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PREVALêNCIA DA ADEQUA O à ALIMENTA O SAUDáVEL DE IDOSOS RESIDENTES EM ZONA RURAL
Sara Franco Diniz Heitor,Leiner Resende Rodrigues,Darlene Mara dos Santos Tavares
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2013,
Abstract: Las preferencias alimentarias desempe an un papel importante a lo largo de la vida y en caso sean basadas en elecciones inadecuadas pueden desencadenar enfermedades. Este estudio ha objetivado determinar la prevalencia de la adecuación a la Guía "10 pasos para una alimentación saludable para la persona anciana", además de caracterizar el perfil sociodemográfico económico y antropométrico de 850 ancianos de una zona rural de Uberaba-MG. Inquérito domiciliar, transversal y observacional. La prevalencia de los pasos ha sido colectada con cuestionario de frecuencia y consumo alimentario. El análisis de datos consistió en la distribución de frecuencia simple. La mayoría era del sexo masculino, hasta 70 a os, casada, vivía con el cónyuge, baja escolaridad, renta de un sueldo mínimo y eutróficos. Ningún anciano seguía todos los pasos. El paso 8, ingestión de sal, se mostró como el más seguido, por el contrario, el paso 5, consumo de carnes magras y leche, presentó la menor adhesión. Conocer la población y sus hábitos es importante en la implementación de estrategias que mejoren la calidad de vida.
Revis?o: aspectos cognitivos e psicossociais associados a Doen?a de Chagas
Hueb, Martha Franco Diniz;Loureiro, Sonia Regina;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722005000100016
Abstract: the aim of the present study was to critically analyze 15 empirical articles produced during a 30-year period (1972 - 2003) and indexed in the psycinfo, medline, lilacs and scielo databases; the selected articles focused on chagas disease and its effects on the cognitive and psychosocial functioning of infected patients. the analysis indicates that cognitive damage and psychosocial stress are related to the chagas disease. major critical points are the small number of papers on psychosocial variables over the covered period and the diversity of the studied variables, suggesting the need for research that investigate more profoundly the impact of the disease on the patient, with personal as well as contextual variables so as to find out the combined effect of such conditions in order to implement successful health education policies and practices.
A Avalia o na Educa o Física Escolar: Uma Compara o entre as Escolas Tradicional e Ciclada
Josiane Diniz,Sílvia Cristina Franco Amaral
Movimento , 2009,
Abstract: En el trabajo, un análisis comparativo entre las escuelas tradicionales y ciclada fue realizado, pensando como si diera a la evaluación en la educación física en las dos perspectivas. Para desarrollar el estudio fue esencial analizar las estructuras de la escuela: la base teórica, metodología de la educación, proyecto político- pedagógico; así como, las funciones sociales ejercidas por estas escuelas y las relaciones construidas para ellas en el cotidiano de la escuela. El resultado de este estudio fue verificado que la evaluación en la educación física, llevada a través de estas escuelas, utiliza los instrumentos evaluativos similares, por ejemplo: la presencia en la lección, la automóvil-evaluación y el funcionamiento de las pupilas, y también las lecciones teóricas y las pruebas escritas, sin embargo, la evaluación llevadas a través de la escuela tradicional se dirige para la elección y la clasificación de aprender, diferentemente de la escuela ciclada , en que la evaluación se dirige para el desarrollo de aprender y la formación de individuos activos y socialmente independientes, capacitados de reflejar la realidad social que pertenezcan.
Low prevalence of gingival overgrowth associated to new imunossupressive protocols with cyclosporin
Wentz, Luiz Augusto;Oliveira, Sara Cioccari;Moreira, Carlos Heitor Cunha;R?sing, Cassiano Kuchenbecker;
Brazilian Oral Research , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-83242011005000016
Abstract: gingival overgrowth (go) is a frequent finding in patients treated with cyclosporine (csa). this study investigated the prevalence and severity of go in patients who received kidney transplant and csa therapy, as well as associations with pharmacological and clinical factors. this cross-sectional study included 63 kidney transplant recipients who were treated with csa in a university hospital. demographic, pharmacological, and periodontal data were collected. the primary variable was go. independent sample t- and chi-square tests were used to compare means in groups with versusl without go. the response rate was 86.3%. overall, 40% of patients had some degree of go. eleven individuals presented go scores > 10%, and 5 individuals reached 30%. the mean go percentage was low (6.79 ± 15.83). patients that were concurrently under nifedipine treatment showed a non-significant trend toward a greater prevalence of go. mean csa dosage and serum levels were 3.20 ± 0.94 mg/kg/d and 156.12 ± 162.75 ng/ml, respectively. there were no statistically significant differences between patients with versusl without go nor between the groups receiving nifedipine, no drug, or verapamil. the go prevalence and severity rates were lower than those reported in previous studies and seemed to be independent of drug interactions.
