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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 88432 matches for " Silvia Helena Pelincel da Silva "
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DURA O DO ALEITAMENTO MATERNO EXCLUSIVO EM UMA UNIDADE DE SAúDE DE CURITIBA
Silvia Helena Pelincel da Silva,Maria Celestina Bonzanini Grazziotin
Revista Uniandrade , 2011,
Abstract: O objetivo desta pesquisa foi conhecer a dura o do Aleitamento Materno Exclusivo (AME) em uma Unidade de Saúde (US) de Curitiba, como também verificar o perfil das nutrizes e a existência ou n o de motivos que possam estar levando ao desmame precoce.Tratou-se de um trabalho quali-quantitativo, retrospectivo com embasamento em revis o bibliográfica, e artigos publicados em revistas eletr nicas nos últimos cinco anos. Desenvolveu-se uma pesquisa de campo, por meio de análise das mulheres residentes na área de abrangência da Unidade de Saúde, por meio de levantamento de Declara es de Nascidos Vivos (DNVs), recebidas de m es que tiveram seus filhos no período entre Janeiro a Mar o de 2009, com um total de 31 DNVs. O estudo foi realizado através de uma entrevista, aplicada em forma de questionário contendo oito quest es. Os resultados demonstram que 52% das entrevistadas tinham ensino médio completo, a dura o do AME teve média de quatro meses e vinte sete dias, embora todas introduziram outros alimentos entre os quatro e seis meses de idade sendo considerado como um dos principais motivos o fato de 80% das participantes trabalharem fora do lar. Concluiu-se que nesta Unidade de Saúde, o AME está acima dos índices nacionais sendo considerado muito bom pelos padr es da OMS.
A Internet e a enfermagem: constru??o de um site sobre administra??o de medicamentos
Silva, Flávia Borges da;Cassiani, Silvia Helena De Bortoli;Zem-Mascarenhas, Silvia Helena;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692001000100017
Abstract: this study identified existent sites in the internet about administration of medications and developed and evaluated a specific site of this thematic. of the 158 existent and available sites in the database of the alta vista search, 17 of these presented some relationship with pharmacology, marketing and information about drugs, technologies and rules of the medication. after that a site was developed and named the process of administration of medications in focus which goal was to present investigations conducted by a group about the following topics: errors, technology, complications, study group and the team. the evaluation of this site was made by 2 analyst of systems, 2 computer science technicians and 4 nursing professors and it showed that the quality of the pages, the time of answer, the link, images and content were considered between excellent and satisfactory.
Diagnóstico e Prevalência de Linfedema em Mulheres Pós-tratamento Cirúrgico por Cancer de Mama
Silva,Silvia Helena da; Godoy,José Maria Pereira de;
Arquivos de Medicina , 2009,
Abstract: introduction: lymphedema after mastectomy is one of the main complications resulting from treatment. the best manner to measure lymphedema is debatable as there are several methods to evaluate the size of limbs. aim: to evaluate the prevalence of lymphedema after mastectomy using volumetry and perimetry. patients and method: a total of 89 female patients from the region of catanduva, s?o paulo, were included in the survey after being submitted to the surgical treatment of breast cancer. both of the individuals’ arms were measured using volumetry and perimetry to compare the two methods. the arm was considered to be suffering from lymphoedema when there was a difference of 200 ml or more using volumetry or a difference of 2 centimeters or greater using perimetry. the fisher exact test was utilized for statistical analysis with differences presented as percentages. results: time after surgery ranged from 1 month to 18 years with a mean of 4.5 years with the greatest number of surgeries occurring 2.6 years previously. a signi?cant difference was seen in the prevalence calculated by volumetry (32.5%) and perimetry (48.3%). conclusions: the prevalence detected in this study has been reported in other publications. there are signi?cant differences between the two methods utilized suggesting a need for standardization in the evaluation of lymphedema.
