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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 138843 matches for " Shivakumar K "
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Testing the topological nature of the fractional quantum Hall edge
Shivakumar Jolad,Jainendra K. Jain
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.116801
Abstract: We carry out numerical diagonalization for much larger systems than before by restricting the fractional quantum Hall (FQH) edge excitations to a basis that is exact for a short-range interaction and very accurate for the Coulomb interaction. This enables us to perform substantial tests of the predicted universality of the edge physics. Our results provide compelling evidence that the behavior of the FQH edge is intrinsically nonuniversal, even in the absence of edge reconstruction, and therefore does not bear a sharp and unique relation to the bulk FQH state.
Effect of phenophase based irrigation schedules on growth, yield and quality of baby corn (Zea mays L.)  [PDF]
H. K. Shivakumar, B. K. Ramachandrappa, H. V. Nanjappa,   Mudalagiriyappa
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/as.2011.23035
Abstract: The field experiment was conduced at the Agronomy Field Unit, Main Research Station, University of Agricultural Sciences, Hebbal, Bangalore, India during 2002 and 2003 to study the effect of irrigation schedules on growth, yield and quality of baby corn. The soil of the experimental site was red sandy loam in texture with neutral reaction. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. There were seven treatments of irrigation schedules based on IW/CPE ratio of 0.6 and 1.0 during different phenophases of baby corn. The results of the experiment revealed that the baby corn dry matter was significantly higher (75.57 g.plant–1) with higher green fodder yield of 43.47 t.ha–1 due to irrigation scheduled at IW/CPE ratio of 1.0 followed by moisture stress at early stage (I3). Irrigations scheduled at IW/CPE ratio of 1.0 registered significantly higher baby corn yield of 6.60 t.ha–1 followed by the delayed irrigation at early stage of 10 - 25 DAS. Significantly higher crude protein, phosphorus, potassium and lower reducing sugars and ascorbic acid content of baby corn was recorded under IW/CPE ratio of 1.0. Delayed irrigation at 0.6 IW/CPE ratio through-out produced baby corn with higher taste and juiciness. The total crop water use ranged from 294.10 to 469.10 mm, respectively under continuously delayed irrigation at 0.6 IW/CPE ratio and frequent irrigation at IW/CPE ratio of 1.0 which also recorded higher water use efficiency.
Perceptions of Dairy Farmers of Gadag district in northwestern part of Karnataka state, India regarding Clean Milk Production
Shivakumar K. Radder and S.K. Bhanj
Veterinary World , 2011,
Abstract: Clean milk production is one important aspect in enhancing the quality of milk. It is important to know farmers' perception about it. With this view, present study was undertaken with the objective of understanding perception of dairy farmers about clean milk production. The study was conducted in six villages of Gadag district of Karnataka state. A total of 180 respondents were interviewed. Perceptions of the farmers regarding family manpower involved in dairy farming, personnel involved in milking, dairy income, intention to produce clean milk, price dependence for following clean milk production, reasons for following cleanliness measures in milk production, sale price received for milk and satisfaction for the price they received for milk were studied. Most of the dairy farmers expressed their willingness to follow clean milk production measures. Further, most of them were ready to follow such measures even if they were not paid more price for milk. Farmers practiced clean milk production measures mainly to follow regulations at the dairy co-operative society followed by to avoid spoilage of milk. Dairy farmers largely neglected impact of cleanliness on animals' udder and health, about milk contamination causing health hazards. Milking was mainly a domain of women. For over 80 % farmers, dairy farming provided a moderate income as portion of their total family income. Majority of the producers were not satisfied with price they were getting for milk. Hence, the study recommends, requisite facilities and guidelines from the agencies concerned are needed to be provided to the dairy farmers to adopt clean milk production practices. Proper education to the farmers regarding importance of clean milk production from health, marketing and animal health point of views needs to be given. There is need to give more importance to women in dairy farmers' trainings. The study also suggests offering satisfactory price for milk to hasten the process of adoption of clean milk production practices by the dairy farmers. [Veterinary World 2011; 4(2.000): 79-81]
Dental caries vaccine
Shivakumar K,Vidya S,Chandu G
Indian Journal of Dental Research , 2009,
Abstract: Dental caries is one of the most common diseases in humans. In modern times, it has reached epidemic proportions. Dental caries is an infectious microbiologic disease of the teeth that results in localized dissolution and destruction of the calcified tissue. Dental caries is a mulitifactorial disease, which is caused by host, agent, and environmental factors. The time factor is important for the development and progression of dental caries. A wide group of microorganisms are identified from carious lesions of which S. mutans , Lactobacillus acidophilus , and Actinomyces viscosus are the main pathogenic species involved in the initiation and development of dental caries. In India, surveys done on school children showed caries prevalence of approximately 58%. Surveys among the U.S. population showed an incidence of 45.3% in children and 93.8% in adults with either past or present coronal caries. Huge amounts of money and time are spent in treating dental caries. Hence, the prevention and control of dental caries is the main aim of public health, eventually the ultimate objective of public health is the elimination of the disease itself. Recently, dental caries vaccines have been developed for the prevention of dental caries. These dental caries vaccines are still in the early stages.
