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Religious violence in Nigeria: Causal diagnoses and strategic recommendations to the state and religious communities
IT Sampson
African Journal on Conflict Resolution , 2012,
Abstract: The literature on religious violence in Nigeria largely implicates socio-economic, political and governance deficits as the major causes of such violence. This article, however, departing from the underlying causes approach, undertakes an analytical inquiry into the immediate and visible factors that trigger religious conflicts in the country. It also evaluates the nature of state management of religious conflicts in Nigeria and posits that government’s haphazard approach to these conflicts as well as the absence of a long-term strategy for its management account for their persistent manifestation. Drawing from the findings made, recommendations on the appropriate approach to curbing religious violence in the country are proffered.
DEL ALMA AL SUJETO: EPISTEME ANTIGUA Y CIENCIA MODERNA EN PSIQUIATRíA
SAMPSON,ANTHONY;
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2000,
Abstract: in antiquity philosophy was not a mere theoretical endeavour. it was a very practical affair that concerned itself with man's well being, for philosophy was conceived as therapy: psychotherapy. medicine took care of the health of the body, philosophy of that of the psyche, soul, or mind in modern parlance. this división of labor lasted through all antiquity and pagan times. but the scientific revolution which ushered in modernity shattered the ancient episteme and the divine soul, dependent on the traditional notion of god, was no longer a rationally acceptable entity. the french revolution made society an entirely human construction with no need to recur to otherworldy principies. but the political revolution also gave birth to modern psychiatry. the opus magnum of pinel can be recognized as the charter of this new foundation for the treatment of the mad: madness affects only a thinking subject, the subject made possible by science.
LA PSICOTERAPIA COMO ARTEF ARTEFACTO ACTO CUL CULTURAL TURAL
SAMPSON,ANTHONY;
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2001,
Abstract: regardless of its facade, psychotherapy is common to the entire humankind. in the western word market, there are now hundreds of therapies available. a good number of them, if not all, may be due to the freudian contagion, predicted by the father of psychoanalysis himself. even though freud believed he had created a scientific psychotherapy, he never pretended his invention was the only possible therapy. the scientific nature of psychoanalysis has been severely questioned in the last decades. however, there are no criteria about how a scientific psychotherapy should be. the diversity of ethnotherapies, both ancient, modern and in current premodern society, in undeniable. instead of repudiating them as prescientific -as there is no standard of demarcation- it would be reasonable to study these therapies, in order to clarify their innner logic.
La alucinación verbal y el lenguaje interior
Sampson,Anthony;
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2006,
Abstract: objective and method: this paper is an historical-critical examination of the classic notion of hallucination in psychiatry. results: traditionally, hallucinations have been placed on the sense systems. as a consequence of a disorder in one of these systems, the subject experiences a “perception without an object”. therefore, hallucinations are conceived as mere cognitive mistakes. i critique this presentation from an epistemological point of view. sensualism is the metaphysical doctrine that, along with a naive realism, hides behind the classic version. i propose an alternate point of view based on the intimate relation between inner speech and hallucinations. language is the means through which the self comes to the subject. the psychotic dissolution of the self is the disaggregation of the assembly of the three instances (i - you - he) of the speech's act. but this alternate version of psychosis requires a new conception of ontology based on language and its relation with death.
De la "Verdad" y otras quimeras
Sampson,Anthony;
Revista de Estudios Sociales , 2011,
Abstract: i explore the greek origins of our western mode of thinking and question some of the central notions that structure our mental habits. i examine the psychological impact of certain factors (historic, social, technological, and scientific). finally, i offer a more modest vision of the scientific enterprise than that often professed.
Book Review: Information Need: A Theory Connecting Information Search to Knowledge Formation by Charles Cole
Margaret Sampson
Partnership : the Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research , 2012,
Abstract:
DEL ALMA AL SUJETO: EPISTEME ANTIGUA Y CIENCIA MODERNA EN PSIQUIATRíA FROM THE SOUL TO THE SUBJECT: ANCIENT EPISTEME AND MODERN SCIENCE IN PSYCHIATRY
ANTHONY SAMPSON
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2000,
Abstract: En la antigüedad la filosofía no era una mera empresa teórica. Era un asunto muy práctico que se ocupaba del bienestar del hombre, pues la filosofía se concebía como una terapia: psicoterapia. La medicina se encargaba de la salud del cuerpo, la filosofía de la de la psique, el alma, o la mente en términos modernos. Esta división del trabajo duró toda la antigüedad y los tiempos paganos. Pero la revolución científica que inauguró la modernidad volvió a icos la antigua episteme, y el alma divina, dependiente de la noción tradicional de Dios, ya no era una entidad racionalmente aceptable. La Revolución francesa hizo de la sociedad una construcción enteramente humana sin ninguna necesidad de recurrir a principios extramundanos. Pero la revolución política también dio a luz a la psiquiatría moderna. La obra magna de Pinel puede reconocerse como el acta de esta nueva fundación para el tratamiento de los locos: la locura sólo afecta a un sujeto pensante, el sujeto vuelto posible por la ciencia. In antiquity philosophy was not a mere theoretical endeavour. It was a very practical affair that concerned itself with man's well being, for philosophy was conceived as therapy: psychotherapy. Medicine took care of the health of the body, philosophy of that of the psyche, soul, or mind in modern parlance. This división of labor lasted through all antiquity and pagan times. But the scientific revolution which ushered in modernity shattered the ancient episteme and the divine soul, dependent on the traditional notion of God, was no longer a rationally acceptable entity. The French revolution made society an entirely human construction with no need to recur to otherworldy principies. But the political revolution also gave birth to modern psychiatry. The opus magnum of Pinel can be recognized as the charter of this new foundation for the treatment of the mad: madness affects only a thinking subject, the subject made possible by science.
