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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 39130 matches for " Seok Jun Moon "
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A New Case of Turner Syndrome with Early Pubertal Development  [PDF]
Seok Ho Yoon, Dong Jun Lee, Son Moon Shin, So Young Yoon, Sung Won Park
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2016.75036
Abstract: Turner syndrome (TS) is a relatively common chromosomal disorder caused by complete or partial X monosomy. The most frequently observed karyotype, 45, X, arises more often by loss of the paternal X or Y chromosome in meiosis or in early embryogenesis than by loss of the maternal X chromosome. The main clinical features of TS are short stature, gonadal dysgenesis, and not to undergo pubertal development (e.g. primary amenorrhea). However, a few rare cases of TS have shown precocious puberty. Our case of a 9-year-old girl did not have any TS-specific clinical hallmarks, with the exception of short stature. She visited our clinic because of her pubertal development and short stature. In this report, we highlight the variability that can occur in patients with TS and emphasizes the need to carefully assess unusual growth patterns in any child, regardless of other underlying conditions.
A Hybrid Structure of Dual Stators and a Pneumatic Spring for Resonance Control in an Air Mount  [PDF]
Hyung-Tae Kim, Cheol-Ho Kim, Sung-Bok Kang, Seok-Jun Moon, Gyu-Seop Lee
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications (JEMAA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2013.53019
Abstract:

An active device using electromagnetic forces was constructed and examined for the purpose of minimizing the resonance in air mounts of clean rooms. The air mounts are vulnerable to low-frequency resonance due to heavy weight and low stiffness. A hybrid structure of the active device, composed of pneumatic and electromagnetic parts, was developed and tested. The pneumatic parts in the device support heavy weights under the air mounts, and the electromagnetic parts reduce the resonance. The electromagnetic parts are composed of dual stators and an armature, which surround the pneumatic parts. The resonance can decrease when electromagnetic forces are generated in the gaps between the stators and the armature. Four active devices were installed under a 3-ton surface plate for a vibration test apparatus. The vibration was detected by eddy-current sensors. Discrete P Control logic was based on displacement, and embedded in a C6713 DSP. The results from impact tests show that the peak magnitude in the resonance frequency can be reduced to 10 dB.

Colonoscopy evaluation after short-term anti-tuberculosis treatment in nonspecific ulcers on the ileocecal areaColonoscopy evaluation after short-term anti-tuberculosis treatment in nonspecific ulcers on the ileocecal area
Young Sook Park, Dae Won Jun, Seong Hwan Kim, Han Hyo Lee, Yun Ju Jo, Moon Hee Song, Nam In Kim, Jun Seok Lee
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2008,
Abstract: AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of colonoscopy follow-up after short-term anti-tuberculosis treatment in patients with nonspecific ulcers on ileocecal areas being suspicious of tuberculous colitis.METHODS: We prospectively analyzed the colonoscopic findings before and after short term anti-tuberculosis treatment in 18 patients with nonspecific ulcers on the ileocecal area and compared them with 7 patients of confirmed tuberculous colitis by acid-fast bacilli or caseating granuloma on colonic biopsy.RESULTS: Mean duration for short-term follow-up was 107.3 d with combined chemotherapy containing isoniazid, rifampicin, ethambutol and pyrazinamide. Seven patients with tuberculous colitis showed complete healing of active ulcers after short-term medication. After short-term anti-tuberculosis treatment, follow-up colonoscopy findings divided 18 patients with nonspecific ulcers into two groups by ulcer state. One is the “suspicious tuberculous colitis group” showing healing of ulcers and erosions and another is the “suspicious inflammatory bowel disease group” showing active ulcers with or without aggravation of the lesion. Finally, all 9 of the “suspicious tuberculous colitis group” were diagnosed as tuberculous colitis showing no recurrence of ulcers after termination of 9 mo of anti-tuberculosis medication. Patients of the “suspicious inflammatory bowel disease group” were finally diagnosed as Crohn’s disease or nonspecific colonic ulcers during long-term follow up.CONCLUSION: Follow-up colonoscopy shows a healing stage ulcer or scarring change without an active ulcer with just 2 mo to 3 mo of medication in patients with tuberculous colitis. Colonoscopy follow-up after short term anti-tuberculosis trial in patients with nonspecific ulcers on the ileocecal area is valuable in making early differential diagnosis of tuberculous colitis.