Hydrogels as controlled drug delivery systems: Synthesis, crosslinking, water and drug transport mechanism
Satish C,Satish K,Shivakumar H
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: Hydrogels are presently under investigation as a delivery system for bioactive molecules, because of their similar physical properties as that of living tissue, which is due to their high water content, soft and rubbery consistency, and low interfacial tension with water or biological fluids. Anionic hydrogels are used in the design of intelligent controlled release devices for site-specific drug delivery of therapeutic proteins to the large intestine, where the biological activity of the proteins are prolonged, and cationic hydrogels are studied for the development of self-regulated insulin delivery system, which releases the insulin in response to changing glucose concentration. The different methods of preparation of hydrogels, novel methods of crosslinking used in the preparation of hydrogels, the mechanism of water transport through the ionic hydrogels, and the release mechanism of the solute from the hydrogels, are discussed in the present article.
Preparation and evaluation of chitosan-poly (acrylic acid) hydrogels as stomach specific delivery for amoxicillin and metronidazole
Hemant Yadav K,Satish C,Shivakumar H
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: The objective of the present work was to develop stomach specific delivery systems for amoxicillin and metronidazole using chitosan and poly(acrylic acid) hydrogels. Chitosan and poly(acrylic acid) hydrogels were prepared with different composition of copolymers. The hydrogels were evaluated for swelling studies, mucoadhesive studies, in vitro drug release, scanning electron microscopic and FTIR analysis. The effect of chitosan and poly (acrylic acid) on swelling and in vitro drug release was carried out. The n value calculated was < 0.5 for all the formulations containing amoxicillin and metronidazole indicating Fickian diffusion mechanism. The hydrogels with chitosan and poly (acrylic acid) ratio of 0.25:1 showed greater mucoadhesive property, maximum swelling and complete release of drugs, hence can be used for stomach specific delivery of drugs.
International Caries Detection and Assessment System: A new paradigm in detection of dental caries
Shivakumar K,Prasad Sumanth,Chandu G
Journal of Conservative Dentistry , 2009,
Abstract: A new emphasis on caries measurement and management is required for the dental community. The dental professionals need new approaches in caries detection, its assessment, and management. The future of research, practice, and education in Cariology requires the development of an integrated definition of dental caries, and uniform systems for measuring the caries process. Keeping this in view, the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) has presented a new paradigm for the measurement of dental caries, which was developed from the systematic reviews of literature on the clinical caries detection system and other sources. The ICDAS can serve as a basis and benchmark for clinical and epidemiological research and inform dental undergraduate and postgraduate teaching in Cariology. The ICDAS system was developed to bring forward the current understanding of the process of initiation and progression of dental caries to the fields of epidemiological and clinical research.