LA PSICOTERAPIA COMO ARTEF ARTEFACTO ACTO CUL CULTURAL TURAL PSYCHOTHERAPY AS A CULTURAL ARTIFACT
ANTHONY SAMPSON
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2001,
Abstract: Cualquiera que sea la forma que revista, la psicoterapia es común a la humanidad entera. Hoy día, en el mundo occidental, centenares de psicoterapias están en el mercado. Buena parte, si no todas, se pueden atribuir al contagio freudiano vaticinado por el mismo padre del psicoan álisis. Aunque Freud creyó haber fundado una psicoterapia científica, nunca postuló que su invento fuera la única terapia posible. La cientificidad del psicoanálisis ha sido severamente cuestionada en las últimas décadas. No obstante, no existe criterio alguno para decir qué sería una psicoterapia científica. La diversidad de las etnoterapias, tanto las de la antigüedad como las contemporáneas en la sociedad moderna y en las premodernas actuales, es innegable. En lugar de repudiarlas a todas como precientíficas -ya que no existe criterio de demarcación- lo razonable sería estudiarlas para intentar explicitar su lógica interna. Regardless of its facade, psychotherapy is common to the entire humankind. In the Western word market, there are now hundreds of therapies available. A good number of them, if not all, may be due to the Freudian contagion, predicted by the father of psychoanalysis himself. Even though Freud believed he had created a scientific psychotherapy, he never pretended his invention was the only possible therapy. The scientific nature of psychoanalysis has been severely questioned in the last decades. However, there are no criteria about how a scientific psychotherapy should be. The diversity of ethnotherapies, both ancient, modern and in current premodern society, in undeniable. Instead of repudiating them as prescientific -as there is no standard of demarcation- it would be reasonable to study these therapies, in order to clarify their innner logic.
La alucinación verbal y el lenguaje interior The Verbal Hallucination and Interior Language
Anthony Sampson
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2006,
Abstract: Objetivo y método: este artículo es un examen histórico-crítico de la clásica noción de alucinación en psiquiatría. Resultados: tradicionalmente, la alucinación ha sido puesta en el plano de los sistemas sensoriales. Como consecuencia de una perturbación de uno de dichos sistemas, el sujeto experimenta una “percepción sin objeto”. Por lo tanto, la alucinación es concebida como un mero error cognitivo. Se critica esta presentación desde la epistemología. El sensualismo es la doctrina metafísica que, junto con un realismo ingenuo, se esconden tras la versión clásica. Propongo una visión alternativa basada en una íntima relación entre el lenguaje interior y la alucinación. El lenguaje es el medio por el cual le adviene el ser al sujeto. La disolución psicótica del ser es la desagregación del ensamblaje de las tres personas (yo-tú-él) en el acto de habla. Pero esta versión alterna de la psicosis requiere una nueva concepción de la ontología basada en el lenguaje y su relación con la muerte. Objective and method: This paper is an historical-critical examination of the classic notion of hallucination in psychiatry. Results: Traditionally, hallucinations have been placed on the sense systems. As a consequence of a disorder in one of these systems, the subject experiences a “perception without an object”. Therefore, hallucinations are conceived as mere cognitive mistakes. I critique this presentation from an epistemological point of view. Sensualism is the metaphysical doctrine that, along with a naive realism, hides behind the classic version. I propose an alternate point of view based on the intimate relation between inner speech and hallucinations. Language is the means through which the self comes to the subject. The psychotic dissolution of the self is the disaggregation of the assembly of the three instances (I - you - he) of the speech's act. But this alternate version of psychosis requires a new conception of ontology based on language and its relation with death.
There is no language instinct There is no language instinct
Geoffrey Sampson
Ilha do Desterro , 2008,
Abstract: This paper examines Steve Pinker’s arguments for the existence of a language instinct encoded in the genes of human beings as an explanation for the human language capacity. The analysis covers Pinker’s own arguments as well as those by Chomsky and by other authors in the nineties. All arguments in favour of a biologically-governed language capacity are refuted to show that, according to available evidence, there is no language instinct. The alternative view, namely, that language is a cultural artefact learned on the basis of a general capacity to formulate and test hypotheses, must be thus the best approach to understand language acquisition. This paper examines Steve Pinker’s arguments for the existence of a language instinct encoded in the genes of human beings as an explanation for the human language capacity. The analysis covers Pinker’s own arguments as well as those by Chomsky and by other authors in the nineties. All arguments in favour of a biologically-governed language capacity are refuted to show that, according to available evidence, there is no language instinct. The alternative view, namely, that language is a cultural artefact learned on the basis of a general capacity to formulate and test hypotheses, must be thus the best approach to understand language acquisition.
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