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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 19096 matches for " Shabnam al-Sadat Shariatpanahi "
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Mobile Phone Short Message Service (SMS) for Weight Management in Iranian Overweight and Obese Women: A Pilot Study
Somayeh Faghanipour,Eftekharalsadat Hajikazemi,Soghra Nikpour,Shabnam al-Sadat Shariatpanahi,Agha Fatemeh Hosseini
International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/785654
Abstract: We conducted a text message-based intervention for weight management over three months by two months intervention and one month wash-out period. In a quasi-experimental study with control ( ) and experimental group ( ), 80 overweight and obese employed women were entered. Participants were recruited via announcement. All subjects attended a face-to-face information session and received a booklet that contained food calorie chart and strategies and recommendations for weight management. The experimental group received text messages (SMS) about weight management twice a day for two months, in addition to the information and the booklet which they had received in the information session. Also, the experimental group was instructed to weekly self-weight and to send the data to the principle researcher. All subjects were measured for baseline and secondary weight in a standardized manner by a nurse, and the data were compared between the two groups. Experimental group lost more weight than the control group (1.5?kg difference, ). Text messaging seems to be an effective channel of communication for weight management in Iranian overweight and obese women. The clinical trial registration number is IRCT201204029360N1. 1. Introduction In recent decades, the prevalence of obesity has increased to an alarming degree throughout the world. According to World Health Organization’s (WHO) report, developing countries parallel to developed world are experiencing a growing trend in the incidence of obesity and overweight. They are joining the global pandemic of obesity because of modernization and urbanization [1, 2]. Overweight and obesity are important risk factors for diabetes type II, insulin resistance, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, selected cancers, and premature death [3]. Obesity is closely associated with some psychological disturbances such as poor body image and self-esteem, depression, and anxiety, particularly in women [4, 5]. From 1999 to 2008, the prevalence of overweight Iranian women adults has dramatically increased from 40.6% to 61%. In the same time period, the prevalence of obese Iranian women has risen from 14.17% to 29.5%. [6]. This increase has been more common among Iranian women than Iranian men [7, 8]. Despite the numerous clinical and commercial weight loss programs in Iran, many individuals hardly use such programs because of various limitations including time, cost, transportation, beside, women who work outside the home have more constraints than others. Therefore, evaluation of different approaches is necessary to find an effective,
Brain-drain and health care delivery in developing countries
Yusuf Abdu Misau,Nabilla Al-Sadat,Adamu Bakari Gerei
Journal of Public Health in Africa , 2010, DOI: 10.4081/jphia.2010.e6
Abstract: Migration of health workers ‘Brain drain’ is defined as the movement of health personnel in search of a better standard of living and life quality, higher salaries, access to advanced technology and more stable political conditions in different places worldwide. The debate about migration of health workers from the developing to the developed world has remained pertinent for decades now. Regardless of the push and pull factors, migration of health care workers from developing countries to developed ones, have done more harm than good on the health care deliveries in the developing countries. This article reviews the literature on the effects of cross-border migration of health care professionals.
Key Factors in Achieving a Productive Organization According to the Achieve Model in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, 2010
Narjes Al-Sadat Nasabi,Ali Reza Safarpour,Manoosh Mehrabi,Fatemeh Hajari
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2012.138.144
Abstract: Now-a-days, productivity is an important success factor for all organizations thus, they must grow far more productive. They need special attention to the factors that directly and indirectly increase or decrease the productivity. This research studied the key factors in having a productive organization in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in 2010. The indexes included ability, clarity, help, incentive, evaluation, validity and environment. This research was descriptive study in which 216 managers and staff were selected through Stratified random sampling. Data were collected using a Heresy questionnaire according to Achieve model. Its reliability was 0.90. The findings revealed that SUMS is at the average level. Consequently, specific attention should be paid to promote the organization as a productive system.
Gender and risk of depression in Saudi Arabia, a systematic review and meta-analysis
Osama A. Alibrahim,Nabilla Al-Sadat,Nagi A.M. Elawad
Journal of Public Health in Africa , 2010, DOI: 10.4081/jphia.2010.e7
Abstract: Depression is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. In the year 2000 depression accounted for 4.4% of the global disability adjusted life years (DALYs). The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has a population of 28 million people and is one of the countries experiencing demographic transition in its population structure. Improvements in socioeconomic status have been shown to be associated with increased chronic diseases including chronic mental diseases like depression, but still there is no comprehensive review summarizing the various reports currently existing in the literature. Although individual studies within Saudi Arabia have reported prevalence rates and risks, the quality of such studies need to be subjected to rigorous assessment and their findings pooled to give combined weighted evidence that will provide basis for targeted intervention. Pooled risks have the advantage of adjusting inherent variations within sampled populations and therefore providing more reliable estimates even though there are concerns about possible magnification of smaller individual risks.
