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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 16959 matches for " Silvia Helena Koller "
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O afeto como um processo de desenvolvimento ecológico
Diniz, Eva;Koller, Silvia Helena;
Educar em Revista , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-40602010000100006
Abstract: the present paper describes emotional development as one of the most important aspect that increases and guides human development. it could be considered as an important "layer" of the development, as it is referred by the bioecological systems theory, proposed by bronfenbrenner. the abilities to establish relationships depend on emotional aspects, and might be seen as an ecological developmental process. the presence of emotional aspects in relationships was seemed as an essential element that effectively ensures proximal process, in which attachments arises. besides, emotions were described as important resources employed to lead changes that happens during one's life. as a constituent of human development, emotional development derives from individual interactions with immediate environment by which one is surrounded. in this perspective, it was regarded as an element to the various contexts or systems stressed by ecological theory, including the microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, and macrosystem. finally, it was emphasised the need to establish emotional relationships over time to strengthen one's abilities to adapt through the life circle. thus, emotional development constitutes as an element to ensure the stability and safety in this process.
Subjective well-being in socially vulnerable children and adolescents
Poletto, Michele;Koller, Silvia Helena;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722011000300008
Abstract: subjective well-being has been defined as an association among positive affect, negative affect, and life satisfaction. this study aimed to investigate the subjective well-being of children and adolescents attending school and living with their families as compared to those living in youth offenders institutions. two hundred ninety-seven children and adolescents in situations of social vulnerability aged between seven and sixteen years old (m = 11.22 years, sd = 2.13), 155 male (52.2%) and 142 female (47.8%) participated in the study. the instruments were a structured interview, a positive and negative affect scale, and a multidimensional life satisfaction scale. the results confirmed that institutionalized children/adolescents experienced more negative affect regarding development contexts. however, institutionalized children/adolescents did not differ from those living with their families in terms of life satisfaction and positive affect.
Fatores associados à gravidez em adolescentes brasileiros de baixa renda Factores asociados al embarazo en adolescentes brasile os de baja renta Factors associated with pregnancy among low-income Brazilian adolescents
Eva Diniz,Silvia Helena Koller
Paidéia (Ribeir?o Preto) , 2012,
Abstract: Este estudo teve por objetivo investigar as características associadas à gravidez durante a adolescência em uma popula o de adolescentes brasileiros de baixa renda (N = 452) com experiência de gravidez (n = 226) e sem esta experiência (n = 226). A média de idade dos participantes foi de 16,86 anos (DP = 1,35) e 64% eram do sexo feminino. Os resultados da análise multivariada revelaram que a gravidez durante a adolescência se associou a: morar com o companheiro, utiliza o da pílula, menor idade para inicia o sexual, consumo de bebida alcoólica, e menor divis o das tarefas domésticas na família. A gravidez durante a adolescência tende a surgir perante um conjunto de variáveis que expressam a vulnerabilidade do contexto desenvolvimental do(a) adolescente. Essa poderá ser uma importante informa o para interven es dirigidas para esta popula o, assim como para trabalhos de preven o de gravidez durante a adolescência. El presente artículo tiene como propósito investigar las características asociadas al embarazo durante la adolescencia en una población de adolescentes brasile os de baja renta (N = 452) con experiencia de embarazo (n = 226) y sin esta experiencia (n = 226). El promedio de edad de los participantes fue de 16,86 a os (DE = 1,35) y el 64% era del sexo femenino. Resultados del análisis multivariado revelaron que el embarazo a lo largo de la adolescencia se asoció a: vivir con la pareja; utilización de la píldora anticonceptiva; inicio sexual precoz; consumo de bebidas alcohólicas; y menor división de tareas domésticas en la familia. El embarazo durante la adolescencia tiene tendencia a surgir ante un conjunto de variables que expresan la vulnerabilidad del contexto de desarrollo del adolescente. Esta podrá constituir una importante información para intervenciones dirigidas a la población afectada y un aporte a la prevención del embarazo durante la adolescencia. This study aimed to assess factors associated with teen pregnancy among low-income Brazilian adolescents (N = 452) with pregnancy experience (n = 226) and without this experience (n = 226). The mean of age of the sample was 16.86 years old (SD = 1.35) and 64% were girls. A multivariate analysis demonstrated that teen pregnancy was associated with: living with the partner; use of oral contraception; lower age of the first sexual intercourse; use of alcoholic drinks; and lesser division of home chores. Teen pregnancy tends to appear when a conjugation of developmental risk variables exists. This information can be important with a view to interventions focused on this population, as well
Time to Change: A Journal About Itself
Piotr Trzesniak,Silvia Helena Koller
Revista Interamericana de Psicología , 2010,
Abstract:
Toda crian?a tem família: crian?a em situa??o de rua também
Paludo, Simone dos Santos;Koller, Silvia Helena;
Psicologia & Sociedade , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-71822008000100005
Abstract: the study aims to describe the family characteristics of street situation youths from the perception of these youngsters. individual and qualitative semi-structured interviews with seventeen youths, aged between 11 and 16 years (m=14,05; dp=1,24), of both sexes, were conducted. it was an opportunity for understanding the dynamic interplay of risk factors that move youngsters to street life. first, the fact of being on the street does not imply the absence of a family. children and adolescents enrolled in the study had ties with their families, even when they perceive it as a very fragile one. only five participants would go back home every day. the participants described a variety of family configurations. remarriage was pointed out by 41% and 35% mentioned a monoparental family configuration, led by a woman. women who take care of the household are of great importance in this population's family structure. in contrast, 58% did not know who their fathers are. the number of siblings varied between one and 12 (m=5,69; dp=3,07). the majority of parents were unemployed or involved in informal labor. in order to supplement the family income many children start to work on the streets. violence, poverty, adversity, associated with social, affective, and economical problems seems to play an important and dynamic role in shaping families characteristics of street youths. it is necessary to offer opportunities to promote resilience for these families. women had an essential role in family care, and may be a powerful link for development.
