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INCIDENCE OF STUTTERING IN SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN WITH DOWN SYNDROME
Nevzeta SALIHOVI?,Selma HASANBAI,Leila BEGI?
Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation , 2012,
Abstract: The main purpose of this study was to examine the incidence (frequency) and stuttering severity in the school-age children with Down syndrome. The sample was consisted of 37 school-age children with Down syndrome, both male and female. The study was conducted in the following institutions: Institute of Special Education and Rehabilitation for Children with Intellectual Disabilities "Mjedenica"; Centre for Education, Training and Employment of Mentally Retarded Children, Children with Autism and Cerebral palsy "Vladimir Nazor" in Sarajevo; Primary School of Special Education Zenica“; Primary school "Kova i i" Sarajevo; "Association of United Civic Actions – DUGA" in Sarajevo; and The Association "Be my friend" in Ilija . All of the subjects were individually examined. The results showed that 13,51 % of the children with Down syndrome stuttered, and the total result of stuttering severity indicates a moderate stuttering. These results show that children with Down syndrome should be enrolled intensively in speech therapy in order to help them overcome their stuttering, to facilitate their everyday communication and to teach them how to cope with stuttering.
Micronuclei in lymphocytes of horses and pigs after in vitro irradiation
Hasanbai? Danica,Rukavina Dunja
Acta Veterinaria , 2007, DOI: 10.2298/avb0704341h
Abstract: Within a comprehensive study conducted on the Bosnian- Herzegovinia mountain horse breed, a research on the relative frequency of micronuclei (MN) after in vitro horse blood irradiation was carried out. Experiments on cytogenetic dosimetry were also conducted on pigs. The results of MN test were presented in terms of MN in binucleate (BN) cells. In control samples the percent of MN is very low in relation to irradiated samples where a higher number of MN cells was asserted, as well as a higher number of MN in BN cells. We could also observe that a number of BN cells with MN is proportionally increased with the radiation dosage. The MN test could provide additional data on the level of radiation damage (depletion) in the lymphocytes of the peripheral blood in domestic animals.
Chromosomal damage and mitotic index in Bosnian and Herzegovinian mountain horse lymphocytes following low dosage X-ray irradiation in vitro
Rukavina Dunja,Hasanbai? Danica,Suljkanovi? Edin,Katica Amela
Veterinarski Glasnik , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/vetgl0906341r
Abstract: In this study we investigated the influence of low dosage X - ray irradiation on the incidence of chromosomal damage and changes in mitotic index (MI) in cultured peripheral lymphocytes of the Bosnian and Herzegovinian mountain horse following in vitro irradiation. X-ray irradiation induced a dose-dependent decrease in MI but only the dose of 0.5 Gy induced a significant decrease (p<0.05) in comparison with the control and other dose groups. The analysis of chromosomal damage revealed a clear dose-dependent increase in the incidence of chromosomal damage per metaphase. Significant differences (p<0.05) were detected by analysis of variance and the LSD test confirmed significant differences between cells that received 0.2 Gy and 0.5 Gy when compared to the control cells and cells that received 0.1 Gy. However, Scheeffes' test assigned significance only to the differences established between the cells that received 0.5 Gy and the other groups of lymphocytes. .
Analytical and numerical quantification and comparison of the local electric field in the tissue for different electrode configurations
Selma ?orovi?, Mojca Pavlin, Damijan Miklav?i
BioMedical Engineering OnLine , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1475-925x-6-37
Abstract: We analytically and numerically analyze electric field distribution based on 2D models for electrodes and electrode configurations which are most widely used in electrochemotherapy and gene electrotransfer. Analytical calculations were performed by solving the Laplace equation and numerical calculations by means of finite element method in two dimensions.We determine the minimal and maximal E inside the target tissue as well as the maximal E over the entire treated tissue for the given electrode configurations. By comparing the local electric field distribution calculated for different electrode configurations to the ratio U/d, we show that the parameter U/d can differ significantly from the actual calculated values of the local electric field inside the treated tissue. By calculating the needed voltage to obtain E > U/d inside the target tissue, we showed that better electric field distribution can be obtained by increasing the number and changing the arrangement of the electrodes.Based on our analytical and numerical models of the local electric field distribution we show that the applied voltage, configuration of the electrodes and electrode position need to be chosen specifically for each individual case, and that numerical modeling can be used to optimize the appropriate electrode configuration and adequate voltage. Using numerical models we further calculate the needed voltage for a specific electrode configuration to achieve adequate E inside the target tissue while minimizing damages of the surrounding tissue. We present also analytical solutions, which provide a convenient, rapid, but approximate method for a pre-analysis of electric field distribution in treated tissue.Electroporation, also termed electropermeabilization, is a phenomenon where increased permeability of cells exposed to an external electric field is observed. The induced transmembrane voltage presumably leads to the formation of aqueous pores in the phospholipid bilayer, which increases the
ACCOUNTING TREATMENT AND LEGISLATION OF LEASING ARRANGEMENTS
Selma Novalija,Hamid Mutap?i,Elmira Kova?
