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Efeito da fertiliza??o azotada na dinamica de enraizamento e na produ??o comercial de cebola de dias médios no alentejo
Machado,Rui Manuel Almeida; Shahidian,Shakib; Pivetta,Carina Rejane; Oliveira,Maria do Rosário Gamito;
Revista de Ciências Agrárias , 2009,
Abstract: intermediate-day onions (cv. gilmar) rooting patterns, soil availability no3-, leaf n concentration and commercial yield were evaluated in a field trial where four nitrogen fertilizer rates (0, 37, 74 and 111 kg n ha-1) were applied into four split applications, following a randomized block design with four replications. root length, soil availability no3-, and leaf n concentration were evaluated at four dates during growing season (33, 57, 96 and 127 days after planting). root length density (cm cm-3) at different sampling dates, locations (under the bulb and at 4 cm from the plant row) and depths was not affected by nitrogen level. for all sampling dates about 65 to 100 % of the root length was concentrated in the top 10 cm of the soil profile, under the bulb and the maximum root length density was 1.88 cm cm-3. the maximum rooting depth ranged from 20 and 30 cm, not exceeding 10 cm in depth, up to 32 days after planting. under the conditions of the experiment, results recommend an application of 30 kg ha-1 of nitrogen at planting and an increasing of the amount of nitrogen applied (16.2% of total n applied) at bulb initiation. marketable onion yield increased with the level of nitrogen but the production obtained with the application of 74 kg ha-1 (5.12 kg m-2) and 111 kg n ha-1 (6.59 kg m-2) did not differ significantly.
Efeito da fertiliza o azotada na dinamica de enraizamento e na produ o comercial de cebola de dias médios no alentejo Nitrogen fertilization effects on rooting pattern and yield of intermediate-day onions bulb in alentejo region
Rui Manuel Almeida Machado,Shakib Shahidian,Carina Rejane Pivetta,Maria do Rosário Gamito Oliveira
Revista de Ciências Agrárias , 2009,
Abstract: Este trabalho teve como objectivo estudar a influência da aplica o de diferentes quantidades de azoto, repartidas por quatro aplica es, na disponibilidade de azoto nítrico no solo, no comprimento radical, na concentra o de azoto nas folhas e na produ o comercial de cebola de dias médios (cv. Gilmar) no Alentejo. O ensaio decorreu na Centro de estudos e experimenta o da Mitra da Universidade de évora e foi delineado em blocos casualizados com quatro repeti es. Os tratamentos consistiram em 4 níveis de aduba o azotada (0, 37, 74 e 111 kg N ha-1), repartidos por quatro aplica es. A disponibilidade de azoto nítrico no solo, o comprimento radical e a concentra o de azoto nas folhas foram avaliados aos 33, 57, 96 e 127 dias após a planta o. A densidade radical (cm cm-3) sob o bolbo e a 4 cm da linha de cultura, nas diferentes datas e profundidades de amostragem, n o foi afectada pelos níveis de azoto. Ao longo ciclo, 65 a 100 % das raízes, em termos de comprimento radical, concentraram-se sob o bolbo e a densidade radical máxima alcan ada foi de 1,88 cm cm-3. A profundidade máxima de enraizamento situou-se entre os 20 e 30 cm, n o ultrapassando os 10 cm de profundidade até aos 32 dias após a planta o. Nas condi es do ensaio, os resultados indicam como recomendável uma aplica o de 30 kg ha- 1 de azoto à planta o e um aumento da quantidade de azoto aplicado (16,2% do total de N aplicado), no início da forma o do bolbo. A produ o comercial aumentou com o nível de azoto, mas as produ es obtidas com a aplica o de 74 kg ha-1 (5,12 kg m-2) e de 111 Kg N ha-1 (6,59 kg m-2) n o diferiram significativamente. Intermediate-day onions (cv. Gilmar) rooting patterns, soil availability NO3-, leaf N concentration and commercial yield were evaluated in a field trial where four nitrogen fertilizer rates (0, 37, 74 and 111 kg N ha-1) were applied into four split applications, following a randomized block design with four replications. Root length, soil availability NO3-, and leaf N concentration were evaluated at four dates during growing season (33, 57, 96 and 127 days after planting). Root length density (cm cm-3) at different sampling dates, locations (under the bulb and at 4 cm from the plant row) and depths was not affected by nitrogen level. For all sampling dates about 65 to 100 % of the root length was concentrated in the top 10 cm of the soil profile, under the bulb and the maximum root length density was 1.88 cm cm-3. The maximum rooting depth ranged from 20 and 30 cm, not exceeding 10 cm in depth, up to 32 days after planting. Under the conditions of
The prevalence of depression amongst outpatients with multimorbidity  [PDF]
Melinda Stanners, Christopher Barton, Sepehr Shakib, Helen Winefield
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.54106
Abstract:

