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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 908 matches for " Sherri Nevada McCarthy "
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Ritos de Passagem da Adolescência à Vida Adulta: Diferen as Etárias e de Gênero
Luciana Karine de Souza,Sherri Nevada McCarthy
Gerais : Revista Interinstitucional de Psicologia , 2010,
Abstract: This work aims at describing the choices of adults for rites of passage from adolescence to adulthood. The objectiveis also to identify the most significant rites, as well as age and gender differences. Participants included 191university students, enrolled at a federal public institution in Porto Alegre (RS). We used as an instrument theQuestionnaire of Rites of Passage. The three most cited were: making major decisions with no help from the family,responsibility for other people, and financial independence from parents. There were more women indicatingfinancial independence, and more men indicating marriage as rite of passage to adulthood. The only age differencefound was in relation to being responsible for other people, which was the most cited rite by older participants. Theresults are discussed based on the social influence on the perceptions regarding the granting of the status of an adultindividual.
Persistent Depressive Disorder or Dysthymia: An Overview of Assessment and Treatment Approaches  [PDF]
Sherri Melrose
Open Journal of Depression (OJD) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojd.2017.61001
Abstract: Persistent depressive disorder or dysthymia is a recurrent depressive disorder with no clearly demarcated episodes. Onset is insidious and can occur in adolescence or adulthood. Dysthymia frequently remains unrecognized and undiagnosed for years. Co-morbid major depression, anxiety, personality, somatoform and substance abuse disorders are common. Symptoms center on sad mood, pessimism and hopelessness. Sufferers experience significant functional impairment and are at risk of death by suicide. Those most at risk are female, unmarried, live in high income countries and have family histories of depression. Screening instruments include the Cornell Dysthymia Rating Scale (CDRS). Typical treatments are antidepressant medications and cognitive behavioral analysis system of psychotherapy (CBASP). This paper provides health professionals with an overview of assessment and treatment approaches in dysthymia.
Pass/Fail and Discretionary Grading: A Snapshot of Their Influences on Learning  [PDF]
Sherri Melrose
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2017.72016
Abstract: This article provides a snapshot of pass/fail and discretionary grading approaches, highlighting the advantages and disadvantages of each. Norm-referenced and criterion-referenced grading practices and their associations with learning are identified. A brief historical backdrop illustrates how grading practices have evolved. The inherent subjectivity of grading is emphasized. Pass/fail grading supports intrinsic motivation and self-direction, but limits opportunities for recognizing excelling students. Discretionary grading, which includes letter (F- to A+) and numeric (0% to 100%) representations, supports extrinsic motivation and self-improvement, but promotes unhealthy competition. Both approaches have merit and can effectively measure student achievement in nursing education programs.
Whole Brain Expression of Bipolar Disorder Associated Genes: Structural and Genetic Analyses
Michael J. McCarthy, Sherri Liang, Andrea D. Spadoni, John R. Kelsoe, Alan N. Simmons
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0100204
Abstract: Studies of bipolar disorder (BD) suggest a genetic basis of the illness that alters brain function and morphology. In recent years, a number of genetic variants associated with BD have been identified. However, little is known about the associated genes, or brain circuits that rely upon their function. Using an anatomically comprehensive survey of the human transcriptome (The Allen Brain Atlas), we mapped the expression of 58 genes with suspected involvement in BD based upon their relationship to SNPs identified in genome wide association studies (GWAS). We then conducted a meta-analysis of structural MRI studies to identify brain regions that are abnormal in BD. Of 58 BD associated genes, 22 had anatomically distinct expression patterns that could be categorized into one of three clusters (C1–C3). Brain regions with the highest and lowest expression of these genes did not overlap strongly with anatomical sites identified as abnormal by structural MRI except in the parahippocampal gyrus, the inferior/superior temporal gyrus and the cerebellar vermis, regions where overlap was significant. Using the 22 genes in C1–C3 as reference points, additional genes with correlated expression patterns were identified and organized into sets based on similarity. Further analysis revealed that five of these gene sets were significantly associated with BD, suggesting that anatomical expression profile is correlated with genetic susceptibility to BD, particularly for genes in C2. Our data suggest that expression profiles of BD-associated genes do not explain the majority of structural abnormalities observed in BD, but may be useful in identifying new candidate genes. Our results highlight the complex neuroanatomical basis of BD, and reinforce illness models that emphasize impaired brain connectivity.
