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European Union – Policies for a Better Environment
Ionel Sergiu Prju
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Relationes Internationales , 2010,
Abstract: Environmental protection is part of the most important EU policy areas, and enjoys theconstant support of the public opinion. The main objectives of this article are the presentation of thehistory and goals of this policy, the ‘Prevention’ and the ‘Polluter pay’ principle, and Europeanlegislation regarding the waste, air and water quality. Finally there are presented a set of solutions thatwe consider useful in the context of twenty-first century. A qualitative approach was used, and themain methods employed are the observation, and a case study about the frauds that recently began toappear in EU, namely the stealing in the trading system of carbon dioxide emission rights (which alsoaffected Romania).
The Methodology of Developing an International Cross-Cultural Diagnostic
Ionel Sergiu Prju,Sebastian ?oimu
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Relationes Internationales , 2011,
Abstract: The aim of this article in two parts is to synthesize the necessary methodological issues ininternational cross-cultural diagnosis. The global village of the millennium XXI cultural intermediaryinitiatives occurs everywhere, without producing a parallel reflection and clarification of itstheoretical foundations. All over the world there is the possibility to experience cross-cultural trainingprograms for mediators, as well as conventions for contracting so-called person liaison, “linkworkers”.These experiences, otherwise commendable by their formative and practical aspect, areoften lacking a theoretical foundation, so knowledge of cross-cultural methodology appears as a sinequa non condition for the success of such an approach (which is the hypothesis of this article).International cross-cultural diagnosis is precisely positioning specific aspects of global culture inorder to be valued. The specific knowledge of global cross-cultural relations lies in discovering andcorrecting the major problems of collaboration as well as the professional necessity to know andbetter treat members of other international communities. The main objectives of this paper are acomparative analysis of cultural dimensions and to present some methods according to a logicalsystem of organization strategies. In this first part of the article a special focus is on cross-culturaldiagnosis, the prerequisites for achieving a cross-cultural approach and methods and ways of cross-culturalresearch.
Recommendations Regarding Valuation of the Cultural Specialty Factors in the Managerial Communication within the Romanian Organizations
Sergiu Ionel Prju,Angelica Nicoleta Onea
EIRP Proceedings , 2012,
Abstract: Within any organization, the communication plays an important role, practically helping at theprogress of all the activities. This is the reason why, at a theoretical level, but also at a practical one, oneassigns it a big importance. The problems issued because of an unsuccessful communication (due tostatus/role, cultural, comprehension differences, disturbances, distortions of messages, etc). They cannegatively affect the organizational outcomes. Very important for the understanding of the objectives of thecompany, but at the same time of the individual and group duties and responsibilities, is the managerialcommunication. This one induces, in a cultural environment characterized by hierarchy, like the Romanianone, new characteristics that the manager has to keep in mind. To those characteristics, but also to thevaluation possibility of the Romanian cultural specific in the managerial communication, is this presentarticle make reference to, anchored on a qualitative analysis, from a critical-interpretative perspective of thesynthesis-type data, obtained by the authors, after the analysis of the results of some personal cultural/crossculturalstudies and from other researches.
The specificity of the Organizational Culture in European Management
C?mpeanu Mariana-Aida,Prju Ionel Sergiu
EIRP Proceedings , 2010,
Abstract: Starting with intensifying globalization and the internationalization of economic relations, increased the competitions on the world market, producing a number of restructuring, changes in theinternational management and subjecting firms to reengenering. The emergence of technology has changed the way of making transactions eliminating the human intervention. The economic organization in these terms focuses more on knowledge and communication than control and administrative hierarchy. The necessity for organizational culture research is given that this exerts a strong influence on a company performance and becomes more pronounced in dynamic conditions in the external environment. A culture must be accepted byall company employees and the managers have to identify cultural factors that hinder the development and transform these factors into values. The leaders are those who manage to create vision of the future that they wanted and they influence and, in turn, they are influenced by organizational culture. European context is characterized by a cultural variety and we can not speak of a management model as is the Japanese or the North American. Europe is characterized by the coexistence of many cultures which presents similarities and considerable differences. Makridakis, in his "Single Market Europe” remarked that the EU cannot be treated as a unicultural organization. Cultural differences existing in the EU is not an obstacle to European integration; they can become the source of many competitive advantages for the EU citizens. Europe isshowing a trend of convergence of his values: decrease of the religious values as a source of moral obligation; the development of the democratic political system; the increase of the social relations values. We are able to conclude that, at the cultural level of Europe, is characterized by great diversity based on a set of commonand similar values, which are major components of European integration.
