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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 924 matches for " Seyrek Adnan "
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Demographic and parasitic infection status of schoolchildren and sanitary conditions of schools in Sanliurfa, Turkey
Mustafa Ulukanligil, Adnan Seyrek
BMC Public Health , 2003, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-3-29
Abstract: Three primary schools were randomly selected in the shantytown, apartment and rural districts. A total of 1820 schoolchildren between 7–14 years age were took part to the survey of whom 1120 (61.5%) were boys and 700 (38.4%) were girls. A child form (including child's name, sex, age, school grade and parasitic infections) and school survey form (including condition of water supply, condition of latrines, presence of soaps on the basins and presence of garbage piles around to the schools) were used for demographic, parasitic and sanitary surveys. Stool samples were examined by cellophane thick smear technique for the eggs of intestinal helminths.The demographic survey showed that number of schoolchildren was gradually decreased as their age's increase in shantytown school. The sex ratio was proportional until the second grade, after which the number of females gradually decreased in children in shantytown and rural schools while, in apartment area, schoolchildren was proportionally distributed between age groups and gender even the high-grade students. The prevalence of helminthic infections was %77.1 of the schoolchildren in shantytown, 53.2% in apartment district and 53.1% of rural area. Ascaris lumbricoides was the most prevalent species and followed by Trichuris trichiura, Hymenolepis nana and Taenia species in three schools. Sanitation survey indicated that the tap water was limited in shantytown school, toilet's sanitation was poor, available no soaps on lavatories and garbage piles were accumulated around the schools in shantytown and rural area, while, the school in apartment area was well sanitised.These results indicated that burden of parasitic infections and poor sanitation conditions constituted public health importance among to the shantytown schoolchildren. School health programmes including deworming and sanitation activities through the health education and improvement of sanitation conditions in the schools have a potential to better health and educ
Environmental pollution with soil-transmitted helminths in Sanliurfa, Turkey
Ulukanligil, Mustafa;Seyrek, Adnan;Aslan, Gonul;Ozbilge, Hatice;Atay, Suleyman;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762001000700004
Abstract: soil transmitted helminth (sth) infection are endemic in developing countries. a study was carried out of sewage farms, streams and vegetables to determine the sources and routes of sth infection in sanliurfa, turkey. stool samples from farmhouse inhabitants as well as soil and vegetable samples from the gardens were collected and examined. in addition, water samples from streams and vegetable samples from the city market were collected and examined. one hundred and eighty-seven (59.5%) of a total of 314 samples, including 88.4% of the stool samples, 60.8% of the water samples, 84.4% of the soil samples and 14% of the vegetable samples, were found to be positive for sth eggs. these results indicate that the water, soil and vegetables are heavily contaminated, and suggest a vicious circle between humans and the environment. improving environmental sanitation is imperative for the control of soil-transmitted helminthiasis in sanliurfa.
Diagnostic performance characteristics of rapid dipstick test for Plasmodium vivax malaria
Aslan, Gonul;Ulukanligil, Mustafa;Seyrek, Adnan;Erel, Ozcan;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762001000500018
Abstract: we compared the diagnostic performance characteristics of newly developed method, the rapid dipstick test, which provides colorimetric determination by developing antibody to the lactate dehydrogenase enzyme of parasites, with conventional standard thick-blood film examination. for the rapid test, optimal commercial kits were used. the results were also evaluated with clinical findings from patients. the parasites were determined by microscopic examination of thick-blood films from 81 patients with vivax malaria from southeastern anatolia, turkey. the optimal test results were found to be negative in five patients who were diagnosed clinically and through thick-film testing as having vivax malaria. there was no false positivity observed with the optimal test. we concluded that this rapid malaria test has a lower level of sensitivity than the classical thick-blood-film test for malaria, but that these methods have equal specificity.
