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Extrapyramidal side effects as a consequence of treatment with neuroleptics
Wanessa Alves Frederico,Seizi Oga,Maria de Lourdes Rabelo Pequeno,Shirley Fumi Taniguchi
Einstein (S?o Paulo) , 2008,
Abstract: Objective: To check the occurrence of extrapyramidal side effects inpatients receiving neuroleptic drugs, how these effects are treated,and to observe the occurrence of hallucinations caused by treatmentof extrapyramidal symptoms. Methods: The present study analyzedmedical records and interviewed 39 schizophrenic patients beingtreated in a public primary care clinic located in the southern partof the city of S o Paulo, who had previously agreed to participatein the project. Results: Among 39 patients studied, 85% presentedextrapyramidal symptoms. Of these, 69.7% were treated for theside effects, 73.9% were treated with biperiden and 26.09% hadtheir neuroleptic drug reduced. Out of those patients treated withbiperiden, 70.5% had side effects, such as hallucination and delusion,blurred vision, somnolence and verbal memory deficit. Conclusions:The majority of patients (85%) undergoing treatment with neurolepticdrugs developed motor side effects. When these extrapyramidalsymptoms were treated with central action anticholinergic drugs(biperiden), hallucination and/or delusion occurred in 52.94% ofpatients – probably because of increased dopaminergic activity asa consequence of cholinergic activity reduction caused by biperidenin the mesocortical and mesolimbic pathways.
Avalia??o comportamental em crian?as com disturbios obstrutivos do sono
Uema, Sandra Fumi Hamasaki;Vidal, Marla Vargas Rodrigues;Fujita, Reginaldo;Moreira, Gustavo;Pignatari, Shirley Shizue Nagata;
Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-72992006000100019
Abstract: aim: the purpose of this study was to evaluate the behavior in children with obstructive sleep disorder. study design: prospective study. material and method: children?s parents (4 to 18 years old) completed the cbcl4/18 (child behavior checklist) in the period of january to july 2005. results: in the group, 12 (60%) were males and 8 (40%) females; the total problem score was abnormal in 5 children (25%); introversion was affected in 2 children (10%); extroversion in 5 children (25%). the scales of individual syndromes were abnormal in between 0 and 20% of patients. the individual scales most frequently affected were: total competency (20%), somatic complaints (10%), social problems (10%) and aggressive behavior (10%). discussion: this study demonstrates high prevalence (25%) of abnormal behavior. although widely reported as a common complication of pediatric osas, behavioral and neurocognitive disorders have mostly been inferred in several cases and studies. there are few recent studies using standardized assessment to evaluate these alterations. our study presents preliminary results of the behavior of children with obstructive sleep disorders.
Soy consumption and risk of COPD and respiratory symptoms: a case-control study in Japan
Fumi Hirayama, Andy H Lee, Colin W Binns, Yun Zhao, Tetsuo Hiramatsu, Yoshimasa Tanikawa, Koichi Nishimura, Hiroyuki Taniguchi
Respiratory Research , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1465-9921-10-56
Abstract: A total of 278 eligible patients (244 men and 34 women), aged 50–75 years with COPD diagnosed within the past four years, were referred by respiratory physicians, while 340 controls (272 men and 68 women) were recruited from the community. All participants underwent spirometric measurements of respiratory function. Information on demographics, lifestyle characteristics and habitual food consumption was obtained using a structured questionnaire.Total soy consumption was positively correlated with observed lung function measures. The mean soy intake was significantly higher among controls (59.98, SD 50.23 g/day) than cases (44.84, SD 28.5 g/day). A significant reduction in COPD risk was evident for highest versus lowest quartile of daily intake of total soybean products, with adjusted odds ratio (OR) 0.392, 95% CI 0.194–0.793, p for trend 0.001. Similar decreases in COPD risk were associated with frequent and higher intake of soy foods such as tofu and bean sprouts, whereas respiratory symptoms were inversely associated with high consumption of soy foods, especially for breathlessness (OR 0.989, 95% CI 0.982–0.996).Increasing soy consumption was associated with a decreased risk of COPD and breathlessness.Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide [1], with cigarette smoking being established as the principle risk factor [2-4]. However, while 95% of COPD patients are, or have been, cigarette smokers, only 20% of smokers develop COPD [5]. Therefore, other factors such as dietary and environmental exposures may protect against, or contribute to, disease development. Because of the high burden and societal cost of COPD, studies on potential new methods of prevention through an appropriate diet are important. An extensive literature review suggested that fruits, vegetables, fish, and meat may be associated with the risk of COPD and respiratory symptoms [6].High fruit intake is inversely related to the COPD risk [7-9
