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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 54220 matches for " Shu-Cheng Chang "
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Evolution of Yamabe constant under Ricci flow
Shu-Cheng Chang,Peng Lu
Mathematics , 2006,
Abstract: In this note under a crucial technical assumption we derive a differential equality of the Yamabe constant $\mathcal{Y} (g (t))$ where $g (t)$ is a solution of the Ricci flow on a closed manifold.
Pseudo-Einstein and Q-flat metrics with eigenvalue estimates on CR-hypersurfaces
Jianguo Cao,Shu-Cheng Chang
Mathematics , 2006,
Abstract: Let $M^{2n-1}$ be the smooth boundary of a bounded strongly pseudo-convex domain $\Omega$ in a complete Stein manifold $V^{2n}$. Then (1) For $n \ge 3$, $M^{2n-1}$ admits a pseudo-Eistein metric; (2) For $n \ge 2$, $M^{2n-1}$ admits a Fefferman metric of zero CR Q-curvature; and (3) for a compact strictly pseudoconvex CR embeddable 3-manifold $M^3$, its CR Paneitz operator $P$ is a closed operator.
The modified Calabi-Yau problems for CR-manifolds and applications
JIanguo Cao,Shu-Cheng Chang
Mathematics , 2008,
Abstract: In this paper, we derive a partial result related to a question of Yau: "Does a simply-connected complete K\"ahler manifold M with negative sectional curvature admit a bounded non-constant holomorphic function?" Main Theorem. Let $M^{2n}$ be a simply-connected complete K\"ahler manifold M with negative sectional curvature $ \le -1 $ and $S_\infty(M)$ be the sphere at infinity of $M$. Then there is an explicit {\it bounded} contact form $\beta$ defined on the entire manifold $M^{2n}$. Consequently, the sphere $S_\infty(M)$ at infinity of M admits a {\it bounded} contact structure and a bounded pseudo-Hermitian metric in the sense of Tanaka-Webster. We also discuss several open modified problems of Calabi and Yau for Alexandrov spaces and CR-manifolds.
The Harnack estimate for the Yamabe flow on CR manifolds of dimension 3
Shu-Cheng Chang,Jih-Hsin Cheng
Mathematics , 2000,
Abstract: We deform the contact form by the amount of the Tanaka-Webster curvature on a closed spherical $CR$ three-manifold. We show that if a contact form evolves with free torsion and positive Tanaka-Webster curvature as initial data, then a certain Harnack inequality for the Tanaka-Webster curvature holds.
Yau's Gradient Estimate and Liouville Theorem for Positive Pseudo-Harmonic functions in aComplete Pseudo-Hermitian Manforld
Shu-Cheng Chang,Ting-Jung Kuo,Jingzhi Tie
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: In this paper, we first derive the sub-gradient estimate for positive pseudoharmonic functions in a complete pseudohermitian $(2n+1)$-manifold $% (M,J,\theta )\ $which satisfies the CR sub-Laplacian comparison property. It is served as the CR analogue of Yau's gradient estimate. Secondly, we obtain the Bishop-type sub-Laplacian comparison theorem in a class of complete noncompact pseudohermitian manifolds. Finally we have shown the natural analogue of Liouville-type theorems for the sub-Laplacian in a complete pseudohermitian manifold of vanishing pseudohermitian torsion tensors and nonnegative pseudohermitian Ricci curvature tensors.
An Optimal Gap Theorem in a Complete Strictly Pseudoconvex CR Manifold
Shu-Cheng Chang,Yen-Wen Fan
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: In this paper, by applying a linear trace Li-Yau-Hamilton inequality for a positive (1,1)-form solution of the CR Hodge-Laplace heat equation and monotonicity of the heat equation deformation, we obtain an optimal gap theorem for a complete strictly pseudocovex CR manifold with nonnegative pseudohermitian bisectional curvature and vanishing torsion. We prove that if the average of the Tanaka-Webster scalar curvature over a ball of radius centered at some point o decays as $o(r^{-2})$, then the manifold is flat.
A Fourth Order Curvature Flow on a CR 3-manifold
Shu-Cheng Chang,Jih-Hsin Cheng,Hung-Lin Chiu
Mathematics , 2005,
Abstract: Let $(\mathbf{M}^{3},J,\theta_{0})$ be a closed pseudohermitian 3-manifold. Suppose the associated torsion vanishes and the associated $Q$-curvature has no kernel part with respect to the associated Paneitz operator. On such a background pseudohermitian 3-manifold, we study the change of the contact form according to a certain version of normalized $Q$-curvature flow. This is a fourth order evolution equation. We prove that the solution exists for all time and converges smoothly to a contact form of zero $Q$ -curvature. We also consider other background conditions and obtain a priori bounds up to high orders for the solution.
Liouville properties for p-harmonic maps with finite q-energy
Shu-Cheng Chang,Jui-Tang Chen,Shihshu Walter Wei
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: We introduce and study an approximate solution of the p-Laplace equation, and a linearlization $L_{\epsilon}$ of a perturbed p-Laplace operator. By deriving an $L_{\epsilon}$-type Bochner's formula and a Kato type inequality, we prove a Liouville type theorem for weakly p-harmonic functions with finite p-energy on a complete noncompact manifold M which supports a weighted Poincar\'{e} inequality and satisfies a curvature assumption. This nonexistence result, when combined with an existence theorem, yields in turn some information on topology, i.e. such an M has at most one p-hyperbolic end. Moreover, we prove a Liouville type theorem for strongly p-harmonic functions with finite q-energy on Riemannian manifolds, where the range for q contains p. As an application, we extend this theorem to some p-harmonic maps such as p-harmonic morphisms and conformal maps between Riemannian manifolds.
On Three-dimensional CR Yamabe Solitons
Huai-Dong Cao,Shu-Cheng Chang,Chih-Wei Chen
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: In this paper, we investigate the geometry and classification of three-dimensional CR Yamabe solitons. In the compact case, we show that any 3-dimensional CR Yamabe soliton must have constant Tanaka-Webster scalar curvature; we also obtain a classification under the assumption that their potential functions are in the kernel of the CR Paneitz operator. In the complete case, we obtain a structure theorem on the diffeomorphism types of complete 3-dimensional pseudo-gradient CR Yamabe solitons (shrinking, or steady, or expanding) of vanishing torsion.
The torsion flow on a closed pseudohermitian 3-manifold
Shu-Cheng Chang,Otto van Koert,Chin-Tung Wu
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: In this paper we define the torsion flow, a CR analogue of the Ricci flow. For homogeneous CR manifolds we give explicit solutions to the torsion flow illustrating various kinds of behavior. We also derive monotonicity formulas for CR entropy functionals. As an application, we classify torsion breathers.
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