Economic Review : Journal of Economics and Business , 2011,
Abstract: Companies are not always able to purchase fixed assets required to start, expand or modernize their own operations, and also do not have adequate resources that could offer as security for bank loans. Leasing is the answer to such problems, as it provides the possibility of leasing recipient to obtain the necessary equipment. Company pays lease fees from the profits generated from leasing subject use. Leasing, as a contemporary form of funding from year to year, plays a more prominent place in the international business world, making it necessary to devote special attention to the legislation and accounting coverage of business changes, which occur while taking and giving funds to leasing. The importance of these issues in accounting, or financial reporting is confirmed by the fact that International Accounting Standard (IAS) 17 Leases is dedicated to this aspect.
Review: Macinnis, D.J., Folkes, V.S.: "The disciplinary status of consumer behaviour: A sociology of science perspective on key controversies"
Selma Kadi?-Maglaji?,Jasmina Dla?i
Tr?i?te/Market , 2012,
Abstract:
RETMENLER N K L K ZELL KLER VE RGüTSEL VATANDA LIK DAVRANI I
Cemil YüCEL,Selma KAYNAK (TA??I)
Selcuk Universitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitusu Dergisi , 2008,
Abstract: In this study, the relationship between teachers’ personal traits and organizational citizenshipbehaviour is examined. The relationship between organizational citizenship behavior andTeachers’ Personal Traits are examined by taking the factors such as the powerlessness of theteachers and organizational justice into account. A series of regression analyses are used toexplaining Organizational Citizenship Behaviour. Significant relations are found betweenteachers’ personal traits and organizational citizenship dimensions
Epidemiologija Osteoporoze
Selma Cvijeti , Simeon Grazio , Darko Ka telan , Mirko Kor i
Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology , 2007, DOI: 10.2478/v10004-007-0002-x
Abstract: In many countries, including Croatia, there is no disease registry for osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures. Epidemiological data show that the prevalence of osteoporosis is much higher in Asian people than in white European or North American populations, where the prevalence ranges between 10 % and 15 %. Epidemiological characteristics of osteoporosis in Croatia are similar to other European countries, though the incidence of osteoporotic fractures is somewhat higher. According to the annual report of registered diseases, the number of patients with osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures increased during the last 10 years. In 2004, 0.70 % of all registered diseases in Croatia referred to osteoporosis and osteomalacia. The most important risk factors for osteoporosis are age, heredity, lifestyle, chronic diseases, hormonal abnormalities and physical characteristics of bone. Like in other chronic diseases, prevention measures are most important for disease control.
Three Familial Cases with Ectrodactyly Ectodermal Displazia-Clefting Syndrome
Selma Bakar Dertlio?lu,Demet ?i?ek,?lyas ?zardal?
Turkderm , 2012,
Abstract: A family of four children where mother and father had history of consanguineous marriage presented at our clinic due to lack of hair growth, thinning of all body hair and finger deformities in their three daughters aged 10 years, six years and three months. Dermatological examination of the cases showed thinning of the hair on the scalp, eyebrows, and extremities, subungual hyperkeratosis in nails, palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, cutaneous xerosis and loss of sweating, conical appearance and hypodontia in the teeth. All three siblings were seen to have the 3rd and 4th digits on the hand and the 2nd, 3rd and 4th digits on the feet to be proximally conjoined. Histopathologic examination of the cutaneous biopsy materials taken from the patients revealed a decrease in the number and size of hair follicles and sebaceous glands. We present these familial cases who were diagnosed with Ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting syndrome as a result of clinical and histopathologic evaluation due to their rarity.
Antibiotic resistance of coliform bacteria from community-acquired urinary tract infections in the Zenica-Doboj Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Selma Uzunovi?-Kamberovi?,,Mersiha Odoba?i,,Azra Huskovi?,,Aida Hutinovi?
Medicinski Glasnik , 2010,
Abstract: Aim To collect routine susceptibility data for coliform organismsisolated from patients with community-acquired urinary tract infections(CAUTIs) in Zenica-Doboj Canton during 2004, with aview to guiding empiric therapy. Methods Consecutive urine samples were analyzed by standard procedures. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing to fifteen antimicrobials was performed by disc-diffusion method according to causative agents (E. coli/non E. coli), age (0-6, 7-14, 15-19, 20-64,≥65) and gender of patients. Results E. coli and other coliforms (non-E. coli) were isolated from 2473 (11%) out of 22,451 urine samples submitted, 1,618(65.4%) and 856 (34.6%), respectively. Inclusion of non-E. coli significantly increased overall resistance rates in all tested antibiotics except for ampicillin and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, and it was significantly higher in males than in females in all analysedsubsets (p<0.05). Specific age resistance rates to nitrofurantoinwas in the range of 15-63% and 2-12% in males and females, respectively.Resistance rates to ciprofloxacin in the two oldest agegroups were 51% and 57% in males, and 11% i 17% in females.Conclusions Because of significant proportion of non-E. coli isolates,CAUTIs represent important problem in this region. Due tohigh ampicillin and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole resistance ratesfor all analysed subsets these drugs should be left for empirictherapy, and it is highly recommended to perform urinalysis in allpatients. Ciprofloxacin and nitrofurantoin should also be consideredas the first-line therapy in women above 20 years of age and in children, respectively. Continuous surveillance of antibiotic resistance of CAUTIs as well as introduction of drug prescribingcontrol is important.
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