Objectives: Depression may be under-diagnosed and under-treated amongst older adults with multiple chronic illnesses. The current study explores the prevalence of depression diagnosis and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) symptoms amongst older multimorbid outpatients, and agreement between GDS scores and doctor-diagnosed depression. Method: Deidentified data from the files of 452 patients aged over 64, with chronic conditions present in two or more organ domains, were extracted from the clinical database of a tertiary referral hospital multidisciplinary outpatient clinic in South Australia between 2005 and 2011. Frequency calculations determined the prevalence of depression diagnosis and GDS categories. Logistic regression, cross-tabulation, kappa and ROC graphs explored relationships between variables. Results: A depression diagnosis had been recorded for 71 (15.7%) patients. Using the recommended cut-off scores for the GDS, 225 (49.8%) patients met criteria for mild-severe depressive symptoms, and 96 (21.3%) met criteria for moderate-severe symptoms. Poor agreement was found between doctor diagnosis of depression and a positive screen for depression using a GDS cut-off score of either 5, k = 0.112 (p = 0.001), or 9, k = 0.189 (p < 0.001), although logistic regression found an association between severity of depression and depression diagnosis, OR = 1.15, p < 0.001 (CI = 1.08 - 1.22). Con-clusion: A much higher proportion of patients with multimorbidities reported threshold level depression symptoms than had a recorded diagnosis of depression, suggesting that although likelihood of diagnosis increases with symptom severity, depression often goes undetected in this population. Depressions’ negative impact on prognosis calls for further investigation of the barriers to screening and diagnosis of depression in multimorbid patients.

Stochastic feedback control of quantum transport to realize a dynamical ensemble of two nonorthogonal pure states
Shakib Daryanoosh,Howard M. Wiseman,Tobias Brandes
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: A Markovian open quantum system which relaxes to a unique steady state $\rho_{ss}$ of finite rank can be decomposed into a finite physically realizable ensemble (PRE) of pure states. That is, as shown by Karasik and Wiseman [Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 020406 (2011)], in principle there is a way to monitor the environment so that in the long time limit the conditional state jumps between a finite number of possible pure states. In this paper we show how to apply this idea to the dynamics of a double quantum dot arising from the feedback control of quantum transport, as previously considered by one of us and co-workers [Phys. Rev. B 84, 085302 (2011)]. Specifically, we consider the limit where the system can be described as a qubit, and show that while the control scheme can always realize a two-state PRE, in the incoherent tunneling regime there are infinitely many PREs compatible with the dynamics that cannot be so realized. For the two-state PREs that are realized, we calculate the counting statistics and see a clear distinction between the coherent and incoherent regimes.
Biogas Production from POME by Optimum Level of Inputs  [PDF]
Mamunur Rashid, Nazmus Shakib, Tamjidur Rahman
Smart Grid and Renewable Energy (SGRE) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2019.108013
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to optimize biogas production from POME by using anaerobic reactor with various Organic Loading Rate, Carbon-Nitrogen ratio and Hydraulic Retention Time. For conducting this research, a two-stage fermentation anaerobic bioreactor has used at OLR rate1, 2.6, 5, 9 and 11 g/L.d; at C/N ratio 14.54, 20, 28, 36, 41.454; at HRT 2.295, 4, 6.5, 9, 10.70 days. The anaerobic bioreactor is operated for 30 days. The finding of this research demonstrates the optimum input values are OLR is 5 (g/L.d), C/N is 28, HRT is 6.5 days and output of Biogas is 3.8 L/d from POME. This finding will bring benefits to palm oil industries in achieving economic and environmental sustainability. This research concludes that in-depth research into this matter is important to implement this technology in the palm oil industry.
Optimization of micropropagation and Agrobacterium-mediated gene transformation to spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.)  [PDF]
Davood Naderi, Zahra Zohrabi, Ali Mohammad Shakib, Esmaeil Mahmoudi, Seyed Amir Khasmakhi-Sabet, Jamal Ali Olfati
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2012.37109
Abstract: Spinach is one of the dioecious plant which is considered as a model plant in genetic and molecular studies of sex determination because of its special characteristics such as low chromosome number and short life cycle. An efficient protocol for Spinacia oleracea Agrobacterium-mediated gene transformation was developed. The leaf disks, roots, hypocotyls and cotyledons of this plant were inoculated with LBA4404. LBA4404 carrying pCAMBIA3301 binary vector with 35SCaMV gusint and 35SCaMV bar cassettes. Effects of two preparation condition (induction of vir genes and noninduction) were considered. Also effects of different number days of co-cultivation and pre-culture of explants were examined. After co-cultivation, the explants were transferred to regeneration medium containing 250 mg·L-1 Carbeniciline. Transient expression efficiency was calculated based on the number of blue spots per explants one week after inoculation. Based on the results of transient expression, stable transformation was carried out. After formation of callus the histochemical GUS assay was carried out on some parts of them and other parts were leaved for being regenerated.