Low prevalence of gingival overgrowth associated to new imunossupressive protocols with cyclosporin
Luiz Augusto Wentz,Sara Cioccari Oliveira,Carlos Heitor Cunha Moreira,Cassiano Kuchenbecker R?sing
Brazilian Oral Research , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s1806-83242012000100011
Abstract: Gingival overgrowth (GO) is a frequent finding in patients treated with cyclosporine (CsA). This study investigated the prevalence and severity of GO in patients who received kidney transplant and CsA therapy, as well as associations with pharmacological and clinical factors. This cross-sectional study included 63 kidney transplant recipients who were treated with CsA in a university hospital. Demographic, pharmacological, and periodontal data were collected. The primary variable was GO. Independent sample t- and chi-square tests were used to compare means in groups with versusl without GO. The response rate was 86.3%. Overall, 40% of patients had some degree of GO. Eleven individuals presented GO scores > 10%, and 5 individuals reached 30%. The mean GO percentage was low (6.79 ± 15.83). Patients that were concurrently under nifedipine treatment showed a non-significant trend toward a greater prevalence of GO. Mean CsA dosage and serum levels were 3.20 ± 0.94 mg/kg/d and 156.12 ± 162.75 ng/mL, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences between patients with versusl without GO nor between the groups receiving nifedipine, no drug, or verapamil. The GO prevalence and severity rates were lower than those reported in previous studies and seemed to be independent of drug interactions.
Large scale sex typing of ostriches using DNA extracted from feathers
Wilson Malagó, Heitor M Franco, Euclides Matheucci, Adriana Medaglia, Flavio Henrique-Silva
BMC Biotechnology , 2002, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6750-2-19
Abstract: The DNA was extracted using a fast and simple alkaline extraction protocol that provided sufficient template for an early diagnosis. Tests with several primer sets enabled us to determine the best internal control primers associated with the sex-specific primers, avoiding spurious bands. Using DNA extracted from a single bulb and the best set of primers, we applied this protocol to simultaneously sex-type 96 individuals accurately.We have established a fast, safe, accurate and inexpensive procedure for large-scale sex typing of ostriches using DNA extracted from feathers. This procedure is useful for the gender identification of chicks in the first days of nestling life.In many bird species, it is very difficult to distinguish between males and females based on an analysis of their external morphology, especially young birds. Moreover, every discriminating procedure employed should be safe, accurate, fast and inexpensive. Karyotyping may be a good choice for the sex typing of birds but, unfortunately, the low divergence of Z and W chromosomes precludes this approach in ostriches [1,2]. On the other hand, conventional techniques to identify the sex of ostriches present significant problems: the animals may suffer stress, since they are subjected to invasive procedures such as endoscopy and cloaca touch. Furthermore, the bird's sex can be identified only in the adult stage, and even then only with a low rate of efficiency (in juvenile birds the rate of error may reach up to around 40%). In the last few years, two reports described PCR-based methods to sex-type ostriches [3,4]. A method by which small PCR bands are produced, was established by [4]. Another method uses sex-specific primers for a larger female fragment associated with internal standard primers in amplification reactions [3]. Both these methods involved the use of DNA extracted from blood and they were not yet adapted for large-scale analysis. This paper presents an improved protocol, beginning with DNA e
Serological survey of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in food animals from S?o Paulo state, Brazil
Meireles, Luciana Regina;Galisteo Jr., Andrés Jimenez;Andrade Jr., Heitor Franco de;
Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-95962003000400005
Abstract: toxoplasmosis is one of the most prevalent parasitic infections of man and livestock, and its transmission has usually been attributed to ingestion of undercooked or raw meat from infected livestock, with the infection rate in those animals being an important risk predictor of human disease, high in brazil and s?o paulo state. looking for this public health problem, we tested serum samples from cattle, goat, sheep and chicken from the state of s?o paulo, brazil, for igg antibodies to toxoplasma gondii by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (elisa). antibodies to toxoplasma gondii were found in 31.00% (62/200) of sheep, 17.00% (34/200) of goat and 11.00% (22/200) of cattle, without positive sample in chicken. despite differences in feeding habits of each species, the rate of infection of tested animals could be better attributed to livestock management methods, which improvement could reduce infection.
