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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 64049 matches for " Santos Manoel Antonio dos "
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Reflex?es sobre as rela??es entre drogadi??o, adolescência e família: um estudo bibliográfico
Pratta, Elisangela Maria Machado;Santos, Manoel Antonio dos;
Estudos de Psicologia (Natal) , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-294X2006000300009
Abstract: the consumption of drugs among adolescents has been the target of several studies. the objective of this review was to present a systematization of the results obtained through a bibliographic study involving three axes: drug addiction, adolescence, family. the focus was on aspects referring to the current consumption of drugs and their use during adolescence, besides the relationship among drugs, adolescence and family. through this study, it was observed that the literature of the area points out that aspects of the family operation can act as factors that propitiate the adolescents' involvement with psychoactive substances. it is concluded that there is need of more investigation to verify the relationships among adolescence, drug addiction and family.
Satisfa??o com a vida e satisfa??o diádica: correla??es entre construtos de bem-estar
Scorsolini-Comin, Fabio;Santos, Manoel Antonio dos;
Psico-USF , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-82712010000200012
Abstract: scientific literature points out that married people tend to be happier than non-married people. the objective of this present study was to investigate the relationship between life satisfaction and dyadic satisfaction among married people. 106 married people (53 couples), with an average age of 42 (sd=11), participated in the study. the following instruments were used: demographic identification and social classification; subjective well-being scale; and dyadic adjustment scale. correlation analysis and stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that satisfaction with life and dyadic satisfaction are positive and significantly correlated (r=0.20; p=0.04). based on this finding, the researchers have concluded that people who are generally satisfied with life are also satisfied in the conjugal relationship.
A participa??o da família no tratamento dos transtornos alimentares
Souza, Laura Vilela e;Santos, Manoel Antonio dos;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722010000200007
Abstract: this study aims to understand the meanings about the family participation in the treatment produced in a support group for the families of people diagnosed with anorexia and bulimia. the participants of this study were families attended at a specialized health care service. the data was constituted by the audio recorded registrations of the group session, which were analyzed through the delimitation of its different interactional sections according to this study purposes. the social constructionism approach was used as theoretical and methodological reference and was used to data analysis. the results permitted understanding that the different descriptions about the relation between the family and the treatment can restrict the different possibilities to give meanings to the families' participation in the treatment. we conclude that the group may function as a significant space to observe the meaning production in statu nascendi, making possible to explore the construction and reconstruction of alternative meanings, that may enrich the interpretative possibilities of each participant.
A medida positiva dos afetos: bem-estar subjetivo em pessoas casadas
Scorsolini-Comin, Fabio;Santos, Manoel Antonio dos;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722012000100003
Abstract: the study analyzed the correlations among the different factors of subjective well-being (swb) using a sample of 106 married people with an average of 16.11 years of marriage. the following instruments were used: sociodemographic questionnaire, socioeconomic questionnaire, and subjective well-being scale (swbs). data analyses were conducted using the software r and a multivariate model to understand the correlations among the factors of the swbs. all factors of the swbs were significantly inter-correlated, which confirm the results of the scale validation study. future studies are necessary to evaluate the swb in couples (dyads), which can help to understand whether this concept is influenced by the spouse or only by the marital status.
O processo saúde-doen?a e a dependência química: interfaces e evolu??o
Pratta, Elisangela Maria Machado;Santos, Manoel Antonio dos;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722009000200008
Abstract: the drug addiction today is considered a complex and a serious public health problem. the discussion about drug addiction concerns the health/illness process, considering the models that contribute to the comprehension of this phenomenon at the current moment and to the established intervention strategies. discussing the drug addiction today demands a reflection on how drug was faced throughout history, based on the health/illness issues and the hemogenic paradigms in each historical moment. this study intends to: a) show the theoretical-conceptual basis of three axes (health, illness and chemical dependence) and their intersections; b) activate a critical reflection about the health promotion issue in the context of chemical dependence, according to the biopsychossocial model currently present. this model considers the human being as a whole, gifted of subjectivity, knowledge and own tasks, active on the health/illness process, emphasizing the necessity of breaking the cartesian model still dominant at health studies.
