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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8985 matches for " Silvia DUMITRAS "
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Advance Directive from the Romanian Social Cultural Perspective
Silvia DUMITRAS,Mariana ENACHE,Andrada PARVU,Stefana Maria MOISA
Postmodern Openings , 2013,
Abstract: Giving value to the wishes of the terminal patients regarding the treatment at the end of their life, the use of the advance directive, as an extension of their autonomy when the patients are incompetent, represents a mean to respect and promote their dignity. The authors present and discuss the results of their research that analysed the attitude of Romanians toward the use of the advance directive to identify the usefulness of implementing such a document in the Romanian social cultural context.The target group in this research is general population over 18 years old, speaking Romanian and without psychological illnesses. The representative random sample lot included 828 persons from Iasi County. The data were recorded based on a transversal descriptive study, using the method of questionnaire enquiryThe persons participating in the study admitted the importance of respecting the patient’s dignity and autonomy with reference to decisions concerning the treatment at the end of life. For the subjects agreeing with legalizing the advance directive, the main advantages of such a document are firstly the respect of the patient’s right to decide and secondly the improvement of the medical treatment.The study showed that young, healthy and better educated individuals are interested in the advance directive and are in favour of introducing it in the current medical practice. The results of our research suggest that educational and informative programmes are needed in Romania regarding the role and usefulness of the advance directive, as well as the way to implement it, in order to encourage the implication of all adult persons in planning their own medical treatment in general and in particular in the medical decisions concerning the end of life.
A Comparative Study on the Palliative Care in Romania and France
Mariana ENACHE,Rodica GRAMMA,Silvia DUMITRAS,Stefana MOISA
Postmodern Openings , 2013,
Abstract: The palliative care has old tradition, as the single support and relief of suffering in terminally ill patients form, until the release of antibiotics and the development of modern medical technologies, investigation, diagnosis and treatment. In the 1960s the palliative care was officially recognized as a medical field, focused on the psycho-emotional and spiritual aspects without neglecting, however, the physical aspects of care. Further evolution differed on a country basis.The health insurance systems in Romania and France are based on the same principle of solidarity. The history of the two palliative care systems has close start. In this context, we propose a comparative study to identify the differences and similarities between the systems of palliative care in the two countries. Certain evaluation criteria were selected for this purpose, in order to ensure a complex approach for this type of service. We have used the methods of study documentation and direct observation through an internship performed in a clinic in France, Groupe Hospitalier Saint Augustine-Malestroit.In spite of the chronic low funding of the health system, non-challenging and lean health legislation, the system of palliative care has developed slowly, but progressively, in Romania. Though, the level of services is far below the needs. This is imposing a rigorous analysis of the factors affecting the quality of life of patients and the development of services strongly dependent on these.The French health care system is an example of good practice regarding availability of health care, health care related services, accessibility to the patient, and the legal frame: national policies, legislation, financial planning models and quality control, training and human resources, including the emotional and spiritual support like patient special needs, family support, support for pediatric patients and their families, religious and psychological assistance, staff issues.
Aspects of Coping with Disease in some Roma Communities of Romania
Andrada P?RVU,Laszlo FOSZTO,Angela ENACHE,Silvia DUMITRAS
Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala , 2012,
Abstract: The traditional Roma people live in a world filled with their taboos, cultural values and laws that rule all aspects of their lives. In Roma culture, disease has a complex and mystic significance. The disease, the hospital and medical stuff are considered impure (pollution).Coping with disease is a complex process which can be effective or ineffective,as it decrease or increase stress level, depression or anxiety.The paper offers the doctors that provide medical care to Roma patient information about psychological problems caused by disease, religious coping and the importance of family as a psychological resource.There are presented the results of a qualitative study that consisted of taking 48 semi-structured interviews within Roma communities residing in two of Romania’s counties, Cluj and Ia?i.The results of the study could offer the medical stuff a better understanding of Roma behaviour in case of illness and could facilitate pacient-centered medical care and cultural targeted care.
An Approach on Micro-Cutting (Deburring) Process
Catalin G. Dumitras
Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science , 2007,
Abstract:
Video Analysis and Coding for Robust Transmission
Pesquet-Popescu Beatrice,Dumitras Adriana,Macq Benoit
EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing , 2006,
Abstract:
A study by non-isothermal thermal methods of spruce wood bark materialss after their application for dye removal
VIORICA DULMAN,LUCIA ODOCHIAN,MIHAI DUMITRAS,SIMONA CUCU MAN
Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society , 2005,
Abstract: This paper deals with a study of some materials obtained from spruce bark (Picea abies, Romania), after retention of some dyes frequently used in dyeing processes in the textile industry and waste water treatment. These materials obtained by dye retention exhibit a particular thermal behavior which is different from that of the blank sample (spruce bark). The characteristic temperatures, weight losses, the residue remaining after thermo-oxidative degradation, as well as the activation energies of the significant thermo-destruction stages, estimated from non-isothermal thermogravimetric data, together with the thermal quantities calculated from DTAdata support the conclusion presented in a previous study on dye retention from aqueous solution. The obtained results made evident that, under optimal retention conditions, spruce bark shows the highest retention capacity for the Basic Blue dye, followed by Direct Brown 95 and Direct Brown 2.
Exertion in Kangoo Jumps Aerobic: Evaluation and Interpretation Using Spectroscopic Technique Determinations
Cristina Popa,Mihai Patachia,Stefan Banita,Dan Constantin Dumitras
Journal of Spectroscopy , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/602434
Abstract: Laser photoacoustic spectroscopy (LPAS) is growing quickly in its applications to real world problems—one of the problems is to prevent obesity—being a candidate technology for breath analysis applications. The ongoing paper is aiming to investigate the evaluation of oxidative stress in womens practicing Kangoo Jumps (KJ) aerobics. Because it is not possible to directly measure free radicals in the body, we approach that by measuring the by-products (breath ethylene) that result from free radical reactions. We found out that the mixture of exhaled breath in women's after the KJ exercises contains low concentration of ethylene compared to the exhaled breath of the women before the start of exercise program. This result can add valuable information to the contribution to reduce the generation of prooxidants during and after KJ aerobics. 1. Introduction There is no doubt that regular sporting activity has physiological benefits, but there is no evidence that there are benefits of extreme endurance sports. Indeed, there are indications that ultra-distance runners, for example, may suffer increased health risks due to high oxidative stress, which generates aggressive oxygen radicals and metabolites that can damage cells and cell components [1–3]. Several interesting concepts have emerged from these types of experimental studies [3–10]. Regular physical exercise enhances the antioxidant defense system and protects against exercise-induced free radical damage. This is an important finding, because it shows how smart the body is about adapting to the demands of exercise. These changes occur slowly over time and appear to parallel other adaptations to exercise. When exercising, the body is in an elevated aerobic metabolic state that increases the production of free radicals. That happens because the two primary fuel sources in the body, carbohydrates and fats, convert into energy through a process called oxidation. During oxidation, not all oxygen atoms bind with hydrogen, thus ending up as free radicals. Normally, the body wants to stay in an oxidative balance, with equal numbers of free radicals and antioxidants, which are free-radical inhibitors [10–12]. Running is one of the earliest and simplest types of aerobic activity. The combination of science and technology has led to the evolution of new forms of running. KJ boots are an example of a new innovative technology that is continuing the evolution of this age-old activity and is defined to be the newest way to getting rid of stress. These boots are designed to dissipate the impact stress and forces
The Challenge of UNASUR Member Countries to Replace ICSID Arbitration  [PDF]
Silvia Karina Fiezzoni
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2011.23014
Abstract: In the 2000s, the financial crisis in Argentina and several nationalizations carried out by governments in South America have spawned a large number of claims before International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). Latin Americans began to look at ICSID critically, there have been complaints about ICSID's connections with the World Bank; non-commercial interests, such as health or environmental protection, have not received adequate attention in the arbitration cases; a lack of transparency by arbitration panels; and the absence of an appeals process, but only a limited annulment procedure. This situation generates impacts upon the overall due process of ICSID arbitrations and Latin American hostility against ICSID, such the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of our America Peoples'Trade Treaty (ALBA-TCP) Declaration to denounce ICSID Convention and the firm intention of Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) countries to create a regional arbitration centre to replace ICSID arbitration.
On the Relativistic Stars  [PDF]
Silvia Morales, Roberto Aquilano
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2012.34046
Abstract:

