factor at the moment. The concept of measuring aging biologically rather than only chronologically may be of importance in clinical practice. Hair graying is the most apparent sign of biological aging in humans, yet its mechanism is largely unknown. Today, it is known that cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs), especially in combination, cause premature atherosclerosis. In our opinion, premature hair graying or whitening may represent early atherosclerotic changes as a surrogate of host response to the CVRFs. In this study, we planned to investigate the relationship of hair graying with CVRFs and coronary atherosclerotic burden in order to determine whether it is an independent marker for coronary artery disease (CAD).Methods: The current study has a cross-sectional observational design. Two hundred and thirteen men who underwent coronary angiography with a suspicion of CAD were enrolled in the study. The patients were evaluated in terms of age, demographical properties and the CVRFs. Hair whitening score (HWS) was defined according to extent of gray/white hairs (1: pure black; 2: black>white; 3: black=white; 4: white>black; 5: pure white). Coronary atherosclerotic burden was assessed by the Gensini score. Analyses were performed in age-matched normal coronary arteries (NCA) and CAD groups. Linear and logistic regression analyses were used for the multivariate analyses of independent variables associated with hair greying.Results: The CVRFs were higher in CAD group. Hair whitening score (2.7±1.3 vs. 3.3±1.2, p=0.002), hair losing score (1.2±0.9 vs. 1.5±1.0, p=0.038) and xanthelasma rate (24% vs. 45%, p=0.013) were also significantly different between NCA and CAD groups. Age (p<0001), Gensini score (p<0.001) and coronary severity score (p=0.001) were higher in the categories of increased HWS. In multiple logistic regression analysis, only diabetes mellitus (OR: 3.240, 95% CI: [1.017-10.319], p=0.047), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, (OR: 1.014, 95%CI: [1.001-1.027], p=0.029) and HWS (OR: 1.513, 95% CI: [1.054-2.173], p=0.025) were independently related to presence of CAD. Age (p<0.001), family history of CAD (p=0.004), hyperlipidemia (p=0.02) and serum creatinine levels (p=0.019) were found as independent predictors of hair graying.Conclusion: In our study, we found that the degree of gray/white hairs is related to extent of CAD. Our findings also suggested that hair graying is a risk marker for CAD independent of age and other traditional risk factors. Biological age may be importan
The preserved autonomic functions may provide the asymptomatic clinical status in heart failure despite advanced left ventricular systolic dysfunction
Sinan Altan Kocaman,Gülten Ta?oy,Murat ?zdemir,Sad?k Kadri A??kg?z
Anadolu Kardiyoloji Dergisi , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: Autonomic dysfunction is an important marker of prognosis in congestive heart failure (CHF) and may determine the symptoms and progression of CHF. The aim of our study was to investigate whether preserved autonomic function assessed by heart rate variability (HRV) analyses is related to absence of CHF symptoms despite prominently reduced systolic function.Methods: The study had a cross-sectional observational design. Fifty patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) below 40% were enrolled. The patients were divided into two groups according to their CHF symptomatic status as Group 1 (NYHA functional class I, asymptomatic group) and Group 2 (NYHA functional class≥ II, symptomatic group). Plasma C-reactive protein (CRP), N-terminal proB-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels, echocardiographic parameters and HRV indices were measured while the patients were clinically stable in each group. Possible factors associated with the development of CHF symptoms were assessed by using multiple regression analysis.Results: Baseline clinical characteristics and left ventricular EF were similar in the two groups. Serum CRP (15±21 vs 7±18 mg/L, p=0.011) and NT-proBNP levels (1935±1088 vs 1249±1083 pg/mL, p=0.020) were significantly higher in symptomatic group. The HRV parameters (SDNN: 78±57 vs 122±42 ms, p=0.001; SDANN: 65±55 vs 84±38 ms, p=0.024; SDNNi: 36±41 vs 70±46 ms, p<0.001; triangular index [Ti]: 17±12 vs 32±14, p<0.001) were also significantly depressed in symptomatic group. When multiple regression analysis was performed, only HRV indices of autonomic function were significantly associated with the asymptomatic status (SDNN, OR: 1.016, 95%CI: 1.002-1.031, p=0.028; SDNNi, OR: 1.030, 95%CI: 1.008-1.052, p=0.006; TI, OR: 1.088, 95%CI: 1.019-1.161, p=0.011). Conclusion: Preserved autonomic functions were shown to be associated with absence of CHF symptoms independently of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker’s treatment and BNP levels and may be protective against the development of CHF symptoms despite advanced left ventricular systolic dysfunction.