Psicologia positiva e os instrumentos de avalia??o no contexto brasileiro
Scorsolini-Comin, Fabio;Santos, Manoel Antonio dos;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722010000300004
Abstract: the objective of this study is to present an integrative review of the scientific literature about concepts, methods and evaluating instruments regarding positive psychology. six papers from lilacs and scielo databases (1970-2008) based on inclusion/exclusion criteria were analyzed. the studies broached tools of measurement related to subjective welfare and satisfaction. among the major contributions of this frame of reference, we point out the construction of estimation tools and intervention models. the foremost scales are north-american, in fact, there is just one brazilian scale. thus, it was noticed the necessity of developing adapted and valid instruments for the brazilian context. besides, new studies that investigate international instruments, their prerequisites, validation and applications in different cultural contexts should be done.
Considera??es sobre a dimens?o biológica do conceito de puls?o em Freud
Barbosa, Maria Nadeje Pereira;Santos, Manoel Antonio dos;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722005000200003
Abstract: in the present report we postulate the existence of a biological dimension implicit in the concept of instinct in freud's work, related to the enigmatic nature of the genesis and development of the psychic apparatus. since in freudian thought there is a tension between two discourse modalities, the first related to the developments of the structural hypothesis about the subconscious and the second functioning as a gravitational center for theoretical constructs derived from psysiology and biology, certain lines of force are established which permeate freudian thought, designated as evolutionary variants and broken down into evolutionary-ontogenetic-derivative, evolutionary-phylogenetic-instinctive and evolutionary-ontogenetic-constitutive variants. at the end of the article we propose that, with the expansion of psychoanalysis, it might perhaps be possible to traslate into a metapsychological language the frontier aspects of freudian reflection.
Família e adolescência: a influência do contexto familiar no desenvolvimento psicológico de seus membros
Pratta, Elisangela Maria Machado;Santos, Manoel Antonio dos;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722007000200005
Abstract: the family has been undergoing uncountless changes along the last decades, specially regarding its structure. thus, nowadays, it has become subject to various kinds of adjustments. however, the basic functions of the family institution, the process of the psychological development of its members, remain the same. in view of this reality, adolescence and family relations have been the focus of a number of studies. the purpose of this research was to present a systematization of the results obtained through a bibliographic study involving two themes: family and adolescence. the referenced literature points out that the changes which occurred in the society, in the family structure and, in the way parents were raised have caused difficulties as regards the children's education, specially in the adolescence. moreover, the early sexual initiation and drug addiction problem have been a concern to parents. it was concluded that more research should be conducted on family issues and adolescence, taking into consideration issues such as sexuality and substance abuse.
Lazer e uso de substancias psicoativas na adolescência: possíveis rela??es
Pratta, Elisangela Maria Machado;Santos, Manoel Antonio dos;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722007000100006
Abstract: this study has the following objectives: to find out the leisure activities of adolescents who use drugs and those who don?t; to verify possible associations between the use of drugs and leisure in adolescence. five hundred and sixty nine male and female adolescents ranging from 14 to 20 years old who were attending high school in the city of s?o carlos, in the state of s?o paulo-brazil, took part on this study. they answered an anonymous and self-filling questionnaire. the analyses involved: the description of the distribution of the variables in the sample; square-qui test; multiple logistic regression. according to the results, the main differences between the groups were observed in the activities going to clubs/beaches, going out with friends, going to bars, which were more frequent among the drug-addicted, whereas attending to religious services, practicing sports and going out with the family were more frequent among the non-addicted ones. these data may contribute for working out preventive actions against drug addiction, indicating the need of studies about leisure options for adolescents nowadays.
A experiência corporal de um adolescente com transtorno alimentar
Andrade, Thais Fonseca de;Santos, Manoel Antonio dos;
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicopatologia Fundamental , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47142009000300003
Abstract: despite an increase in the number of adolescents suffering from anorexia nervosa, there is not doubt that obesity and overeating are still taboo among men and boys. this study consists of an investigation as to how an adolescent boy with atypical experiences in anorexia nervosa sees his body and body image. semi-structured individual interviews with the patient, his mother and his nutritionist were carried out and his medical report was analyzed. the conclusion was that the young man experienced conflicts regarding his body and distortions of his bodily image.
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