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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 209627 matches for " Sandra Saray Quignón Santana "
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Influence of keratoconjuntivitis sicca Treatment in Functional and Affective Capacities of the Elderly with Rheumatoid Arthritis Influencia del tratamiento de la queratoconjuntivitis seca en la capacidad funcional y afectiva de los adultos mayores con artritis reumatoidea
Sandra Saray Quignón Santana,Osbel Alfonso Sánchez,Macmelsie Marrero Delgado,Rolando Delgado Figueredo
MediSur , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Certain studies have been conducted in Cuba on ocular affection in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Nevertheless, no references have been found neither to the behavior of dry eye in the elderly suffering from this disease nor to its influence on the functional and emotional capacities of these patients. Objective: To determine the influence of keratoconjuntivitis sicca treatment in the affective and functional capacities of the elderly diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods: A case series study was conducted in 2009 in the Cornea Department of the Dr. Gustavo Aldereguía Lima General University Hospital of Cienfuegos. It included 75 elderly diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis and suffering from dry eye. We applied the cognitive assessment instrument Mini-mental and the social assessment scale, as well as the geriatric depression scale of Yesavage and the Katz index. Treatment was indicated and patients′ follow-up was carried out including a revision of diagnostic tests and geriatric assessment in the third month. Results: epithelial stippling in different locations decreased; time of rupture of the tear film increased. There were no changes in the functional assessment of basic daily activities regardless of eye treatment and regular monitoring of patients. Changes were found in the assessment of depressive state, which improved. Conclusions: Dry eye treatment may facilitate the reduction of affective disorders and minor depression in elderly with rheumatoid arthritis. Fundamento: en Cuba se han realizado algunos estudios sobre la afectación ocular en los pacientes con artritis reumatoidea, sin embargo no se han encontrado referencias al comportamiento de la queratoconjuntivitis seca en el adulto mayor aquejado de esta enfermedad, ni su influencia en la capacidad funcional y afectiva del individuo. Objetivo: determinar la influencia del tratamiento de la queratoconjuntivitis seca en la capacidad funcional y afectiva de adultos mayores con diagnóstico de artritis reumatoidea. Métodos: estudio de serie de casos realizado durante el a o 2009, en el Departamento de Córnea del Hospital General Universitario Dr. Gustavo Aldereguía Lima de Cienfuegos, que incluyó 75 adultos mayores con diagnóstico de artritis reumatoidea que padecían de queratoconjuntivitis seca. Se aplicó el instrumento de valoración cognitiva Mini-mental y la escala de evaluación social, así como la escala de depresión geriátrica de Yesavage y el índice de Katz. Se indicó tratamiento y se llevó a cabo seguimiento de los pacientes con una valoración de las pruebas diagnós
Main Ocular Manifestations in Rheumatoid Arthritis Principales manifestaciones oculares en la artritis reumatoide
Sandra Saray Quignon Santana,Osbel Alfonso Sánchez
MediSur , 2009,
Abstract: Rheumatoid arthritis is considered an autoimmune disease in which articular and extra articular manifestations are produced and contribute to alter the functional capacity of the individual. This study consists on performing a bibliographical review showing the main ocular manifestations in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. It is our purpose to give you our experiences to the students as well as the internal medicine, ophthalmology and rheumatologist residents about this topic. The ophthalmological consultation of sick patients contributes to the prevention of ocular illnesses which are characteristic of the base disease and improve the ocular health. La artritis reumatoide se considera una enfermedad autoinmune, la cual produce manifestaciones articulares y extraarticulares que contribuyen a alterar la capacidad funcional del individuo. En esta revisión se muestran las principales manifestaciones oculares en pacientes con diagnóstico de dicha enfermedad. Se describen experiencias válidas para estudiantes y residentes de medicina interna, oftalmología y reumatología y se realiza la valoración de la interconsulta oftalmológica de los pacientes enfermos en la prevención de afecciones oculares propias de la enfermedad de base y su contribución al mejoramiento de su salud ocular.
