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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 23420 matches for " Shi Jiannong "
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The Nature of Creativity

Shi Jiannong,

心理科学进展 , 2005,
Abstract: 就目前人类的知识所及,人类社会的发展是一个从原始到现代的逐渐演化过程。在这个过程中,社会的每一次进步都是与人类自身的创造力分不开的。从远古的茹毛饮血到现代的煎烤蒸焖;从原始的树穴洞居到当今的摩天大楼;从刀耕火种到机械化作业;从牛车到航天飞船……。这一切无不是人类创造力的体现。
Study on Individual Differences with Intellectually Supernormal Samples

Shi Jiannong,

心理科学进展 , 2006,
Abstract: 有关个体差异的问题一直是心理学家和社会公众所感兴趣的.作者及其研究组今年来一直致力于个体差异的研究,特别是以智力超常儿童为被试,比较他们与常态儿童在认知、社会性和神经活动方面的差异.研究的目的是试图回答诸如"为什么有些孩子比其他孩子表现等更优秀?"等问题.作者对超常儿童与常态儿童在智力、信息加工速度、事件相关电位及自我概念等方面的差异做了总结.
The Relationship between Sustained Attention and PTSD Symptoms in Chinese Earthquake Orphans  [PDF]
Yan Wang, Xingli Zhang, Jiannong Shi
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103729
The authors examined sustained attention performance and PTSD symptoms in a sample of 281 orphans and non-orphans who experienced the Sichuan Earthquake in China. They hypothesized that the orphans had a higher possibility to risk for PTSD than non-orphans, and the former also might even tend to be more impulsive, allergic which might affect their basic cognitive skill-attention. The findings showed evidence of cognitive developmental stages, from vigilance to numbness and avoidance, in the continuous performance test (CPT) task by including pre-earthquake orphans. The post-earthquake orphans were still in a high level of vigilance and performed well in the CPT task when compared with the pre-earthquake orphans. The non-orphans with high possibility to risk for PTSD were the most concentrated and least impulsive. Given the potentially mutual relationship between sustained attention and posttraumatic stress disorder, careful consideration must be given to the treatment of traumatized children who present with PTSD symptoms. In accordance with practice guidelines, a duplex informant, duplex measure approach in the decision of educational plans for these children is strongly recommended.
The Big-Fish-Little-Pond Effect: Consideration of the Educational Placement of Gifted Children

Li Ying,Shi JianNong,

心理科学进展 , 2005,
Abstract: 超常儿童的教育安置一直是一个有争议的问题,文章介绍了关于超常班对学生自我概念的消极影响的研究,即大鱼小池塘效应的研究。介绍了支持大鱼小池塘效应的相关研究结果;探讨了有关超常儿童不同教育安置方式的利弊;展望了大鱼小池塘效应今后的研究方向,以期对我国超常儿童的教育安置有所启发。
Animal Creativity and Innovation

Han Ru,Shi Jiannong,

心理科学进展 , 2005,
Abstract: For both humans and animals, creativity is important for attaining survival and evolutionary goal in uncertain environment. It has been neglected before, but the studies on animal creativity and innovation are receiving increasingly attention. In the present article, the authors summarized previous studies pertaining to creativity and innovation of animals and discussed the research trends in the field.
Creative Process: From the Information Processing Perspective

Zhou Dan,Shi Jiannong,

心理科学进展 , 2005,
Abstract: The cognitive process of creativity has not been well studied in previous researches, which can not explain the essence of the creative behavior. There are several theories about the creativity cognitive process. Recent studies propose that the cognitive process of creativity had a general regularity from the information processing perspective. The creative process can be differentiated further into the primary process and the secondary process. The primary process produces, synthesizes, organizes the information; and subsequently the secondary process chooses, filters and monitors the source collected from the primary process. At the same time the two processes transform and interact with each other continuously during the creative process.

Shi Jiannong Xu Fan,

心理学报 , 1998,
Abstract: The present paper reviewed the main progress of studies on supernormal children,especially methodological progress,in China in the last 20 years,and the existingproblems in this field in China were brought out .The authors hope that the exposureof the existing problems may be beneficial to further research in the field in China.

Shi Jiannong Xu Fan,

心理学报 , 1997,
Abstract: In the field of research on creativity, the relationship between children's creativity and intelligence is one of the most arguable problems. In order to explain the relationship between creativity and intelligence, we developed a system model of creativity previously. In this paper parts of the hypothesis of the model Were tested. The correlation coefficient between creative thinking and one's interest and motivation were detected. The results showed, (1) the performances of intellectually gifted children on geometric, numeric and practical tests of creativity were significantly higher than the normal intellectual children; (2) there existed significant correlation coefficient between gifted children's creative thinking and their interest and motivation, (r=27- 76, p<05-001); (3) there existed significant correlation between the normal children,s creative thinking and their interest and motivation, too, (r =24-71, p < 05- 001 ; (4) the performance of creative thinking of the subjects with high scores of interest and motivation was higher than the subjects with low scores of interest and motivation. These results supported the hypotheses of the system model of creativity.
The relationship between executive functions and intelligence on 11- to 12-year-old children
Xiaoju Duan,Siwang Wei,Guiqing Wang,Jiannong Shi
Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling , 2010,
Abstract: This study investigated the structure of the executive functions and their roles in intelligence on sixty-one children aged 11- to 12-year-old. Six executive function tasks and one intelligence test were carried out in the study. The confirmatory factor analysis has shown that the executive functions could be separated into three factors: updating, inhibition and shifting. These three factors were moderately correlated with each other, but were clearly separated. The present results were in line with previous findings from adults. There were significant correlations between measures of updating, inhibition and shifting, and intelligence. However, only the correlation between updating and intelligence remained significant when the correlations among executive functions were controlled. The study gave some theoretical support to the effect of executive functions training on intelligence and self-regulated learning.
The relationship between EEG band power, cognitive processing and intelligence in school-age children
Psychology Science Quarterly , 2008,
Abstract: To investigate the differences in event-related potential parameters related to children’s intelligence and cognitive ability, 24 individuals from an experimental class of intellectually gifted children and 23 intellectually average children as the control group from a regular class were selected in the present study and the main neural mechanism pertaining to high intelligence was investigated. The electroen-cephalogram (EEG) was recorded and the relationship between different percentages of Delta, Theta, Alpha1, Alpha2, Beta1 and Beta2 and intelligence and cognitive ability were analyzed. The results suggested that Delta power activity in brighter individuals was more than that in normal individuals, and Alpha2 and Beta1 power activity in higher intelligence individuals were less than that in normal individuals. In high ability group, Alpha1 was significantly correlated with visual search ability, and Theta band correlated with simple abstract matching significantly. While in the normal group, Delta band related significantly with short term memory abilities. Spectral EEG parameters could be regarded as neural bases for fast reaction and a good tool to discriminate high intelligent children from the average.
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