dTULP, the Drosophila melanogaster Homolog of Tubby, Regulates Transient Receptor Potential Channel Localization in Cilia
Jina Park equal contributor,Jeongmi Lee equal contributor,Jaewon Shim,Woongsu Han,Jinu Lee,Yong Chul Bae,Yun Doo Chung,Chul Hoon Kim ,Seok Jun Moon
PLOS Genetics , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1003814
Abstract: Mechanically gated ion channels convert sound into an electrical signal for the sense of hearing. In Drosophila melanogaster, several transient receptor potential (TRP) channels have been implicated to be involved in this process. TRPN (NompC) and TRPV (Inactive) channels are localized in the distal and proximal ciliary zones of auditory receptor neurons, respectively. This segregated ciliary localization suggests distinct roles in auditory transduction. However, the regulation of this localization is not fully understood. Here we show that the Drosophila Tubby homolog, King tubby (hereafter called dTULP) regulates ciliary localization of TRPs. dTULP-deficient flies show uncoordinated movement and complete loss of sound-evoked action potentials. Inactive and NompC are mislocalized in the cilia of auditory receptor neurons in the dTulp mutants, indicating that dTULP is required for proper cilia membrane protein localization. This is the first demonstration that dTULP regulates TRP channel localization in cilia, and suggests that dTULP is a protein that regulates ciliary neurosensory functions.
Circulating CD62E+ Microparticles and Cardiovascular Outcomes
Soon-Tae Lee, Kon Chu, Keun-Hwa Jung, Jeong-Min Kim, Hye-Jin Moon, Jae-Jun Bahn, Woo-Seok Im, Junsang Sunwoo, Jangsup Moon, Manho Kim, Sang Kun Lee, Jae-Kyu Roh
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0035713
Abstract: Background Activated endothelial cells release plasma membrane submicron vesicles expressing CD62E (E-selectin) into blood, known as endothelial microparticles (EMPs). We studied whether the levels of endothelial microparticles expressing CD62E+, CD31+/Annexin-V+, or CD31+/CD42? predict cardiovascular outcomes in patients with stroke history. Methods/Principal Findings Patients with stroke history at least 3 months prior to enrolment were recruited. Peripheral blood EMP levels were measured by flow cytometry. Major cardiovascular events and death were monitored for 36 months. Three hundred patients were enrolled, of which 298 completed the study according to protocol. Major cardiovascular events occurred in 29 patients (9.7%). Nine patients died, five from cardiovascular causes. Cumulative event-free survival rates were lower in patients with high levels of CD62E+ microparticles. Multivariate Cox regression analysis adjusted for cardiovascular risk factors, medications and stroke etiologic groups showed an association between a high CD62E+ microparticle level and a risk of major cardiovascular events and hospitalization. Levels of other kinds of EMPs expressing CD31+/Annexin-V+ or CD31+/CD42? markers were not predictive of cardiovascular outcomes. Conclusion A high level of CD62E+ microparticles is associated with cardiovascular events in patients with stroke history, suggesting that the systemic endothelial activation increases the risk for cardiovascular morbidities.
