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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 17123 matches for " Shih-Fan Chiang "
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Hydrogen Bonding-Mediated Microphase Separation during the Formation of Mesoporous Novolac-Type Phenolic Resin Templated by the Triblock Copolymer, PEO-b-PPO-b-PEO
Wei-Cheng Chu,Shih-Fan Chiang,Jheng-Guang Li,Shiao-Wei Kuo
Materials , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/ma6115077
Abstract: After blending the triblock copolymer, poly(ethylene oxide- b-propylene oxide- b-ethylene oxide) (PEO- b-PPO- b-PEO) with novolac-type phenolic resin, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy revealed that the ether groups of the PEO block were stronger hydrogen bond acceptors for the OH groups of phenolic resin than were the ether groups of the PPO block. Thermal curing with hexamethylenetetramine as the curing agent resulted in the triblock copolymer being incorporated into the phenolic resin, forming a nanostructure through a mechanism involving reaction-induced microphase separation. Mild pyrolysis conditions led to the removal of the PEO- b-PPO- b-PEO triblock copolymer and formation of mesoporous phenolic resin. This approach provided a variety of composition-dependent nanostructures, including disordered wormlike, body-centered-cubic spherical and disorder micelles. The regular mesoporous novolac-type phenolic resin was formed only at a phenolic content of 40–60 wt %, the result of an intriguing balance of hydrogen bonding interactions among the phenolic resin and the PEO and PPO segments of the triblock copolymer.
Real-Time Analysis of Beats in Music for Entertainment Robots
Yue-Der Lin, Ting-Tsao Wu, Yu-Ren Chen, Yen-Ting Lin, Wen-Hsiu Chen, Shih-Fan Wang, Jinghom Chakhap
International Journal of Automation and Smart Technology , 2012, DOI: 10.5875/ausmt.v2i4.165
Abstract: The dancing actions for entertainment robots are usually designed in advance and saved in a database according to the beats and rhythm of the given music. This research is devoted to developing a real-time algorithm that can detect the primary information of the music needed for the actions of entertainment robots. The computation of the proposed algorithm is very efficient and can satisfy the requirement of real-time processing by a digital signal controller. The digitized music signal is first normalized to make the algorithm robust for miscellaneous music volume. Next, the primary features of the beat for the music are extracted. Based on the extracted features, the algorithm will then identify the occurrence of beats in the music through the use of an optimized classifier. From the accumulated information of the timing for the beats, the algorithm can provide the predicted timing information of the next beat through regression analysis. The type and tempo of the given music can also be derived thereafter. The entertainment robot can thus move or dance according to the information derived by the algorithm. A graphical user interface (GUI) program in LabVIEW is also utilized to observe and verify the analysis results. In this study, the ratio for correct beat detection is greater than 90%. The prediction ratio for the correct timing of beats is over 80%, and it is 100% correct for both music type and music tempo.
Ixora parviflora Protects against UVB-Induced Photoaging by Inhibiting the Expression of MMPs, MAP Kinases, and COX-2 and by Promoting Type I Procollagen Synthesis
Kuo-Ching Wen,Pei-Ching Fan,Shang-Yuan Tsai,I-Chen Shih,Hsiu-Mei Chiang
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/417346
Abstract: Ixora parviflora with high polyphenol content exhibited antioxidant activity and reducing UVB-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species production. In this study, results of the photoaging screening experiments revealed that IPE at 1000 μg/mL reduced the activity of bacterial collagenase by 92.7 ± 4.2% and reduced the activity of elastase by 32.6 ± 1.4%. Therefore, we investigated the mechanisms by which IPE exerts its anti-photoaging activity. IPE at 1 μg/mL led to an increase in type I procollagen expression and increased total collagen synthesis in fibroblasts at 5 μg/mL. We found that IPE inhibited MMP-1, MMP-3, and MMP-9 expression at doses of 1, 5, and 10 μg/mL, respectively, in fibroblasts exposed to UV irradiation (40 mJ/cm2). Gelatin zymography assay showed that IPE at 50 μg/mL inhibited MMP-9 secretion/activity in cultured fibroblasts after UVB exposure. In addition, IPE inhibited the phosphorylation of p38, ERK, and JNK induced by UVB. Furthermore, IPE inhibited the UVB-induced expression of Smad7. In addition, IPE at 1 μg/mL inhibited NO production and COX-2 expression in UV-exposed fibroblasts. These findings show that IPE exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-photoaging activities, indicating that IPE could be a potential anti-aging agent.