Diagnostic performance characteristics of rapid dipstick test for Plasmodium vivax malaria
Aslan Gonul,Ulukanligil Mustafa,Seyrek Adnan,Erel Ozcan
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2001,
Abstract: We compared the diagnostic performance characteristics of newly developed method, the rapid dipstick test, which provides colorimetric determination by developing antibody to the lactate dehydrogenase enzyme of parasites, with conventional standard thick-blood film examination. For the rapid test, OptiMAL commercial kits were used. The results were also evaluated with clinical findings from patients. The parasites were determined by microscopic examination of thick-blood films from 81 patients with vivax malaria from southeastern Anatolia, Turkey. The OptiMAL test results were found to be negative in five patients who were diagnosed clinically and through thick-film testing as having vivax malaria. There was no false positivity observed with the OptiMAL test. We concluded that this rapid malaria test has a lower level of sensitivity than the classical thick-blood-film test for malaria, but that these methods have equal specificity.
Environmental pollution with soil-transmitted helminths in Sanliurfa, Turkey
Ulukanligil Mustafa,Seyrek Adnan,Aslan Gonul,Ozbilge Hatice
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2001,
Abstract: Soil transmitted helminth (STH) infection are endemic in developing countries. A study was carried out of sewage farms, streams and vegetables to determine the sources and routes of STH infection in Sanliurfa, Turkey. Stool samples from farmhouse inhabitants as well as soil and vegetable samples from the gardens were collected and examined. In addition, water samples from streams and vegetable samples from the city market were collected and examined. One hundred and eighty-seven (59.5%) of a total of 314 samples, including 88.4% of the stool samples, 60.8% of the water samples, 84.4% of the soil samples and 14% of the vegetable samples, were found to be positive for STH eggs. These results indicate that the water, soil and vegetables are heavily contaminated, and suggest a vicious circle between humans and the environment. Improving environmental sanitation is imperative for the control of soil-transmitted helminthiasis in Sanliurfa.
Adenosine Deaminase Activities in Sera, Lymphocytes and Granulocytes in Patients with Cutaneous Leishmaniasis
Erel, Ozcan;Kocyigit, Abdurrahim;Gurel, Mehmet Salih;Bulut, Vedat;Seyrek, Adnan;Ozdemir, Yuksel;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02761998000400014
Abstract: adenosine deaminase (ada) activities in sera, lymphocytes and granulocytes in patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis were investigated and compared with control groups. fifty patients and 50 healthy individuals were studied. the clinical diagnosis was parasitologically confirmed by culture and giemsa stain. ada activities were measured by colorimetric method. serum ada activities 37.80 ± 11.90, 18.28 ± 6.08 iu/l (p<0.0001), lymphocyte specific ada activities 14.90 ± 7.42, 8.38 ± 7.42 u/mg protein (p = 0.04), granulocyte specific ada activities 1.15 ± 0.73 , 1.09 ± 0.67 u/mg protein ( p>0.05) were found in patients and control groups, respectively. ada activity increases in some infectious diseases were cell mediated immune mechanisms are dominant. in cutaneous leishmaniasis, lymphokine-mediated macrophage activity is the main effector mechanism. increase in serum and lymphocyte ada activities in patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis may be dependent on and reflects the increase in phagocytic activity of macrophages and maturation of t-lymphocytes.
Determination of Watershed Boundaries in Turkey by GIS Based Hydrological River Basin Coding  [PDF]
Y. Darama, K. Seyrek
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2016.811078
Abstract: A study was performed to develop hydrological river basin coding for Turkish river basins using the pfafstetter coding system. The coding system developed in this study is based on the combination of ECRINS and pfafstetter methods. River Basin District concepts were incorporated in this method so that it can be applicable to the management of Turkish River Basins. Developed hydrological river basin coding system is flexible, versatile and fits to all types of basins in Turkey. In order to show the efficiency of the coding system, it was applied to three river basins each of which has different hydrological and topographical features from the others. The basins used for the application of the coding system have complex features such as being transboundary basins, or being coastal basins whose discharge is not joining to the main drainage system, or being a closed basin discharging to an inland lake. Using the developed hydrological river basin coding defines river basin boundaries accurately, preventing conflicts in sectorial water allocation that are caused by uncertainty in the locations of water sources, producing a base for determining water potential and estimating extreme hydrological events of the basin, producing a basis for the prevention of water disputes among stakeholders within the basin, and helping implementation of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) at basin level.
