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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 290 matches for " Savas Berber "
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Hydrogen-induced disintegration of fullerenes and nanotubes: An ab initio study
Savas Berber,David Tomanek
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.80.075427
Abstract: We use ab initio density functional calculations to study hydrogen-induced disintegration of single- and multi-wall carbon fullerenes and nanotubes. Our results indicate that hydrogen atoms preferentially chemisorb along lines in sp2 bonded carbon nanostructures, locally weakening the carbon bonds and releasing stress. For particular structural arrangements, hydrogen helps to relieve the accumulated stress by inducing step-wise local cleavage leading to disintegration of the outermost wall.
Transforming carbon nanotubes by silylation: An ab initio study
Kiseok Chang,Savas Berber,David Tomanek
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.236102
Abstract: We use ab initio density functional calculations to study the chemical functionalization of single-wall carbon nanotubes and graphene monolayers by silyl (SiH3) radicals and hydrogen. We find that silyl radicals form strong covalent bonds with graphene and nanotube walls, causing local structural relaxations that enhance the sp3 character of these graphitic nanostructures. Silylation transforms all carbon nanotubes into semiconductors, independent of their chirality. Calculated vibrational spectra suggest that specific frequency shifts can be used as a signature of successful silylation.
Electronic and Structural Properties of Carbon Nano-Horns
Savas Berber,Young-Kyun Kwon,David Tomanek
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.62.R2291
Abstract: We use parametrized linear combination of atomic orbitals calculations to determine the stability, optimum geometry and electronic properties of nanometer-sized capped graphitic cones, called ``nano-horns''. Different nano-horn morphologies are considered, which differ in the relative location of the five terminating pentagons. Simulated scanning tunneling microscopy images of the various structures at different bias voltages reflect a net electron transfer towards the pentagon vertex sites. We find that the local density of states at the tip, observable by scanning tunneling spectroscopy, can be used to discriminate between different tip structures. Our molecular dynamics simulations indicate that disintegration of nano-horns at high temperatures starts in the highest-strain region near the tip.
Unusually High Thermal Conductivity of Carbon Nanotubes
Savas Berber,Young-Kyun Kwon,David Tomanek
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.84.4613
Abstract: Combining equilibrium and non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations with accurate carbon potentials, we determine the thermal conductivity $\lambda$ of carbon nanotubes and its dependence on temperature. Our results suggest an unusually high value ${\lambda}{\approx}6,600$~W/m$\cdot$K for an isolated (10,10) nanotube at room temperature, comparable to the thermal conductivity of a hypothetical isolated graphene monolayer or diamond. Our results suggest that these high values of $\lambda$ are associated with the large phonon mean free paths in these systems; substantially lower values are predicted and observed for the basal plane of bulk graphite.
Interplay between structure and magnetism in $Mo_{12} S_9 I_9$ nanowires
Teng Yang,Shinya Okano,Savas Berber,David Tomanek
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.125502
Abstract: We investigate the equilibrium geometry and electronic structure of Mo$_{12}$S$_{9}$I$_{9}$ nanowires using ab initio Density Functional calculations. The skeleton of these unusually stable nanowires consists of rigid, functionalized Mo octahedra, connected by flexible, bi-stable sulphur bridges. This structural flexibility translates into a capability to stretch up to approximate 20% at almost no energy cost. The nanowires change from conductors to narrow-gap magnetic semiconductors in one of their structural isomers.
Revealing Sub-Surface Vibrational Modes by Atom-Resolved Damping Force Spectroscopy
Makoto Ashino,Roland Wiesendanger,Andrei N. Khlobystov,Savas Berber,David Tomanek
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.195503
Abstract: We propose to use the damping signal of an oscillating cantilever in dynamic atomic force microscopy as a noninvasive tool to study the vibrational structure of the substrate. We present atomically resolved maps of damping in carbon nanotube peapods, capable of identifying the location and packing of enclosed Dy@C82 molecules as well as local excitations of vibrational modes inside nanotubes of different diameter. We elucidate the physical origin of damping in a microscopic model and provide quantitative interpretation of the observations by calculating the vibrational spectrum and damping of Dy@C82 inside nanotubes with different diameters using ab initio total energy and molecular dynamics calculations.
Direct observation of optically induced transient structures in graphite using ultrafast electron crystallography
Ramani K. Raman,Yoshie Murooka,Chong-Yu Ruan,Teng Yang,Savas Berber,David Tománek
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.077401
Abstract: We use ultrafast electron crystallography to study structural changes induced in graphite by a femtosecond laser pulse. At moderate fluences of ~< 21mJ/cm^2, lattice vibrations are observed to thermalize on a time scale of ~8ps. At higher fluences approaching the damage threshold, lattice vibration amplitudes saturate. Following a marked initial contraction, graphite is driven nonthermally into a transient state with sp^3-like character, forming interlayer bonds. Using ab initio density functional calculations, we trace the governing mechanism back to electronic structure changes following the photo-excitation.
Diameter-dependent conductance oscillations in carbon nanotubes upon torsion
K. S. Nagapriya,Savas Berber,Tzahi Cohen-Karni,Lior Segev,Onit Srur-Lavi,David Tomanek,Ernesto Joselevich
Physics , 2008,
Abstract: We combine electromechanical measurements with {\em ab initio} density functional calculations to settle the controversy about the origin of torsion-induced conductance oscillations in multi-wall carbon nanotubes. According to our observations, the oscillation period is inversely proportional to the squared diameter of the nanotube, as expected for a single-wall nanotube of the same diameter. This is supported by our theoretical finding that differential torsion effectively decouples the walls of a multi-wall nanotube near the Fermi level and moves the Fermi momentum across quantization lines. We exclude the alternative explanation linked to registry changes between the walls, since it would cause a different diameter dependence of the oscillation period.
Sinop’da Yeti en Baz Bitkilerin Metanolik Ekstraktlar n n Antibakteriyal ve Antifungal Aktivitelerinin Belirlenmesi
?smet Berber
Karaelmas Science and Engineering Journal , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7212%2fzkufbd.v3i1.87
Abstract: Bu al mada, Sinop’da yeti en 15 farkl bitki türünden elde edilen metanol ekstraktlar n antimikrobiyal aktiviteleri 3 Gram-pozitif (Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538, Micrococcus luteus ATCC 9345, Bacillus cereus ATCC 7064), 2 Gram-negatif (Escherichia coli ATCC 11293 ve Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 51299) ve 3 maya (Candida krusei ATCC 6258, C. parapilosis ATCC 22019 ve C. albicans ATCC 14053) su lar na kar disk difüzyon y ntemi kullan larak test edildi. Antimikrobiyal etkisi incelenen bitki türlerinin tümünün bir veya daha fazla mikroorganizmaya kar etkili oldu u bulundu. Ayr ca, Sinop’a endemik olan Crocus speciosus subsp. xantholaimos’ n test edilen Gram-pozitif ve Gram-negatif bakterilere kar yüksek antibakteriyal aktiviteye sahip oldu u belirlendi. Buna kar n, Laurus nobilis yaprak ve meyve zütleri 3 Candida türüne kar daha yüksek antifungal aktivite g sterdi. Genel olarak bu al madan elde edilen sonu lar, incelen bitki ekstraktlar n n antibakteriyal ve antifungal aktiviteleri aras nda nemli bir fark n olmad n g sterdi.
Demokratik Kitle rgütü Olarak Türk Tabipleri Birli i
M. Berber
Türk Kütüphanecili?i , 2009,
Abstract:
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