Increased circulating soluble CD40 levels in patients with slow coronary flow phenomenon: an observational study
Murtaza Emre Durako?lugil,Sinan Altan Kocaman,Mustafa ?etin,Aynur K?rba?
Anadolu Kardiyoloji Dergisi , 2013,
Abstract: Objective: Slow coronary flow (SCF) is an angiographic finding characterized with delayed opacification of epicardial coronary arteries without obstructive coronary disease. CD40/CD40 ligand (CD40L) signaling seems closely related to atherosclerosis due to increased inflammation and prothrombotic state. We investigated whether soluble CD40 (sCD40), an indirect marker of CD40/CD40L dyad, is related to SCF. Methods: The present study was cross-sectional and observational, consisting of seventy individuals who underwent coronary angiography with suspicion of CAD and had angiographically normal coronary arteries of varying coronary flow rates. The relationship between sCD40, C-reactive protein (CRP) and SCF phenomenon was investigated. Fifty patients with isolated SCF (mean age: 56±10 years) and 20 age- and gender-matched control participants with normal coronary flow (NCF) and normal coronary arteries (NCA), (mean age: 55±10 years) were included in the study. We used logistic regression analysis to determine the predictors of SCF. Results: The clinical characteristics were not statistically significant different between SCF and NCA group. Serum CRP levels were also similar between two groups. Serum sCD40 level was significantly higher in the SCF group compared to control group (74±31 vs. 59±16 pg/mL, p=0.014). In multiple regression analyses, mean coronary diameter strongly (OR: 7.358, 95% CI: 1.990-27.20, p=0.003) and sCD40 (OR: 1.044, 95% CI: 1.006-1.084, p=0.023) weakly predicted SCF.Conclusion: This study revealed, significantly increased serum sCD40 levels in patients with SCF. Although we cannot conclude the underlying pathological process of SCF, we believe that these findings may be pivotal for further studies searching the specific roles of CD40/CD40L signaling on SCF phenomenon in coronary vasculature.
The particular interactions of the traditional cardiovascular risk factors with different circulating specific leukocyte subtype counts in blood: an observational study
Sinan Altan Kocaman,Asife ?ahinarslan,Tolga Kunak,Serhat Balc?o?lu
Anadolu Kardiyoloji Dergisi , 2011,
Abstract: Objective: The pathogenesis of atherosclerosis is multifactorial, however the impact of inflammatory cells in this process is well known. Different traditional cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) may have specifically different effects on leukocyte subtype. Thus, these special interactions may induce different vascular involvement forms due to the altered endothelial damage and vascular repair mechanisms. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether there is any specific relationship between the leukocyte subtypes and the traditional CVRFs and to evaluate the independency of possible relationships.Methods: The study had a cross-sectional observational design. The study population consisted of the patients who underwent coronary angiography with a suspicion of coronary artery disease (CAD) at our institution in an outpatient manner. We enrolled 677 consecutive eligible patients with CAD or normal coronary arteries (NCA) and investigated the associations of traditional CVRFs, demographic properties and biochemical parameters including fasting plasma glucose (FPG), creatinine, serum uric acid level (SUA) and lipids with total circulating inflammatory cell (WBC, leukocytes) and subtype counts including neutrophils (N), lymphocytes (L) and monocytes (M). As a dependent variable, total leukocyte count and subtypes, and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (N/L ratio) which has been found to being related with increased vascular risk and events were investigated in the groups determined by the presence or absence of CVRFs and CAD by the univariate analyses and then multiple linear regression analyses.Results: When we performed multiple linear regression analyses to determine the independent associations of inflammatory cell subtypes, we have found that FPG had an independent incremental association with WBC (β±SE:4.2±1.4, p=0.004) and N (β±SE:4.2±1.2, p=0.001). Current smoking had an independent incremental association with WBC and all cell subtypes (for WBC, N, L, and M: β±SE: 748±161, p<0.001; β±SE: 556±136, p<0.001; β±SE: 185±69, p=0.007; β±SE: 38±20, p=0.061, respectively) and SUA had an independent incremental association with WBC (β±SE: 115±43, p=0.008), N (β±SE: 107±38, p=0.005) and M (β±SE: 26±6, p<0.001). Hypertension had an independent incremental association with WBC (β±SE: 431±140, p=0.002) and N (β±SE: 315±118, p=0.008). Male gender had an independent incremental association with only M (β±SE: 52±20, p=0.010). Family history of CAD had an independent decremental association with WBC (β±SE: -327±139, p=0.019) and N (β±SE: -326±121, p=0.007). Fina
Fragmented QRS may predict postoperative atrial fibrillation in patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery
Mustafa ?etin,Sinan Altan Kocaman,Turan Erdo?an,Murtaza Emre Durako?lugil
Anadolu Kardiyoloji Dergisi , 2012,
