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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 27957 matches for " Sara Eloísa Del Castillo Matamoros "
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Nutritional Situation of Rural Communities in Nariño, Colombia 2013  [PDF]
Sara Eloísa Del Castillo Matamoros, Teresa Mosquera Vásquez, Eliana Lorena Suárez Higuera, Ana Patricia Heredia Vargas
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2014.515164
Abstract:

Objective: To evaluate the nutritional situation by anthropometry of the rural families population aged 0 to 64 years in the municipalities of Pasto, Túquerres, Guachucal, Cumbal and Cuaspud in the Nari?o Department (Colombia). Materials and Methods: As part of the research “Improving potato production as a food security contribution of native communities in Nariño, Colombia”, aged October and December in 2013, an initial diagnosis of the food security situation in farmer families was conducted, through direct visits to the households selected in the sample, where in the household members, after standardization of field team, the anthropometric measures of weight and height were taken, using electronic scales, infantometers and stadiometers. Conclusions: A significant stunting was reported in children up to 7 years. In children aged 0 - 5 years group and children aged 5 - 17 years group, the results exceed by more than double the department data (according to National Survey of the Nutritional Situation in Colombia ENSIN 2010), and almost three times the national data. The underweight was generally low in all the analysed groups, although concerned the significant overweight percentage. In children aged 0 - 5 years group, the overweight data (above 2 SD) exceeded twice the department and national data according to the ENSIN 2010, although in the children aged 5 - 17 years group, the overweight and obesity was lower than the departmental and national data. In adults, the results reported that one of each two people in the range of 18 to 64 years in the five municipalities had excess weight (overweight or obesity) which was similar data respected to the department and national data. Additionally, it was noted that 18% of households were found among adults with overweight, and simultaneously, children with stunting, this situation has been called double burden of malnutrition and this is an aspect that must be analysed to identify intervention strategies.

La implementación de la política pública de salud sexual y reproductiva (SSR) en el Eje Cafetero colombiano: el caso del embarazo adolescente
Sara E. del Castillo Matamoros,André-No?l Roth Deubel,Clara Inés Wartski Pati?o,Ricardo Rojas Higuera
Revista Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, Ni?ez y Juventud , 2008,
Abstract: La política nacional de salud sexual y reproductiva (SSR) definida en Colombia en 2002 por el Ministerio de la Protección Social para los a os 2002 a 2006 se ala los temas prioritarios en este campo: maternidad segura, planificación familiar, salud sexual y reproductiva de las y los adolescentes, cáncer de cuello uterino, infecciones de transmisión sexual y reproductiva, VIH/SIDA, y violencia doméstica y sexual. La investigación que se reporta se ha focalizado en el análisis cuantitativo y cualitativo del proceso de implementación de la política de salud sexual y reproductiva de los y las adolescentes en los tres departamentos y capitales que conforman el llamado “Eje Cafetero colombiano”. Los resultados del estudio mostraron que, si bien se mide una reducción en el número de nacimientos en adolescentes (10-19 a os) en la región vinculada al estudio entre 2003 y 2005, no se pudieron determinar estrategias y actividades explicativas de ello. La política ha permitido visibilizar y legitimar acciones específicas en este campo para la población adolescente. Sin embargo, se observó la existencia de importantes en las metodologías de recolección y sistematización de los datos relativos a la salud sexual y reproductiva de la población adolescente según las entidades estudiadas, así como la ausencia de retroalimentación cuantitativa utilizable para los actores de la política. En conclusión, se emiten unas recomendaciones para el ajuste de dicha política de SSR.
La implementación de la política pública de salud sexual y reproductiva (SSR) en el Eje Cafetero colombiano: el caso del embarazo adolescente
del Castillo Matamoros,Sara E.; Roth Deubel,André-No?l; Wartski Pati?o,Clara Inés; Rojas Higuera,Ricardo; Chacón Barliza,Orlando Arnulfo;
Revista Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, Ni?ez y Juventud , 2008,
Abstract: the national public policy on sexual and reproductive health (srh) for colombia, defined in 2002 by the ministry of social protection for the years 2002-2006, lists the following priority topics in this field: safe maternity, family planning, sexual and reproductive health for adolescents, cervical cancer, sexually-reproductively transmitted infections, hiv/aids, and domestic and sexual violence. the research project reported in this paper focused on quantitative and qualitative analysis of the process of implementing the public policy on sexual and reproductive health for adolescents in the three provinces (departments or states) that configure the so-called "colombian coffee axis", and in their capitals. the results of the study show that, even though between 2003 and 2005 there is a measurable reduction of births in adolescents (10-19 years of age) in this region, it was not possible to identify strategies or actions that could explain the reduction. the mentioned public policy has helped make visible and legitimate many specific actions oriented to the adolescent population in these matters. nevertheless, important variations in the methodologies of data collection and systematization regarding sexual and reproductive health for adolescents were observed across institutions, as well as absence of usable quantitative feed-back for the actors of this public policy. as a conclusion, the paper draws some suggestions for the adjustment of this srh policy.