Efectos de la satisfacción emocional y evaluativa de los espectadores deportivos sobre sus intenciones de asistir y recomendar
Alvarado Herrera,Alejandro; Beltrán Gallego,Saray;
Innovar , 2008,
Abstract: con el doble propósito de confirmar que la satisfacción de los espectadores de eventos deportivos puede ser entendida y medida como un constructo bidimensional constituido por los factores emocional y evaluativo, y de determinar la influencia que cada una de esas dimensiones tiene sobre las intenciones comportamentales de los mismos, en específico de asistir a otros encuentros y de recomendar el espectáculo a terceros en el futuro, se llevó a cabo una investigación empírica de carácter cuantitativo basada en una muestra de 356 espectadores deportivos de baloncesto de la ciudad de valencia, espa?a. el análisis de los datos obtenidos en campo fue realizado mediante técnicas de análisis de estructuras de varianzas y covarianzas de primero y segundo orden, en particular análisis factorial confirmatorio (afc) y sistemas de ecuaciones estructurales (sem). los resultados obtenidos permiten reconocer la validez discriminante y convergente de las dimensiones estudiadas y conocer importantes diferencias en la influencia que cada una de ellas ejerce sobre las intenciones de comportamiento futuro. por último, se plantean las implicaciones de los hallazgos para profesionales y académicos del marketing deportivo y se esbozan nuevas líneas de investigación.
Comparative study of natural disaster health information system in U.S.A, Japan and Iran
Farajzadeh Saray H,Partovipoor E,Masori N,Safdari R
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2006,
Abstract: Background & Aim: Development of an integrated health information system in order to prioritization of needs, sources devoting, diseases surveillance; detecting and early responding is very important. Therefore, this comparative study has been done about natural disaster health information systems in Iran, Japan, and U.S.A in 2005. The aim is to provide logical proposes to reinforce for developing the Iranian natural disaster health information system. Methods & Materials: This is a descriptive and comparative study that was accomplished in form of cross sectional survey. The data was extracted from literature, papers, Iranian & foreigner journals, e-mails and other related document. Results: Natural disaster health information system in U.S.A illustrates that there is integration and consistency between responsibilities and roles are played between involving organizations and entities. The required data for natural disaster health information system collected through National Electronic Disease Surveillance System, Pulse Net, Bio Watch, Bio Net, Syndromic Surveillance System, and “the American Red Cross-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention health Impact Surveillance System” in U.S.A and Early Estimation System and Emergency Measures Support System in Japan and Diseases Surveillance in Iran. However, in spite of U.S.A and Japan there is no classification system in Iran. Conclusion: According to the results, Iranian natural disaster health information system can be improved by using of different data gathering methods, systems and soft wares, also applying of geographical information system and establishing health and natural disaster network and using of classification of diseases advised to up grade natural disaster health information system for Iran.
N-acetyltransferase 2: Slow, intermediate or fast? A booming question of the molecular epidemiology in cancer research  [PDF]
Giuliano Di Pietro, Sandra Rocha Gadelha, Sandra Mara Bispo Sousa, Paulo Roberto Santana de Melo, Fabricio Rios Santos
Open Journal of Genetics (OJGen) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojgen.2012.24028
Abstract: Throughout history, humanity has referred to reactions occurring with food, plants and, recently, medicines or drugs. The increase in pulmonary tuberculosis cases and the availability of treatment showed that genetic human differences can interfere in the capacity to metabolize drugs. There are remarkable genetic polymorphisms of N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) activity that have been associated with different levels of susceptibility to developing many kinds of cancers. This review considers the field as an open window for the application of molecular epidemiology tools that led to the development of pharmacogenomics. We cover historical data and the most recent knowledge about NAT2 genetic polymorphisms and its distribution in different populations, which is an important concept being incorporated in epidemiological studies of cancer risk. We present up to date information about these studies, including meta-analysis based on the NAT2 distribution in different types of cancer. A critical broad at advances in NAT2 research, high-lighting recent studies related to NAT2 alleles in cancer susceptibility. Although there are multifactorial aspects involved in cancer risk, the variability in NAT2 allelic frequency can be related to carcinogenesis through alterations in the metabolic rate after exposure to carcinogens.
Principales manifestaciones oculares en la artritis reumatoide: modelos de diagnóstico y evaluación
Quignon Santana,Sandra; Alfonso Sánchez,Osbel;
MediSur , 2009,
Abstract: rheumatoid arthritis is considered an autoimmune disease in which articular and extra articular manifestations are produced and contribute to alter the functional capacity of the individual. this study consists on performing a bibliographical review showing the main ocular manifestations in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. it is our purpose to give you our experiences to the students as well as the internal medicine, ophthalmology and rheumatologist residents about this topic. the ophthalmological consultation of sick patients contributes to the prevention of ocular illnesses which are characteristic of the base disease and improve the ocular health.