Abstract: Objective: Fragmented QRS complexes (fQRS) are defined as various RSR′ patterns in 2 contiguous leads corresponding to a major coronary artery territory. Although the reason of association between fQRS and cardiac events was documented as cardiac fibrosis, the predictive role of fQRS was not studied for postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) which is a frequent and serious complication in patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Therefore, this issue was investigated in the present study.Methods: The current study has a prospective observational design. Two hundred and seventy two eligible patients who underwent isolated CABG surgery were enrolled consecutively. The patients were divided in two groups with post-op atrial fibrillation (AF) and non-AF. The occurrence of new-onset AF following CABG and the relationship with fQRS were searched. The logistic regression analysis was used to determine independent predictors for POAF. The sensitivity and specificity of study variables in predicting POAF were calculated using a receiver-operating characteristic curve (ROC).Results: POAF occurred in 62 of 272 patients (22.8%). Patients with POAF were generally older (p<0.001) and female (p=0.006), with preexisting hypertension (p=0.008), lower hemoglobin levels (p=0.011), chronic obstructive lung disease (p=0.003), prolonged QRS time (p=0.004), and higher EUROSCORE (p<0.001) compared to non-AF patients. Patients with POAF had lower left ventricular ejection fraction (p<0.001) and high fQRS rate (p<0.001), but similar left atrial size (LA, p=NS). Interestingly, LA size was significantly enlarged in patients with fQRS (3.8±0.6 vs. 4.1±0.5 cm, p=0.002). In addition, the patients with POAF had prolonged stay in the cardiac surgery intensive-care unit (p<0.001) and extended in-hospital care (p=0.001). New-onset POAF was significantly related to the presence and number of fQRS. In the logistic regression analysis, only age (OR: 1.044, 95% CI: 1.008-1.082, p=0.016), female gender (OR: 2.347, 95% CI: 1.079-5.106, p=0.031), the presence and number of fQRS (OR: 6.020, 95% CI: 3.152-11.5 and OR: 1.522, 95% CI: 1.282-1.807, both of, p<0.001) were independent predictors of POAF. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and the diagnostic accuracy (DA) of presence of fQRS on pre-op electrocardiogram to predict POAF were 66%, 76%, 45%, 88% and 74%, respectively. The area under ROC was found as 0.733 (p<0.001, 95% CI: 0.657-0.810).Conclusion: In our study, we found that new-onset POAF was indepe
Endothelial progenitor cells (CD34+KDR+) and monocytes may provide the development of good coronary collaterals despite the vascular risk factors and extensive atherosclerosis
Sinan Altan Kocaman,Mehmet R?dvan Yal??n,Münci Ya?c?,Asife ?ahinarslan
Anadolu Kardiyoloji Dergisi , 2011,
Abstract: Objective: Endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) have a regenerative role in the vascular system. In this study, we aimed to evaluate simultaneously the effects of EPC and inflammatory cells on the presence and the extent of coronary artery disease (CAD) and the grade of coronary collateral growth in patients with clinical suspicion of CAD. Methods: This study has a cross-sectional and observational design. We enrolled 112 eligible patients who underwent coronary angiography consecutively (mean age: 59±9 years). The association of circulating inflammatory cells and EPC (defined by CD34+KDR+ in the lymphocyte and monocyte gate) with the presence, severity and extent of CAD and the degree of collateral growth were investigated. Logistic regression analysis was used to define the predictors of collateral flow.Results: Of 112 patients 30 had normal coronary arteries (NCA, 27%, 55±9 years) and 82 had CAD (73%, 61±8 years). Among the patients with CAD, the percent degree of luminal stenosis was <50% in 12 patients; 50-90% in 35 patients; and ≥90% in the other 35 patients. Circulating inflammatory cells were higher (leukocytes, 7150±1599 vs 8163±1588mm-3, p=0.001; neutrophils, 4239±1280 vs 4827±1273mm-3, p=0.021; monocytes, 512±111 vs 636±192mm-3, p=0.001) and EPCs were lower (0.27±0.15% vs 0.17±0.14%, p<0.001; 21±15 vs 13±12mm-3, p=0.004) in CAD group than NCA group. When we investigated the collateral growth in patients having ≥90% stenosis in at least one major coronary artery, we found that the patients with good collateral growth had significantly higher EPC (0.22±0.17% vs 0.10±0.05%, p=0.009; 18±15 vs 7±3mm-3, p=0.003) in comparison to patients with poor collateral growth. Presence of EPC was associated with reduced risk for coronary artery disease (OR: 0.934, 95%CI: 0.883-0.998, p=0.018) and was an independent predictor for good collateral growth (OR: 1.295, 95%CI: 1.039-1.615, p=0.022). A sum of CD34+KDR-, CD34+KDR+ and CD34-KDR+ cells (192±98mm-3), and a CD34-KDR- cell subpopulation within monocyte gate (514±173mm-3) reached to highest counts in good collateral group among all study population.Conclusion: Endothelial progenitor cells can be mobilized from bone marrow to induce the coronary collateral growth in case of myocardial ischemia even in presence of the vascular risk factors and extensive atherosclerosis. This finding may be supportive to investigate the molecules, which can specifically mobilize EPC without inflammatory cells.
