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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6056 matches for " Shin-Ichiro Kojima "
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Degradation of Aqueous 2,6-Dibromophenol Solution by In-Liquid Dielectric Barrier Microplasma  [PDF]
Shin-Ichiro Kojima, Keiko Katayama-Hirayama, Tetsuya Akitsu
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2016.43042
Abstract: Degradation of 2,6-dibromophenol (2,6-DBP) in the aqueous solution was studied using dielectric barrier discharge in micro-bubbles. Experimental comparison of working gas Ar, N2, O2, and air showed that oxygen and air plasma efficiently decomposed 2,6-DBP to bromide ion, and inorganic carbon. The molecular orbital model was applied in the analysis of the degradation in electrophilic, nucleophilic, and radical reactions.
Plasma-Electrolysis of Dinitrophenol in Gas-Liquid Boundary and Interpretation Using Molecular Orbital Theory  [PDF]
Hiroshi Okawa, Hiroki Kuroda, Keiko Hirayama-Katayama, Shin-Ichiro Kojima, Tetsuya Akitsu
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2019.71010
Abstract:
The advanced oxidation of 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP), 2,5-DNP, and 3,4-DNP in aqueous solution has been investigated using a multi-gas, dielectric barrier discharge. Dielectric barrier discharge was operated in the aqueous solution and gas boundary. The degradation was measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The acceleration of the advanced-oxidation has been investigated by the combination of the anion exchange polymer membrane. The result indicated that the degradation pathways involve a rapid detachment of the nitro group and a slow opening of the aromatic-ring. The hydroxyl radical and the excited hydroxyl anion are responsible for the primary attack of the DNP with the production of dihydroxy-nitrobenzenes. The attack of hydroxyl radical occurs at the benzene ring carbon activated by the presence of a phenolic OH group and a nitro group. The result suggested that the reaction is dominated by a pseudo-first order kinetic reaction. The degradation process is interpreted using Molecular Orbital Theory.
New Neumerical Method to Calculate Time-Dependent Quantum Properties in Finite Temperature Based on the Heisenberg Equation of Motion  [PDF]
Shin-Ichiro Kondo
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2012.310190
Abstract: For the purpose of computer calculation to evaluate time-dependent quantum properties in finite temperature, we propose new numerical method expressed in the forms of simultaneous differential equations. At first we derive the equation of motion in finite temperature, which is found to be same expression as Heisenberg equation of motion except for the c-number. Based on this equation, we construct numerical method to estimate time-dependent physical properties in finite temperature precisely without using analytical procedures such as Keldysh formalism. Since our approach is so simple and is based on the simultaneous differential equations including no terms related to self-energies, computer programming can be easily performed. It is possible to estimate exact time-dependent physical properties, providing that Hamiltonian of the system is taken to be a one-electron picture. Furthermore, we refer to the application to the many body problem and it is numerically possible to calculate physical properties using Hartree Fock approximation. Our numerical method can be applied to the case even when perturbative Hamiltonians are newly introduced or Hamiltonian shows complex time-dependent behavior. In this article, at first, we derive the equation of motion in finite temperature. Secondly, for the purpose of verification and of exhibiting the usefulness, we show the derivation of gap equation of superconductivity and of sum rule of electrical conductivity and the application to the many body problem. Finally we apply this method to these two cases: the first case is most simplified resonance charge transfer neutralization of an ion and the second is the same process but impurity potential is newly introduced as perturbative Hamiltonian. Through both cases, it is found that neutralization process is not so sensitive to temperature, however, impurity potential as small as 10 meV strongly influences the neutralization of ion.
Joint Operation of Atomic Force Microscope and Advanced Laser Confocal Microscope for Observing Surface Processes in a Protein Crystal  [PDF]
Shin-ichiro Yanagiya, Nobuo Goto
Journal of Surface Engineered Materials and Advanced Technology (JSEMAT) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jsemat.2012.223032
Abstract: We demonstrated the insitu observation of a moving atomic force microscope (AFM) cantilever using a laser confocal microscope combined with a differential interference microscope (LCM-DIM). The AFM cantilever scanned or indented the {110} surface of a hen egg-white lysozyme crystal in a supersaturated solution. Using a soft cantilever, we could observe the step growth with high time resolution by LCM-DIM and perform quantitative measurements of the step height by AFM simultaneously. In addition, a hard cantilever was used with LCM-DIM to observe the dynamics of crystal surface scratching and indentation. In the supersaturated solution, the small steps generated from the scratched line aggregated to macro steps, and subsequently flattened the surface.
Novel Roles of Formin mDia2 in Lamellipodia and Filopodia Formation in Motile Cells
Changsong Yang,Lubov Czech,Silke Gerboth,Shin-ichiro Kojima,Giorgio Scita,Tatyana Svitkina
PLOS Biology , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0050317
Abstract: Actin polymerization-driven protrusion of the leading edge is a key element of cell motility. The important actin nucleators formins and the Arp2/3 complex are believed to have nonoverlapping functions in inducing actin filament bundles in filopodia and dendritic networks in lamellipodia, respectively. We tested this idea by investigating the role of mDia2 formin in leading-edge protrusion by loss-of-function and gain-of-function approaches. Unexpectedly, mDia2 depletion by short interfering RNA (siRNA) severely inhibited lamellipodia. Structural analysis of the actin network in the few remaining lamellipodia suggested an mDia2 role in generation of long filaments. Consistently, constitutively active mDia2 (ΔGBD-mDia2) induced accumulation of long actin filaments in lamellipodia and increased persistence of lamellipodial protrusion. Depletion of mDia2 also inhibited filopodia, whereas expression of ΔGBD-mDia2 promoted their formation. Correlative light and electron microscopy showed that ΔGBD-mDia2–induced filopodia were formed from lamellipodial network through gradual convergence of long lamellipodial filaments into bundles. Efficient filopodia induction required mDia2 targeting to the membrane, likely through a scaffolding protein Abi1. Furthermore, mDia2 and Abi1 interacted through the N-terminal regulatory sequences of mDia2 and the SH3-containing Abi1 sequences. We propose that mDia2 plays an important role in formation of lamellipodia by nucleating and/or protecting from capping lamellipodial actin filaments, which subsequently exhibit high tendency to converge into filopodia.