Multi-Slotted Microstrip Patch Antenna for Wireless Communication
Mohammad Tariqul Islam;M. N. Shakib;Norbahiah Misran
PIER Letters , 2009, DOI: 10.2528/PIERL09060704
Abstract: A new design technique of microstrip patch antenna is presented in this paper. The proposed antenna design consists of inverted patch structure with air-filled dielectric, direct coaxial probe feed technique and the novel slotted shaped patch. The composite effect of integrating these techniques and by introducing the new multi-slotted patch, offer a low profile, high gain, broadband, and compact antenna element. A wide impedance bandwidth of 27.62% at -10 dB return loss is achieved. The maximum achievable gain is 9.41 dBi. The achievable experimental 3-dB beamwidth (HPBW) in the azimuth and elevation are 60.880 and 390 respectively at centre frequency.
Broadband E-H Shaped Microstrip Patch Antenna for Wireless Systems
Mohammad Tariqul Islam;M. N. Shakib;Norbahiah Misran
PIER , 2009, DOI: 10.2528/PIER09082302
Abstract: A broadband inverted E-H shaped microstrip patch antenna is proposed and experimentally investigated. The antenna employs novel E-H shaped patch with L-probe feed technique. Prototype of the proposed antenna has been fabricated and measured for electromagnetic analysis including the impedance bandwidth, radiation pattern, and antenna gain. The designed antenna has a dimension of 80 mm by 50 mm, leading to broad bandwidths covering 1.76 GHz to 2.38 GHz. Stable radiation patterns across the operating bandwidth are observed. In addition, a parametric study is conducted to facilitate the design and optimization process.
Design Analysis of High Gain Wideband L-Probe FED Microstrip Patch Antenna
Mohammad Tariqul Islam;M. N. Shakib;Norbahiah Misran
PIER , 2009, DOI: 10.2528/PIER09080204
Abstract: A new high gain wideband L-probe fed inverted EE-H shaped slotted (LEE-H) microstrip patch antenna is presented in this paper. The design adopts contemporary techniques; L-probe feeding, inverted patch structure with air-filled dielectric, and EE-H shaped patch. The integration of these techniques leads to a new patch antenna with a low profile as well as useful operational features, as the broadband and high gain. The measured result showed satisfactory performance with achievable impedance bandwidth of 21.15% at 10 dB return loss (VSWR ≤ 2) and a maximum gain of 9.5 dBi. The antenna exhibits stable radiation pattern in the entire operating band.
Prevalence of OmpK35 and OmpK36 porin expression in beta-lactamase and non-beta-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae
Shakib P,Ghafourian S,Zolfaghary MR,Hushmandfar R
Biologics: Targets and Therapy , 2011,
Abstract: Pegah Shakib1,2, Sobhan Ghafourian1, Mohammad Reza Zolfaghary2, Reza Hushmandfar3, Reza Ranjbar4, Nourkhoda Sadeghifard11Clinical Microbiology Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam; 2Department of Microbiology, Qom Branch, Islamic Azad University of Qom, Qom; 3Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ilam University, Ilam; 4Molecular Biology Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IranBackground: The aims of this study were to confirm the presence of OmpK35 and OmpK36 in extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing and nonextended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae and to determine the relationship between porin expression and resistance to third-generation cephalosporins.Methods: Fifty-two K. pneumoniae isolates were obtained and analyzed for extended-spectrum beta-lactamase and for OmpK35 and OmpK36.Results: Twenty-two (42.3%) isolates of K. pneumoniae were extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producers. The OmpK35 profile in K. pneumoniae producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamase showed the presence of porin protein in ceftazidime-sensitive K. pneumoniae (six isolates), and the OmpK36 profile in K. pneumoniae producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamase revealed isolates sensitive to cefotaxime (n = 8) and ceftriaxone (n = 6). All nonextended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing K. pneumoniae showed the presence of OmpK35 and OmpK36 porin proteins.Conclusion: The presence of OmpK35 is mostly related to ceftazidime susceptibility and less to cefotaxime and ceftriaxone susceptibility, while OmpK36 expression is seen more often in cefotaxime-sensitive isolates. OmpK35 and OmpK36 indicate nonextended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing strains, and their presence is important when selecting an antimicrobial agent.Keywords: Klebsiella pneumoniae, extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing strains, porin expression
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