The Economical Partnership European Union – Mercosur
C?mpeanu Mariana-Aida,Prju Ionel Sergiu
EIRP Proceedings , 2010,
Abstract: In 1960 the cooperation process between the South America countries was characterized by national strategies to foster the national industries, safeguarded by the intense exports from the developedcountries. This strategy was called by some authors defensive regionalism, as oposed to open regionalism or the offensive one, promoted by CEPAR (Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbeans). The Common Market of the South or Mercosur (in Spanish Mercado Comun del Sur, in Portuguese Mercado Comun do Sul, Mercosul ), is a commercial block that has as goals: promotion of free exchange of products, people and capital between the countries members, as well as the development of a better integration and trialbetween partners and associates. The first members states were: Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay; Venezuela signed the joining in 17 June 2006. Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Peru have associate estate. Member States consider on November 30, 1985 (when they signed the Declaration of Foz Iguazu) the moment of Mercosur appearance. EU-MERCOSUR relations have a broad tradition based on history, culture, political affinity, economic interest and strategic considerations. We may say that Latin America is where Europe canrecognize on a large extent their own political and cultural values. This common heritage, but primarily economic interests led to the need for mutual dialogue between the two organizations. We are now at 15 years after signing the first agreement between EU and Mercosur and 8 years after initiating negotiations for reaching an inter-regional association agreement to establish a free trade area. Negotiations were not linear, but have had many obstacles, and now, in 2010, it seems to be increasingly fewer opportunities to achieveinter-regional agreement. When MS achieves its own identity (not only the legal personality that it was self assumed through Article 34 of the Protocol of Ouro Preto), it will truly be able to sign an Interregional agreement with the EU under the new requirements of an international market which increasingly tends towards globalization.
Characterization of European Management Perspective Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions Comparative Analysis
Aida C?MPEANU,Sergiu PRJU,Gabriela MIRONOV
Risk in Contemporary Economy , 2011,
Abstract: Because Europe is characterized by the coexistence of several cultures whose characteristics have both similarities and differences but appreciable, the results of researchers in this regard are different from each other, this distinction is often made based on the prevailing values of that culture , which determines the orientation of the country for a certain system, management style or to a specific profile manager. A particularly important role in characterizing cultural factors play European management, each differing from the other culture as module in addressing various fundamental issues that characterize that society. These issues can be characterized by certain general cultural dimensions that Hofstede defines them as aspects of a culture that can be measured in relation to other cultures. The differences between management systems in European countries (mainly EU countries) in the context of this article, the study is based on four cultural dimensions of Hofstede model (power distance, individualism vs. collectivism, uncertainty avoidance, femininity vs. masculinity) and change scores recorded for these dimensions in each country. Dimensions considered primarily affect organizational culture which in turn significantly influence the development and performance of the organization and its members, management practices and policies.Data from Hofstede's study reinforce and support the claim that European countries can be grouped systematically cultural groups (Nordic countries, Latin, Germanic, Anglo-Saxon, Eastern Europe) that allow significant interpretation in terms of management organization, and that can speak of a typical single European culture but you can see all dimensions of cultural differences taken into account.
Using Guidance in Communication Management during Crisis Situations within the Management of the Company
Ionel Sergiu Pirju
BRAND : Broad Research in Accounting, Negotiation, and Distribution , 2013,
Abstract: In crisis situations, the communication process at the level of the company is distorted, because the exchange of information between the company and the environment where this acts is blocked. Although an efficient management helps limit the loss of information, it cannot reestablish the communication process very quickly. This is achieved by guidance with the help of 2 elements: motivational triggers and special constructions. On the other hand, guidance has the role to reestablish both the communication process and the process of directing behaviors by transmitting precise tasks from which a concrete response is expected in a short time. Keywords: crisis communication, guidance, management, action triggers, special constructions
ANALYSIS OF RURAL TOURISM POTENTIAL OF REGION CRISANA
BARBU IONEL,BARBU SERGIU-AURELIAN
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper we will present a SWOT analysis on the potential of rural tourism in the region Crisana. Crisana region is a historical region delimited at north by the river Somes and Maramures region, at west by the river Tisa, at south by the Mures river and Banat region, and at east by the peaks of the Apuseni Mountains and Transylvania region. Crisana Region stretches on both Romania and Hungary, and we will refer only to the Romanian side of it. Crisana region has an area of 17,717 km2 and if we refer to the current counties, this region includes much of Arad county, without the area between the river Mures and Timis county, north of Hunedoara county Bihor county and part of western Salaj county
N,N′-(1,4-Phenylene)bis(4-chlorobutanamide)
Olesea Cuzan,Sergiu Shova,Constantin Turta,Ionel I. Mangalagiu
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2012, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536812001341
Abstract: The title molecule, C14H18Cl2N2O2, lies on a crystallographic inversion center and the each 4-chlorobutanamide group adopts an anti-staggered conformation. In the crystal, adjacent molecules are linked through N—H...O contacts, forming infinite ribbons extending parallel to the a axis.
The existence of a global attractor for a class of rational maps
Constantin P. Niculescu,Ionel Roventa
Mathematics and its Applications : Annals of the Academy of Romanian Scientists , 2010,
Abstract: In this paper we prove the global asymptotic stability of a class ofrational iterative processes. Our approach combines the presence of agroup of symmetries with certain a priori estimates.
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