Alguns aspectos observados no desenvolvimento de crian?as vítimas de abuso sexual
Amazarray, Mayte Raya;Koller, Silvia Helena;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79721998000300014
Abstract: child sexual abuse is one of the most frequent form of maltreatment, which has medical, legal, and psychosocial implications. this review of the literature points out to some consequences of child sexual abuse, aiming to the understanding of its impact on the child?s development. the adverse effects of sexual abuse, the negative reaction of the family, and the unpreparedness of professionals represent potencial source of psychological damage to the child. due to these factors, the children who are victimized are at risk. for this reason, it is necessary to professionalize the people who work with these children and their families to allow them to do proper diagnosis and to carry out proper interventions.
Resiliência na rua: um estudo de caso
Paludo, Simone dos Santos;Koller, Silvia Helena;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722005000200009
Abstract: resilience can be understood as a dynamic process involving positive adaptation in a significant adversity. however, when it focus on adolescents that live in street context, resilience seems unattainable. that article intends to present and to discuss possibilities and adversities in their lives. it is a case study that describes the process of resilience in street situation. an adolescent in street situation, 14 years of age, female participated in it. the risk and protection factors were analyzed in the different levels proposed by the ecological approach: person, process, context and time. risks permeate their entire live, but individual characteristics and support are main protection factors and they can colaborate with resilience process.
Conducting research about sensitive subjects: The case of homeless youth [Dirigiendo la investigación acerca de asuntos sensibles: el caso de la juventud sin casa ni hogar]
Silvia Helena Koller,Marcela Raffaelli,Gustavo Carlo
Universitas Psychologica , 2012,
Abstract: There is growing interest and importance in addressing the logistical and ethical challenges of conducting research with disenfranchised populations, including homeless and working street youth. Drawing upon established international standards on human rights, we review legal and ethical codes for research on disenfranchised populations established by national and international research and professional organizations. Then we explore how university-based researchers can apply these standards to children and adolescents growing up in situations characterized by physical and psycho- logical neglect, lack of adult supervision, limited protection from local law enforcement, and drug use and violence. We reflect upon on our experi- ences in conducting research with vulnerable Brazilian youth to illustrate the challenges of implementing ethical guidelines in real-world situations and propose possible solutions to ethical dilemmas encountered in the field.
O psicólogo ecológico no contexto institucional: uma experiência com meninas vítimas de violência
Clarissa De Antoni,Silvia Helena Koller
Psicologia: Ciência e Profiss?o , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/s1414-98932001000100003
Abstract: Este ensaio consiste em um relato da experiência de trabalho de um psicólogo ecológico em uma institui o para meninas vítimas de violência, embasada no Modelo Ecológico de Desenvolvimento Humano. é discutida a integra o da prática com a teoria, envolvendo desde aspectos relacionados ao cotidiano da institui o e da história de vida das meninas, até a influência cultural e social dos sistemas ecológicos. Os resultados mostraram que a integra o destes aspectos levaram à melhoria da qualidade do trabalho dos profissionais e da vida das meninas atendidas. The present study describes the work of an ecological psychologist in an institution for girls who were victims of violence, based on the Ecological Model of Human development. The integration of theory and practice is discussed, involving issues related to the daily life of the institution, the life history of the girls, and the cultural and social influence of the ecological systems. The results showed that the procedures adopted led to an improvement of the quality of professional services and a betterment of the life quality of the girls in the institution.
Alguns aspectos observados no desenvolvimento de crian as vítimas de abuso sexual
Amazarray Mayte Raya,Koller Silvia Helena
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 1998,
Abstract: O abuso sexual de crian as é um dos tipos de maus-tratos mais freqüentes, apresentando implica es médicas, legais e psicossociais. Essa revis o da literatura aponta para algumas conseqüências do abuso sexual infantil, com o objetivo de entender o seu impacto no desenvolvimento da crian a. Os efeitos prejudiciais do abuso sexual, a rea o negativa da família e o despreparo dos profissionais constituem um potencial gerador de danos psicológicos para a crian a. Devido a esses fatores, as crian as vitimizadas encontram-se em situa o de risco. Portanto, faz-se necessária uma capacita o dos profissionais que trabalham com essas crian as e com suas famílias, de modo que se possa obter a vers o real dos casos, bem como conduzir uma interven o adequada.
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