oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2019 ( 6 )

2018 ( 12 )

2017 ( 8 )

2016 ( 7 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4670 matches for " Santiago; Zuazagoitia "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /4670
Display every page Item
La evaluación del impacto sobre la salud: una herramienta para incorporar la salud en las intervenciones no sanitarias
Bacigalupe,Amaia; Esnaola,Santiago; Calderón,Carlos; Zuazagoitia,Juan; Aldasoro,Elena;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112009000100013
Abstract: interventions implemented by governments are very frequently related to the determinants of health. health impact assessment (hia) is used as a predictive tool to include health in nonhealth policymaking. this paper defines hia, describes its methods, procedures and applications, and discusses opportunities and challenges associated with hia. doing a hia implies studying the intervention, profiling the target population, and estimating its impacts on health by means of combining quantitative and qualitative evidence. hia has been used in different kinds of policies (transports, urban regeneration, culture, energy development etc.), at different levels (local, national, european) and in many countries. despite its scarce use in spain, hia allows to consider health in sectorial policymaking, taking into account social inequalities in health, so that healthier public policies can be designed. on the other hand, hia is a tool under methodological development which use is hindered due to the existing narrow biomedical perspective on the determinants of health, and to the difficulties in working in public policy-making with multisectorial and participative perspectives.
Avanzando en la evaluación del impacto en la salud: análisis de las políticas públicas sectoriales del Gobierno Vasco como paso previo a la fase de cribado sistemático
Aldasoro,Elena; Sanz,Elvira; Bacigalupe,Amaia; Esnaola,Santiago; Calderón,Carlos; Cambra,Koldo; Zuazagoitia,Juan;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112012000100016
Abstract: health not only depends on biologic or lifestyle factors but also on other economic, social, political, and environmental factors that shape the way people live and become ill. thus, health policies are not the only policies affecting health, and consequently governments are increasingly interested in identifying the effect of other non-health policies on health. health impact assessment is a prospective methodology that aims to predict the health impacts of policies before their implementation so that modifications can be suggested to maximize positive effects and avoid unexpected negative repercussions on health. the first stage in this process is screening, which can be used to select the interventions that could benefit from complete health impact assessment. since resources are limited and not all government interventions can be assessed, tools that allow prioritization are essential. as a first stage in the validation of a systematic screening tool for health impact assessment in spain, this article presents the process of compiling and classifying the non-health public policies of the eighth term of office of the basque government. of the 97 policies analyzed, 76% were related to structural determinants of health inequalities, 79% were tactical or operational, 67% were aimed at specific population groups, and 66% were already implemented. the technical staff of other participating departments perceived the entire process of this initiative and its rationale positively. this initial experience allowed the planning of non-health policies in the basque country to be determined in detail as a means to move forward in incorporating impact on health in all policies.
La investigación cualitativa en la evaluación del impacto en la salud: La experiencia de un plan de reforma en un barrio de Bilbao
Calderón G,Carlos; Bacigalupe H,Amaia; Esnaola S,Santiago; Zuazagoitia,Jon; Aldasoro U,Elena;
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2009,
Abstract: objective: to know the perceived effects on health of a neighborhood of bilbao reform plan from the perspective of the neighbors and stakeholders, and identify those areas for possible improvement. methodology: qualitative study. obtaining information through participant observation, four discussion groups (three neighbors and another one with health professionals and social workers), and four interviews with key informants. the analysis was designed on the model of sociological analysis of the speech. results: the findings set three areas related to socio-historical context of the neighborhood, the dynamic nature of the intervention and perceived impact on health in eight specific areas (urban accessibility, water and draining, recreation areas, power lines burial, parking place and road traffic, the small works, to feel as citizens, and social cohesion). conclusions: qualitative methods enabled deepen the significance of these findings in the direction of their interrelations, which enabled a better understanding of the impact on the health plan. it also points out some major methodological challenges for the development of future impact assessments on health.
Qualitative Research on the Impact Assessment in Health: The Experience of a reform plan in a neighborhood of Bilbao
Carlos Calderón G,Amaia Bacigalupe H,Santiago Esnaola S,Jon Zuazagoitia
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2009,
Abstract: Objective: to know the perceived effects on health of a neighborhood of Bilbao reform plan from the perspective of the neighbors and stakeholders, and identify those areas for possible improvement. Methodology: qualitative study. Obtaining information through participant observation, four discussion groups (three neighbors and another one with health professionals and social workers), and four interviews with key informants. The analysis was designed on the model of sociological analysis of the speech. Results: The findings set three areas related to socio-historical context of the neighborhood, the dynamic nature of the intervention and perceived impact on health in eight specific areas (urban accessibility, water and draining, recreation areas, power lines burial, parking place and road traffic, the small works, to feel as citizens, and social cohesion). Conclusions: Qualitative methods enabled deepen the significance of these findings in the direction of their interrelations, which enabled a better understanding of the impact on the health plan. It also points out some major methodological challenges for the development of future impact assessments on health.
Modeling Agricultural Change through Logistic Regression and Cellular Automata: A Case Study on Shifting Cultivation  [PDF]
Santiago Lopez
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2014.63021
Abstract:

Agricultural expansion is one of the prime driving forces of global land cover change. Despite the increasing attention to the factors that cause it, the patterns and processes associated with indigenous cultivation systems are not well understood. This study analyzes agricultural change associated with subsistence-based indigenous production systems in the lower Pastaza River Basin in the Ecuadorian Amazon through a spatially explicit dynamic model. The model integrates multiple logistic regression and cellular automata to simulate agricultural expansion at a resolution consistent with small scale agriculture and deal with inherently spatial processes. Data on land use and cultivation practices were collected through remote sensing and field visits, and processed within a geographic information system framework. Results show that the probability of an area of becoming agriculture increases with population pressure, in the vicinity of existing cultivation plots, and proximity to the center of human settlements. The positive association between proximity to cultivation areas and the probability of the presence of agriculture clearly shows the spillover effect and spatial inertia carried by shifting cultivation practices. The model depicts an ideal shifting cultivation system, with a complete cropping-fallow-cropping cycle that shows how agricultural areas expand and contract across space and over time. The model produced relatively accurate spatial outputs, as shown by the results of a spatial comparison between the simulated landscapes and the actual one. The study helped understand local landscape dynamics associated with shifting cultivation systems and their implications for land management.

Comprehensible Technique in Solving Consecutive Number Problems in Algebra  [PDF]
Gener Santiago Subia
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2018.63041
Abstract: This research paper evaluated and investigated the effectiveness of the comprehensible technique (CT) introduced by the researcher as an alternative solution to Algebra’s linear equations in solving consecutive number problems. The CT is a proposed easy and efficient way of solving number problems which aimed to help the learners reduce their difficulties in using variables since the technique only uses basic arithmetic and mental Mathematics. Evaluation research was utilized in this study where 20 people, from various ages and professions, were chosen purposively as respondents of the study. The study found out that CT was very effective for the respondents especially in unlocking difficulties in solving consecutive number problems. Moreover, according to them, the CT is easy to use, it is engaging and enjoyable, direct and simple and can be utilized as shortcut way of solving consecutive number problems when competing in Math quiz bees or taking board examinations where time is of the essence.
Is the Space-Time a Superconductor?  [PDF]
Wenceslao Santiago-Germán
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2013.410174
Abstract:

