oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2020 ( 4 )

2019 ( 405 )

2018 ( 518 )

2017 ( 535 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 325293 matches for " Shubhada S. Avachat "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /325293
Display every page Item
EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF MALNUTRITION (UNDER NUTRITION) AMONG UNDER FIVE CHILDREN IN A SECTION OF RURAL AREA
Shubhada S. Avachat,Vaishali D. Phalke,Deepak B. Phalke
Pravara Medical Review , 2009,
Abstract: Prevalence of malnutrition is very high in India; especially in rural area. A cross sectional study was done in randomly selected six villages to estimate the prevalence and demographic and socioeconomicfactors associated with malnutrition. The prevalence of malnutrition among the under five children was 50.46%.Children from lower socioeconomic status, with low birth weight were significantly malnourished.
A cross-sectional study of socio-demographic determinants of recurrent diarrhoea among children under five of rural area of Western Maharashtra, India
Shubhada S Avachat,Vaishali D Phalke,Deepak B Phalke,Syed M M Aarif
Australasian Medical Journal , 2011,
Abstract: BackgroundAbout 2 million episodes of diarrhoea occur each year inIndia. Of the 6.6 million deaths among children aged 28days to 5 year; deaths from diarrhoea are estimated toaccount for 1.87 million. An average Indian child less than 5years of age can have 2-3 episodes of diarrhoea. Mother'sliteracy, family income, feeding practices, environmentalconditions are important determinants of the commonchildhood infection like diarrhoea. The present study wasundertaken to study these important determinants ofrecurrent diarrhoea among children under five in a ruralarea of western Maharashtra, India.MethodA cross-sectional study was conducted in six randomlyselected villages of Ahmednagar district in westernMaharashtra, India. Three villages from two primary healthcentres and 652 children under five from these villageswere chosen by a simple random sampling technique (everyfifth child enrolled in Anganwadi). House-to-house surveywas done and data was collected by interviewing themothers of these children. Nutritional status was assessedby measuring the weight and mid-arm circumference of thechild. Statistical analysis was done with Microsoft Excel andStatistiXL 1.8 using percentage, proportions and chi-squaretest wherever applicable.ResultsThe prevalence of recurrent diarrhoea was 9.81%.Recurrent diarrhoea was more common in the age group of13 - 24 months (29.6%) and 25 – 36 months (23.4%) andchildren belonging to lower socioeconomic class (64%).Malnutrition was significantly associated with recurrentdiarrhoea and 21% of malnourished children had the same.Recurrent diarrhoea was significantly more common(39.1%) among children with introduction of top-up feedsbefore four to six months.ConclusionLow socioeconomic status, bad sanitary practices,nutritional status and weaning practices significantlyinfluence the prevalence of recurrent diarrhoea.Word count: 1667Tables: 3
Determinants of Preterm Labour in a Rural Medical College Hospital in Western Maharashtra
Sunil Avachat Shubhada,SV Kambale,BD Phalke
Nepal Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/njog.v8i1.8858
Abstract: Aims: This study was done to estimate the incidence of preterm labour and to study the causes of preterm labour in a teaching hospital. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in a medical college hospital in rural area among all patients who delivered during study period. Data was collected by interview technique and analyzed by appropriate statistical methods. Results: Total 2105 deliveries occurred during study period and the incidence of preterm delivery in the study was 15%. Incidence of preterm labour was comparatively more among multigravida (49.5%). Out of 315 preterm labour cases, 234 (74.25%) were from low socioeconomic status. Forty-one percent preterm labors were idiopathic, 17% cases had maternal- fetal complications and 15% cases had recurrent urinary tract infections. Significant association was observed between previous history of preterm labour and current preterm labour after applying Z test. Conclusions: Incidence of preterm labour was 15% among the hospital deliveries in a teaching hospital in rural area. Preterm labour was more common among women of low socioeconomic status, among multigravida and among women having previous history of preterm labour. Nepal Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology / Vol 8 / No. 1 / Issue 15 / Jan- June, 2013 / 31-33 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/njog.v8i1.8858
The First International Leprosy Conference, Berlin, 1897: the politics of segregation
Pandya, Shubhada S.;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702003000400008
Abstract: the present paper examines the first attempts to internationalise the problem of leprosy, a subject hitherto overlooked by historians of imperialism and disease. the last decade of the nineteenth century saw many in the 'civilised countries' of the imperialist west gripped by a paranoia about an invasion of leprosy via germ-laden immigrants and returning expatriates who had acquired the infection in leprosy-endemic colonial possessions. such alarmists clamoured for the adoption of vigorous leper segregation policies in such colonies. but the contagiousness of leprosy did not go unquestioned by other westerners. the convocation in berlin of the first international meeting on leprosy revealed the interplay of differing and sometimes incompatible views about the containment of leprosy by segregation. the roles of officials from several countries, as well as the roles of five protagonists (albert ashmead, jules goldschmidt, edvard ehlers, armauer hansen, and phineas abraham) in the shaping of the berlin conference are here examined.