Rabies neutralizing antibody detection by indirect immunperoxidase serum neutralization assay performed on chicken embryo related cell line
Cardoso, Tereza Cristina;Silva, Luzia Helena Queiroz da;Albas, Avelino;Ferreira, Helena Lage;Perri, Silvia Helena Venturoli;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762004000500013
Abstract: the aim of this study was to evaluate the indirect immunoperoxidase virus neutralization (ipvn) and mouse neutralization test (mnt) to detect antibodies against rabies virus from vaccinated dogs and cattle. the ipvn was set up for the ability to measure 0.5 international units/ml (iu) of antibody required by the world health organization and the office international des epizooties as the minimum response for proof of rabies immunization. ipvn was developed and standardized in chicken embryo related (cer) cell line when 141 dog and 110 cattle sera were applied by serial five-fold dilutions (1:5, 1:25, 1:125) as well as the positive and negative reference controls, all added in four adjacent wells, of 96-well microplates. a 50 μl amount of cvs32 strain dilution containing 50-200 tcid50/ml was mixed to each serum dilution, and after 90 min 50 μl of 3 x 105 cells/mlcell suspension added to each well. after five days of incubation, the monolayers were fixed and the ipvn test performed. the correlation coefficient between the mnt and ipvn performed in cer cells was r = 0.9949 for dog sera (n = 100) and r = 0.9307 for cattle sera (n = 99), as well as good specificity (94.7%), sensitivity (87.5%), and agreement (96.6%) were also obtained. ipvn technique can adequately identify vaccinated and unvaccinated animals, even from low-responding vaccinated animals, with the advantage of low cost and faster then mnt standard test.
Avalia o do acesso ao tratamento de tuberculose por coinfectados ou n o pelo vírus da imunodeficiência humana Evaluación del acceso al tratamiento de tuberculosis por coinfectados o no por el virus de inmunodeficiencia humana Assessment of tuberculosis treatment accessibility for patients co-infected or not with the human immunodeficiency virus
Ana Maria da Silveira Rodrigues,Lúcia Marina Scatena,Silvia Helena Figueiredo Vendramini,Silvia Rita Marin da Silva Canini
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0080-62342012000500018
Abstract: Este estudo objetivou avaliar o acesso ao tratamento das pessoas com tuberculose tanto coinfectadas ou n o pelo Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana (HIV). Trata-se de estudo transversal - com utiliza o do instrumento Primary Care Assessment Tool aplicado a 95 pessoas - que abordou quest es sobre o acesso ao tratamento em município do interior paulista. Para avalia o do acesso ao tratamento, utilizou-se o teste t de Student. Os escores médios das variáveis foram analisados individualmente e comparados entre os dois grupos (pessoas com TB e coinfectadas com HIV e pessoas com TB n o coinfectadas pelo HIV). Os escores médios mostraram que as coinfectadas pelo HIV apresentaram maiores dificuldades na obten o do acesso do que as n o coinfectadas. Os profissionais visitavam mais vezes as coinfectadas quando comparadas às n o coinfectadas; as coinfectadas quase nunca realizavam o tratamento da doen a em posto de saúde perto de sua residência. Há, portanto, necessidade de maior integra o e comunica o entre os Programas de Tuberculose e DST/aids. Se objetivó evaluar el acceso al tratamiento de personas con tuberculosis, coinfectadas o no por Virus de Inmunodeficiencia Humana (VIH). Estudio transversal, utilizando el instrumento Primary Care Assessment Tool, aplicado a 95 personas; abordó cuestiones sobre acceso al tratamiento en municipio del interior paulista. Para dicha evaluación, se utilizó el test T de Student. Los puntajes medios de las variables se analizaron individualmente y fueron comparados entre los dos grupos (pacientes con TB coinfectadas y no coinfectadas con HIV). Los puntajes promedio expresaron que los coinfectados con HIV presentaron mayores dificultades de acceso que las no coinfectadas. Los profesionales visitaban más a los coinfectados en comparación con los no coinfectados; los coinfectados casi nunca realizaban tratamiento de su enfermedad en puestos sanitarios cercanos a su domicilio. Existe, consecuentemente, necesidad de mayor integración y comunicación entre los Programas de Tuberculosis y DST/SIDA. This study aimed to evaluate accessibility to treatment for people with TB co-infected or not with HIV. This cross-sectional study addressed issues regarding accessibility to treatment in a city in the interior of S o Paulo state, Brazil. The instrument Primary Care Assessment Tool was utilized with 95 people. To evaluate access to treatment, Student's t test was used. The mean scores of variables were analyzed separately and compared between two groups (people with TB co-infected with HIV and people with TB not co-infected with HIV ). Me