Ulcerative Granular Cell Tumor: A Clinicopathological and Immunohistochemical Study
Mohamed El-Khalawany,Al-Sadat Mosbeh,Fatma Abd-Al Salam,Amany Abou-Bakr
Journal of Skin Cancer , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/497648
Abstract: Granular cell tumor (GCT) is uncommonly presented with cutaneous ulcer. We examined the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of this ulcerative form in fourteen cases that may raise the awareness of this variant. The study included 11 males and 3 females with a mean age 31.5 ± 7.42 years. All cases were presented with large solitary ulcer with indurated base, elevated border, skin colored margin, and necrotic floor. Twelve lesions were located on the extremities and two lesions on the genital region. Histologically, the lesions showed dermal infiltrate composed of large polygonal cells with granular cytoplasm and characteristic infiltration of the dermal muscles in all cases. Immunostaining showed positive reaction for S100 (14/14), NSE (14/14), CD68 (5/14), and Vimentin (7/14) while HMB45, CK, EMA, and Desmin were negative. We hope that this paper increases the awareness of ulcerative GCT and consider it in the differential diagnosis of ulcerative lesions. 1. Introduction Granular cell tumor (GCT) is an uncommon condition of the skin that was described firstly by Weber in 1854 and established as a clinical entity by Abrikossoff in 1926 who termed it as granular cell myoblastoma [1]. The tumor occurs frequently among women and blacks, between the second and sixth decades of life. The common location of GCT is the oral cavity, but it can also occur at any other sites. Cutaneous lesions constitute about 30% of cases; only 1 to 3% is malignant [2]. GCT of the skin is commonly presented with asymptomatic, slow-growing solitary nodule with overlying normal skin. Multiple GCT was also reported as unusual presentation [3], and malignant transformation is considered in lesions that rapidly grows or invades the adjacent tissues [4]. The characteristic histological feature of GCT is the coarse eosinophilic cytoplasmic granules which represent lysosomes similar to that found within Schwann cells when ingest myelin [5]. Although GCT was suggested firstly to originate from myoblasts, it is accepted now that other cells such as histiocytes, fibroblasts, undifferentiated mesenchymal cells, and Schwann cells are implicated in the histogenesis [6]. Secondary ulceration is uncommon in GCT, and to our knowledge there was no previous study that fully discussed the criteria of this clinical variant. In this study, we highlight the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of this ulcerative variant that help to distinguish it from other common ulcerative lesions. 2. Materials and Methods A total of fourteen cases were enrolled in this study, and
The Correlates of Body Composition with Heart Rate Recovery after Step Test: An Exploratory Study of Malaysian Adolescents
Redzal Abu Hanifah, Mohd. Nahar Azmi Mohamed, Zulkarnain Jaafar, Nabilla Al-Sadat Abdul Mohsein, Muhammad Yazid Jalaludin, Hazreen Abdul Majid, Liam Murray, Marie Cantwell, Tin Tin Su
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082893
Abstract: Background In adults, heart rate recovery is a predictor of mortality, while in adolescents it is associated with cardio-metabolic risk factors. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between body composition measures and heart rate recovery (HRR) after step test in Malaysian secondary school students. Methods In the Malaysian Health and Adolescents Longitudinal Research Team (MyHEART) study, 1071 healthy secondary school students, aged 13 years old, participated in the step test. Parameters for body composition measures were body mass index z-score, body fat percentage, waist circumference, and waist height ratio. The step test was conducted by using a modified Harvard step test. Heart rate recovery of 1 minute (HRR1min) and heart rate recovery of 2 minutes (HRR2min) were calculated by the difference between the peak pulse rate during exercise and the resting pulse rate at 1 and 2 minutes, respectively. Analysis was done separately based on gender. Pearson correlation analysis was used to determine the association between the HRR parameters with body composition measures, while multiple regression analysis was used to determine which body composition measures was the strongest predictor for HRR. Results For both gender groups, all body composition measures were inversely correlated with HRR1min. In girls, all body composition measures were inversely correlated with HRR2min, while in boys all body composition measures, except BMI z-score, were associated with HRR2min. In multiple regression, only waist circumference was inversely associated with HRR2min (p=0.024) in boys, while in girls it was body fat percentage for HRR2min (p=0.008). Conclusion There was an inverse association between body composition measurements and HRR among apparently healthy adolescents. Therefore, it is important to identify cardio-metabolic risk factors in adolescent as an early prevention of consequent adulthood morbidity. This reiterates the importance of healthy living which should start from young.