Equilibrium in Classical Confucian “Economy”  [PDF]
Shirley Chan
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2012.22015
Abstract: In a modern economy, “equilibrium” means that supply and demand is equal. It is at this point that the allocation of goods and services is at its most efficient, this being because the amount of goods and the amount of goods in demand are equally balanced. The market equilibrium therefore is determined by supply and demand. This paper looks at the concept of “equilibrium” in some of the early Confucian texts and its possible implications in economic activities. In the Confucian context equilibrium, or what can be termed as the ultimate equilibrium, is to be understood in a broader sense where balances and harmony at different levels (e.g. individual and society) need to be sought in order to achieve a model of sustainable development. The ultimate equilibrium may provide an alternative approach to social welfare and economic prosperity creating universal harmony and better living for humans. In Confucian ideology, governing for the welfare of the people is not merely a question of increasing personal income and wealth; it requires implementation on a priority basis, taking into consideration the formation of an orderly society based on the enforcement of moral and ethical standards with the existence of a benevolent government which appropriates things according to the principles of harmony and order to achieve what can be termed as the “great equilibrium”—equilibrium that is not simply defined by balanced economic forces as in modern economic theory; but rather is used to suggest an ideal state of harmony in self fulfilment and socio-political order through incentives and by appropriate means.
Ipads versus Books  [PDF]
Yvonne Shirley
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.91010
Abstract: During the past few years, technology such as iPads has been a growing trend in classrooms. Students are slowly being drawn away from text books and introduced to digital books on iPads. This study seeks to gain insights into the effectiveness of the implementation of technology in early childhood classrooms. To examine the effectiveness of using iPads for reading, this study addresses the following question: Do children comprehend more when reading from iPads? Ten kindergarten students participated in this study. Their reading comprehension scores when reading from iPads and books were collected within a two-week interval and then compared. After reading stories from iPads and books, students were asked comprehension questions from the DRA and their scores were recorded for each section of comprehension skills which included: previewing, retelling of events, character details, retelling using vocabulary, retelling with teacher’s support, reflections, and making connections. The data showed that nine out of ten students scored higher in reading comprehension when reading from iPads, and one student scored the same on both. This study suggests that more research on effective, appropriate, and intentional teaching with iPads and other technology in classrooms is needed to further examine the benefits and downfalls of using such devices in the field of education.
Avalia??o da fun??o cognitiva da aprendizagem em crian?as com distúrbios obstrutivos do sono
Uema, Sandra Fumi Hamasaki;Pignatari, Shirley Shizue Nagata;Fujita, Reginaldo Raimundo;Moreira, Gustavo Ant?nio;Pradella-Hallinan, Márcia;Weckx, Luc;
Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-72992007000300005
Abstract: sleep obstructive breathing disorders are frequent in children but the impact of sleep deprivation on the cognitive learning function is unclear. aim: to establish whether patients with sleep obstructive breathing disorders show any functional change in learning, memory and attention. material and methods: eighty-one children aged from 6 to 12 years were divided into 3 groups: obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (osas), n=24; primary snoring (ps), n=37; and control, n=20. the groups were assessed using learning (rey) and psychological (digit, code, letter concealing, and symbol) tests. results: osas and ps children showed statistically significant worse performance on the variable a1 in rey test (learning and memory) when compared with controls (p=0.011). ps children had an even worse performance on the variables a2, a4, at and a6 compared to osas participants and controls (p=0.020;p=0.050;p=0.004,p=0.05). conclusion: children with obstructive sleep breathing disorders, in particular ps, show worse rey test scores. ps and osas children performed similarly in attention tests.