Effect of serum sample inactivation on the performance of latex agglutination test for paracoccidioidomycosis serodiagnosis
Silveira-Gomes, Fabíola;Marques-da-Silva, Silvia Helena;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762012000400011
Abstract: paracoccidioidomycosis is diagnosed from the direct observation of the causative agent, but serology can facilitate and decrease the time required for diagnosis. the objective of this study was to determine the influence of serum sample inactivation on the performance of the latex agglutination test (lat) for detecting antibodies against paracoccidioides brasiliensis. the sensitivity of lat from inactivated or non-inactivated samples was 73% and 83%, respectively and the lat selectivity was 79% and 90%, respectively. the lat evaluated here was no more specific than the double-immunodiffusion assay. we suggest the investigation of other methods for improving the lat, such as the use of deglycosylated antigen.
O significado da abstinência do álcool na cardiomiopatia alcoólica com disfun??o ventricular moderada
Albanesi Fo, Francisco Manes;Castier, Márcia Bueno;Boghossian, Silvia Helena Cardoso;Silva, Tatiana Tavares da;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0066-782X1998001200007
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate the role of a 12 month alcohol abstinence period in patients with moderate left ventricular dysfunction treated with anticongestive therapy. methods: prospective observational study with 20 patients with alcoholic cardiomyopathy (acm), 9 (45%) in functional class (fc) ii and 11 (55%) in fc iii, 16 (80%) men, mostly black (55%), from 35 to 56 (x=45) years old, heavy alcohol users (>80g ethanol for 51 to 112 (x=88) months. at the beginning, all agreed to participate with psychotherapy and clinical evaluation. after 12 months, they were divided in g-i, formed by those who remained abstemious and g-ii of non-abstemious. results: after 12 months, among the 11(55%) who remained in psychotherapy, 8 were in g-i, among those who did not 9 (45%), only 2 (22,22%) remained abstemious (g-i). at the end of the evaluation period, both groups had the same number of patients. comparing them, we observed: a) lower mean systolic and diastolic left ventricular diameters in g-i; b) more hospitalizations in g-ii (3); c) more patients with stable or better clinical evolution in g-i. conclusion: despite the initial will, only 50% reached abstinence. when it was reached, patients had a better evolution in left ventricular systolic diameter and abstinence should always be tried even in the presence of moderate left ventricular dysfunction.
Digestive and functional properties of a partially hydrolyzed cassava solid waste with high insoluble fiber concentration
Raupp, Dorivaldo da Silva;Rosa, Danielle Amorim;Marques, Silvia Helena de Paula;Banzatto, David Ariovaldo;
Scientia Agricola , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-90162004000300008
Abstract: starch factories generate large amounts of cassava solid waste. a small amount is utilized for animal feed but most of it is discharged with deleterious effects to the envirounment. a edible food with a high content of insoluble dietary fiber (60.9%), named "partially hidrolyzed cassava waste" (phcw), was prepared from industrial cassava solid waste by an enzymatic process. phcw or wheat bran (wb) were fed to model rats and both promoted digestive function effects, but phcw produced the greatest effect. the insoluble fiber constituent from phcw (and not the soluble fiber), promoted the greatest fecal bulking, fecal weight and defecation frequency in rats, as compared to wb. such results indicate that the partially hydrolyzed cassava waste presents digestive function properties which allow it to be used as an adequate source of insoluble dietary fiber in the formulation of functional food for human nutrition.
