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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 25271 matches for " SeoYoung Lee "
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Study on the Classification of Speech Anxiety Using Q-Methodology Analysis  [PDF]
SeoYoung Lee
Advances in Journalism and Communication (AJC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajc.2014.23008
Abstract: Public speaking is one of the cornerstones of mass communication, the influence of which has only been enhanced with the advent of the modern era. Yet despite its importance, up to 40% of the world’s population feels anxious when faced with the prospect of presenting in front of an audience (Wilbur, 1981). However, public speaking anxiety is human condition that can be understood and with effort, overcome by sufferers. Based on theoretical research, this study presents an empirical investigation of speech anxiety. The research uses Q-methodology to generate categories of speakers and then draws on the PQ-method program to suggest ways for speakers to improve their speaking confidence based on these categories. This research is of a value to those who are interested in speech anxiety for therapeutic or pedagogical practice.
A Study on Empathy, Credibility, and Political Attitude in Social Media: Focused on the Relationship between Empathetic Intention and the Motivation of Belonging on Intended Pro-Social and Political Behavior  [PDF]
Sang Hee Kweon, SeoYoung Lee
Advances in Journalism and Communication (AJC) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajc.2013.13004
Abstract: This study explores the relationship how SNS through empathetic intentions and motives affect political participation and foster positive attitudes. In addition, this research explores how online and offline inter- action affects attitudes in political participation. The theoretical background of the research is based on the theory of planned behavior, in which the behavior of individuals is determined by attitudes towards behavior, and the subjective norms that influence intended behavior. Depending on how much time is spent on personal online activities, you can predict offline behavior through online attitudes, which can help to increase the explanatory power of the theory of planned behavior. In this study, there is a verifica- tion of offline political action related to the attitudes formed through social media. Social network service (hereafter SNS) could have important implication for modern society as a predictive tool. The research was conducted on 291 members of an SNS community and based on the survey data gathered, a hierarchi- cal regression analysis was applied. The analysis was found to significantly predict the behavioral tenden- cy of the subjects to cooperate and share information online when there is an intent and motive towards personal empathy. Online cognitive behavior control shows that the higher level of information sharing and trust, the higher the offline intent to participate in political action. Finally, there is a high correlation between online and offline political attitudes. The more positive the political attitudes, either online or offline, the more intent to participate in offline political action.
Modulation frequency dependence of continuous-wave optically/electrically detected magnetic resonance
Sang-Yun Lee,Seoyoung Paik,Dane R. McCamey,Christoph Boehme
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.86.115204
Abstract: Continuous wave optically and electrically detected magnetic resonance spectroscopy (cwODMR/cwEDMR) allow the investigation of paramagnetic states involved in spin-dependent transitions, like recombination and transport. Although experimentally similar to conventional electron spin resonance (ESR), there exist limitations when applying models originally developed for ESR to observables (luminescence and electric current) of cwODMR and cwEDMR. Here we present closed-form solutions for the modulation frequency dependence of cwODMR and cwEDMR based on an intermediate pair recombination model and discuss ambiguities which arise when attempting to distinguish the dominant spin-dependent processes underlying experimental data. These include: 1) a large number of quantitatively different models cannot be differentiated, 2) signs of signals are determined not only by recombination, but also by other processes like dissociation, intersystem-crossing, pair generation, and even experimental parameter such as, modulation frequency, microwave power, and temperature, 3) radiative and non-radiative recombination cannot be distinguished due to the observed signs of cwODMR and cwEDMR experiments.
