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Trabalho doméstico: desafios para o trabalho decente
Sanches, Solange;
Revista Estudos Feministas , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-026X2009000300016
Abstract: this article presents an overview of the situation of the domestic workers and focuses on some issues related to its dimension in the world and in brazil, to their conditions of work and its importance to the labor market and to the households. we aim to demonstrate the relevance of the concept of decent work, promoted by ilo - international labor organization, for the domestic work and the need to extend their rights to level them with the other workers. it also highlights the opportunity offered by the next international labor conference, in 2010, when one of the issues of the agenda is to discuss the crafting and adoption of international labor standards in the form of a specific convention or recommendation
Compreender, Agir, Mudar, Incluir. Da investiga??o-ac??o è educa??o inclusiva
Sanches,Isabel;
Revista Lusófona de Educa??o , 2005,
Abstract: this paper aims at proposing a brief reflection on an investigation paradigm, deemed ?less noble? by some, and its timely and necessary application in the process of building an inclusive education. the starting point consists of a brief theoretical basis on investigation-action as an acting strategy that can generate more reflective professionals, more likely to participate in the contexts they belong to and able to become facilitators of appropriate, suitable practices adapted to the situations they work with, to arrive at the creation of an acting model using investigation-action in practices of inclusive education.
Sustainable consumption à la fran aise? Conventional, innovative, and alternative approaches to sustainability and consumption in France
Samy Sanches
Sustainability : Science, Practice and Policy , 2005,
Abstract: Consumption has again become the object of critical political attention in France over the last few years. Despite obvious links with the global project to promote “sustainable consumption,” this renewal of interest has had little connection with Agenda 21. Among the factors responsible for this situation, the poor integration of environmental issues in French political culture seems to be of primary importance. While the country has made some recent progress, historical analyses highlight the fragmented style of environmental management in France. These circumstances, in turn, have contributed to the slow uptake of “sustainable development” and have been a major impediment in the implementation of successful eco-consumption policies. However, if the ultimate goal of “sustainable consumption” is to transcend contemporary ways of acquiring goods and to move toward a reassessment of the values underlying them, then several developments in France become directly relevant. Indeed, if the country does not qualify as a leader in conventional eco-consumption policies, it has begun to evince self-reflexivity regarding some basic consumption practices. This article considers three especially notable developments: (1) the implementation of innovative employment policies such as the 35-hour work week; (2) the revival of the country’s anti-consumerism movement; and (3) the adoption of confrontational positions on culture and agriculture during international trade negotiations. Taken in the round, these trends suggest the emergence of a nationwide exercise in “discriminating consumerism” and a move away from an unquestioned materialism.
Institucionaliza o dos Sistemas Partidários na áfrica Lusófona – O caso cabo-verdiano
Edalina Sanches
Cadernos de Estudos Africanos , 2011, DOI: 10.4000/cea.161
Abstract: No seu estudo sobre as democracias da América Latina, Mainwaring (1998) desenvolveu uma grelha de análise para medir o grau de institucionaliza o dos sistemas partidários e explorou o impacto dos níveis de institucionaliza o na consolida o democrática. Neste artigo come amos por descrever o grau de institucionaliza o dos sistemas partidários na áfrica lusófona, empregando três dimens es propostas por Mainwaring – a estabilidade da competi o eleitoral, o enraizamento dos partidos na sociedade e a legitimidade das elei es. Num segundo momento, iremos explicar o bipartidarismo em Cabo Verde. O papel dos partidos ou a sua agência, o sistema eleitoral e a identifica o partidária s o apresentados como potenciais explica es para a consolida o da dimens o bipolar do sistema de partidos. In the study of Latin American countries Mainwaring (1998) provided a model to measure the level of party system institutionalization and explored the impact of different degrees of institutionalization on democratic consolidation. In the first part of this article, we measure the levels of party system institutionalization in the Lusophone African countries drawing on three dimensions proposed by Mainwaring – regularity of party competition, parties’ roots in society and the legitimacy of elections. In the second part we focus on Cape Verde, exploring the causes of its two-party system. Parties’ role and agency, electoral system type, and party identification are advanced as potential explanations for the bipolar nature of the party system.
