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Objective: To estimate the prevalence of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), and to
compare the clinical, hormonal and ultrasonography features between infertile
women with or without PCOS. Design: A descriptive, comparative study. Materials
and Methods: This study was conducted from May 1, 2007 to August 1, 2008, in
the Infertility Care and IVF center in Maternity Teaching Hospital, Erbil city,
Kurdistan region, North ofIraq.
A total of 320 infertile women aged 18 - 45 years, were evaluated for clinical
features (oligo-/amenorrhea, hirsutism), body mass index, waist-hip ratio (WHR)
and hormonal measures. Transvaginal ultrasonography was used to assess the
ovarian morphology. The Rotterdam 2003 criteria adopted by the European Society
for Human reproduction and Embryology and the American Society for Reproductive
Medicine were used to diagnose cases of PCOS. Data analysis was performed using
the SPSS version 15. Results: The prevalence of PCOS was 33%. There were a significant differences between the two
groups in terms of oligo-/amenorrhea, hirsutism, WHR, and ovarian ultrasound features.
There were no significant differences between the two groups in correlations between
the level of obesity with the incidences of anovulation, hyperandrogenemia and
hirsutism or with hormonal features. Conclusions: A high prevalence rate of
PCOS was observed among infertile women attending IVF center using the
Rotterdam 2003 criteria for diagnosis.