Activation of p53 with Ilimaquinone and Ethylsmenoquinone, Marine Sponge Metabolites, Induces Apoptosis and Autophagy in Colon Cancer Cells
Hyun-Young Lee,Kyu Jin Chung,In Hyun Hwang,Jungsuk Gwak,Seoyoung Park,Bong Gun Ju,Eunju Yun,Dong-Eun Kim,Young-Hwa Chung,MinKyun Na,Gyu-Yong Song,Sangtaek Oh
Marine Drugs , 2015, DOI: 10.3390/md13010543
Abstract: The tumor suppressor, p53, plays an essential role in the cellular response to stress through regulating the expression of genes involved in cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and autophagy. Here, we used a cell-based reporter system for the detection of p53 response transcription to identify the marine sponge metabolites, ilimaquinone and ethylsmenoquinone, as activators of the p53 pathway. We demonstrated that ilimaquinone and ethylsmenoquinone efficiently stabilize the p53 protein through promotion of p53 phosphorylation at Ser15 in both HCT116 and RKO colon cancer cells. Moreover, both compounds upregulate the expression of p21 WAF1 /CIP1, a p53-dependent gene, and suppress proliferation of colon cancer cells. In addition, ilimaquinone and ethylsmenoquinone induced G 2/M cell cycle arrest and increased caspase-3 cleavage and the population of cells that positively stained with Annexin V-FITC, both of which are typical biochemical markers of apoptosis. Furthermore, autophagy was elicited by both compounds, as indicated by microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) puncta formations and LC3-II turnover in HCT116 cells. Our findings suggest that ilimaquinone and ethylsmenoquinone exert their anti-cancer activity by activation of the p53 pathway and may have significant potential as chemo-preventive and therapeutic agents for human colon cancer.
Coherent control of single spins in silicon carbide at room temperature
Matthias Widmann,Sang-Yun Lee,Torsten Rendler,Nguyen Tien Son,Helmut Fedder,Seoyoung Paik,Li-Ping Yang,Nan Zhao,Sen Yang,Ian Booker,Andrej Denisenko,Mohammad Jamali,Seyed Ali Momenzadeh,Ilja Gerhardt,Takeshi Ohshima,Adam Gali,Erik Janzén,J?rg Wrachtrup
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1038/nmat4145
Abstract: Spins in solids are cornerstone elements of quantum spintronics. Leading contenders such as defects in diamond, or individual phosphorous dopants in silicon have shown spectacular progress but either miss established nanotechnology or an efficient spin-photon interface. Silicon carbide (SiC) combines the strength of both systems: It has a large bandgap with deep defects and benefits from mature fabrication techniques. Here we report the characterization of photoluminescence and optical spin polarization from single silicon vacancies in SiC, and demonstrate that single spins can be addressed at room temperature. We show coherent control of a single defect spin and find long spin coherence time under ambient conditions. Our study provides evidence that SiC is a promising system for atomic-scale spintronics and quantum technology.
The Relationship between Visual Satisfaction and Water Clarity and Quality Management in Tourism Fishing Ports  [PDF]
Lee-Hsueh Lee
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2016.88064
Abstract: Visual satisfaction of the tourists with a water body is strongly influenced by water clarity, which is in turn influenced by a number of water quality parameters. Visual satisfaction thus stands to benefit from having a water quality management tool that results in better water clarity. A Clarity Suitability Index of Water Quality (CSIWQ), derived from clarity suitability curves of selected water quality parameters, can allow estimation of optimal values for these parameters, while ensuring high visual satisfaction among tourists. The present study used sampling and survey methodologies to investigate water clarity and quality at five tourism fishing ports; simultaneously, tourists’ visual satisfaction with a water body was assessed through a questionnaire based on their perceptions. The relationship between tourists’ visual satisfaction and water clarity was found to be positive and strong, with water clarity having predictive power of 74.2%. The study showed that DO, BOD, TP, and SS were the most critical parameters for water clarity. A continued product approach of CSIWQ was found to be most appropriate for describing the relationship between water clarity and these four parameters. This enabled a CSIWQ Index value to be calculated. With a CSIWQ value of 0.6, water clarity would be more than 2.08 m, and tourists would experience very high satisfaction. CSI curves showed that DO would preferably be 9.0 mg/L, and BOD, TP, and SS less than 0.5 mg/L, 0.12 mg/L, and 45.0 mg/L, respectively. The model thus produced valuable insights for assessing and improving water quality and ensuring high levels of visual satisfaction among tourists in tourism fishing ports. This model identified only four parameters but could be improved by ensuring that other water quality parameters were included, to encourage an increase in the number of tourists and to include monitoring of more pollutant sources.