Las actitudes de los espa oles hacia la reforma del Estado de Bienestar
Eloísa Del Pino
Política y Sociedad , 2008, DOI: -
Abstract: In recent years, it has been asserted that western citizens′ attitudes in support of a powerful Welfare State are less enthusiastic than they were in the past. At present, it is argued, citizens would no longer have a desire for an increase in social expenditures and they would probably not punish a government with retrenchment intentions. In this paper, the hypothesis of a change in citizen’s attitudes toward the Welfare State is explored. The Spanish case is examined using qualitative and quantitative data. The conclusions help to qualify the initial argument. In general, Spaniards’ attitudes in support of a Welfare State based on a strong public sector remain strong and stable, even though certain type of citizens would accept a higher participation of private sector in welfare service provision. Likewise, immigration arises as one of the most discussed issues related with welfare
Factores psicosociales de riesgo de la conducta suicida
Guibert Reyes,Wilfredo; Del Cueto de Inastrilla,Eloísa R.;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2003,
Abstract: an analytical case-control study was performed on patients who had been reported with attempted suicides from january 1998 to december 1999 in "reina" and "van troi" polyclinics located in centro habana municipality. the objective was to compare them to supposedly healthy persons as to essential psychosocial risk factors of suicidal behavior. 46 patients and 92 controls were studied. they were administered a tailored-made questionnaire of risk indicators and the results were processed by percentage analysis and odd ratio stadigraph. it was concluded that there are significant differences between supposedly healthy persons and persons with attempted suicide as to the studied psychosocial factors; additionally it was found that factors such as feelings of hopelessness and guilty, major depression, hostility, impulsiveness, history of attempted suicides, lack of family and social support and suicidal threats or projects are significantly related with suicidal behavior whereas history of family suicide has no causality relation with such a behavior. we recommend using the applied questionnaire as a diagnostic tool for suicidal risk.
Factores psicosociales de riesgo de la conducta suicida
Wilfredo Guibert Reyes,Eloísa R. Del Cueto de Inastrilla
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2003,
Abstract: Se realizó un estudio analítico del tipo casos y controles, con los pacientes reportados como intento suicidia entre enero de 1998 y diciembre de 1999, pertenecientes a los policlínicos "Reina" y "Van Troi" de Centro Habana, con el objetivo de comparar las diferencias entre ellos y personas supuestamente sanas con relación a factores psicosociales esenciales de riesgo de la conducta suicida. Se estudiaron 46 pacientes y 92 personas controles. Se les aplicó un cuestionario de indicadores de riesgo dise ado al efecto, los resultados se sometieron a análisis porcentual y al estadígrafo Odd Ratio. Se concluyó que existen diferencias significativas entre las personas supuestamente sanas y con intento suicida con relación a los factores psicosociales estudiados, y se encontró que los factores: sentimiento de desesperanza y culpa, depresión mayor, hostilidad, impulsividad, antecedentes de intento suicida, ausencia de apoyo familiar y social, y amenaza o proyecto suicida tienen relación significativa de causalidad con la conducta suicida, mientras que el factor antecedente de suicidio familiar no guarda relación de causalidad con esta conducta. Recomendamos utilizar el cuestionario aplicado como un instrumento diagnóstico de riesgo suicida. An analytical case-control study was performed on patients who had been reported with attempted suicides from January 1998 to December 1999 in "Reina" and "Van Troi" polyclinics located in Centro Habana municipality. The objective was to compare them to supposedly healthy persons as to essential psychosocial risk factors of suicidal behavior. 46 patients and 92 controls were studied. They were administered a tailored-made questionnaire of risk indicators and the results were processed by percentage analysis and Odd ratio stadigraph. It was concluded that there are significant differences between supposedly healthy persons and persons with attempted suicide as to the studied psychosocial factors; additionally it was found that factors such as feelings of hopelessness and guilty, major depression, hostility, impulsiveness, history of attempted suicides, lack of family and social support and suicidal threats or projects are significantly related with suicidal behavior whereas history of family suicide has no causality relation with such a behavior. We recommend using the applied questionnaire as a diagnostic tool for suicidal risk.