Corrosion Behavior and Adsorption Thermodynamics of Some Schiff Bases on Mild Steel Corrosion in Industrial Water Medium
S. S. Shivakumar,K. N. Mohana
International Journal of Corrosion , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/543204
Abstract: The inhibition performance and adsorption behavior of (E)-2-(3-nitrobenzylidene) hydrazine carbothioamide (SB1) and (E)-2-(4-(dimethylamino) benzylidene) hydrazine carbothioamide (SB2) on mild steel corrosion in industrial water medium have been investigated by gravimetric, potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. The results revealed that inhibition efficiency depends on both the concentration of the inhibitors and temperature of the system. Increasing temperature reduces the inhibition efficiency of both inhibitors. Polarization studies indicated that these compounds behave as mixed type of inhibitors. The adsorption of both inhibitors was spontaneous and followed Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Thermodynamic parameters are calculated and discussed. The relation between inhibition efficiency and molecular structures of SB1 and SB2 was discussed by considering quantum chemical parameters. The surface adsorbed film was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). 1. Introduction Mild steel (MS) is the widely used material in the fabrication of heating and cooling water system in many industries. Therefore, study of corrosion inhibition of mild steel in industrial water medium is a subject of technological importance. Organic compounds which are extensively used in several industries as corrosion inhibitors in various environments [1–3]. The anticorrosive property of these inhibitors depends on the specific interaction between certain functional groups in the inhibitors with the active centers on the metal surface [4–7]. Hetero atoms such as nitrogen, oxygen, and sulphur present in the inhibitors play an important role in this interaction by donating lone pair of electrons [8–12]. Hence the organic compounds containing these hetero atoms and multiple bonds behave as efficient corrosion inhibitors due to the availability of π-electrons for interaction with the metal surface [13]. The compounds containing an azo methine group (–C=N–) in their skeleton (Schiff bases) are the best examples for this type of corrosion inhibitors. They can be synthesized by condensation of primary amines with carbonyl compounds [14]. Schiff bases were reported as effective corrosion inhibitors for mild steel, copper, and aluminum in various media [15–24]. Although most of the commercial corrosion inhibitors are synthesized by using aldehydes and amines as main components, usually these Schiff bases possess more inhibition efficiency than their constituent carbonyls and amines [25, 26]. The higher inhibition efficiencies of
Fracture Toughness of Glass-Carbon (0/90)s Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite – An Experimental and Numerical Study  [PDF]
P.S. Shivakumar Gouda, S.K. Kudari, S. Prabhuswamy, Dayananda Jawali
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2011.108052
Abstract: Mode-I fracture behavior of glass-carbon fiber reinforced hybrid polymer composite was investigated based on experimental and finite element analysis. The compact tension (CT) specimen was employed to conduct mode-I fracture test using special loading fixtures as per ASTM standards. Fracture toughness was determined experimentally for along and across the fiber orientation of the specimen. Results indicated that the cracked specimens are tougher along the fiber orientations as compared with across the fiber orientations. A similar fracture test was simulated using finite element analysis software ANSYS. Critical stress intensity factor (K) was calculated at fracture/failure using displacement extrapolation method, for both along and across the fiber orientations. The fractured surfaces of the glasscarbon epoxy composite under mode-I loading condition was examined by electron microscope.
Fractional quantum Hall edge: Effect of nonlinear dispersion and edge roton
Shivakumar Jolad,Diptiman Sen,Jainendra K. Jain
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.82.075315
Abstract: According to Wen's theory, a universal behavior of the fractional quantum Hall edge is expected at sufficiently low energies, where the dispersion of the elementary edge excitation is linear. A microscopic calculation shows that the actual dispersion is indeed linear at low energies, but deviates from linearity beyond certain energy, and also exhibits an "edge roton minimum." We determine the edge exponent from a microscopic approach, and find that the nonlinearity of the dispersion makes a surprisingly small correction to the edge exponent even at energies higher than the roton energy. We explain this insensitivity as arising from the fact that the energy at maximum spectral weight continues to show an almost linear behavior up to fairly high energies. We also formulate an effective field theory to describe the behavior of a reconstructed edge, taking into account multiple edge modes. Experimental consequences are discussed.
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