Appearance’s Aesthetic Appreciation to Inform Water Quality Management of Waterscapes  [PDF]
Lee-Hsueh Lee
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2017.913103
The appearance of the water is just one aspect of a waterscape that can be appreciated aesthetically. Water appearance is affected by water clarity and water colour. Here, an aesthetic assessment model of waterscape was suggested. In the model, water clarity and colour have direct effects, whereas water quality and phytoplankton biomass have indirect effects, on tourists’ aesthetic assessment of water bodies. The preferred water colour is aquamarine to blue, regardless of depth of clarity. Water colour ranges from pastel yellow to yellow-green are not favoured by tourists. Four water-quality parameters were correlated with water clarity and phytoplankton biomass. The coefficient of indirect effect of river pollution index on tourists’ aesthetic valuation of aquamarine to blue water colour was -0.457, and for pastel yellow to yellowgreen, it was -0.209. The research results showed observation of water colour could not only reflect waterscape aesthetic value, but also serve as a guide of judging water quality, and the status of phytoplankton benefited to simplify the process of water-quality management for waterscape.
Abdominal Fat Reduction through Cryolipolysis  [PDF]
Doyeop Lee, Kyurae Lee
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2018.69005
Abstract: Although several studies showed the efficacy and safety from this procedure, the comparative assessment of adipose tissue by cryolipolysis has not been studied until now. Therefore we investigated the quantitative change of cross sectional areas of abdominal SAT (subcutaneous adipose tissue) and VAT (visceral adipose tissue) following cryolipolysis. A prospective study for twelve subjects with a single session of cryolipolysis on abdomen was performed. We assessed for their height, weight, and waist circumferences, body contours by photographs, and the cross sectional areas of visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissues were measured at umbilicus level by computerized tomography for 2 months. The cross sectional areas in SAT reduced from 243.3 ± 24.7 to 238.5 ± 40.7 cm2 at 2 months post-treatment. Those of VAT reduced from 141.3 ± 46.4 to 125.1 ± 42.8 cm2 at 2 months post-treatment. Cross sectional areas of VAT, and waist circumferences were significantly reduced by 16.2 cm2, 4.1 cm respectively. Additionally visual improvement without unexpected adverse events was noted. In conclusion a single session cryolipolysis demonstrated to reduce visceral adipose tissue as well as waist circumferences tissue for 2 months. Further controlled study would be needed to evaluate for reduction of visceral adipose tissue by cryolipolysis.
Exponential Ergodicity and β-Mixing Property for Generalized Ornstein-Uhlenbeck Processes  [PDF]
Oesook Lee
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2012.21004
Abstract: The generalized Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process is derived from a bivariate Lévy process and is suggested as a continuous time version of a stochastic recurrence equation [1]. In this paper we consider the generalized Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process and provide sufficient conditions under which the process is exponentially ergodic and hence holds the expo-nentially β-mixing property. Our results can cover a wide variety of areas by selecting suitable Lévy processes and be used as fundamental tools for statistical analysis concerning the processes. Well known stochastic volatility models in finance such as Lévy-driven Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process is examined as a special case.
Coastal Planning Strategies for Adaptation to Sea Level Rise: A Case Study of Mokpo, Korea  [PDF]
Yumi Lee
Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research (JBCPR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jbcpr.2014.21007
Abstract: Climate change and sea level rise necessitate adaptation strategies for coastal areas. This paper showcases five strategies for sea level rise adaptation: hard protection, soft protection, accommodation, retreat, and attack. This study proposes adaptation measures and a phased development strategy for coastal areas of Mokpo, an old port city on the southwestern tip of the Korean Peninsula that has been expanded by land reclamation. Mokpo presently experiences frequent flooding during high-water and storm events; due to their low elevation and land subsidence, most of the reclaimed areas are susceptible to future inundation via sea level rise. The fundamental adaptation strategies for the impact areas are: hard protection of important infrastructures via multi-tiered terraces; the retreat of coastal developments accompanied by green buffer zones such as wetlands and parks to accommodate temporary inundation; and up-leveling the ground for new development and phased relocation of existing development. Through the case study of Mokpo, the paper emphasizes the importance of resilient planning strategies for urban development, and highlights both the challenges and opportunities for sea level rise adaptation.
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