Comparative Study of Conventional, Fuzzy Logic and Neural PID Speed Controllers with Torque Ripple Minimization for an Axial Magnetic Flux Switched Reluctance Motor  [PDF]
Eric S. Sanches, José A. Santisteban
Engineering (ENG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2014.611065
Abstract: Three speed controllers for an axial magnetic flux switched reluctance motor with only one stator, are described and experimentally tested. As it is known, when current pulses are imposed in their windings, high ripple torque is obtained. In order to reduce this ripple, a control strategy with modified current shapes is proposed. A workbench consisting of a machine prototype and the control system based on a microcontroller was built. These controllers were: a conventional PID, a fuzzy logic PID and a neural PID type. From experimental results, the effective reduction of the torque ripple was confirmed and the performance of the controllers was compared.
As possíveis altera??es microclimáticas devido a forma??o do lago artificial da hidrelétrica de Tucuruí -PA
Sanches, Fabio;Fisch, Gilberto;
Acta Amazonica , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0044-59672005000100007
Abstract: there are a lot of ecological concern about the ecological impacts due to an artificial lake in amazonia, especially related with the microclimate. this study aims to increase the scientific knowledge of the rainfall distribution prior and post flooding of the uhe tucuruí-pa. daily rainfall from 1972 until 1983 (prior inundation) and from 1984 until 1996 (post inundation) for tucuruí and marabá-pa. comparing the monthly totals (prior and post), there is no statistical differences between the averages (using the statistical tests from fisher and man-whitney). analyzing the number of days with rainfall higher than 5 and 25 mm.day-1, there are also no statistical differences. it was observed a small increase of light rain during the end of the dry season. also, the are no signal related to the modification of the onset or end from the rainy season.
Manejo clínico das disfun??es orais na amamenta??o
Sanches, Maria Teresa C.;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572004000700007
Abstract: objective: to address aspects associated with the early detection and clinical management of oral disorders in breastfeeding. source of data: review of bibliographic sources (research articles, technical books, dissertations and national and international publications) focused on the clinical management of oral disorders in breastfed babies. summary of the findings: suction disorders may lead to inadequate actions that can compromise the mother/baby relation during breastfeeding. healthcare professionals may have an important role in these cases, as they can early detect such disorders. for that end, they must be able to assess breastfeeding and be prepared to manage oral disorders clinically. in the clinical management of babies with breastfeeding difficulties significant aspects of the oral physiology and breastfeeding observation should be considered. we stress the importance of an interdisciplinary team work and the need for oral training and specialized care in most complex cases. conclusion: the baby's oral disorders in breastfeeding can be corrected if they were early detected. healthcare professionals may help mothers and babies to overcome these problems if they have knowledge that enable them to perform right clinical procedures.
Alian?a terapêutica em psicoterapia de orienta??o psicanalítica: aspectos teóricos e manejo clínico
Peres, Rodrigo Sanches;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2009000300011
Abstract: the term "therapeutic alliance", employed more and more frequently in psychoanalytic literature, is usually compared, albeit erroneously, to positive transference or regarded as the opposite of negative transference. it is, however, a term with significant specificities. the present study aims to deal with theoretical aspects of the therapeutic alliance and to discuss its handling in the context of psychoanalytic psychotherapy. to this end, the present study involves a bibliographical review and a discussion of a clinical case. the bibliographical review supports the understanding of therapeutic alliance as a work relationship, influenced by both conscious elements and unconscious content, which is established between patient and psychotherapist in support of the psychotherapeutic process. the clinical case discussion emphasizes the role of the psychotherapist: comprehensive listening, friendly attitude,explanatory activity, synthetic function and reflexive posture to promote and sustain the therapeutic alliance.
Princípios básicos de procedimentos estatísticos aplicados na análise de dados de vigilancia em saúde pública: uma revis?o
Sanches, Odécio;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2000000200003
Abstract: statistical methods in public health surveillance data analysis are important for detecting temporal and/or spatial disease clusters, which can indicate an outbreak or an epidemic. in this paper we present a review and literature survey introducing the public health surveillance process and focusing on some statistical methods which are indicated to the data analysis in routine procedure. comparative studies of these methods are also analyzed.
Andarilhos de estrada: estudo das motiva??es e da vivência das injun??es características da errancia
Peres, Rodrigo Sanches;
Psico-USF , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-82712001000100009
Abstract: the presence of wanderers in highways is conspicuous. the aim of the present paper is to inquiry into the events that lead to abandon the social life referentials and analyse the means by which the characteristic injunctions affect these people. fifteen highway wanderers subjects were taken up for this survey who were at a social institution in s?o carlos. we recorded semi-structured interviews which were later transcribed and submitted to a content analysis. several factors pointed out as motivators of the nomadism were classified in two plans: psychological and social-economic. the instability and isolation are peculiar to such a condition, and life is considered precarious and security something beyond reach.
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