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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 390 matches for " Shirin Akter "
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Socio-Economic Barriers against Women Equal Right in the Society (a Case of Bangladesh)  [PDF]
Masuma Akter
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2018.67012
Abstract: This study attempts to focus on the socio-economic barriers which play a significant role against establishing women’s equal right in the society. The overall social and economic development of a country depends on the equal right for both men and women. However the social and economic condition of women in the third world countries is getting worse day by day. Moreover they are being deprived and neglected in every sphere of life. Their unequal position of right in the society simply means that they have less power, property, status, privilege than that of man. Like other third world countries the overall position of women in Bangladesh is not good at all. This paper’s aim is to find out and discuss the major social as well as economic barriers which play a prominent role against women’s equal right in Bangladesh.
Physical and Psychological Vulnerability of Adolescents during Pregnancy Period as Well as Post Traumatic Stress and Depression after Child Birth  [PDF]
Masuma Akter
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2019.71015
Abstract: This study attempts to examine the physical and psychological vulnerability of adolescents during pregnancy period as well as post traumatic stress and depression after child birth. Pregnancy and childbirth among adolescents has become a very common issue nowadays which has been developing physical as well as psychological vulnerability among the teenagers. Most of the time, young mother has to suffer from severe health problems and complications. There is high health risk for the new born baby and they are more likely to suffer from several types of infections and diseases. Most often, teenage mothers do not get support and proper care from their parents which are more likely to increase the prenatal health risks for young mothers. Moreover, prenatal care has significant benefits for both baby and mother in order to monitor mother’s health condition, baby’s growth and quick response towards any complications that can be arisen at any time. High blood pressure, hyper tension, preeclampsia etc. are very common physical problems of the teenage mothers. These health risks badly affect the teen mothers and they need to take medication which may disrupt baby’s growth. Moreover, it has tremendous long term psychological effect on both mother and children. Young mothers go through several mental changes and face so many new challenges, like sleepless night, depression, shortage of time to take proper care of own self and so on. This study attempts to find out the major physical and psychological consequences of adolescents during pregnancy period as well as after child birth.
Comparative Study of Raw and Boiled Silver Pomfret Fish from Coastal Area and Retail Market in Relation to Trace Metals and Proximate Composition
Roksana Huque,M. Kamruzzaman Munshi,Afifa Khatun,Mahfuza Islam,Afzal Hossain,Arzina Hossain,Shirin Akter,Jamiul Kabir,Yeasmin Nahar Jolly,Ashraful Islam
International Journal of Food Science , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/826139
Abstract: Trace metals concentration and proximate composition of raw and boiled silver pomfret (Pampus argenteus) from coastal area and retail market were determined to gain the knowledge of the risk and benefits associated with indiscriminate consumption of marine fishes. The effects of cooking (boiling) on trace metal and proximate composition of silver pomfret fish were also investigated. Trace element results were determined by the Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) Spectrometer wherein fish samples from both areas exceeded the standard limits set by FAO/WHO for manganese, lead, cadmiumm and chromium and boiling has no significant effects on these three metal concentrations. Long-term intake of these contaminated fish samples can pose a health risk to humans who consume them. 1. Introduction Fish is a healthy food for most of the world’s population particularly developing countries in contrast to meat, poultry, and eggs. Fish provides comparatively cheap and readily available protein sources (about 15 to 20 percent) in addition to long chains of n-3 fatty acids, amino acids, vitamins, and minerals which contributes to healthier nutritional options for a balance dietary intake [1, 2]. Among the all fishes, marine fish are very rich sources of protein and various mineral components. The total content of minerals in raw flesh of marine fish is in the range of 0.6–1.5% of wet weight [3]. Trace metals are present in water from natural sources such as the rocks of the sea bed and also accumulated as a result of human activities such as emissions from industrial processes. These elements are taken up by marine fishes which are higher up the food chain. As a result, the concentrations of many elements including mercury, arsenic, lead, and cadmium in fish can be relatively high compared to other foods. Many of these metals such as iron, copper, cobalt, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, and zinc are essential trace elements and play important roles in biological systems. Meanwhile, mercury, lead, and cadmium are toxic, even in trace amounts [4]. Moreover, elevated concentration of manganese and nickel has been found to be toxic to aquatic organism [5, 6]. To monitor trace metals concentrations in the coastal environment, marine fishes have been widely used as bioindicators due to their wide range of distribution. Several studies have been carried out on metal pollution in different species of edible fish. Predominantly, fish toxicological and environmental studies have prompted interest in the determination of toxic elements in seafood [7–10]. According to the
Electronic and Structural Properties of Li3AlP2 and Li3AlAs2 from First Principles  [PDF]
Mehrdad Dadsetani, Shirin Namjoo
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2011.29110
Abstract: A detailed analysis of the electronic and structural properties of the filled tetrahedral semiconductors Li3AlP2 and Li3AlAs2 has been performed, using the full potential linearized augmented plane wave method within the density functional theory. Experimental results about the structural properties, involves the positions of the elements Al and P(As). Since there were not any other efforts about the positions of the Li elements in these compounds, so to our knowledge there was no theoretical study about them till now. In the first step the interactional forces between atoms were minimized. The calculated internal coordinations of atoms agree well with the experimental results. Using these positions we obtained the equilibrium lattice constants, bulk modulus and their pressure derivative. In the second step the electronic properties of Li3AlP2 and Li3AlAs2 have been studied. The study of total and partial electronic DOS indicate the main contribution of DOS consists of P(As) 3p(4p) and P(As) 3s(4s) states. Our band structure calculation verifies that Li3AlP2 is an indirect gap semiconductor with a value of about 2.36 eV between valance band maximum occuring at H point and conduction band minimum occuring at Г point; though the difference between the direct (2.38 eV) and indirect (2.36 eV) is very small. We also found that Li3AlAs2 is a direct band gap (1.49 eV) in the center of BZ.
