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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 133761 matches for " Shaishav V. Patel "
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Surgery for inguinal hernia in pediatric age
Mukesh S. Suvera,Panchshila B. Damor,Shaishav V. Patel
International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.5455/2320-6012.ijrms20130515
Abstract: Inguinal hernia repair is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures in pediatric patients. An inguinal hernia does not resolve spontaneously and must be repaired because of high risk of complications. A retrospective analysis was performed on the hospital records including operative notes of admitted pediatric patients, aged up to 12 years, who underwent inguinal herniotomy. On observation, male affect more than female , right side inguinal hernia more common than left, due to let decent of testis on right side. Early detection and repair of inguinal hernia in pediatric is essential to decrease the potential morbidity and operative complications rate. This needs an increase in popular and pediatric awareness. [Int J Res Med Sci 2013; 1(2.000): 112-115]
Educational Interventions to Increase Knowledge of Leptospirosis in Navsari District
Vasava Bipin, Kavishvar Abhay, Patel PB, Patel Sushil, Panchal Shaishav
National Journal of Community Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: This study was conducted to create awareness about Leptospirosis, an important zoonotic disease, in two villages of Navsari district using street play and poster exhibition. The pre-intervention assessment revealed poor knowledge scores on various aspect of leptospirosis which significantly improved after intervention (p<0.05). Street play in local language and pictorial posters are effective health educational tools amongst illiterates and repeated use, before the transmission season, for maximum impact.
Preliminary Star Rating System for Four Wheelers Owners in Surat City
Patel Sushil A, Bansal Neha R, Jariwala Vishal, Panchal Shaishav
National Journal of Community Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: This cross-sectional study among 100 owners of four wheelers, using a pre-tested interview schedule, explores pertinent variables on various aspects relating to the fuel consumption patterns of their vehicles with the objective of developing a preliminary star rating systems for the vehicles & the practices adopted by their owners. The aim of the study is to inform consumers on potential fuel consumption of vehicles in order to encourage practices which lead to consumption of less fuel and promote adoption of environment friendly practices and technologies on the long run.
Prevalence of Hypertension among Elderly Women in Slums of Surat City
Pawar AB, Bansal RK, Bharodiya Paresh, Panchal Shaishav, Patel HB, Padariya PK, Patel GH
National Journal of Community Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: This screening study conducted among 105 elderly women residing among the slums of Surat city revealed the virtual absence of screening programmes for hypertension in the vulnerable segment as witnessed by detection of new and undiagnosed case of hypertension in over one thirds of those screened. The universal absence of awareness of the need for regular treatment and follow up and absence of informed decision making is indeed distressing.
Awareness Regarding Swine Flu Amongst Patients Attending Swine Flu OPD in a Tertiary Care Center in South Gujarat
Shukla Deepak, Patel Sushil, Panchal Shaishav, Shah Naimesh, Sridharan Srivani, Prakash Patel
National Journal of Community Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: Swine flu is caused by novel Influenza A H1N1 virus that causes pandemic in the world within short period of time. Government of India had institute a series of preventive actions and efforts to improve the awareness of swine flu in general public. The aim of this study is to evaluate general awareness and attitude towards swine flu amongst the patients. This was a cross sectional study of 50 randomly selected patients who attended swine flu OPD in a tertiary center using pretested questionnaire. Among participants 86% were male and 14% were females with more than 90% having education above primary schooling level. Major source of information for swine flu was news paper(34%) and TV(29%). 90% of patients came for the first time to a public hospital for swine flu testing. Most of the patients were aware of the mode of spread and its prevention methods. Almost half of participants believed that ita€ s a deadly disease and movement of the people from the affected area should be restricted. The fear of pandemic was not able to crush peoplesa€ spirit for leading a good life and most of patients were ready to help prevent its spread.
Self correcting monolithic floating matrix tablets of dipyridamole: Influence of formulation variables
Patel V,Patel N
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: The present investigation describes the influence of content of polyethylene oxide and ratio of lactose to starch 1500 on dipyridamole release from self correcting floating matrix tablets using 32 full factorial design. Tablets were evaluated for in vitro floating ability and drug release study using USP 24 type II apparatus using 0.1 N HCI at 100 rpm and temperature of 37±0.50. Multiple regression analysis and two way analysis of variance followed by Tukey test were performed for dependent variables. All formulations floated within 2 min regardless of factors studied and had total floating time of more than 12 h. It was observed that both the factors had significant influence on all dependent variable studied ( P< 0.05) except the ratio of lactose to starch 1500 did not significantly contribute for Q1 ( P > 0.05). As content of polymer increased the release rate declined with increase in value of diffusion exponent giving anomalous drug release to zero order drug release ( P < 0.05). It was observed that above a certain threshold level of polymer content further increase did not contribute significantly for percentage drug release. Lactose gave higher drug release with release mechanism towards zero order compared to starch 1500 which gave slower release with release mechanism towards diffusion based. Although both the factors significantly contribute for percentage drug release at different time point, the content of polymer dominated. It was observed that polymer content was a dominant controlling factor for drug release kinetics and it could be controlled by employing various blends of fillers.