Novel Roles of Formin mDia2 in Lamellipodia and Filopodia Formation in Motile Cells
Changsong Yang,Lubov Czech,Silke Gerboth,Shin-ichiro Kojima,Giorgio Scita,Tatyana Svitkina
PLOS Biology , 2007, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0050317
Abstract: Actin polymerization-driven protrusion of the leading edge is a key element of cell motility. The important actin nucleators formins and the Arp2/3 complex are believed to have nonoverlapping functions in inducing actin filament bundles in filopodia and dendritic networks in lamellipodia, respectively. We tested this idea by investigating the role of mDia2 formin in leading-edge protrusion by loss-of-function and gain-of-function approaches. Unexpectedly, mDia2 depletion by short interfering RNA (siRNA) severely inhibited lamellipodia. Structural analysis of the actin network in the few remaining lamellipodia suggested an mDia2 role in generation of long filaments. Consistently, constitutively active mDia2 (ΔGBD-mDia2) induced accumulation of long actin filaments in lamellipodia and increased persistence of lamellipodial protrusion. Depletion of mDia2 also inhibited filopodia, whereas expression of ΔGBD-mDia2 promoted their formation. Correlative light and electron microscopy showed that ΔGBD-mDia2–induced filopodia were formed from lamellipodial network through gradual convergence of long lamellipodial filaments into bundles. Efficient filopodia induction required mDia2 targeting to the membrane, likely through a scaffolding protein Abi1. Furthermore, mDia2 and Abi1 interacted through the N-terminal regulatory sequences of mDia2 and the SH3-containing Abi1 sequences. We propose that mDia2 plays an important role in formation of lamellipodia by nucleating and/or protecting from capping lamellipodial actin filaments, which subsequently exhibit high tendency to converge into filopodia.
A case of Shwachman-Diamond syndrome distinguished from celiac disease
Shin-ichiro Hagiwara,Arata Watanabe
Pediatric Reports , 2012, DOI: 10.4081/pr.2012.e30
Abstract: Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is a rare, inherited, autosomal recessive disease characterized by exocrine pancreatic dysfunction, skeletal problems and varying degrees of cytopenias resulting in bone marrow dysfunction. We report the first case of SDS that was difficult to distinguish from celiac disease because this is a valuable example of the variety in SDS presentation.
Rotating Spirals without Phase Singularity in Reaction-Diffusion Systems
Yoshiki Kuramoto,Shin-ichiro Shima
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1143/PTPS.150.115
Abstract: Rotating spiral waves without phase singularity are found to arise in a certain class of three-component reaction-diffusion systems of biological relevance. It is argued that this phenomenon is universal when some chemical components involved are diffusion-free. Some more detailed mathematical and numerical analyses are carried out on a complex Ginzburg-Landau equation with non-local coupling to which the original system is reduced close to a codimension-two parameter set.
Super-Droplet Approach to Simulate Precipitating Trade-Wind Cumuli - Comparison of Model Results with RICO Aircraft Observations
Sylwester Arabas,Shin-ichiro Shima
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1175/JAS-D-12-0295.1
Abstract: In this study we present a series of LES simulations employing the Super-Droplet Method (SDM) for representing aerosol, cloud and rain microphysics. SDM is a particle-based and probabilistic approach in which a Monte-Carlo type algorithm is used for solving the particle collisions and coalescence process. The model does not differentiate between aerosol particles, cloud droplets, drizzle or rain drops. Consequently, it covers representation of such cloud-microphysical processes as: CCN activation, drizzle formation by autoconversion, accretion of cloud droplets, self-collection of raindrops and precipitation including aerosol wet deposition. Among the salient features of the SDM, there are: (i) the robustness of the model formulation (i.e. employment of basic principles rather than parametrisations) and (ii) the ease of comparison of the model results with experimental data obtained with particle-counting instruments. The model set-up used in the study is based on observations from the Rain In Cumulus over Ocean (RICO) field project (the GEWEX Cloud System Study Boundary Layer Cloud Working Group RICO case). Cloud and rain droplet size spectrum features obtained in the simulations are compared with previously published aircraft observations carried out during the RICO field project. The analysis covers height-resolved statistics of simulated cloud microphysical parameters such as droplet number concentration, effective radius, and the width of the cloud droplet size spectrum. The sensitivity of the results to the grid resolution of the LES, as well as to the sampling density of the probabilistic (Monte-Carlo type) model is discussed.
Bending-Filament Model for the Buckling and Coiling Instability of Viscous Fluid Rope
Shin-ichiro Nagahiro,Yoshinori Hayakawa
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.78.025302
Abstract: A simple model is proposed for the buckling and coiling instability of a viscous "fluid rope" falling on a plane. By regarding a fluid rope as a one-dimensional flow, this model accounts for only the axial and shared viscous forces. Our model successfully reproduces several experiments with no adjustable parameters, such as the existence of three distinct coiling regimes reported in Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 214502 (2004). Our model allows for the discussion of unsteady motion. An expression for the critical fall height at which the coiling frequency changes from a decrease to increase was phenomenologically derived. It was found that the coil-uncoil transition shows remarkable hysteresis only for weak gravity condition.
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