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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8179 matches for " Shao "
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The evolution of influenza viruses  [PDF]
Huixun Shao
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.430153
Abstract: Influenza virus infection, one of the most common infectious diseases is a highly contagious airborne disease that causes an acute febrile illness and results invariable degrees of systemic symptoms, ranging from mild fatigue to respiratory failure and death. In addition to humans, influenza also infects a variety of animal species. Influenza A viruses also can infect domestic animals (pigs, horses, dogs, chickens and ducks) and some wild birds. Some of these influenza strains are species specific, but new strains of influenza may spread from other animal species to humans. These deadly strains produced 3 global pandemics in the last century, the worst of which occurred in 1918. Three pandemics of influenza have swept the world since the “Spanish” flu of 1918, the “Asian” flu pandemic of 1957, the “Hong Kong” flu pandemic of 1968, the “Swine” flu pandemic that began in April of 2009. The pandemic of 1957 probably made more people sick than the one of 1918, but the availability of antibiotics to treat the secondary infections that are the usual cause of death resulted in a much lower death rate. An influenza pandemic occurs only when the influenza virus mutates into something dangerously unfamiliar to our immune systems and yet is able to jump from human to human through a sneeze, cough or touch. Asia is the source of many outbreaks because swines, birds and humans live under the same roof, providing opportunity for viral mixing. The best way to prevent the sickness is to get yearly injections of a vaccine that prevents influenza.
Problems and Countermeasures of Local Emergency Management in China  [PDF]
Shiqi Shao
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.55006
Abstract: Local government is the primary perception and responder in emergency management, and their ability to deal with emergencies and the response to the level of good or bad, is directly related to the organization that can effectively reduce the economic losses caused by the incident and casualties. Therefore, it is very important to find out the problems in the emergency management of the local and take corresponding countermeasures to improve the emergency management level of the local government. Based on the theoretical framework of cross-organizational cooperation and the empirical research, this paper describes the inter-organizational cooperation situation of local government emergency management and finds out the key factors that affect the cross-organization cooperation of local government. Finally, some suggestions are put forward for the emergency management of local government in China.
Analysis of Internet Insurance Financial Return Rate and Its Influencing Factors  [PDF]
Guanshang Shao
Modern Economy (ME) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/me.2019.102037
Abstract: This paper takes Internet insurance wealth management products as the research object, and selects the products of China Life Jiatian Tiantianying as the representative, and studies the influencing factors of the yield of such products through relevant time series empirical methods. The results show that the interbank lending rate, bond market, exchange rate, securities secondary market and insurance institution strength have different degrees of impact on the rate of return. The research in this paper will help to improve the theoretical methods of Internet wealth management products, especially in the insurance sector. At the same time, it can better help investors rationally choose the right products for investment and supervision to prevent market risks.
Image Mathematics—Mathematical Intervening Principle Based on “Yin Yang Wu Xing” Theory in Traditional Chinese Mathematics (I)  [PDF]
Yingshan Zhang, Weilan Shao
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/am.2012.36096
Abstract: By using mathematical reasoning, this paper demonstrates the mathematical intervening principle: “Virtual disease is to fill his mother but real disease is to rush down his son” (虚则补其母, 实则泄其子) and “Strong inhibition of the same time, support the weak” (抑强扶弱) based on “Yin Yang Wu Xing” Theory in image mathematics of Traditional Chinese Mathematics (TCMath). We defined generalized relations and generalized reasoning, introduced the concept of steady multilateral systems with two non-compatibility relations, and discussed its energy properties. Later based on the intervention principle in image mathematics of TCMath and treated the research object of the image mathematics as a steady multilateral system, it has been proved that the mathematical intervening principle is true. The kernel of this paper is the existence and reasoning of the non-compatibility relations in steady multilateral systems, and it accords with the oriental thinking model.
The Design and Improvement of a Software Project Management System Based on CMMI  [PDF]
Guoping Zhou, Weimin Shao
Intelligent Information Management (IIM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/iim.2012.46037
Abstract: The paper researched and analyzed the characteristics, deficiencies and reasons of a management system of a software enterprise project to design a software project management system based on CMMI 1.2, thus helping the enterprise to improve development and management efficiency of software project and reduce the risks and costs on project devel- opment. It studied CMMI model version 1.3 which is recently released by SEI, analyzed its characteristics and told the difference between version 1.2 and version 1.3. In addition, an improvement proposal and a solution of the software project management system were given from multiple perspectives.
Research into Liyuan Buildings, the Spatial Composition of Liyuan Blocks and Liyuan Residents’ Lifestyles in Qingdao, China  [PDF]
Limin Shao, Hiroyuki Kanekiyo
Art and Design Review (ADR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/adr.2013.12002

