The equilibrium of extraction of V(IV) in
the V(IV)- SO42- (H+, Na+)-Cyanex 301 (HA)-kerosene system has been studied. Significant
extraction occurs above pH 1 within 10 min. CD (extraction ratio at constant pH(eq) and [HA](o,eq)) value is slightly decreased with
increasing [V(IV)](ini). CD is found to be directly proportional to [H+]-n (n ≤ 2), [HA] 2 and (1+1.58 [SO
Global climate changes accelerate a wide range of abiotic stresses leading to a series of physiological, biochemical and molecular changes that adversely affect the growth and productivity of rice (Oryza sativa L.). In this background, there is limited knowledge and profiling reports of lowland, less popular rice landraces in relation to their osmotic stress tolerance. Laboratory mediated physiological and biochemical screening for a selected set of 20 lowland rice landraces was done in induced drought and salinity stress conditions. Varietal genetic diversity and inter-relatedness were assessed by using osmotic stress tolerance linked forty-five rice microsatellite markers. For representing the allelic diversity of the studied microsatellite loci across the selected genotypes, a microsatellite panel was constructed and PIC values of all used microsatellite markers were calculated. The obtained database can be used for varietal identification, characterization and genetic information in relation to osmotic stress tolerance.
The kinetics of extraction of Ni(II) in the Ni2+-SO4 2_AC- (Na+, H+)-Cyanex 272 (H2A2)-kerosene-3% (v/v) octan-1-ol system using the single falling drop technique have been reported. The flux of Ni2+ transfer (F) at 303 K in presence of 3% (v/v) octan-1-ol (de-emulsifier) can be represented as:.Depending on reaction parameters, the activation energy (Ea) and enthalpy change in activation (DH±) varies within 17 - 58 kJ/mol and 17 -