Infantile Colic: The Mysterious Crying
Shaheen Akter
Journal of Enam Medical College , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/jemc.v2i1.11927
Abstract: Infantile colic is a distressing condition in infants, pathogenesis of which is still not clear. Several treatment strategies have been attempted before, but only some of them proven successful. The aim of this paper is to review studies on treatment options for infantile colic. For this, a systematic literature review was done on studies regarding pathophysiology, medical and conventional interventions for infantile colic from 1954 to March 2011. Forty nine articles included in Cochrane database were reviewed. Fourteen studies on pathophysiology and risk factors, 7 studies on effect of infantlie colic on parents and family,19 studies on management, 5 studies on other related factors and 4 literature reviews were included for review. Pathophysiology has been described in various ways in different studies and yet not conclusive. Regarding studies on management, simethicone could not significantly control colic, dicyclomine hydrochloride had serious side effects and cimetropium bromide results were favourable, but milder side effects were noted. Some nutritional studies reported low-allergen maternal diets in breastfed infants but suitability of these methods are questionable in Bangladesh. Behavioural studies on the use of decreased stimulation and contingent music were favourable in some studies. Mixed herbal tea and probiotic like Lactobacillus reuteri studies showed encouraging results. There are some scientific evidences to support a low-allergen maternal diet in breastfed infants with infantile colic. Some encouraging results exist for mixed herbal tea, cimetropium bromide and probiotics.
In vitro studies on antibacterial, antifungal, and cytotoxic properties of Leucas aspera
M Akter
Biology and Medicine , 2012,
Abstract: The leaves of the plant Leucas aspera belonging to the family Lamiaceae was studied to determine the in vitro antibacterial, antifungal, and cytotoxic properties. All extracts showed remarkable antibacterial activity against all of the studied organisms except Escherichia coli. Methanol extract showed stronger activity compared to ethyl acetate and petroleum ether extracts. It showed highest activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa with zone of inhibition of 15mm. The standard chloramphenicol did not show any activity against Shigella sonnei. But all the extracts showed moderate activity against this pathogen with zone of inhibition ranging from 10 to 13mm. None of the extracts has shown any significant antifungal activity against the fungi. Incase of brine shrimp lethality bioassay, methanol extract showed the strongest cytotoxic effect with LC50 value of 4.28μg/ml which is followed by ethyl acetate extract with LC50 value of 5.36μg/ml. Thus it can be inferred that this plant may be a potential source of novel bioactive compounds.
Employee Satisfaction of Sainsbury’s An Exploratory Study
Silvia Akter
International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: This paper focuses on employee satisfaction with reward system at UK retail industry considering SAINSBURY’S as the prime case. The sample was drawn randomly from SAINSBURY’S store. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data. The results showed that the employees of the company were happy with the reward system. An issue of strategies significance was revealed in the survey that employees kept themselves aware of the marker reward system, so the employers should strive hard to continuously improve the reword system of the company.
Numerical Solutions of a Class of Second Order Boundary Value Problems on Using Bernoulli Polynomials  [PDF]
Md. Shafiqul Islam, Afroza Shirin
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/am.2011.29147
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to find the numerical solutions of the second order linear and nonlinear differential equations with Dirichlet, Neumann and Robin boundary conditions. We use the Bernoulli polynomials as linear combination to the approximate solutions of 2nd order boundary value problems. Here the Bernoulli polynomials over the interval [0,1] are chosen as trial functions so that care has been taken to satisfy the corresponding homogeneous form of the Dirichlet boundary conditions in the Galerkin weighted residual method. In addition to that the given differential equation over arbitrary finite domain [a,b] and the boundary conditions are converted into its equivalent form over the interval [0,1]. All the formulas are verified by considering numerical examples. The approximate solutions are compared with the exact solutions, and also with the solutions of the existing methods. A reliable good accuracy is obtained in all cases.
Investigating Language-Related Episodes during Mechanical and Meaningful Output Activities
Shirin Abadikhah
International Journal of English Linguistics , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijel.v1n2p281
Abstract: The present study examines how EFL learners consciously reflect on their language during a set of mechanical and meaningful output activities. Thirty-six Farsi learners of English negotiated on linguistic features and completed six activities over a period of six weeks. The transcripts from the learners’ interaction were analyzed for instances of language-related episodes (LREs), their principal focus on meaning or grammar and their nature and outcome. The results showed that (1) the meaningful output activities elicited significantly more LREs than did the mechanical output activities, (2) while approximately half of the LREs in the meaningful activities focused on lexis and meaning, the majority of LREs in the mechanical activities were directed towards grammatical forms and a small portion was focused on meaning, (3) the two output groups differed significantly in the continuous and correctly solved episodes. The study provides support on the effectiveness of collaborative output activities in pushing learners to verbalize their internal linguistic processing and focusing their attention on a wide range of linguistic features.
Book Review: Arshad Alam. Inside a madrasa. Knowledge, power and Islamic identity in India. New Delhi: Routledge. 2011.
Shirin Jahangir
Journal of International and Global Studies , 2012,
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