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A REVIEW OF CHARLES EBEREONWU’S LOST LAUREL
Saviour Nathan A. Agoro
The Dawn Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Mr. Charles Ebereonwu the novelist whose work is reviewed in the following pages is following in the noble tradition and practice of those who have learnt to write out of interest as they discovered their talent in the creative domain. It is always precarious to traverse an unknown path. But no one would do anything new without embracing the element of risk which is always associated with everything in life. It is good that our writer is not intimidated to embark on the journey of learning how to become a novelist. Since writing is a very solitary business, by this review we intend to celebrate the many hours of solitude our author spent in the course of producing this work.
Maltese Building Blocks for Geographical and Crime Science
Saviour Formosa
Journal of Geography and Geology , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/jgg.v5n1p19
Abstract: The study of urban ecology cannot be separated from geographical space; however the limitation of access to spatio-temporal information is a reality. Creating a crime information system for the Maltese Islands has entailed bridging the gap between analogue social information and spatial planning information which rarely talk. This paper covers the process employed to initiate an understanding of the legislative and operational tools available to crime and security geographers through to the preparation for the launching of country-wide baseline datasets for effective future socio-technic analysis. The decade long process to implement a major project using ERDF funds is at the final stages prior to the initiation of cross-thematic studies that span the physical and social domains. Both environmental and green criminology is now set to take off employing one of the most comprehensive GI systems spanning urban and rural offences (person and property-oriented), census data together with the natural, social and physical environments. The study reveals issues on access to data, mitigating processes undertaken and the forward planning initiatives to ensure free dissemination of environmental data to the academic and general public. Initial studies based on the analysis of crimemaps, poverty and crimes related to the environment show correlation between the different social and geographical spaces.
Relationship between Serum Anion Gap and Diabetes Mellitus  [PDF]
Agoro Eni-Yimini Solomon, Mieebi M. Wankasi, Ogregade Ileimokumo
Journal of Diabetes Mellitus (JDM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jdm.2015.54024
Abstract: Diabetes mellitus is the most common metabolic disorder occasioned by derangement in glucose equilibration between the ECF and ICF. The derangement is known to affect the appropriate balance of electrolytes that serves as a buffer in the body. In this study anion gap was evaluated among outpatient diabetics as compared to non-diabetics control group. The categorization into the study or control groups was done by serum glucose estimation using glucose oxidase method. The study group mean age was 51 ±14 as against control group of 47 ± 10. One hundred and fifty subjects were divided in two groups based on serum glucose concentration. Group A (control group) consisted of 50 subjects with mean serum glucose concentration 4.3 ±1.7 mmol/l and anion gap 13.8 ±
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF SOIL AND SAND MINING: A REVIEW
M. Naveen Saviour
International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology , 2012,
Abstract:
Policewomen and the Policing of Domestic Violence in the Centre of the Mediterranean  [PDF]
Jacqueline Azzopardi, Sandra Scicluna, Janice Formosa Pace, Saviour Formosa
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2013.33032
Abstract:

Domestic violence has its roots in culture and, in turn, culture constructs stereotypes about different sections of people. Although stereotypes may not necessarily be negative, they are the pillars that sustain prejudice and discrimination (Deaux, Dane, & Wrightsman, 1993: p. 218). Therefore, this paper will discuss the role of police women and the policing of domestic violence in the centre of the Mediterranean. The research focuses on a study carried out in the Maltese islands and in the region of Trapani, Sicily. After a brief description of the two islands and their culture, the paper will continue by explaining and defining the Mediterranean culture and police culture. The findings of the research will be explained in the final part.

Treatment choices for fevers in children under-five years in a rural Ghanaian district
Justice Nonvignon, Moses KS Aikins, Margaret A Chinbuah, Mercy Abbey, Margaret Gyapong, Bertha NA Garshong, Saviour Fia, John O Gyapong
Malaria Journal , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-9-188
Abstract: The study uses data from a 2006 household socio-economic survey and health and demographic surveillance covering caregivers of 529 children under-five years of age in the Dangme West District and applies a multinomial probit technique to model the choice of treatment services for fevers in under-fives in rural Ghana. Four health care options are considered: self-medication, over-the-counter providers, public providers and private providers.The findings indicate that longer travel, waiting and treatment times encourage people to use self-medication and over-the-counter providers compared to public and private providers. Caregivers with health insurance coverage also use care from public providers compared to over-the-counter or private providers. Caregivers with higher incomes use public and private providers over self-medication while higher treatment charges and longer times at public facilities encourage caregivers to resort to private providers. Besides, caregivers of female under-fives use self-care while caregivers of male under-fives use public providers instead of self-care, implying gender disparity in the choice of treatment.The results of this study imply that efforts at curbing under-five mortality due to malaria and pneumonia need to take into account care-seeking behaviour of caregivers of under-fives as well as implementation of strategies.Malaria and pneumonia are a major cause of under-five morbidity and mortality worldwide. Both diseases share many characteristics, including fever and signs of severe illness, such as inability to eat, convulsions and difficult breathing. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), malaria is prevalent in more than 100 countries worldwide and about 1.2 billion people representing 20% of the world's population are at high risk of malaria, with 49% of this population living in Africa [1]. In 2006, 91% of the world's 881,000 malaria deaths occurred in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA).Malaria and pneumonia are both leading
One-Dimensional Modeling of Sedimentation Impacts for the Mississippi River at the West Bay Diversion  [PDF]
Jeremy A. Sharp, Ronald E. Heath, Nathan D. Clifton
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2013.59A002
Abstract:

The Coastal Wetlands Planning, Protection and Restoration Act (CWPPRA) funded construction of the West Bay Sediment Diversion Project (WBSD) on the west bank of the Mississippi River for the purpose of coastal restoration. A multi-tiered sediment study for the WBSD was conducted to determine impacts to the adjacent navigation channel and to the Pilottown Anchorage Area (PAA). One tier of the study is the implementation of HEC-6T, a one-dimensional (1-D) sediment model, to evaluate the regional impacts of the WBSD. The HEC-6T model results shows the long-term channel changes associated with the WBSD to be increasing shoaling in the adjacent areas on the order of 10% - 20%, as compared to the no WBSD condition. However, it is extremely difficult to isolate the impacts associated with a single diversion due to multiple diversions in the region. From a holistic vantage point, the 1-D model shows the necessity to examine, on a regional scale, the lower Mississippi River as a single congruent system on a regional scale.

Nutrient Intakes from Food of Lactating Women Do Not Meet Many Dietary Recommendations Important for Infant Development and Maternal Health  [PDF]
Nathan S. Pratt, Holiday A. Durham, Christina L. Sherry
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2014.517177
Abstract: Literature describing dietary intakes of lactating mothers in the United States (US) is limited and none of the existing studies attempts to identify whether dietary shortcomings of lactating mothers are distinct from those of women of childbearing age in the US. The first objective of this observational study was to comprehensively analyze the dietary intakes of lactating mothers in the US to determine whether nutrient intakes from food were sufficient to meet recommendations. The second objective was to compare these intakes to those of women of childbearing age in the US. Weekly 3-day food records were collected from subjects for six weeks in 2012-2013. Subject mean daily intakes of food groups, macronutrients, vitamins, minerals, carotenoids, and specific fats including omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids were determined and compared to daily recommendations. Intakes were compared to US women using the 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Fruit, vegetable, and dairy intakes of mothers were ≤50% of recommendations, resulting in 12 of 26 analyzed vitamins or minerals including potassium, iodine, chromium, choline, and vitamins A, D, and E having mean daily intakes below the Estimated Average Requirement. Vitamin D intake of subjects was 18% lower than US women, while most other nutrients showed intakes within 10% of each other between populations. Lactating women are not meeting the increased dietary needs associated with breastfeeding, supporting education initiatives and interventions specifically tailored to breastfeeding populations to increase intakes of vitamin D, vitamin E, iodine, biotin, carotenoids, and polyunsaturated fatty acids from food.
The Application and Indications for Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy in Pediatric Solid Tumors: Current Status and Future Directions  [PDF]
Nathan M. Hinkle, Alpin D. Malkan, John A. Sandoval
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.518145
Abstract: Oncologic staging of many solid organ malignancies involves an understanding of how cancers spread via the lymphatic system, and ultimately may involve evaluation of the primary nodal drainage basin by performing a sentinel lymph node biopsy. In the adult population, there are well established indications for sentinel lymph node biopsy in diseases like melanoma and breast cancer. However, its use and relevance in the pediatric population is less defined. This review details the history and development of sentinel lymph node biopsy technique, advanced lymph node mapping techniques currently under investigation, and the applications of sentinel node biopsy towards childhood cancers.
The Neighborhood Scale Variability of Airborne Particulates  [PDF]
William A. Harrison, David Lary, Brian Nathan, Alec G. Moore
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2015.65045
Abstract: Airborne particulates play a central role in both the earth’s radiation balance and as a trigger for a wide range of health impacts. Air quality monitors are placed in networks across many cities glob-ally. Typically these provide at best a few recording locations per city. However, large spatial var-iability occurs on the neighborhood scale. This study sets out to comprehensively characterize a full size distribution from 0.25 - 32 μm of airborne particulates on a fine spatial scale (meters). The data are gathered on a near daily basis over the month of May, 2014 in a 100 km2 area encompassing parts of Richardson, and Garland, TX. Wind direction was determined to be the dominant factor in classifying the data. The highest mean PM2.5 concentration was 14.1 ± 5.7 μg·m-3 corresponding to periods when the wind was out of the south. The lowest PM2.5 concentrations were observed after several consecutive days of rainfall. The rainfall was found to not only “cleanse” the air, leaving a mean PM2.5 concentration as low as 3.0 ± 0.5 μg·m-3, but also leave the region with a more uniform PM2.5 concentration. Variograms were used to determine an appropriate spatial scale for future sensor placement to provide measurements on a neighborhood scale and found that the spatial scales varied, depending on the synoptic weather pattern, from 0.8 km to 5.2 km, with a typical length scale of 1.6 km.
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