Comparative Gene Expression Analysis of the Human Periodontal Ligament in Deciduous and Permanent Teeth
Je Seon Song, Dong Hwan Hwang, Seong-Oh Kim, Mijeong Jeon, Byung-Jai Choi, Han-Sung Jung, Seok Jun Moon, Wonse Park, Hyung-Jun Choi
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0061231
Abstract: There are histological and functional differences between human deciduous and permanent periodontal ligament (PDL) tissues. The aim of this study was to determine the differences between these two types of tissue at the molecular level by comparing their gene expression patterns. PDL samples were obtained from permanent premolars (n = 38) and anterior deciduous teeth (n = 31) extracted from 40 healthy persons. Comparative cDNA microarray analysis revealed several differences in gene expression between the deciduous and permanent PDL tissues. These findings were verified by qRT-PCR (quantitative reverse-transcription–polymerase chain reaction) analysis, and the areas where genes are expressed were revealed by immunohistochemical staining. The expressions of 21 genes were up-regulated in deciduous relative to PDL tissues, and those of 30 genes were up-regulated in permanent relative to deciduous PDL tissues. The genes that were up-regulated in deciduous PDL tissues were those involved in the formation of the extracellular matrix (LAMC2, LAMB3, and COMP), tissue development (IGF2BP, MAB21L2, and PAX3), and inflammatory or immune reactions leading to tissue degradation (IL1A, CCL21, and CCL18). The up-regulated genes in permanent PDL tissues were related to tissue degradation (IL6 and ADAMTS18), myocontraction (PDE3B, CASQ2, and MYH10), and neurological responses (FOS, NCAM2, SYT1, SLC22A3, DOCK3, LRRTM1, LRRTM3, PRSS12, and ARPP21). The analysis of differential gene expressions between deciduous and permanent PDL tissues aids our understanding of histological and functional differences between them at the molecular level.
Induction of beta defensin 2 by NTHi requires TLR2 mediated MyD88 and IRAK-TRAF6-p38MAPK signaling pathway in human middle ear epithelial cells
Haa-Yung Lee, Tamotsu Takeshita, Jun Shimada, Arsen Akopyan, Jeong-Im Woo, Huiqi Pan, Sung K Moon, Ali Andalibi, Rae-Kil Park, Sung-Ho Kang, Shin-Seok Kang, Robert Gellibolian, David J Lim
BMC Infectious Diseases , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2334-8-87
Abstract: Monoclonal antibody blocking method was employed in monitoring the TLR-dependent NTHi response. Two gene knock down methods – dominant negative (DN) plasmid and small interfering RNA (siRNA) – were employed to detect and confirm the involvement of several key genes in the signaling cascade resulting from the NTHi stimulated β-defensin 2 expression in human middle ear epithelial cell (HMEEC-1). The student's t-test was used for the statistical analysis of the data.The experimental results showed that the major NTHi-specific receptor in HMEEC-1 is the Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2). Furthermore, recognition of NTHi component(s)/ligand(s) by TLR2, activated the Toll/IL-1 receptor (TIR)-MyD88-IRAK1-TRAF6-MKK3/6-p38 MAPK signal transduction pathway, ultimately leading to the induction of β-defensin 2.This study found that the induction of β-defensin 2 is highest in whole cell lysate (WCL) preparations of NTHi, suggesting that the ligand(s) responsible for this up-regulation may be soluble macromolecule(s). We also found that this induction takes place through the TLR2 dependent MyD88-IRAK1-TRAF6-p38 MAPK pathway, with the primary response occurring within the first hour of stimulation. In combination with our previous studies showing that IL-1α-induced β-defensin 2 expression takes place through a MyD88-independent Raf-MEK1/2-ERK MAPK pathway, we found that both signaling cascades act synergistically to up-regulate β-defensin 2 levels. We propose that this confers an essential evolutionary advantage to the cells in coping with infections and may serve to amplify the innate immune response through paracrine signaling.The respiratory mucosal epithelia, including the middle ear mucosa, are directly exposed to the environment and serve as an effective first line of defense against a variety of potentially pathogenic microorganisms. Second only to the common cold, otitis media (OM) is the most prevalent mucosal infectious disease affecting young children. OM results in 31 millio
Curcumin Attenuates Acute Graft-versus-Host Disease Severity via In Vivo Regulations on Th1, Th17 and Regulatory T Cells
Min-Jung Park, Su-Jin Moon, Sung-Hee Lee, Eun-Ji Yang, Jun-Ki Min, Seok-Goo Cho, Chul-Woo Yang, Sung-Hwan Park, Ho-Youn Kim, Mi-La Cho
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0067171