Statistical evaluation of influence of viscosity of polymer and types of filler on dipyridamole release from floating matrix tablets
Patel V,Patel N
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: Present investigation describes statistically the influence of viscosity of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose and types of filler on dipyridamole release from floating matrix tablets using 3 2 full factorial design. Tablets were prepared using direct compression technique. Tablets were evaluated for in vitro floating ability and drug release study using USP 24 types II paddle apparatus using 0.1 N HCl (pH 1.2) at rotation of 100 rpm and temperature of 37±0.5°. Multiple regression analysis was performed for dependent variables studied and to evaluate contribution of factors with their levels two way ANOVA was performed followed by Tukey test. Polynomial equations and response surface plots were generated for all dependent variables. It was observed that both the factors had significant influence on all dependent variable studied (p< 0.05). It was observed that as viscosity of polymer increases the release rate constant was decreased. Release rate obtained was highest when microcrystalline cellulose was employed as filler followed by dicalcium phosphate and lactose. Mechanism of drug release was anomalous types and depends upon viscosity of polymer and types of filler used. Microcrystalline cellulose gave release mechanism nearer to diffusion mechanism while dicalcium phosphate and lactose gave anomalous release. It was observed that both the factors had significant contribution on all dependent variables studied. A major controlling factor for kinetics of drug release was viscosity of polymer and it can be modified by incorporation of different types of filler. In initial phase of drug release viscosity of polymer and types of filler both governs the drug release while in later phase only the viscosity of polymer predominates.
Perceptions and Practices Encouraging Organ Donation among Doctors in Surat City
Panchal Shaishav, Toral Desai
National Journal of Community Medicine , 2011,
Abstract: This study was carried out among 100 randomly selected medical practitioners reveals that 47% had encouraged their patients to donate organs commonly cornea and kidney (19%). The study brings out their perceptions regarding organ donation, reasons favouring their view for motivating for organ donation and their perceived barriers towards the same. The study also describes the situations when a patient and his relative should be approached for this sensitive topic.
Health expenditure comparison of extended-release metoprolol succinate and immediate-release metoprolol tartarate
Vaidya V, Patel P
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEOR.S27609
Abstract: lth expenditure comparison of extended-release metoprolol succinate and immediate-release metoprolol tartarate Original Research (2628) Total Article Views Authors: Vaidya V, Patel P Published Date February 2012 Volume 2012:4 Pages 49 - 56 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEOR.S27609 Received: 24 October 2011 Accepted: 29 November 2011 Published: 07 February 2012 Varun Vaidya, Pranav Patel College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, USA Background: Metoprolol, a selective beta-1 blocker, is available in two different salt forms in the market – metoprolol succinate (MS) and metoprolol tartarate (MT). Both the formulations are Food and Drug Administration approved for the treatment of hypertension. Several studies have shown similar efficacies between the two salts; however, they differ in their pharmacokinetic properties and are therefore priced differently. The primary objective of this study was to compare the overall health care expenditures of hypertensive patients on MT and MS to see if the price difference in the two preparations is offset by savings in overall expenditure. Methods: Two cohorts of patients using MT and MS were selected from the 2008 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. Propensity score matching technique was used to balance the cohorts on various parameters such as demographic information, insurance status, and comorbidity score. Patients using MT were matched to patients using MS on the logit of propensity score using calipers of width equal to 0.2 of the standard deviation of the logit of the propensity score. Multiple regression analysis was carried out to examine the association between health expenditure and type of metoprolol salt, adjusting for other covariates. Results: A total of 742 patients were found to use metoprolol (MT-388, MS-354). After propensity score matching, a total of 582 patients were left in the sample for final analysis (291 patients in each cohort). The average annual health care expenditure was slightly higher in the MT cohort; however, after adjusting for covariates in a multivariate analysis, the difference was found to be statistically insignificant (P = 0.23). Conclusion: Both the products of metoprolol were found to have similar average annual total health care expenditure; however, MS once a day has higher out-of-pocket cost.
Deferred Action: Theoretical model of process architecture design for emergent business processes
Patel, N.V.
International Journal of Business Science and Applied Management , 2007,
Abstract: E-Business modelling and ebusiness systems development assumes fixed company resources, structures, and business processes. Empirical and theoretical evidence suggests that company resources and structures are emergent rather than fixed. Planning business activity in emergent contexts requires flexible ebusiness models based on better management theories and models . This paper builds and proposes a theoretical model of ebusiness systems capable of catering for emergent factors that affect business processes. Drawing on development of theories of the ‘action and design’class the Theory of Deferred Action is invoked as the base theory for the theoretical model. A theoretical model of flexible process architecture is presented by identifying its core components and their relationships, and then illustrated with exemplar flexible process architectures capable of responding to emergent factors. Managerial implications of the model are considered and the model’s generic applicability is discussed.
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