O significado da abstinência do álcool na cardiomiopatia alcoólica com disfun o ventricular moderada
Albanesi Fo Francisco Manes,Castier Márcia Bueno,Boghossian Silvia Helena Cardoso,Silva Tatiana Tavares da
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 1998,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Avaliar o papel da absten o alcoólica, no período de 12 meses, na cardiomiopatia alcoólica (CMA) com disfun o ventricular de grau moderado, em pacientes tratados com esquema anticongestivo. MéTODOS: Estudo observacional prospectivo com 20 pacientes com CMA, 9 (45%) na classe funcional (CF) II e 11(55%) na CF III, 16 (80%) homens, predomínio de negros (55%), de 35 a 56 (x=45) anos, com consumo pesado de álcool (>80g etanol/dia), por período de 51 a 112 (x=85) meses, que concordaram, inicialmente, em participar de programa de apoio, com psicoterapia de grupo, além do acompanhamento clínico com realiza o de exames n o invasivos, antes do início do programa e após 12 meses da terapia, e foram divididos em dois grupos, o 1 (G-I) constituído pelos que atingiram a abstinência e o 2 (G-II) pelos n o abstêmios. RESULTADOS: Após 12 meses, 11 (55%) pacientes permaneciam em terapia de apoio, 8 (72,72%) no G-I, enquanto os 9 (45%) que n o se mantiveram no programa, apenas 2 (22,22%) tinham logrado abstinência (G-I). Ao fim da avalia o, alcan amos número igual de pacientes entre os grupos. Comparando os grupos observamos: a) menores valores médios dos diametros sistólico (DSVE) e diastólico (DDVE) do ventrículo esquerdo no G-I; b) maior número de interna es no G-II (3) em rela o ao G-I (1); c) na evolu o clínica, maior número de pacientes do G-I, entre os que apresentaram melhoras (3 G-I e 1 G-II) e que permaneceram inalterados (6 G-I e 3 G-II), além do maior número de pioras entre o G-II (1 G-I e 5 G-II). CONCLUS O: Apesar do desejo inicial favorável, a abstinência só foi obtida em 50% dos pacientes com CMA e disfun o ventricular moderada, porém, quando alcan ada, apresentou melhor evolu o (melhoras + inalterados = 90%), com maior redu o do DSVE e do DDVE (p<0,001), devendo sempre ser perseguida mesmo na presen a de moderada disfun o ventricular.
Portadores de paracoccidioidomicose cutaneo mucosa atendidos num hospital terciário do interior paulista: ades o ao seguimento
Maria Helena Versiani Maciel,Silvia Rita Marin da Silva Canini,Elucir Gir
Revista Eletr?nica de Enfermagem , 2008,
Abstract: As condi es cr nicas podem causar altera es físicas, psíquicas e sociais progressivas, requerendo em alguns casos mudan as permanentes no estilo de vida dos indivíduos. A paracoccidioidomicose é uma micose sistêmica, que exige tratamento prolongado, cuja maior prevalência concentra-se na América Latina, com diversas áreas endêmicas no Brasil. Este estudo teve como objetivo caracterizar os clientes portadores de paracoccidioidomicose cutaneomucosa e identificar os motivos da n o ades o ao seguimento clínico terapêutico. Foram consultados 74 prontuários de clientes adultos com diagnóstico de paracoccidioidomicose cutaneo mucosa atendidos e ou internados num hospital escola terciário do interior paulista, no período de janeiro de 2000 a julho de 2006. O projeto foi aprovado pelo Comitê de ética e Pesquisa do referido hospital. A maioria dos sujeitos era do sexo masculino (86,5%), com idade média de 44,5 anos; 67,6% dos casos foram internados de uma a oito vezes e em 51,3% dos casos a interna o se deu em decorrência de recidiva; 74,3% fizeram uso irregular das medica es. O enfermeiro enquanto elemento essencial nos servi os de saúde pode propor estratégias individuais e coletivas para a assistência, visando estimular o cliente a lidar com as mudan as e consequentemente melhorar os níveis de ades o ao seguimento.
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