Cancer chemotherapy-induced osteoporosis: How common is it among Saudi Arabian cancer survivors
Al Amri Ali,Sadat-Ali Mir
Indian Journal of Cancer , 2009,
Abstract: Objective: This study was done to assess the prevalence of cancer chemotherapy-induced osteoporosis among survivors of cancer in Saudi Arabia. Material and Methods: Patients who received chemotherapy due to malignant disease attending oncology and orthopedic clinics between June 1, 2006 and November 30, 2006, were the subjects. Age, sex, type of malignancy, last chemotherapy cycle and body mass index (BMI) of patients were entered in the database. Complete blood picture, serum calcium, phosphorous, renal function and liver function tests were done. Bone mineral density measurement of the hip and spine was done using Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry. Results: We analyzed the data of 71 patients with an average age of 49.29 ± 8.24 years. Of these, 19 (25.8%) were osteoporotic and 33.87% were found to be osteopenic according to the BMD of the lumbar spine, 17 (22.6%) found to be osteoporotic and 29% found to be osteopenic per the BMD of the hip area. Patients whose BMD was normal had received their last chemotherapy cycle 48.68 ± 27.35 months earlier (P = 0.01). Osteopenia and osteoporosis were more common in patients in the age group of ≤50 years (65.6%) versus 56.4% in patients of ≥51 years (P = 0.001). Patients who received the last cycle of chemotherapy of less than 2 years were significantly more osteoporotic (81.5%-18.5%, P < 0.0001). Conclusions: Our study indicates a high prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis in patients who were younger than ≤50 years and who had received cancer chemotherapy. Second, bone loss continued for more than 2 years from the last cycle of chemotherapy.
Author′s reply
Sadat-Ali Mir,Al Elq Abdulmohsen
Annals of Saudi Medicine , 2007,
Abstract:
Tehran Groundwater Chemical Pollution
M- Shariatpanahi
DARU : Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 1990,
Abstract: Seventy eight wells water sample of Tehran plain were examined to determine r its groundwaters chemical pollution. Tehran s groundwaters are slightly acidic and their total dissolved solids are high and are in the hard water category."nThe nitrate concentration of wells water of west region is less than per missible level of W.H.O. standard, whereas, the nitrate concentration of some of the other regions wells exceed W.H.O. standard which is indication of pollution"nwith municipal wastewaters. The concentration of toxic elements Cr, Cd, As, Hg and"ni Pb of some of the west, east and south regions wells of Tehran is more than per missible level of W.H.O. standard, whereas, the concentration of Cu, Zn,Mn and detergents is below W.H.O. standard."n1"nIn general, the amount of dissolved materials of Tehran s groundwaters and also"ni the potential of their contamination with nitrate is increased as Tehran s ground-"nwaters move further to the south, and even though, Tehran s groundwaters contamination with toxic elements is limited to the industrial west district, industrial-residential east and south districts, but with regard to the disposal methods of"nt municipal and industrial wastewaters, if Tehran s groundwaters pollution continues,"nlocal contamination of groundwaters is likely to spread. So that finally their quality changes in such a way that this water source may become unfit for most domestic, industrial and agricultural uses. This survey shows the necessity of collection and treatment of Tehran s wastewaters and Prevention of the disposal of untreated wastewaters into the environment.
Genetic Influence of Candidate Osteoporosis Genes in Saudi Arabian Population: A Pilot Study
Mir Sadat-Ali,Haifa A. Al-Turki
Journal of Osteoporosis , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/569145
Abstract: Background and Objectives. The purpose of the present study is to find the genes and SNP that influence BMD and postmenopausal Saudi women. Material and Methods. Two-hundred ethnic Saudi Arabian women with a diagnosis of postmenopausal osteoporosis were the subjects of this study. Baseline blood hematology, biochemistry, and bone panel were done. Blood was collected, and three TaqMan-MGB probes were used to analyze SNP variants in ALOX15 (rs7220870), LRP5 (C 25752205 10), and TNFRSF11B (C 11869235 10). Results. The variant of ALOX15 17p13 showed that the BMD of the spine was lower in the AA allele ( value <0.002) and fractures were highest at 50% compared to CC allele. In the TNFRSF11B gene, BMD of the hip and spine was significantly higher in the GG allele and the history of fractures was significantly higher in GG group. With regard to the LRP5 (C 25752205 10) gene, there was no significant difference between allele groups. Conclusion(s). This study shows that the genetic influence of osteoporosis in the Caucasian and Saudi Arabians population is similar. We believe that the same genetic markers that influence osteoporosis in the Caucasian race could be used for further studies in the Saudi Arabian population.
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