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Relationship between Providing Persian Equivalents of English Adjectives and Iranian EFL Learners' Active Vocabulary
Shadi Afzal
International Journal of English Linguistics , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ijel.v2n1p231
Abstract: This study attempted to find the relationship between providing Persian equivalents of English adjectives and Iranian EFL learners' active vocabulary. To this end, 100 students studying English as a foreign language at a Language Institute in Shiraz were asked to participate in this study. Participants were divided into experimental and control groups with 50 participants in each. The sample was homogenous with regard to their English level. To investigate the possible effects of providing Persian equivalents of English adjectives on Iranian EFL learners' active vocabulary, an independent Sample t-test was run on the vocabulary scores of 100 students. After analyzing the data it was found out the performances of all the participants in the “Experimental” group were better than those in the “Control” group.
Extrahepatic biliary atresia with hyaline cartilage and multiple congenital anomalies: A case report
Hassab Mohamed,Baez-Giangreco Atilio,Afzal Mohammad,Shadi Sulaiman
Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology , 1996,
Hair Transplantation into the Nape of the Neck  [PDF]
Shadi Zari
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2018.82011
Abstract: Background: Hair loss at the nape of the neck causes embarrassment and psychological stress in a number of patients due to a variety of causes including acne keloidalis nuchae and traction alopecia. Objectives: To report a case of hair transplantation into the nape of the neck as a treatment option for scarring resulting from acne keloidalis nuchae. Methods: 700 grafts where transplanted from the occipital donor area and transplanted by follicular unit extraction (FUE) into the nape area of a male patient with recurrent scarring folliculitis in that area. Results: Hair Restoration was successful with natural looking results. More tumescence than usual and skin traction was necessary to stabilize the skin during graft insertion due to soft skin in the nape area. Conclusions: Hair Restoration Surgery into the nape of the neck is an option for patients with hair loss in that area. FUE is the best method of hair transplantation allowing the selection of 1 and 2 hair FUE grafts in order to achieve a natural looking result in the nape area.
The Investigation of Relative Efficacy Family Training and Life Strategies on Caring Chronic Mental Illness in Family  [PDF]
Hoseini Shadi, Toozandehjani Hassan
Open Journal of Medical Psychology (OJMP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2017.62011
Abstract: This research is a semi-empirical study aiming to examine the effect of family trainings and life skills among the families, if Mashhad with chronic mental disorders. In doing this research, a sample of 300 subjects has been chosen in the stratified random and systematic approach from the families of chronic mental disorders who have been admitted in round the clock centers in Mashhad and who have been in the waiting list and these subjects have been divided to two groups of experiment and control randomly and we introduce family trainings and life skills to the experiment group. There was no training to control group. These two groups were tested in period to the beginning of trainings and post training with instruments such as taking care and mental disorders attitude questionnaire, life skills attitude questionnaire, California social adjustment? questionnaire, Rosenberg self-esteem, general health questionnaire and epidemiological mental disorders questionnaire. The result indicated that training had no effect on the attitude of families toward taking care of mental disorder, but family member’s attitude toward mental disorder had been changed. These trainings have been influential on changing family member’s attitude toward life skills, social adjustment, self-esteem, mental health increase and reducing mental disorders.
Investigating the Relationship between Attachment Styles and the Manner of Mobile Phone Usage among Iranian Students  [PDF]
Hoseini Shadi, Toozandehjani Hassan
Social Networking (SN) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/sn.2017.62013
Abstract: The present study is an applied research in terms of purpose and a descriptive and correlational research in terms of the method of data collection, which has been conducted to examine the relationship between attachment styles and the manner of using the mobile phone. The statistical population of this study comprised male and female students studying at the undergraduate level of Islamic Azad Unidersity of Neyshabur (Department of Humanities) in the academic year 2013-2014. The statistical sample included 300 individuals from these students who were selected through stratified random sampling. Hazan and Shaver’s Adult Attachment Questionnaire (AAQ) and a researcher-made Mobile Phone Questionnaire was used to collect the data. The results indicated that there was a significant relationship between the manner of using mobile phone and its dimensions with attachment styles.
RETRACTED: Compare Methods of Fix Lead, Milawa NPV and Milawa Balance Algorithm in Optimizing the Production of Open Pit Mines with Whittel Software  [PDF]
Shadi Jamalan, Farshad Rashidinejad
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2017.75041

Short Retraction Notice

This article has been retracted to straighten the academic record. In making this decision the Editorial Board follows COPE's Retraction Guidelines. The aim is to promote the circulation of scientific research by offering an ideal research publication platform with due consideration of internationally accepted standards on publication ethics. The Editorial Board would like to extend its sincere apologies for any inconvenience this retraction may have caused.