Abstract: Background In this study we examined the in vivo and in vitro effects and mechanisms of action of curcumin on the development of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) using a murine model. Methodology/Principal Findings Mixed lymphocyte reactions were used to determine the in vitro effects of curcumin. Treatment with curcumin attenuated alloreactive T cell proliferation and inhibited the production of interferon (IFN)-γ and interleukin (IL)-17. In a murine acute GVHD model, transplantation of curcumin-treated allogeneic splenocytes into irradiated recipient mice significantly reduced the clinical severity scores of acute GVHD manifested in the liver, skin, colon and lung as compared with animals receiving vehicle-treated splenocytes. c-Fos and c-Jun expression levels in the skin and intestine, which are major target organs, were analyzed using immunohistochemical staining. Expression of both proteins was reduced in epithelial tissues of skin and intestine from curcumin-treated GVHD animals. The IFN-γ-expressing CD4+ splenocytes and IFN-γ-expressing lymph node cells were dramatically decreased in curcumin-treated mice. In contrast, CD4+Foxp3+ splenocytes were increased in the curcumin-treated acute GVHD animals. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that animals transplanted with curcumin-treated allogeneic splenocytes showed increased populations of CD4+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) as well as CD8+ Treg cells, compared to animals administered vehicle-treated splenocytes. Curcumin-treated acute GVHD animals could have a change in B cell subpopulations. Conclusion/Significance In the present study, we investigated the efficacy and mechanism of action of curcumin treatment against acute GVHD. The acute GVHD mice administered with curcumin-treated splenocytes showed significantly reduced severity of acute GVHD. Curcumin exerted in vivo preventive effects on acute GVHD by reciprocal regulation of T helper 1 (Th1) and Treg (both CD4+ and CD8+ Treg) cell lineages as well as B cell homeostasis.
Distinctive Genetic Activity Pattern of the Human Dental Pulp between Deciduous and Permanent Teeth
Ji-Hee Kim, Mijeong Jeon, Je-Seon Song, Jae-Ho Lee, Byung-Jai Choi, Han-Sung Jung, Seok Jun Moon, Pamela K. DenBesten, Seong-Oh Kim
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0102893
Abstract: Human deciduous and permanent teeth exhibit different developmental processes, morphologies, histological characteristics and life cycles. In addition, their pulp tissues react differently to external stimuli, such as the pulp sensitivity test, dental trauma and pulp therapy materials. These suggest differences in gene expression and regulation, and in this study we compared gene-expression profiles of the human dental pulp from deciduous and permanent teeth. Pulp tissues from permanent premolars and deciduous molars aged 11–14 years were extirpated and mRNA was isolated for cDNA microarray analysis, and quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). Other teeth were used for immunohistochemical analysis (IHC). Microarray analysis identified 263 genes with a twofold or greater difference in expression level between the two types of pulp tissue, 43 and 220 of which were more abundant in deciduous and permanent pulp tissues, respectively. qPCR analysis was conducted for eight randomly selected genes, and the findings were consistent with the cDNA microarray results. IHC confirmed that insulin-like growth factor 2 mRNA-binding protein 1 (IGF2BP1) was broadly expressed in deciduous dental pulp tissue, but minimally expressed in permanent dental pulp tissue. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that calbindin 1 (CALB1), leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptor 5 (LGR5), and gamma-aminobutyric acid A receptor beta 1 (GABRB1) were abundantly expressed in permanent predentin/odontoblasts, but only minimally expressed in deciduous dental pulp tissue. These results show that deciduous and permanent pulp tissues have different characteristics and gene expression, suggesting that they may have different functions and responses to therapies focused on pulp or dentin regeneration.
Conceptual Design of Hybrid Cable-Stayed Bridge with Central Span of 1000 m Using UHPC  [PDF]
Hyejin Yoon, Won Jong Chin, Hee Seok Kim, Moon Seoung Keum, Young Jin Kim
Engineering (ENG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.59089
Abstract:

Ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) is featured by a compressive strength 5 times higher than that of ordinary concrete and by a high durability owing to the control of the chloride penetration speed by its dense structure. The high strength characteristics of UHPC offer numerous advantages like the reduction of the quantities of cables and foundations by the design of a lightweight superstructure in the case of the long-span bridge preserving its structural performance through axial forces and structures governed by compression. This study conducted the conceptual design of a hybrid cable-stayed bridge with central span of 1000 m and exploiting 200 MPa-class UHPC. The economic efficiency of the conceptual design results of the hybrid cable-stayed bridge with central span of 1000 m and of Sutong Bridge, the longest cable-stayed bridge in the world, was analyzed.

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