An Easy and Efficient Method to Functionalize Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles with Maleic Anhydride  [PDF]
Pável C. Hernández Del Castillo, Saúl Robles Manuel, Facundo Ruiz
Soft Nanoscience Letters (SNL) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/snl.2014.43008
Abstract:

In this work, titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles were functionalized with maleic anhydride (MA), using a non-polar (toluene) and polar protic (ethanol) solvents. The concentrations of MA in the reaction were varied to obtain the desired degree of functionalization. The samples were characterized with Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Diffuse Reflectance UV-Vis Spectroscopy (DRS), Thermal Analysis (TGA-DTA) and Nitrogen Adsorption (BET). The physical adsorption of organic molecules was eliminated by washing a number of times in water. Chemical stability between solid-organic phases was confirmed by TOC and thermal analysis. FT-IR and DRS results clearly show the chemical adsorption of MA on the TiO2. The UV-Vis spectroscopy is claimed to be a suitable technique to determine the achievement of TiO2 functionalization. Two different adsorptions geometries of MA were proposed. The presence of MA on the surface TiO2 increases the band gap. These results imply that TiO2 can be excited with less energy and increase the absorption of light in the visible region. The effectiveness of the functionalized nanoparticles to interact with organic materials is currently being studied with the intention of applying them in the energy and environmental sanitation fields.

IMPACTO DE UNA DIETA CON RESTRICCIóN DE SODIO Y LíQUIDOS SOBRE EL ESTADO CLíNICO DE PACIENTES CON INSUFICIENCIA CARDIACA IMPACT OF A SODIUM AND FLUID RESTRICTED DIET ON CLINICAL STATUS IN HEART FAILURE PATIENTS
Eloísa Colin R,Lilia Castillo M,Arturo Orea T,Patricia Monta?o H
Revista Chilena de Nutricíon , 2010,
Abstract: Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto de una intervención nutricional sobre el estado clínico y el pronóstico de pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca (IC). Métodos: Doscientos tres pacientes con IC fueron aleatorizados al grupo con intervención (GI, n=84) o al control (GC, n=119) y seguidos por 12 meses. El GI recibió una dieta con restricción de sodio (2000 a 2400 mg/d) y líquidos (<1500 ml/d) y el GC recomendaciones nutricionales generales. Se evaluó la composición corporal, el estado clínico, hospitalizaciones y sobrevida. Resultados: Al término del seguimiento, la excreción urinaria de sodio disminuyó 16,4% en el GI vs. un aumento de 8,8% en el GC (p<0,05). El agua extracellular disminuyó 1,4% en el GI vs. 1,2% de aumento en el GC (p=0,03). Asimismo, el porcentaje de reducción de fatiga fue significativo para el GI, no así para el GC; también se observó, entre los pacientes con IC sistólica, un aumento significativamente mayor en la fracción de expulsión para el GI vs. CG (49,6% vs. 5,0%, p=0,001). El número de hospitalizaciones y el tiempo de sobrevida tuvieron una tendencia a ser mejor en el GI. Conclusión: Una intervención nutricional con restricción de sodio y líquidos mostró tener un impacto favorable en el estado clínico de pacientes con IC. Objective: To evaluate the effects of a nutritional intervention focused on the improvement of clinical status and the prognosis of heart failure patients. Methods: A 12-mo randomized controlled study in 203 heart failure (HF) patients assigned to intervention (IG, n=84) or control group (CG, n=119). Patients in the IG received a sodium (2000 to 2400 mg/d) and fluid (<1500 ml/d) restricted diet. CG received general nutritional recommendations. Body composition, clinical status, hospitalization and time of survival were evaluated. Results: At the end of follow-up, urinary sodium excretion decreased 16,4% in the IG vs. an 8,8% increase in the CG (p<0,05). Extra cellular water decreased 1,4% in the IG vs. a 1 2% increase in the CG (p=0,03). In addition, decrease percentage of fatigue was significant and higher in the IG that in the CG, and a significant increase in the ejection fraction for the IG vs. CG (49,6% vs. 5,0%, p=0,001), among systolic HF patients was found. Amount of hospitalizations and time of survival tended to be better in the IG. Conclusion: A nutritional intervention with restriction of sodium and fluid was proved to be beneficial since had positive effects in clinical status in HF patients.