Antioxidant Activity of Ixora parviflora in a Cell/Cell-Free System and in UV-Exposed Human Fibroblasts
Kuo-Ching Wen,Hua-Hsien Chiu,Pei-Ching Fan,Chien-Wen Chen,Shih-Mei Wu,Jung-Hsiang Chang,Hsiu-Mei Chiang
Molecules , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/molecules16075735
Abstract: Polyphenols and flavonoids possess a variety of biological activities including antioxidant and anti-tumor activities. Ixora parviflora is a member of the flavonoid-rich Rubiaceae family of flowering plants and used as folk medicine in India. The aim of this study was to investigate the antioxidant activity of Ixora parviflora extract (IPE) in a cell-free system and erythrocytes, and the ability of IPE to inhibit reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in human fibroblasts (Hs68) after ultraviolet (UV) exposure. Various in vitro antioxidant assays were employed in this study. The extraction yield of IPE was 17.4 ± 3.9%, the total phenolic content of IPE was 26.2 μg gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/mg leaves dry weight and the total flavonoids content was 54.2 ± 4.4 μg quercetin equvalent (QE)/mg extract. The content of chlorogenic acid was 9.7 ± 1.2 mg/g extract. IPE at 1000 μg/mL exhibited a reducing capacity of 90.5 ± 0.6%, a 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazy (DPPH) radical scavenging activity of 96.0 ± 0.4%, a ferrous chelating activity of 72.2 ± 3.5%, a hydroxyl radical scavenging activity of 96.8 ± 1.4%, and a hydrogen peroxide scavenging activity of 99.5 ± 3.3%. IPE at 500 μg/mL also possessed inhibitory activity against 2,2'-azobis (2-methylpropionamidine) dihydrochloride (AAPH)-induced hemolysis of erythrocytes (89.4 ± 1.8%) and resulted in a 52.9% reduction in ROS generation in UV-exposed fibroblasts. According to our findings, IPE is a potent antioxidant and a potential anti-photoaging agent.
Key Factors Influencing Bancassurance Success--Mainland China Evidence  [PDF]
Chiang Ku Fan, Yu Hsuang Lee
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2010.34059
Abstract: The aims of this paper are (1) search for the key factors of bancassurance operation in mainland China; (2) explore the weight of each key success factor; (3) identify performance gaps typically measured as performance minus key success factors. This study besides reviewing literatures and interviewing with experts, also adopts the modified Delphi Method and the Analytical Network Process (ANP) to construct a framework of key success factors of bancassurance. Then, the Importance Performance Analysis (IPA) is applied to identify the performance of each key success factor for bancassurance. The finding offers the decision-maker for the revision of the bancassurance strategy that had been inappropriate. In other words, the strategy maker can identify the weakness and strength of their bancassurance strategy, and allocate their resource accordingly as well.
Shunt Reactor Switching Characteristics and Maintenance Planning in 161 kV System  [PDF]
Horng-Ching HSIAO, Chiang CHENG, Chen-Li FAN
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications (JEMAA) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2009.14032
Abstract: The high frequency transient recovery voltage caused by usually switching operation of the circuit breakers, used on shunt reactor switching, have become a noticeable problem recently. For extension the service life time and normal operation of the circuit breakers, a well modified maintenance strategy is proposed. The field testing and experimental measurement showed the maintenance strategy proposed had been proved effectively and adopted in Taiwan Power Company.
Evaluations and Selections for High Isoflavone Black Soybean Mutants Induced by NaN3 Treatment  [PDF]
Toong Long Jeng, Yi Ju Shih, Min Tze Wu, Chiang Sheng Wang, Jih Min Sung
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2013.48A004

Sodium azide (NaN3) (2 mM) was used to induce mutation in black soybean variety CRWD for improvement of isoflavone content. The individual selections were made in M6, M7 and M8 generations, respectively. Both high levels of isoflavones and medium seed size traits were used as selection criteria. Across three growth seasons, the selected five NaN3-induced mutants accumulated more total isoflavones (average increases of 5% to 25%) than their wild type variety CRWD. Four mutants yielded more (average increases of 17% to 25%) than CRWD. Both mutants SA-M-03 (yellow cotyledon) and SA-M-05 (green cotyledon) are rich in isoflavones and may be useful in food and other applications.

