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Debating shura and democracy among British Muslim organizations
Bambang Arif Rahman
Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies , 2011,
Abstract: Shuraas the system of representation of the Muslim’ s voice in, typically , the Islamic state is often confronted with the West representation system namely Democracy . Some Islamic scholars believe that Shura is still the best system for Muslims to vote for their need in the state. However , as Islam is not a monolithic doctrine, some other Muslim groups have another alternative view to represent their political opinion to the state by , surprisingly , practicing democracy . In brief, Shurais still placed God instructions as the reference of all decisions which are made in the council. Otherwise, democracy merely stands its policy on the people. Both systems have a long tradition processes to find their recent way in this global age. And the British Muslims have to realize that they live in a developed country like Britain and still have to be Muslim. Giving challenging condition, Hizbut T ahrir , T ablighi Jama’at, and Muslim Council of Britain, three prominent Muslim Organizations in England, have different attitude towards democratic Britain to voice their representation. On the one hand, Hizbut Tahrir strictly rejects the idea of democracy as its goal is to establish the Islamic Caliphate in the world. And on another hand, Tablighi Jama’at tends to stay away from the political issue, including its representation, as the core of this organization is only preaching in a peaceful way . Finally , Muslim Council of Britain as the umbrella of small-medium Muslim organizations in England, in fact is involving in the system of British democracy .
A JOUNG TURK SUPPORTER TATAR PERIODICAL IN ASTRAKHAN: MIZAN (BALANCE) NEWSPAPER AND ITS ANNOTATED INDEX ASTIRHAN’DA J N TüRK TARAFTARI B R TATAR YAYIN ORGANI: M ZAN GAZETES VE ZAHLI F HR ST
Sel?uk ALTUNTA? (M.A.H.)
Turkish Studies , 2009,
Abstract: In this paper, I will introduce a Tatar-Turkish newspaper called Mizan (Balance) (December 1908-June1909) published 24 issues by an Azerbaijani merchant and political activist named Mustafa Lotfi Ismailov Shirvansky (1876-?) in the city of Astrakhan, which is a part of the Russian Empire on the north side of the Caspian Sea, a century ago in 1909. Although Mizan was the local newspaper of Astrakhan which aimed to inform about the issues related to education and politics in the Astrakhan area, it paid a great deal of attention to the 31 March Incident which was an attempt to give an end to the Second Constitutional Era in the Ottoman Empire. The other topic which is worth mentioning is the perennial conflict between Burhani Taraqqi (1906-1911)-Mizan alliance and their main rival Idil (1907-1914) which is another Astrakhan oriented conservatist newspaper published by a well know Nogay descendent Tatar named Abdurrahman Omerov (1867-1933) under the support of Jamiyyeti Islamiye (The Committee of Islam) (1906-1912) founded by the clergymen against Shurayi Islam (The Assembly of Islam) (1905-1912) committee, a liberal political organization. Bu makalede bundan yüz y l evvel Azerbaycanl i adam ve siyasi aktivist Mustafa Lütfi smailov irvanski (1876-?) taraf ndan Hazar Denizi’nin kuzeyinde Rusya’ya ba l bir ehir olan Ast rhan’da toplam 24 say yay mlanm Tatarca-Türk e Mizan (Aral k 1908-Haziran 1909) gazetesi üzerinde durulacakt r. Mizan gazetesi her ne kadar Ast rhan ehrinin siyaset ve e itimle alakal meselelerinden haber veren yerel bir gazetesi olsa da Osmanl mparatorlu u’undaki kinci Me rutiyet d nemine son vermeyi ama layan 31 Mart Hadisesi’ne verdi i nemle dikkat ekmektedir. De inece imiz bir di er husus da Burhan- Terakki (1906-1911) ve Mizan ittifak ile mollalar taraf ndan liberal bir cemiyet olan ura-y slam (1905-1912)’a kar kurulmu Cemiyet-i slamiye (1906-1912) himayesinde bir Nogay Tatar olan Abdurrahman merov (1867-1933) taraf ndan kurulmu dil (1907-1914) gazetesi aras ndaki uzun süre devam eden kavga olacakt r.
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