At the fundamental level, the 4-dimensional space-time of our direct experience might not be a continuum and discrete quantum entities might “collectively” rule its dynamics. Henceforth, it seems natural to think that in the “low-energy” regime some of its distinctive quantum attributes could, in principle, manifest themselves even at macroscopically large scales. Indeed, when confronted with Nature, classical gravitational dynamics of spinning astrophysical bodies is known to lead to paradoxes: to untangle them, dark matter or modifications to the classical law of gravity are openly considered. In this article, the hypothesis of a fluctuating space-time acquiring “at large distances” the properties of a Bose-Einstein condensate is pushed forward: firstly, it is shown that a natural outcome of this picture is the production of monopoles, dyons, and vortex lines of “quantized” gravitomagnetic—or gyrogravitational—flux along the transition phase; the minimal supported “charge” (and multiples of it) being directly linked with a nonzero (minimal) vacuum energy. Thus, a world of vibrating, spinning, interacting strings whose only elements in their construction are our topological concepts of space and time is envisioned, and they are proposed as tracers of the superfluid features of the space-time: the archetypal embodiment of these physical processes being set by the “gravitational roton”, an analogue of Landau’s classic higher-energy excitation used to explain the superfluid properties of helium II. The far and the near field asymptotics of string line solutions are presented and used to deduce their pair-interaction energy. Remarkably, it is found that two stationary, axis-aligned, quantum space-time vortices with the same sense of spin not only exhibit zones of repulsion but also of attraction, depending on their relative geodetic distance.

Enzyme Kinetic Equations of Irreversible and Reversible Reactions in Metabolism  [PDF]
Santiago Imperial, Josep J. Centelles
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2014.24005
Abstract:

This paper compares the irreversible and reversible rate equations from several uni-uni kinetic mechanisms (Michaelis-Menten, Hill and Adair equations) and bi-bi mechanisms (single- and double- displacement equations). In reversible reactions, Haldane relationship is considered to be identical for all mechanisms considered and reversible equations can be also obtained from this rela- tionship. Some reversible reactions of the metabolism are also presented, with their equilibrium constant.

Hermeneutical Theodolite of Requirements: Evaluating and Revealing the Quality Grades of Software Requirements and of Domain of Application  [PDF]
Wagner Varalda, ítalo Santiago Vega
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2018.65004
Abstract: Throughout the development of software, during Requirements Engineering activities, software requirements dynamically and constantly evolve and mature from an “identified” stage to an “approved” stage. This evolution takes place individually for each requirement, in a very particular way, because it depends on the level of understanding that the requirements engineer reaches in relation to it. How, then, to monitor the evolution of each software requirement? How to know the quality of each software requirement? How to measure the level of understanding and difficulty that the requirements engineer has in relation to each software requirement? This paper aims to present a proposal to answer these questions through the use of an instrument developed specifically to assess and reveal the quality grades of each software requirement and also to assess and reveal that the levels of understanding and of difficulty of the requirements engineer is in relation to each software requirement. This instrument was called the Hermeneutical Theodolite of Requirements, which also can be applied to evaluate that the levels of understanding and of difficulty of the requirements engineer is in relation to the domain of application, essential input artifact and primordial to the specification of the requirements of software.
Hermeneutical Elicitation of Requirements: A Technical Perspective to Improve the Conception of the Software Requirements  [PDF]
Wagner Varalda, ítalo Santiago Vega
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2018.69010
Abstract: In order to develop quality software that meets the originals needs of its users, it is necessary to perform the Requirements Engineering, so that the software context to be developed is identified, examined and specified properly. However, there is a problem that is increasingly in debate: the difficulty in understanding and establishing the purpose of the software to be developed, as pointed out by important researches in the area, such as the Chaos Report, which indicates that only 29% of software projects are successful, and the Software Engineering Institute, which points out software requirements as a critical factor for the success of software engineering and that deficiencies in this dimension are the main causes of software project failures. This article presents a proposal to address this problem through the use of the Hermeneutical Elicitation of Requirements, which is the conceptual adequacy of some hermeneutical methods in a technical approach that assists the requirements engineer to conceive better of the software requirements. In this way, the software engineer will be better able to develop the software to better meet the needs of its end users and sponsors.
Page 1 /4670
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.