Web-Based Flow Control of a Three-Tank System
Lei Wu,David Cartes,Chiang Shih
Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics , 2004,
Abstract: In this paper, three different web-based LabVIEW control structures are designed, LabVIEW to LabVIEW control, LabVIEW to web browser control through CGI, and LabVIEW to web browser control through ActiveX + DataSocket. These three different web-based control structures are implemented and compared on an actual three-tank system. The objective is to enable the remote users to run the two pre-designed experiments through Internet in real time. The remote users should also be able to specify the control parameters for the experiments, watching the live video of the water height during the experiment, and getting data after the experiment to study control subjects. All three structures realize the web-based control concept under certain conditions. The live video broadcasting setup is the same for these three structures, and therefore they deliver the similar live video playback performance. Except the live video, these three structures differ very much. In terms of the data acquisition and control performance, the CGI method delivers the best performance with the shortest data acquisition period. In terms of the data communication, both LabVIEW to LabVIEW and ActiveX + DataSocket structures enable live data transfer. While LabVIEW to web browser through CGI structure can only enable the users to download the data file after experiment finishes. In terms of the implementation in real life, CGI has the widest user group. Everyone who has a web browser can have access to the web-based experiments through CGI. LabVIEW to LabVIEW control requires that the remote users have some knowledge about LabVIEW and have LabVIEW version 4.1 or above installed in his/her computer. The application area of LabVIEW to web browser control through ActiveX + DataSocket is very limited because ActiveX is a double-edged technology on Internet. In short, LabVIEW to web browser control through CGI delivers the best performance overall among these three different web-based control structures.
Modeling human cancer-related regulatory modules by GA-RNN hybrid algorithms
Jung-Hsien Chiang, Shih-Yi Chao
BMC Bioinformatics , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2105-8-91
Abstract: In this study, we introduce a Genetic Algorithm-Recurrent Neural Network (GA-RNN) hybrid method for finding feed-forward regulated genes when given some transcription factors to construct cancer-related regulatory modules in human cancer microarray data. This hybrid approach focuses on the construction of various kinds of regulatory modules, that is, Recurrent Neural Network has the capability of controlling feed-forward and feedback loops in regulatory modules and Genetic Algorithms provide the ability of global searching of common regulated genes. This approach unravels new feed-forward connections in regulatory models by modified multi-layer RNN architectures. We also validate our approach by demonstrating that the connections in our cancer-related regulatory modules have been most identified and verified by previously-published biological documents.The major contribution provided by this approach is regarding the chain influences upon a set of genes sequentially. In addition, this inverse modeling correctly identifies known oncogenes and their interaction genes in a purely data-driven way.A regulatory module is a set of genes that is regulated or co-regulated by one or more common transcription factors (TFs). A TF is a protein that binds to a cis-regulatory element (e.g. an enhancer, a TATA box) and thereby, directly or indirectly, positively or negatively affects the initiation of transcription of regulated genes. A cancer-related regulatory module is a set of genes (oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes) that is regulated by one ore more common TFs. Modeling the cancer-related regulatory modules of the cell division cycle in human cells is a critical and fundamental step toward understanding cancers. The aim of this paper is not only to drive cancer-related regulatory modules, but also to identify the relationships of regulations between genes that fit the feed-forward or feedback influences. A feed-forward regulatory module, contains a TF that controls a second
Detecting local processing unit in drosophila brain by using network theory
Dongmei Shi,Chitin Shih,Yenjen Lin,Chungchuan Lo,Annshyn Chiang
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: Community detection method in network theory was applied to the neuron network constructed from the image overlapping between neuron pairs to detect the Local Processing Unit (LPU) automatically in Drosophila brain. 26 communities consistent with the known LPUs, and 13 subdivisions were found. Besides, 45 tracts were detected and could be discriminated from the LPUs by analyzing the distribution of participation coefficient P. Furthermore, layer structures in fan-shaped body (FB) were observed which coincided with the images shot by the optical devices, and a total of 13 communities were proven closely related to FB. The method proposed in this work was proven effective to identify the LPU structure in Drosophila brain irrespectively of any subjective aspect, and could be applied to the relevant areas extensively.
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