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ??Announcement from Editorial Board

The following article has been retracted due to plagiarism. This paper published in Vol.3 No.4, April 2012, has been removed from this site.


Title: On the Relativistic Stars

Author: Silvia Morales, Roberto Aquilano


It has been brought to our attention that this paper appears exactly as it was published in Astroparticle Physics, vol. 32, 2009, 153. (\"On the nature of relativistic stars\" by Silvia Morales, Alejandra Zorzi, Roberto Aquilano)

Consequently, this paper has been retracted by Journal of Modern Physics.

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?JMP Editorial Board

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?April 30, 2015

Use of Alternative and Complementary Medicine by Old Italians Adults: The Determinant of Choice  [PDF]
Silvia Platania, Giuseppe Santisi
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.37042
Abstract: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is the term for medical products and practices that aren’t part of standard care. Although using complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) is becoming increasingly prevalent in Italy, research in complementary and alternative therapy in older adults is limited. This study investigates the predictors and the determinant of choice of using complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in older adult consumers [1]-[3]. The sample consisted of 150 Italian older consumers who used alternative medicine in the last year. The older adults interviewed were 52 males (34.7%) and 98 females (65.3%) and the average age was 65.4 (SD = 0.76). The results of this study showed a strong dissatisfaction of respondents with the tra-ditional medical treatments because the alternative’s medicine treatments are considered more invasive.
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