Prevalencia de factores de riesgo cardiovascular en pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in patients presenting with chronic renal disease
René Rodríguez Batista,Eloísa del Cueto Inastrilla,Zuleika Casamayor Lemai,Mireya Martínez Felipe
Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar , 2010,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Evaluar la prevalencia de los factores modificables del riesgo cardiovascular en pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica en estadios 3, 4 y 5. MéTODOS: Se realizó un estudio analítico, de corte transversal a una muestra de 210 pacientes con diagnóstico de enfermedad renal crónica en estadios 3, 4, y 5. Se reportaron las variables cuantitativas como media y desviación estándar y las variables categóricas como números absolutos y porcentajes. Las diferencias clínicas y de laboratorio de los pacientes en los 3 estadios de la enfermedad, fueron evaluadas mediante el método de ANOVA de un factor para las variables cuantitativas y la prueba de chi cuadrado para las variables cualitativas. RESULTADOS: La hipertensión arterial fue superior como causa y factor de riesgo cardiovascular en los 3 estadios de la enfermedad, con una prevalencia de 24,8; 30 y 25 % en los estadios 3, 4, y 5 respectivamente. La hipertrigliceridemia con una distribución de 17,6; 18,6 y 14,3 % en las fases 3, 4 y 5 respectivamente. La hipertrofia ventricular izquierda mostró una prevalencia ascendente de los estadios 3, 4 y 5 con una distribución de 11,4; 16,2 y 21,4 % respectivamente. CONCLUSIONES: El tratamiento de los factores modificables en este grupo de pacientes está lejos de ser óptimo. Se desestima la dislipidemia y las alteraciones fosfocálcicas como importantes elementos de riesgo vascular. La hipertrofia ventricular izquierda constituyó la alteración cardiaca más frecuente. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of cardiovascular risk modifiable factors present in patients with 3, 4 and 5 stages. METHODS: A cross-sectional and analytical study was conducted in 210 patients diagnosed with above mentioned stages of chronic renal disease. Quantitative variable were reported as average and SD and the categorical ones as absolutes numbers and percentages. The clinical and laboratory differences of patients in the three stages of the disease were assessed according the ANOVA method of a factor for the quantitative variables and the Chi2 for the qualitative ones. RESULTS: High blood pressure was higher as cause and cardiovascular risk factor in the three disease stages with a prevalence of 24.8; 30 and 25 % in 3, 4 and 5 stages, respectively. The hypertriglyceridemia had a distribution of 17.6; 18.6 and 14.3 % in 3, 4 and 5 stages, respectively. Left ventricular hypertrophy showed a increasing prevalence in 3, 4 and 5 stages with a distribution of 11.4; 16.2 and 21.4 %, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of modifiable factors in this group of patients is far to be optimal. Dy
AGROCOMBUSTIBLES VS. HAMBRE: UNA ECUACIóN ENERGéTICA CON RESULTADO NEGATIVO PARA LA POBLACIóN POBRE EN ECOLOMBIA
Del Castillo-Matamorros,Sara Eloisa; Gordillo Motato,ángela Marcela;
Revista Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia , 2011,
Abstract: colombia has problems regarding the availability of food, as accepted by the colombian ministry of agriculture itself. increased food prices resulting from agrofuel production which is beginning to compete with the supply of food for human consumption is a situation which has even been recognised by world bank spokespeople. this organisation once promoted agrofuel production as an alternative for rescuing the countryside from the oblivion to which latin-american economies had been condemned during the last few decades. abundant evidence has now shown that encouraging agrofuel production has promoted the spread of monocrops, in turn leading to soil deterioration, thereby producing greater difficulty in ensuring national food production which would guarantee availability as an essential component of food and nutritional safety. the corn needed to produce the ethanol required by a first-world car to cover 32,000 km/year could supply a normal person's daily calorie needs for 62 years. for example, most colombian regions and departments forming part of current large agrofuel production megaprojects are well above the average national chronic malnutrition rate (12% for children aged under five and 12.6% for schoolchildren, according to 2005 colombian nutritional survey results. healthcare professionals must be aware of and analyse such policy putting the food safety of colombia's most disadvantaged population at risk.
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