The full retraction notice in PDF is preceding the original paper, which is marked \"RETRACTED\".

Design and Development of Weather Monitoring and Controlling System for a Smart Agro (Farm)  [PDF]
Sumya Tabassum, Afzal Hossain
Intelligent Control and Automation (ICA) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ica.2018.93005
Abstract: Weather plays an important role in our farming system. In greenhouse or internal farming system, weather monitoring is important. For better production and maintenance, it is important to monitor. This project is developed for forecasting weather parameters like humidity, temperature, soil moisture, and raid detection. Humidity and temperature are monitored for internal temperature. The soil is the most important part of a greenhouse. In this project, soil moisture level is monitored and controlled for maintaining soil moisture level. Rain detection is used in outside of the farm. It detects rainwater and sends a message to the server. It is monitored by using a local server. In remote routing area, it also can be monitored and controlled without physical existence. Also, it is a low-cost weather monitoring system for the agro farm. The Raspberry Pi is a low cost, credit-card sized computer that plugs into a computer monitor or TV, and uses a standard keyboard and mouse. The monitoring system could be designed by using the sensor. It is useful for forecasting and data analysis process. In this project weather forecasting system is designed by using a sensor. In this project, Raspberry Pi work like a remote monitoring and controlling system for the agro farm.
Hesitation Strategies in an Oral L2 Test among Iranian Students Shifted from EFL Context to EIL
Shadi Khojastehrad
International Journal of English Linguistics , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ijel.v2n3p10
Abstract: English as an international language emphasizes on learning different major dialect forms; in particular, it aims to equip students with the linguistic tools to communicate internationally. English is no longer merely used by native speakers but by all those who come to use it. The study reported in this paper was conducted in the population of Iranian students in the academic context of Malaysia who have learned English as a foreign language in their home country, but after immigrating to the multi lingual country of Malaysia have to use it as an International language to communicate not only with the academician but also with the common people. This shift of English language application had led them to a confusion, which reveals in in their performance, although they are not quite aware of the involving reasons. Therefore, this study examined this mismatch between EFL and EIL oral performance from the angle of hesitation, and investigated the hesitation strategies Iranian university students use while they are speaking English. It focused on the frequency and distribution of pauses, pauses and fillers, and fillers in the speech of 12 Persian speakers of English, students in a public university in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, participating in an oral test consisting of three parts to study whether the type of questions affect the hesitation strategies they employ or not. The data collected was collected and analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively, and the results indicated that Persian speakers of English follow different pausing conventions which varied by the change in the context of the questions.
Distribution of Hesitation Discourse Markers Used by Iranian EFL Learners during an Oral L2 Test
Shadi Khojastehrad
International Education Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ies.v5n4p179
Abstract: Previous studies on hesitation strategies used by beginner or advanced L2 learners revealed that beginners mostly leave their hesitation pauses unfilled which causes their speech to sound disfluent, and advanced learners tend to use various fillers in order to sound like native speakers. The present paper reports on a study which investigated the distribution of hesitation discourse markers including silent pauses, silent pauses and fillers, fillers, and non-lexical words used by Iranian university students in an oral (L2) test. The study examines the location of the discourse markers of hesitation across utterances produced by the participants. The respondents were a group of students registered in the Tertiary English Language Program at a university in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The aim was to identify the frequency of all hesitation strategies used in four locations of Initial, Middle, and Final position of the utterances to find out the most frequent location of hesitation during an oral (L2) test.
Applying Neural Network Architecture for Inverse Kinematics Problem in Robotics  [PDF]
Bassam Daya, Shadi Khawandi, Mohamed Akoum
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2010.33028
Abstract: One of the most important problems in robot kinematics and control is, finding the solution of Inverse Kinematics. Inverse kinematics computation has been one of the main problems in robotics research. As the Complexity of robot increases, obtaining the inverse kinematics is difficult and computationally expensive. Traditional methods such as geometric, iterative and algebraic are inadequate if the joint structure of the manipulator is more complex. As alternative approaches, neural networks and optimal search methods have been widely used for inverse kinematics modeling and control in robotics This paper proposes neural network architecture that consists of 6 sub-neural networks to solve the inverse kinematics problem for robotics manipulators with 2 or higher degrees of freedom. The neural networks utilized are multi-layered perceptron (MLP) with a back-propagation training algorithm. This approach will reduce the complexity of the algorithm and calculation (matrix inversion) faced when using the Inverse Geometric Models implementation (IGM) in robotics. The obtained results are presented and analyzed in order to prove the efficiency of the proposed approach.
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