Toxoplasma encephalitis in AIDS patients in S?o Paulo during 1988 and 1991. A comparative retrospective analysis
PASSOS, Luciana Neves;ARAúJO FILHO, Orlando Florentino de;ANDRADE JUNIOR, Heitor Franco de;
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de S?o Paulo , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-46652000000300006
Abstract: we conducted a retrospective analysis of toxoplasma encephalitis patients from instituto de infectologia emílio ribas, the main aids hospital of s?o paulo, brazil, during two different stages of the hiv epidemics, in 1988 (38 patients) and 1991 (33 patients). there were aids-related demographic differences, but the clinical presentation and diagnostic efficiency were similar, usually based on tomography and clinical response to therapy, with a clear distinction from other cns infections, based on clinical and laboratory findings. specific serologic studies were performed less often in 1991, with a high frequency of therapy change. the direct acute death rate from toxoplasma encephalitis was high during both periods, i.e. 8/38 in 1988 and 10/33 in 1991. the direct acute death rate for the patients from the two periods as a whole was 25.4% (18/71), related to the time of hiv infection, absence of fever and presence of meningeal irritation at presentation, blood leukocytes higher than 10,000/mm3 and blood lymphocytes lower than 350/mm3. toxoplasma encephalitis is a preventable disease when adequate prophylactic therapy is used and is relatively easy to treat in diagnosed hiv patients. unfortunately, this severe and deadly disorder is the hiv diagnostic disease in several patients, and our data support the need for careful management of these patients, especially in those countries with a high toxoplasmosis prevalence where aids is concurrent with economic and public health problems.
Toxoplasma encephalitis in AIDS patients in S o Paulo during 1988 and 1991. A comparative retrospective analysis
PASSOS Luciana Neves,ARAúJO FILHO Orlando Florentino de,ANDRADE JUNIOR Heitor Franco de
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de S?o Paulo , 2000,
Abstract: We conducted a retrospective analysis of Toxoplasma encephalitis patients from Instituto de Infectologia Emílio Ribas, the main AIDS hospital of S o Paulo, Brazil, during two different stages of the HIV epidemics, in 1988 (38 patients) and 1991 (33 patients). There were AIDS-related demographic differences, but the clinical presentation and diagnostic efficiency were similar, usually based on tomography and clinical response to therapy, with a clear distinction from other CNS infections, based on clinical and laboratory findings. Specific serologic studies were performed less often in 1991, with a high frequency of therapy change. The direct acute death rate from Toxoplasma encephalitis was high during both periods, i.e. 8/38 in 1988 and 10/33 in 1991. The direct acute death rate for the patients from the two periods as a whole was 25.4% (18/71), related to the time of HIV infection, absence of fever and presence of meningeal irritation at presentation, blood leukocytes higher than 10,000/mm3 and blood lymphocytes lower than 350/mm3. Toxoplasma encephalitis is a preventable disease when adequate prophylactic therapy is used and is relatively easy to treat in diagnosed HIV patients. Unfortunately, this severe and deadly disorder is the HIV diagnostic disease in several patients, and our data support the need for careful management of these patients, especially in those countries with a high toxoplasmosis prevalence where AIDS is concurrent with economic and public health problems.
Orienta es de Saúde para uma Viagem Tranquila
Heitor Franco Andrade Júnior,Luciana Regina Meireles,Susana Zevallos Lescano
Revista Turismo em Análise , 2010,
Abstract:
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