Qingdao lies in the south of Shandong Peninsula, on the coast of the Yellow Sea. As a coastal and hilly city, Qingdaohas topographic features consisting of twisted coastlines dotted with capes and bays. The beginning of the 20th century witnessed the construction of western-style streets and buildings in Qingdao when it was occupied by Germany. Liyuan is the name of the residential buildings for Chinese labors during the German occupation. Liyuan retain the spatial composition of Chinese quadrangles (Siheyuan), and at the same time feature western technology. Therefore they have both Chinese and western flavors. In addition, they are the earliest urban residential complexes in China. The space system of Liyuan blocks has played an important role in the lifestyle and social network of the local residents. Liyuans have been home to Qingdao people from generation to generation, which makes it a spiritual symbol. Owing to its history and characteristics, Liyuan architecture has been designated as one of the historical and cultural protected areas in Qingdao, and has contributed to the formation of a distinctive geographical landscape. Since the 1980s, urban renewal and redevelopment in Qingdao have greatly impacted upon the protection of Liyuans, which has aroused concern from various communities.This research on Liyuans shows the geographic location of all the Liyuan blocks, classifies them in terms of courtyard composition and architectural features, and analyzes the relationship between their spatial composition and the residents’ life-style.

Causes of Victims of Campus Bullying Behaviors and Study on Solutions  [PDF]
Shao-I Chiu
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2013.12003
Abstract: Campus bullying behavior is increasingly attracting people’s attention in recent years. The main objective is to discuss the causes of victims of campus bullying behaviors, to analyze their needs and correlation, and to offer suggestions on preventive strategies for victims. The research uses in-depth interview of the qualitative research methods, and directs the interview by a semi-structured interview outline from 5 participants. The research concludes the following main findings: Relevant factors influencing the students being bullied in the public junior high school, and the styles of bullying behavior are numerous, including verbal and physical bullying. Preliminarily, bullying behaviors mainly occurred after class, and the usual site was in the classroom.
Valuation of Certificates on a Straddle with Forward Start—Theory and Evidence  [PDF]
Rodrigo Hernandez, Yinying Shao
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2014.45045

This paper introduces a new financial product named Certificates on a Straddle with Forward Start and provides detailed descriptions of the product specifications. It shows that the payoff of a Certificate on a Straddle with Forward Start can be duplicated by the combination of long positions in call and put options on the underlying asset. A pricing formula is developed to price the certificates. A certificate issued by Credit Suisse is presented as an example to examine how well the model fits empirical data. The results show that issuing Certificates on a Straddle with Forward Start is a profitable business and the results are in line with previous studies pricing other structured products.

Cultivating of Service-Oriented Pharmaceutical Talents in China  [PDF]
Rong Xu, Mingli Shao
Creative Education (CE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2013.412A1002
Abstract: Health Care System Reform of Chinaputs forward new requirements for service-oriented pharmaceutical talents. Traditional mode of higher pharmaceutical education in China could not meet the social demand because of its “drug-centered” teaching system and shortage of service-oriented pharmaceutical talents. So it is urgent to transform the traditional mode and cultivate application-oriented pharmaceutical talents. This paper will give some suggestions, including establishing uniform standards for cultivating service-oriented pharmaceutical talents and transiting traditional curriculum and teaching methods. Moreover, it is feasible to establish effective linkup between professional degree and license examination.
India’s Tea Price Analysis Based on ARMA Model  [PDF]
Hong Liu, Shuang Shao
Modern Economy (ME) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/me.2016.72014
Abstract: In this paper, the ARMA model is used to analyze the sample of India’s weekly tea auction price in the year 2013 to 2014. First, the data were tested for stability, autocorrelation and partial correlation test, and the ARMA (1, 1) model was established. Then, the parameters of the model are determined, and the residuals are tested by white noise. The test results are satisfactory and meet the forecast requirements. Finally, we use the model to predict the tea price of the last week in 2014 and the tea price of the first two weeks in 2015, and the prediction error is small. Therefore, this paper suggests that a mature tea auction market should be established in China which is a big exporter of tea production, and we should set an early warning mechanism for the price of tea, and use the price information to guide the production of tea cultivation and sales activities.
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