The First International Leprosy Conference, Berlin, 1897: the politics of segregation
Pandya Shubhada S.
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2003,
Abstract: The present paper examines the first attempts to internationalise the problem of leprosy, a subject hitherto overlooked by historians of imperialism and disease. The last decade of the nineteenth century saw many in the 'civilised countries' of the imperialist West gripped by a paranoia about an invasion of leprosy via germ-laden immigrants and returning expatriates who had acquired the infection in leprosy-endemic colonial possessions. Such alarmists clamoured for the adoption of vigorous leper segregation policies in such colonies. But the contagiousness of leprosy did not go unquestioned by other westerners. The convocation in Berlin of the first international meeting on leprosy revealed the interplay of differing and sometimes incompatible views about the containment of leprosy by segregation. The roles of officials from several countries, as well as the roles of five protagonists (Albert Ashmead, Jules Goldschmidt, Edvard Ehlers, Armauer Hansen, and Phineas Abraham) in the shaping of the Berlin Conference are here examined.
Awareness regarding pre- and postexposure prophylaxis for human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome among nursing students
Avachat S,Phalke D,Dhumale G
Indian Journal of Community Medicine , 2007,
Abstract:
Multi-wavelength Polarimetry and Variability Study of M87 Jet
Sayali S Avachat,Eric S Perlman,William B Sparks,Mihai Cara,Frazer N Owen
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1017/S1743921315002033
Abstract: We present a high resolution polarimetry and variability study of the M87 jet using VLA and HST data taken during 2002 to 2008. Both data-sets have an angular resolution as high as 0.06$"$, which is 2-3 times better than previous observations. New morphological details are revealed in both the optical and radio, which can help to reveal the energetic and magnetic field structure of the jet. By comparing the data with previously published HST and VLA observations, we show that the jet$'$s morphology in total and polarized light is changing significantly on timescales of $\sim$a decade. We compare the evolution of the inner jet (particularly the nucleus and knot HST-1), when our observations overlap with the multi-wavelength monitoring campaigns conducted with HST and Chandra. We use these data to comment on particle acceleration and main emission processes.
Characterization and evaluation of spray dried co-processed excipients and their application in solid dosage forms
Avachat Amelia,Ahire V
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: Major challenge for tablet manufacture comes from the powder characteristics of the materials to be compressed. This in turn poses a challenge in achieving greater productivity and better quality product especially on the new generation high-speed machines. Advancement in directly compressible materials has come in the form of co-processed spray dried materials. The present work evaluates and characterizes two spray dried co-processed materials, one comprising of microcrystalline cellulose, colloidal silicon dioxide and cross povidone and the other composed of microcrystalline cellulose, colloidal silicon dioxide and sodium starch glycollate. Prototype tablet formulations were developed with these co-processed materials using actives such as diclofenac sodium, iron polymaltose complex and amoxycillin trihydrate. Their performance was compared vis-à-vis conventionally processed tablet formulations as well as with leading marketed brands. This study revealed that the co-processed materials have excellent flow properties, high compressibility, render low disintegration time to tablets and have better binding properties. These materials can be a good substitute for inert granules, which are normally used in tablet manufacturing.
HIV Seropositivity in truck-drivers
Javadekar Shubhada
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 1995,
Abstract:
Interpretation of Normal and Pathological ECG Beats using Multiresolution Wavelet Analysis
Shubhada S.Ardhapurkar,Ramandra R. Manthalkar,Suhas S.Gajre
International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: The Discrete wavelet transform has great capability to analyse the temporal and spectral properties of non stationary signal like ECG. In this paper, we have developed and evaluated a robust algorithm using multiresolution analysis based on the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) for twelve-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) temporal feature extraction. In the first step, ECG was denoised considerably by employing kernel density estimation on subband coefficients then QRS complexes were detected. Further, by selecting appropriate coefficients and applying wave segmentation strategy P and T wave peaks were detected. Finally, the determination of P and T wave onsets and ends was performed. The novelty of this approach lies in detection of different morphologies in ECG wave with few decision rules. We have evaluated the algorithm on normal and abnormal beats from various manually annotated databases from physiobank having different sampling frequencies. The QRS detector obtained a sensitivity of 99.5% and a positive predictivity of 98.9% over the first lead of the MIT-BIH Arrhythmia Database.
Page 1 /325293
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.