The unexpected emotional similarities and behavioral differences of Japanese men experiencing parenthood in Japan and the USA  [PDF]
Hatsumi Taniguchi
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2012.23031
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to understand the impact of childbirth and the experience of fatherhood on Japanese men in Japan and a foreign country. Descriptive phenomenology was used to study a total of 14 Japanese men who attended childbirth and experienced parenting in the United States and Japan. The Colaizzi method of data analysis was used to analyze responses to open-ended questions. Responses to these questions showed several similarities between the two groups of men. First, men in both countries felt closer to with their spouses having gone through the experience of childbirth together. Second, both groups nevertheless recognized a strong bond between mother and the baby, leading them to feel at times isolated. Third, both groups were concerned about their wives’ emotional swings during pregnancy and child rearing. Finally, both groups were more focused on their wives and babies than themselves. There were also several interesting differences. Japanese men who were living in Hawaii were more involved in taking care of their children and in helping with household chores than those living in Japan. This was due to living in a more family-oriented society, as well as a result of limited support from their extended families back in Japan. A result of spending more time with their wives and babies was that Japanese men in the United States understood more fully the stress of childcare. On the other hand, due to Japan’s work-oriented society, men in Japan relied more on support from their extended families, leaving them less time with their wives and children. This study clearly shows that social support systems alter gender roles and behavior, leading to significant differences in the experience of parenthood in Japan and a foreign country.
The Impact of Liberalization on the Production of Electricity in Japan: Stochastic Frontier Analysis  [PDF]
Miyuki Taniguchi
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2014.44016
Abstract: This study aims to measure the impact of liberalization on the efficiency of electricity production in Japan using Stochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA). In addition, this study also aims to examine whether or not economies of scale exist in the electricity generation sector and the transmission sector, and whether or not economies of scope exist between electricity generation and transmission. Since 1995, liberalization of the electricity market in Japan has been phased in and regulations on entry have been relaxed three times. One motivation for these regularity changes has been to improve the efficiency of electricity production by introducing competition. Using a panel data set on the nine main power companies in Japan over the period 1970-2010, estimates of fixed-effects and stochastic frontier models of the cost function are obtained and compared. Estimates of the cost function show that liberalization has improved cost efficiency when both frontier models and non-frontier models are estimated. Estimates of the fixed-effects model are used to calculate economies of scale and economies scope because the data support the fixed-effects model. Economies of scope are found to exist for all nine power companies, while overall economies of scope declined in the 1970s and have improved little by little since the 1980s.
Super Characteristic Classes and Riemann-Roch Type Formula  [PDF]
Tadashi Taniguchi
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2015.56034

The main purpose of this article is to define the super characteristic classes on a super vector bundle over a superspace. As an application, we propose the examples of Riemann-Roch type formula. We also introduce the helicity group and cohomology with respect to coefficient of the helicity group. As an application, we propose the examples of Gauss-Bonnet type formula.

Os Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) da Esta??o Ecológica da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, com ênfase nas espécies de Pimplinae
Kumagai, Alice Fumi;
Revista Brasileira de Entomologia , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0085-56262002000200011
Abstract: the ichneumonidae (hymenoptera) of the esta??o ecológica of the universidade federal de minas gerais, belo horizonte, with emphasis on the pimplinae species. in one annual cycle 83,712 insects were captured, of which 2,339 were ichneumonidae, belonging to 17 subfamilies; they were collected by a malaise trap placed in a montane semidecidual seasonal forest, inside the campus. among the collected ichneumonids there were 13 genera and 30 species of pimplinae, of which pimpla croceiventris was the most frequent species. the species richness of pimplinae was greater in the ecological station in belo horizonte, mg than in other localities studied.
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