THE USE OF ONLINE ANALYTICAL PROCESSING (OLAP) FOR BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE
brahim Halil Seyrek
Lex et Scientia , 2007,
Abstract: The extensive use of information technology enables organizations to collect huge amounts of data about almost every aspect of their businesses. This large amount of data has a potential to provide valuable information to organizations so that they can maintain and improve their competitive position. Today, the problem for organizations is not data collection but extraction of meaning from the data they have collected. Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) is a set of tools to extract useful information from raw data. This paper explains OLAP concepts and techniques and gives examples using a hypothetical business scenario. Suggestions for organizations are also provided.
THE ROOTS OF TURKISH CIVIL SOCIETY: THE OTTOMAN PERIOD TüRK S V L TOPLUMUNUN K KENLER : OSMANLI D NEM
Demir Murat SEYREK
Turkish Studies , 2010,
Abstract: This article aims to introduce a new dimension to civil society debate by drawing attention to the roots of civil society organisations and the existence of civil society elements in non-democratic environments. Main focus of the article is the Ottoman period and the roots of Turkish civil society. The Ottoman Empire had a regime that depends on the central and absolute authority of the sultan. Possibility of having civil society organisations in such a system is not very high according to contemporary understanding. However, it is possible to find civil society elements even in such a political system. Although their structure, aims and influence are quite different than the contemporary civil society organisations, they were active players of the system. This article argues that civil society organisations are not the creation of this century and their roots can be found in the history. Civil society elements in the Ottoman period will be examined as evidences of this argument. Bu makale sivil toplumun k kenine ve demokratik olmayan bir sistem i inde de bulunabilen sivil toplum unsurlar na dikkat ekerek, sivil toplum tart malar na yeni bir boyut getirmeyi ama lamaktad r. Makalenin odak noktas , Osmanl d nemi ve bu d nemdeki sivil toplum olu umlar d r. Osmanl mparatorlu u, padi ah n merkezi ve mutlak otoritesine ba l bir siyasi sistemle y netilmekteydi. a da sivil toplum anlay na g re b yle bir siyasi sistemde sivil toplum kurulu lar n n varolmas yüksek bir ihtimal de ildir. Bununla beraber, Osmanl tarihine bakt m zda baz sivil toplum unsurlar n n demokratik olmayan bir sistem i erisinde de yer alabildiklerini g rüyoruz. Bu nedenle, makale sivil toplum kurulu lar n n sadece i inde bulundu umuz a a ait olmad n ve k kenlerinin tarihte bulundu unu tart may ama lamaktad r. Osmanl d nemi de bunun kan t olarak sunulacakt r. Makale hem Osmanl d nemindeki sivil toplum unsurlar na hem de bunlar n zaman i erisindeki de i imine yer vermektedir.
Total risk analyses for large dams in Kizilirmak basin, Turkey
H. Tosun,E. Seyrek
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS) & Discussions (NHESSD) , 2010, DOI: 10.5194/nhess-10-979-2010
Abstract: Dams located near urban areas have a high risk potential for life and property in downstream. Turkey is one of the most seismically active regions in the world and has at least 1200 large dams with different type. Major earthquakes with the potential of threatening life and property occur frequently here. Kizilirmak basin studied in this article is located in a seismically very active part of Turkey. The northern part of basin is structurally cut by a significant fault system. The shear zone, which is frequently jointed, fractured and faulted at the central part of basin increases total risk of dams within the zone. Consequently, there are so many large dams, which are located close to these faults in the basin. In this paper authors summarize the methods used for the analysis of total risk, discuss the seismic hazards of 36 large dams constructed in the Kizilirmak basin on the basis of the seismic activity of the dam site and their total risk as based on physical properties and the position in the basin. The seismic hazard analyses have indicated that peak ground acceleration changes within a wide range (0.09 g and 0.45 g) for the dam sites of basin. The total risk analyses depending on the seismic hazard rating of dam site and risk rating of the structure have concluded that 23 large dams have high-risk class in the basin.
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