Perfectionism and Depression: Vulnerabilities Nurses Need to Understand
Sherri Melrose
Nursing Research and Practice , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/858497
Abstract: Striving for excellence is an admirable goal. Adaptive or healthy perfectionism can drive ambition and lead to extraordinary accomplishments. High-achieving people often show signs of perfectionism. However, maladaptive, unhealthy, or neurotic perfectionism, where anything less than perfect is unacceptable, can leave individuals vulnerable to depression. In both personal and professional relationships, nurses need to understand how accepting only perfection in self and others is likely to lead to emotional distress. This paper reviews perfectionism as a personality style, comments on perfectionism and high achievement, discusses vulnerabilities to depression, identifies how to recognize perfectionists, and presents balancing strategies perfectionists can implement to lessen their vulnerability to depression. 1. Introduction Striving for excellence motivates you; striving for perfection is demoralizing. (Harriet Braiker) Striving for excellence in any endeavor is generally considered an admirable way of thinking. Setting high expectations and conscientiously striving to achieve difficult but attainable goals usually leads to feelings of satisfaction. However, when thinking shifts towards perfectionism, defined as “setting excessively high standards of performance in conjunction with a tendency to make overly critical self-evaluations” [1, page 450], emotional distress, particularly negative affect and depression, often results [2–9]. Perfectionism differs from a healthy attitude of striving to achieve. Maladaptive or neurotic perfectionism impacts individuals from all walks of life, and yet the construct is seldom addressed in the nursing literature. This paper reviews perfectionism as a personality style, comments on perfectionism and high achievement, discusses vulnerabilities to depression, identifies how to recognize perfectionists, and presents balancing strategies perfectionists can implement to lessen their vulnerability to depression. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV-TR, major depression is defined by depressed mood, markedly diminished interest or pleasure, significant weight loss or gain, insomnia or hypersomnia, psychomotor agitation, fatigue, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, diminished ability to think or concentrate, and recurrent thoughts of death [10]. Symptoms of depression vary, and while some can present as mild responses to distressing life events, others are severely disabling and persistently distort how individuals’ view themselves and the world around them. Understanding these
Une esthétique de la complicité : l’artiste et ses complices Une esthétique de la complicité : l’artiste et ses complices
Sherri Clendinning
Voix Plurielles , 2012,
Abstract: Ce que nous proposons d’exploiter dans cette discussion de l’esthétique de la complicité chez Klossowski, c’est la nature de la relation dynamique entre l’artiste, les tableaux qu’il donne à contempler et le spectateur qui les contemple. Ce que nous proposons d’exploiter dans cette discussion de l’esthétique de la complicité chez Pierre Klossowski, c’est la nature de la relation dynamique entre l’artiste, les tableaux qu’il donne à contempler et le spectateur qui les contemple.
Elluminate Artical: Online Graduate Study of Health Care Learners' Perceptions of Instructional Immediacy
Sherri Melrose
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 2007,
Abstract: The publisher of IRRODL, The Canadian Institute of Distance Education Research (CIDER), is pleased to provide links to a series of online seminars that took place over Spring 2007, using Elluminate. These interactive CIDER Sessions disseminate research emanating from North America's and Canada's vibrant DE research community, and we feel these archived recordings are highly relevant to many in the international distance education research community. To access these sessions, you must first download FREE software from Elluminate (see http://www.elluminate.com/support/ )
Book Review ~ Education and Health Structure: An overview
Sherri Melrose
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 2006,
Abstract:
Online Graduate Study Health Care Learners' Perceptions of Instructional Immediacy
Sherri Melrose,Kim Bergeron
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 2006,
Abstract: Instructional immediacy is an established communication strategy that teachers can implement to create engaging learning environments. Yet, little is known about experiences distance education learners in graduate study programs have had with immediacy. This article presents findings from a qualitative research project designed to explore healthcare students’ ideas about and activities related to instructional immediacy behaviors within a masters program offered exclusively through a WebCT online environment. A constructivist theoretical perspective and an action research approach framed the study. Data sources included two focus groups and 10 individual audio-tape recorded transcribed interviews. Content was analyzed by both the primary researcher and an assistant for themes and confirmed through ongoing member checking with participants. The following three overarching themes were identified and are used to explain and describe significant features of instructional immediacy behaviors that healthcare learners who graduated from either a Master of Nursing or Master of Health Studies distance education program found valuable: 1) Model engaging and personal ways of connecting; 2) Maintain collegial relationships; and 3) Honor individual learning accomplishments.
Alfabetización mediática como método para fomentar la participación cívica Media Literacy and Its Use as a Method to Encourage Civic Engagement
Sherri Culver,Thomas Jacobson
Comunicar , 2012, DOI: 10.3916/c39-2012-02-07
Abstract: Los cambios en la tecnología han posibilitado un nuevo tipo de ciudadanía participativa; los ciudadanos utilizan blogs, correos, tweets, principalmente para crear e interactuar con otros. Este artículo explora la intersección de los medios de comunicación y la alfabetización mediática y su relación con la participación ciudadana, mediante el análisis de tres programas específicos que se llevan a cabo en Estados Unidos. Estos proyectos son Voces para los ni os (Powerful Voices for Kids), Academia de Salzburgo en Comunicación y Cambio Social (The Salzburg Academy on Media and Social Change) y Educando a jóvenes en Red como ciudadanos globales, alfabetizados mediáticamente en la era digital (Cultivating the NetGeneration of Youth as Global Citizens and Media Literate Leaders in a Digital Age). En ellos educadores y alumnos de escuelas de Estados Unidos y áfrica tienen encuentros virtuales y presenciales para explorar métodos colaborativos, utilizando los medios para construir puentes de entendimiento. A través del análisis de cada programa y las entrevistas personales con algunos de sus directores, se presentan métodos que consiguen un buen desarrollo de proyectos de alfabetización mediática focalizados en la participación democrática, incluyendo, a su vez, la necesidad de crear actividades que reflejen el respeto hacia el interés de los estudiantes en la cultura popular, la voluntad de los educadores para superar los prejuicios sobre su falta de interés en temas de actualidad, el reconocimiento de la tecnología como un medio y no como un fin en sí misma, y la utilización de un equipo de apoyo para el profesorado. Changes in technology have opened up a new kind of participatory citizenry; one in which engaged citizens’ blog, post, tweet, upload, create, and otherwise interact with others online. This paper explores the intersection of media and information literacy with civic participation by examining three specific programs operating in the United States. These projects include Powerful Voices for Kids , The Salzburg Academy on Media and Social Change ; and Cultivating the NetGeneration of Youth as Global Citizens and Media Literate Leaders in a Digital Age , in which educators and students at schools in the USA and Africa meet virtually and physically to explore collaborative methods that use media to build bridges of understanding. Through analysis of each program’s practices and personal interviews with the program director, consistent methods for developing a strong media and information literacy program with a focus on democratic participat
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