The Research on the Determination of Structural Properties of Poultry Houses and Improvement Facilities in Karaman
I. Kocaman
Journal of Tekirdag Agricultural Faculty , 2010,
Abstract: Effective production from the poultry not only depends on looking after, feeding and breeding but also on optimal housing to provide particularly healthy infrastructural and climatic environmental conditions beside the physiological features of the animals.This research was conducted in order to determination the infrastructural state of poultry houses in Karaman Central Town and to obtain practical solutions to the problems faced.The investigation and observation in the region showed that climatic conditions of the region and technical design criteria in the settling of poultry houses, in the orders of material selections and dimensioning structural elements were not taken carefully taken into consideration. On the other hand, floor design and equipment in the houses were found to fulfil the requirements sufficiently.
A Different Technique of Primary Indirect Inguinal Hernia Repair by Inserting a Synthetic Mesh into the Pre and Retroperitoneal Spaces to Wrap the Peritoneal Reflection: Preliminary Report
A Altan
Internet Journal of Medical Update - EJOURNAL , 2010,
Abstract: In most methods of indirect inguinal hernia repair, the region of the sac stump remains a potential site of recurrence. A different technique that covers the site of the indirect sac stump is presented. Anterior parietal peritoneum is reflected posteriorly in the inguinal canal. In cases with Gilbert type I-II inguinal hernia, after the indirect sac is removed, the pre and retroperitoneal spaces in this region are dissected. A synthetic mesh is placed into these spaces, lateral to the inferior epigastric vessels. The posterior wall of this type hernia is intact. In cases with Gilbert type III inguinal hernia, either posterior wall repair is accomplished by using one of the tissue approximation techniques after placing a mesh in the region of the sac stump, or the entire peritoneal reflection in the inguinal canal is wrapped with a mesh after dissecting the pre and retroperitoneal spaces. This technique was performed in five patients. Of five patients, mesh was inserted on the region of stump in three (Gilbert I and II) and along the entire peritoneal reflection in two (Gilbert III). There were no postoperative complications such as seroma and pain and no recurrence till follow-up. This technique effectively wraps the peritoneal reflection and may prevent recurrences in primary indirect inguinal hernia, but it needs to be performed in a large number of cases for further evaluation. KEY WORDS: Inguinal hernia; Indirect; Repair; Mesh
Which Fields and Articles Contributed Most to Medicine from Turkey?
Altan ONAT
Marmara Medical Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Objective: To determine and disclose publications from Turkey that have contributed most “genuinely” to medicine in the past 40 years.Method: Based on data from the Web of Science, 100 publications originating from Turkey’s institutions were identified as having received by June, 2011, the greatest number of citations. Papers having more than a minor share by international authors were excluded.Results: Eighty-three primary authors generated 100 medical papers, each receiving>82 (95% GA 83; 230) citations. These articles, cited herein, were in the top 1% to 6% papers in the world. Half of the articles were published in 1994-2002. An estimated 10-12 such highly cited papers are produced currently in Turkey annually which represent only a global share of 0.5 per mille. The rate of rise registered in the period 1995-2005 may be anticipated not to persist later. Internal medicine, led by rheumatology, hematology and cardiology, and neurosciences were represented above the average. Health issues encountered more widely than in other populations, headed by Beh et’s disease, were the most frequent topics.Conclusion: Results are unsatisfactory compared with the potential of Turkey. A concerted and much greater effort is needed to rebuild an environment that focuses on promoting research with a potential for contributing to medicine. (Marmara Medical Journal 2011;24:156-61)
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