Judo: Where is the ease road?
Saray Santos
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano , 2006,
Abstract: This report had the intention of pointing some concerns with Judo practice that are discordant with Jigoro Kano’s ideas when he idealized Judo. In this way, some comments on how Judo practice is changing over time; the cultural differences that hinder the understanding of Judo principles and their application in practice as well as in everyday life are presented. There is also a discussion on how difficult is to teach this martial art that requires persistence to those who lack it. It also describes the difference between being judoist and a Judo fighter. Therefore, this approach aims to motivate practitioners, fighters, teachers and judoists to know, understand and deepen their knowledge about Judo. But it also has the goal to help them to contemplate, criticize and discuss their practices so that they do not leave the ease road to a totally rough one. RESUMO Este relato teve o intuito de apontar algumas quest es que n o est o indo ao encontro do que foi preconizado por Jigoro kano ao idealizar o Jud . Neste sentido, teceu-se alguns comentários sobre as transforma es observadas na prática do Jud em fun o do tempo; as diferen as culturais que dificultam o entendimento dos princípios do Jud e, com isto, a n o utiliza o destes tanto na prática como no cotidiano e, ainda, comentários sobre a dificuldade de se transmitir uma arte marcial que exige persistência àqueles que n o a tem, além de levantar sobre a diferen a entre ser judoca e lutador de Jud . Deste modo, com tal abordagem, pretendeu-se instigar praticantes, lutadores, professores e judocas, a conhecer, a compreender, a aprofundar e a continuar aprimorando, e também para que reflitam, critiquem, discutam e, principalmente, que n o deixem o caminho suave se tornar de vez, totalmente ríspido.
Mucopolysaccharidoses in northern Brazil: Targeted mutation screening and urinary glycosaminoglycan excretion in patients undergoing enzyme replacement therapy
Viana, Gustavo M.;Lima, Nathália O. de;Cavaleiro, Rosely;Alves, Erik;Souza, Isabel C.N.;Feio, Raimunda;Leistner-Segal, Sandra;Schwartz, Ida;Giugliani, Roberto;Silva, Luiz C. Santana da;
Genetics and Molecular Biology , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47572011005000025
Abstract: mucopolysaccharidoses (mps) are rare lysosomal disorders caused by the deficiency of specific lysosomal enzymes responsible for glycosaminoglycan (gag) degradation. enzyme replacement therapy (ert) has been shown to reduce accumulation and urinary excretion of gag, and to improve some of the patients' clinical signs. we studied biochemical and molecular characteristics of nine mps patients (two mps i, four mps ii and three mps vi) undergoing ert in northern brazil. the responsiveness of ert was evaluated through urinary gag excretion measurements. patients were screened for eight common mps mutations, using pcr, restriction enzyme tests and direct sequencing. two mps i patients had the previously reported mutation p.p533r. in the mps ii patients, mutation analysis identified the mutation p.r468w, and in the mps vi patients, polymorphisms p.v358m and p.v376m were also found. after 48 weeks of ert, biochemical analysis showed a significantly decreased total urinary gag excretion in patients with mps i (p < 0.01) and mps vi (p < 0.01). our findings demonstrate the effect of ert on urinary gag excretion and suggest the adoption of a screening strategy for genotyping mps patients living far from the main reference centers.
El turismo cultural. ?Un negocio responsable?
Santana Talavera,Agustín;
Estudios y perspectivas en turismo , 2008,
Abstract: environmental degradation, the loss of cultural diversity and especially what is considered cultural heritage and ecology, are actually the main issues of every day life, politics, planning and business. during the rio meeting (rio de janeiro, 1992) the concept of responsible tourism was born in an attempt to enhance respect and preservation with all actors involved. under the umbrella of responsibility, cultural tourism was one product that showed the biggest growth under the premises of the formula of all-embracing development of society. this article presents a revision of cultural tourism as a product, its importance for the new tourist order and its range and establishing in which way the tourist system had a tendency to get involved in cultural management and therefore as conditioned its profitability.
Turismo cultural, culturas turísticas
Santana Talavera, Agustín;
Horizontes Antropológicos , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-71832003000200003
Abstract: the cultural tourism is conceived as a form of alternative tourism that embodies the consummation of the commercialization of the culture. chosen elements of any culture become products offered in the tourist market. this article argues that the processes of generation of cultural products lead to new forms of interpreting the authenticity and they express the dynamism and imagination of the local groups to adapt to the demands of the demand.
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